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Table 1 Inventory of edible insects used by members of the Wangcho (Wancho) tribe of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh

From: Comparative Survey of Entomophagy and Entomotherapeutic Practices in Six Tribes of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh (India)

Scientific name Order Family English name Vernacular name Seasonal availability Mode of intake Remarks
Chondacris rosea (DeGeer 1773) Orthoptera Acrididae Short horn grasshopper Okuk Sept- Nov Head, appendages and wings are discarded and bodies are roasted  
Unidentified Orthoptera Acrididae Short horn grasshopper Okuk Sept- Oct roasted  
Brachytrupes sp. Orthoptera Gryllidae Cricket Okuk May- Sept Head, appendages and wings are discarded, bodies are roasted  
Brachytrupes orientalis (Burmeister 1838) Orthoptera Gryllidae Cricket Okuk May- Sept Head, appendages and wings are discarded, bodies are roasted  
Aspongopus nepalensis Westwood 1837 Hemiptera Pentatomidae Bug Longvia Dec- Feb Raw paste with chili and ginger Sometimes consumption causes psychiatric disorder
Halyomorpha picus (Fabricius 1794) Hemiptera Pentatomidae Bug Nyajong waekhoi Nov- Feb Suck the sting in cold and cough Not reported as a normal food item for Wangcho (Wancho) people, but used for therapeutic purposes
Nezara viridula (Linnaeus 1758) Hemiptera Pentatomidae Bug Jakwikhoi Dec- Feb Wings are discarded, roasted --
Rhynchoris humeralis (Thunberg 1783) Hemiptera Pentatomidae Bug Viapath Jan- Mar People use to press the lower portion of the insect to remove the stink gland, wings are discarded and insect is roasted The secretion is poisonous for the eye, yellowish in colour and it takes one week to remove it from the hand
Dalader acuticosta (Amyot & Serville 1843) Hemiptera Pyrrhocoridae Bug Waekhoi Dec- Feb Suck the sting in cold and cough Not reported as a normal food item for Wangcho (Wancho) people, but used for therapeutic purposes
Mictis tenebrosa (Fabricius 1787) Hemiptera Pyrrhocoridae Bug Waekhoi April- Aug Suck the sting in cold and cough Not reported as a normal food item for Wangcho (Wancho) people, but used for therapeutic purposes
Antilochus coqueberti (Fabricius 1803) Hemiptera Pyrrhocoridae Bug Wanwikhoi/ Wanchong Around the year Raw or roasted Species is used only for therapeutic purposes
Dorcus sp. Coleoptera Lucanidae Stag beetle Mogap magai Aug- Oct Appendages discarded, roasted  
Unidentified Coleoptera Lucanidae Stag beetle Mogap magai Jul- Sept Appendages discarded, roasted  
Unidentified small species Coleoptera    Mophong molong/ Notphong June - Sept Boiled or roasted  
Apis mellifera Linnaeus 1758 Hymenoptera Apidae Honeybee Nakat Nov- Jan Honey and sometimes larvae, pupae and queen boiled  
Apis sp. Hymenoptera Apidae Honeybee Nakat Nov –Jan Honey and sometimes larvae, pupae and queen boiled  
Xylocopa sp Hymenoptera Xylocopidae Bee Nakat Nov- Mar   
Unidentified Hymenoptera Vespidae Wasp Nahtam Nov- Jan Immature stages raw or roasted nymph and queen boiled  
Unidentified Hymenoptera Vespidae Wasp Thokananu Oct- Dec Larvae  
Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius 1775 Hymenoptera Formicidae Red ant Thajao Round the year Pupae are consumed