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Table 3 Inventory of edible insects used by members of the Singpho tribe of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh

From: Comparative Survey of Entomophagy and Entomotherapeutic Practices in Six Tribes of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh (India)

Scientific name Order Family English name Vernacular name Seasonal availability Mode of intake Remarks
Termes sp. Isoptera Termitidae Termite khukan May- June Wing are discarded, fried  
Odontotermes sp. Isoptera Odontotermitidae   khukan May - June Wings are discarded, fried  
Chondacris rosea (DeGeer 1773) Orthoptera Acrididae Short horned grasshopper Macherie Sept- Nov Head, appendages and wings are bodies are discarded and roast  
Brachytrupes sp. Orthoptera Gryllidae Cricket Gdun May- Sept Head, antennae and legs are discarded and bodies are roasted  
Brachytrupes orientalis (Burmeister 1838) Orthoptera Gryllidae Cricket Gdun May- Sept Head, antennae and legs are discarded and bodies are roasted  
Aspongopus nepalensis Westwood 1837 Hemiptera Pentatomidae Bug Chammah Dec- Feb Fried or roasted used after removal of stink gland that tastes bitter Sometimes consumption causes psychiatric disorder
Mictis tenebrosa (Fabricius 1787) Hemiptera Pyrrhocoridae Bug Chammah April- Aug Boiled with vegetables Singpho people reported that these insects are collected from rotten bamboo
Unidentified Hemiptera Cicadidae Cicada Machera April- Aug Roasted  
Xylotrupes gideon Guérin-Méneville 1830 Coleoptera Scarabaeidae Beetle Chingiet May- July Legs discarded, roasted or fried  
Batocera roylei Hope 1833 Coleoptera Cerambycidae Long horn beetle Chingiet June- Aug Antennae and wings discarded, roasted  
Apis (cerana) indica (Fabricius 1798) Hymenoptera Apidae Honeybee Lagat Nov- Jan Immature stages and honey is being consumed Honey is used widely as medicinal agent
Apis mellifera Linnaeus 1758 Hymenoptera Apidae Honeybee Lagat Nov- Jan Immature stages and honey are being consumed Honey is used widely as medicinal agent
Eumenes sp. Hymenoptera Vespidae Wasp Katpatkai Nov- Dec Generally larval stages are being consumed, when wings are not developed, fried  
Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius 1775 Hymenoptera Formicidae Red ant Makhao Round the year Pupae boiled or fried