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Table 2 Medicinal plants, with family, scientific and local name, for selected ailments of human and/or veterinary importance, with parts used and preparations, as claimed by informants of the three ethnic groups from South Omo zone, Southern Ethiopia

From: Ethno-medicinal study of plants used for treatment of human and livestock ailments by traditional healers in South Omo, Southern Ethiopia

Family Scientific name Local name* Voucher number Use(s) Parts used and preparation Importance
Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera Linn. Busino (M) KTG28 Abdominal pain and tonsillitis Root chopped and mixed with water and taken orally. Leaf chewed and the extract kept near the inflammation area Human
Lamiaceae Achyrospermum africanum Hook.f. ex Baker Kebit buda (A) KTG54 Evil eye Leaf and root chopped and soaked with water Human
  Achyrospermum schimperi (Hochst. ex Briq.) Perkins Abasanga medihanit (A,Amh) KTG65 Anthrax Leaf and flower chopped and soaked with hot water and drenched Veterinary
Scrophulariaceae Alonsoa acutifolia Ruiz & Pav. Shosha tesha (M) KTG66 Snake bite/poison Root chopped and mixed with Plectranthus glandulosus in water and the filtrate drenched Human and Veterinary
  Barthlottia madagascariensis E.Fisch. Unkown (A) KTG18 Snake bite/poison Concoction Human and Veterinary
Fabaceae Calpurnia aurea (Aiton)Benth. Kaino(M) KTG91 Flea and louse infestation Freshly chopped or dried and ground leaf mixed with water and applied to the flea and louse infested areas Veterinary
Apocynaceae Carissa carandas L. Goiti(B),ebab medihanit (Amh) KTG45 Snake bite/poison The leaf chopped, mixed with water taken orally Human and Veterinary
Rubiaceae Carphalea glaucescens (Hiern) Verdc Wariamo (M) KTG31 Anaemia (known as Airo) Leaf powdered mixed with Ipomoea kiwuensis smoked for three days Human
Recedaceae Caylusea abyssinica (fresen.) Fisch. & Mey Giesilla (M) KTG64 Rabies (effective even when clinical signs are present) Root chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched Human and Veterinary
Apiaceae Centella asiatica - (L.)Urb. Busino (M) KTG87 Abdominal ache Root dried, ground and mixed with cold water when needed (on cup or glass full) Human
Menispermaceae Chasmanthera dependens (Hochst) Moshito (M) KTG33 Black leg Root bark and leaf dried and ground and given to emaciate calf as much as possible Veterinary
  Chasmanthera welwitschii Troupin Heilho (M) KTG27 Antiamoeba Root bark and leaf dried and ground and given to emaciate calf as much as possible Veterinary
Lamiaceae Chelonopsis moschata Miq. Kebit buda (A) KTG47 Evil eye Leaf and root chopped and soaked with water Human
Menispermaceae Chlaenandra ovata. Miq. Eincht (A) KTG73 Abdominal ache Root chopped and mixed with water and drenched Human
  Cissampelos capensis L.f. Wontin kanna (A) KTG76 Abdominal cramp Root chopped, powdered, soaked with water, filtered and drenched Human
  Cissampelos mucronata A.Rich. Kawuro (M) KTG37 Anaemia with jaundice Leaf collected, dried, ground and mixed with hot water and two spoonful taken at once Human
  Cissampelos pareira L. Shelindo (M) KTG70 Broad spectrum anti- helminthiasis Root ground mixed with large amount of water and drenched. It causes fever diarrhea then animals are cured Veterinary
  Cissampelos spp. Kawto (M) KTG32 Anaemia like syndrome with jaundice Leaf collected, dried, ground with local mill and mixed with hot water and two spoonful taken at once (bitter) Human
Vitaceae Cissus quadrangularis L. Bararo (M) KTG20 Evil eye Tied under belly Veterinary
Euphorbiaceae Claoxylopsis andapensis Radcl.-Sm. Dorba (A) KTG43 Snake bite/poison Bark and leaf chopped, soaked in water and drenched Human
Nyctaginaceae Colignonia ovalifoliaHeimerl Afesha (A) KTG41 Evil eye Leaf squeezed and inhaled Human
Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Haleko (A,M,BT) KTG77 To detach retained fetal membrane Root dried, ground and mixed with powdered root of Momordica spp. and all soaked in warm water and one cupful drenched Veterinary
Nyctaginaceae Cryptocarpus spp. Afei tesha (M) KTG23 Evil eye Root chopped and mixed with cold/hot water Human
Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Onidod (A) KTG05 Coughing (for horses, mules and donkeys) Leaf chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched via nose Veterinary
Papilionaceae Desmodium dichotomum (Willd.) DC. Muasii (A) KTG07 Epizootic lymphangitis (tushita) Root chopped, mixed with cold water and drenched via nose Veterinary
  Desmodium delotum J.F. Macbr. Not known (A) KTG42 Eye illness Leaf apex chopped, soaked in water, applied to sick eye Human and Veterinary
Salvadoraceae Dobera spp. Mitch medihanit (A, Am) KTG89 Mitch Leaf boiled with water and inhaled Human
Sterculiaceae Dombeya spp. Bata (A) KTG15 Anthrax The leaf is chopped and mixed with Tragia doryodes and the filtrate taken orally Human and Veterinary
Flacortiaceae Dovyalis spp. Mukale (M) KTG85 To detach retained placenta Leaf chopped and mixed with hot water and given as ad libtum Veterinary
Urticaceae Droguetia debilis Rendle Megagna medanit (Amh) KTG52 Megagna Leaf apex chopped and pasted on the pain area Human
  Droguetia iners (Forssk.) Schweinf. Yewoba medihanit (A) KTG61 Malaria Leaf chopped and mixed with Premna oligotricha and boiled together one glassful drenched Human
Caryophyllaceae Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Schult. Yebuda medihanit (A, Amh) KTG59 Evil eye in animals Leaf and root chopped mixed in water and the filtrate is sprayed on animal body and the sediments are drenched Human and Veterinary
  Drymaria spp. Unknown (A) KTG17 Evil eye The leaf is chopped and mixed with water and the filtrate taken orally Human
Asteraceae Echinacea spp. Unkown KTG53 Diarrhoea alone Root chopped and soaked in warm water taken orally Human and Veterinary
  Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Midirberbere, (Amh) KTG14 Anaemia with jaundice The flower is chopped and mixed with Monosonia longipes and warmed on and applied of gum of achy tooth Human
  Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav. Mukala (M) KTG74 To detach retained fetal membrane and/or placenta Leaf chopped and mixed with Plumbango zeylanica and then drenched Veterinary
Geraniaceae Geranium aculeolatum Oliv. Abasanga medihanit (A, AM) KTG72 Anthrax Leaf chopped and rubbed on wounded part Veterinary
  Geranium arabicum Forssk. Tushita (A) KTG26 Epizootic lymphangitis Root chopped and mixed with chopped root of Laggera tomentosa and one bear bottle drenched through left nose of horse. Veterinary
Poaceae Hyparrhenia hirta (L.) Stapf Goiti ebab” medihanit (B) KTG46 Snake bite/poison Plant material chopped and soaked in hot water and the filtrate drenched Human and Veterinary
Fabaceae Indigofera arrecta A.Rich. Wareami (A) KTG80 Anaemia with jaundice Leaf dried and smoked to patients Human
  Indigofera trita L.f. Wusis (A) KTG01 To improve milk production of cows Root chopped, mixed with water and drenched Veterinary
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br. Choko (M) KTG40 Endoparasite Root chopped and mixed with water, then the filtrate is drenched and rest sediments are poured on the wound part Veterinary
Acanthaceae Justica dianthera Vell. Mitch(A, Amh) KTG51 Mitch The leaf apex boiled with water and the vapor inhaled and/or the filtrate drenched Human
  Justicia diffusa Willd. Makaiso (A) KTG04 For coughing of equines Leaf chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched via nose Veterinary
Cucurbitaceae Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Busino (M) KTG35 Diarrhoea and vomiting Leaf chopped and ground and the drench the filtrate Human
