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Table 1 Indigenous fruits species, plant part(s), by-products and their use for special ceremonies, for its nutrition by local communities in the studies areas in Ohangwena and Oshikoto region, Namibia

From: Ethnobotanical knowledge on indigenous fruits in Ohangwena and Oshikoto regions in Northern Namibia

Scientific name Local name Plant part(s) By-products* Uses and significance*
Ancylanthos rubiginosus Omumbu Fruits Wine, food Generate income
Leaves NR Medicinal
Annona stenophylla Omutyaalale Fruits Food NR
Berchemia discolor Omuye Fruits Wine, food Generate income
Boscia albitrunca Omunkunzi Roots Flavouring agent Added to sour milk
Leaves NR Medicinal
Dialium engleranum Omufimba Fruits Food Generate income
Diospyros mespiliformis Omwandi Fruits Food additive To increase nutritional value of infant porridge
Diospyros lycioides Oshimumu Roots Tooth sticks Generate income
Ficus sycomorus Omukwiyu Leaves, Twigs NR Medicinal
Grewia avellana Omukopakopa Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Grewia flavescens Omushe Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Grewia schinzii Omushe Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Guibourtia coleosperma Omushii Fruits Food additive To increase nutritional value of infant porridge
Hyphaene petersiana Omulunga Fruits Wine Generate income
Leaves Weaving baskets  
Parinari capensis Omukokofi Roots NR Medicinal
Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri Unknown N.R. NR NR
Salacia luebbertii Okandongondongo Fruits Food Generate income
Roots NR Medicinal
Schinziophyton rautanenii Omunkete Fruits Wine Generate income
Kernels Food Thickener, oil
Sclerocarya birrea Omugongo Fruits Wine, beer, food Generate income
Kernels Oil Wedding, social visits
Searsia tenuinervis Omupombo Leaves NR Medicinal
Spirostachys africana Omuhongo Twigs NR Medicinal
Strychnos pungens Omupwaka Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Strychnos spinosa Omuuni Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Ximenia americana Oshikukulu Fruits Beer, food Generate income
Ximenia caffra Oshimbyupeke Kernels Oil Skin and hair softeners
Ziziphus mucronata Omukekete Fruits Wine, food Medicinal
  1. **: NR; Not Reported by respondents.