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Table 3 List of medicinal plants for treating both human and livestock diseases in the study area, Wayu Tuka District

From: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia

Scientific name Local Oromo name Family Hab Ha Plant part, preparation and application Disease treated V. No.
Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. Ceekaa Fabaceae Sh W Fresh leaves soaked in water and wash the body of calf External parasite MM074
9 juvenile leaves of Calpurnia aurea, 9 leaves of Senna occidentalis and 9 juvenile leaves of Clausena anisata smashed and the extracts taken. One cup of tea is given for man and half cup for Children Ascaris  
Leaves crushed and mixed in water given by bottle forcefully Snake bite  
Cucurbita pepo L. Buqqee Cucurbitaceae H Hg The dried seed roasted and eaten Tape worm MM018
Fruit cooked and rubbed on affected part External parasite  
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Faca’aa Cucurbitaceae H W Very few fresh root chewed with salt Gonorrhea MM026
Very few root powdered and mixed with one litter of water then given to the cattle forcefully Blackleg  
Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. Nuugii Asteraceae H Hg Seed roasted powdered and the decoction drunk Swelling MM036
Seed powdered and rubbed on madaa gatiitii of oxen Madaa gatiittii  
Hordeum vulgare L. Garbuu Poaceae H Hg Seed of Hordeum vulgare powdered with seed of Brassica carinata and drunk Swelling MM082
Seed covered and left to let germinate then grinded and mixed with remnants of local beer or ‘tella’ and given orally Blotting  
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders. Dhummuugaa Acanthaceae Sh Hg Fresh leaves crushed and given for hen or cock Coccidiosis MM008
Leaves put on fire with leaves of Brucea antidysentrica and rubbed on head Headache  
Lepidium sativum L. Shinfaa Brassicaceae H Hg Dried seed powdered and eaten with injera to get cure from malaria or rubbed the body for protection from mosquito bite Malaria MM015
Seed powdered in water and given by the bottle forcefully Blackleg
Linum usitatissimum L. Talbaa Linaceae H Hg The hair washed by seeds of Linum usitatissimum and used as a soap Dandruff MM096
Seed powdered and given by mixing in water Breast ulcer
Lotus corniculatus L. Abbaa qiddii Fabaceae H W Powdered root taken with tea Snake bite MM065
Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. Bosoqqee Crassulaceae H W Fresh or dried root of Kalanchoe laciniata, seed of Capsicum frutescens, Allium sativum and leaves of Croton macrostachyus Powdered together and given for affected cattle Blackleg MM158
Malva verticillata L. Karfichoo Malvaceae H W Leaves cooked and the smoke inhaled to get relief from ‘Mich’ Fibril illness MM150
Maesa lanceolata Forssk. Abbayyii Myrsinaceae Sh W Fresh leaves crushed and rubbed on the body External parasite MM079
Nicotiana tabacum L. Tamboo Solanaceae H Hg Leaves crushed and mixed with water and drunk Snake bite MM004
Leaves crushed and tied on affected part Snake poison  
Leaves crushed and put in the mouth then the cow will not drink water or feed for certain minutes until the leech come out Leeching  
Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Timijjii Polygonaceae H W Few root chewed and swallowed Gastric MM055
Fresh leaves crushed and mixed with Leaves of Acanthus polystachius By mixing with butter creamed on affected part Spider poison  
Root powdered and mixed in water then mixed in water and given for the cattle forcefully(waga’uu) Blackleg  
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. Botoroo Bignoniaceae T W Fresh/ Dried bark of Stereospermum kunthianum Cham., bark of Croton macrostachyus, Root of Cucumis ficifolius, bulb of Allium sativum L. and seed of Capsicum frutescens powdered together and half of a bottle given for three days ‘Kaashmeer’ MM176
Dried bark put on fire and the smoke inhaled Evil eye  
      Powdered and mixed with water and one cup of tea taken for three days S.ache  
      Leaves crushed and rubbed Spider poison  
Vernonia amygdalina Del. Eebicha Asteraceae Sh Hg Leaves crushed and mixed with remnants of local beer(‘Tella’)and given for the cow Delayed placenta MM010
      Leaves crushed and soak in water and the exudates drunk orally for five days Malaria  
  1. Key: Hab Habit, H Herb, Sh Shrub, T Tree, Cl Climber and Li Liana, Ha habitat, W Wild, Hg Homegarden, B Both, V. No. Voucher number.