Asteraceae Laggera tomentosa Schultz Bip. Tushita (A) KTG71 Epizootic lymphangitis Root chopped and mixed with chopped root of Geranium arabicum and one bear bottle drenched through horses nose Veterinary
Verbenaceae Lantana Trifolia L. Yewoba medihanit (A) KTG55 Malaria (shivering type, vivax) Root chopped and soaked with water and mixed with local alcoholic drink (Areke) Human
Lamiaceae Leucas stachydiformis (Benth.) Hochst. ex Briq. Businae (M) KTG19 Anaemia with jaundice Leaf and bark chopped and drench the filtrate or inhalation Human
Onagraceae Ludwigia abyssinica A.Rich. Yechira ebab medihanit (Amh) KTG44 Snake bite/poison Stem and root mixed with other plants and applied orally Human
Cucurbitaceae Momordica foetida Schumach. Chekko (M,B) KTG03 Black leg Root chopped, soaked in water for half a day and a filtrate is drenched Veterinary
  Momordica charantia L. Unknown (A) KTG90 Diarrhea and vomiting Leaf and root ground well and mixed with milk and taken orally Human
  Momordica spp. Kill (M) KTG79 To detach fetal membrane Root dried, ground and mixed with Colocasia esculenta, all soaked in warm water and one cupful filtrate drenched Veterinary
Geraniaceae Monsonia parvifolia Schinz Not known (A) KTG58 Tooth ache Seed and leaf crushed and mixed with salt and Galinsoga parvifolia; made hot on fire with “enset leaf” and applied on gum. Human
Papilionaceae Mucuna melanocarpa Hochst Salabano (M) KTG86 For calf Ascariasis Leaf ground and mixed with water and drenched that induces diarrhea Veterinary
Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum L. Bangiso(M) KTG78 Tick infestation Root chopped and mixed with water and dressed to the tick infested area on cow and calf Veterinary
Anacardiaceae Operculicarya gummifera (Sprague) Capuron Dorba (M) KTG38 Snake bite/poison Orally taken butt its preparation is not specified due to unwillingness of the respondent Human and Veterinary
Lamiaceae Orthosiphon sarmentosus A.J. Paton & Hedge Zititu (A) KTG67 Ascariasis Leaf chopped, soaked in water and a glass full filtrate drunken Human
Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Dani (M) KTG02 Toxic Root chopped, cooked for two days and more and the paste rubbed on arrow tip to hunt wild animals Human and veterinary
Anacardiaceae Ozoroa insignis Delile Bussa (M) KTG39 For coughing of equines Bark dried, powdered and mixed with cold water and the filtrate drenched Veterinary
Geraniaceae Pelargonium alchemilloides (L.) Aiton Unkown KTG13 Constipation Root chopped and soaked in warm water taken orally Human
Rubiaceae Pentas suswaensis Verdc. Haromato (M) KTG63 Aba gorba “Black leg” Leaf chopped and mixed with boiled water and the filtrate is drenched Veterinary
Lamiaceae Plectranthus glabriflorus P.I.Forst. Gullo/Karika (A) KTG09 Evil eye Leaf soaked in hot water and drunken Human
  Plectranthus globosus Ryding Chambuase (M) KTG60 Snake bite/poison Leaf chopped mixed with Alectra sessiliflora mixed in cold water and taken orally Human
Plumbaginaceae Plumbago auriculata Lam. Masilok (M) KTG81 For animal evil spirit Leaf chopped and soaked in water and the filtrated drenched and the remaining sediments pasted on the body Human and Veterinary
  Plumbago caerulea Kunth Wugat medihanit (Amh) KTG68 Back and side pain Root and seed are chopped and mixed with hot water and onion Human
  Plumbago pulchella Boiss. Not known (A) KTG12 Snake bite/poison Fresh leaf chopped and mixed with cold water Human and Veterinary
  Plumbago spp. Misirich (M) KTG49 Evil eye in animals Leaf chopped and soaked in water and the filtrated drenched and the remaining sediments pasted on the body Veterinary
  Plumbago zeylanica L. Telba (M) KTG75 To detach retained fetal membrane Seed ground by traditional mortar mixed with Galinsoga Parviflora and boiled with water and drenched Veterinary
Lamiaceae Premna oligotricha Baker Yewoba medihanit (A) KTG34 Malaria (non-shivering type, falciparium) Leaf collected and ground and mixed with water Human
  Premna schimperi Engl. Bangizo(M) KTG21 Dermatophilous and mite infestation Root chopped and soaked in warm water over night and filtrate applied topically to treat dermatophytes and tick mite infestations Veterinary
  Premna spp. Anchiphi (M) KTG57 Diarrhea in calf Leaf powdered and mixed with water and the filtrate drenched Veterinary
  Pycnostachys meyeri Gürke ex Engl. Unkown (A) KTG83 Abdominal pain (children) Fresh root chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched Human
Rubiaceae Rytigynia spp. Golodo (M) KTG30 Typhoid (Micho) Leaf chopped and mixed with water and taken orally Human
Lamiaceae Salvia acuminata Ruiz & Pav. Anchino (M) KTG48 Diarrhoea alone Chewing the leaf Human
Fabaceae Senna spp. Diko (M) KTG84 Joint ache and breakage of bones Leaf rubbed on affected parts and some leaf chopped and soaked in warm water and drenched Human and Veterinary
Malvaceae Sida spp. Moishita (M) KTG25 Anti-parasitic/ to fatten calf Leaf chopped and soaked in water and the filtrate is drenched repeatedly Veterinary
Solanaceae Solanum bellum S. Knapp Ondod (M) KTG22 Coughing of equines(Busa) Root chopped and mixed with cold water and the filtrate drenched either by nose or mouth Veterinary
  Solanum acaule Bitter Mushta (A) KTG62 Removes retained placenta Root chopped and mixed with cold water and the filtrate is applied nasally Veterinary
  Solanum acuminatum Ruiz & Pav. raki (A) KTG82 To detach retained placenta Root chopped, mixed with cold water and drenched orally Human and Veterinary
  Solanum incanum L. Garint (A) KTG06 Epizootic lymphangitis(tushita) Root chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched via nose Veterinary
  Solanum spp. Danni (M) KTG50 Poisonous to animals Root chopped and concoction with water until paste is formed, rubbed on arrow tip & used for hunting Human and Veterinary
Bignoniaceae Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. Addi (M) KTG29 Abdominal pain Root chopped and mixed with water/coffee and taken in ad libitum Human
Asteraceae Tagetes spp. Businae (A) KTG88 Muscle cramp and joint pain Leaf rubbed well and oils from the leaf are swabbed on areas where pain felt. Fumigation is also possible. Boiled filtrate is drenched Human
  Tagetes minuta L. Kawato (M) KTG36 Diarrhea and vomiting Leaf chopped and ground and the drench the filtrate Human
Euphorbiaceae Tragia doryodes M.G.Gilbert Anderta (A) KTG16 Anthrax The leaf is chopped and mixed with Dombya spp. and the filtrate taken orally Veterinary
Caryophyllaceae Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert Sanba tesha (M) KTG69 For contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Root chopped and mixed with large amount of water. It gets bloody color (the bloody color indicates appropriate concentration), then drenched Veterinary
Verbenaceae Verbena officinalis L. Guni tesha (A) KTG56 Snake bite/poison Leaf squeezed by hand and mixed with water and drenched by water Human and Veterinary
Solanaceae Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Buto/wogare (M) KTG24 Night mare Roots powdered and children smoked until they cough Human
Fabaceae Zornia apiculata Milne-Redh. Medhanit (A) KTG10 Abdomen ache and vomiting in children Fresh root chopped and mixed with cold water and drenched Human
  Zornia glochidiata DC. Halimi (A) KTG11 Malaria Root bark is chopped and boiled/concoction with local drinks and boiled coffee leaf Human
  Zornia latifolia Sm. Medihanit (A) KTG08 Abdominal pain, vomiting Fresh leaf chopped and mixed to form filtrate Human
  1. *A=Aari; M=Maale; B=Benigna; Amh = Amharic.