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Table 12 Lists of MPs collected from Ada’a District (Detail descriptions on the mode of preparations and applications)

From: Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in Ada’a District, East Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

S/N Scientific name Local name (Oromifa/Amarigna) UT AT (English/ Amaric ) PU MP A IC FP MT RA CP
1 Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth Laaftoo/Girar An Horse scabies (Yeferse ebitet) RB Root and bark grounded together and wash the animal with the solution 3 G W Ex. D
2 Acacia albida Del Garbii/Gerbi An Eye bruise (Bilz) Ba Fresh bark masticated and spitted out on the eye 5 C S Ea F
3 Acacia seyal Del. Wachoo/Wachu Hu Headache (Ras mitat) RF Root and Fruit grounded, boil in water and breathin the smoke 3 Co Fu N D
4 Achyranthes aspera L. Derguu/Etse-tekeze Hu Stomach trouble (Yehod hemem) RL Powder of root and leaf concocted with root powder of Allium sativum and drunk once. 11 Co E Or. D/F
    Hu Abdominal pain in woman after birth (Kurtet) L Leaf powdered and drink the water solution 5 P Dr. Or. D
    Hu RH case (Shotelay) R Root dig out with horn handled knife wearing silver ring, cut it simultaneously saying ‘cut the blood of so and so, i. e the name of the patient’, infused with brown tef (Eragostis tef), black malt and Rhamnus prinoides and drink the infusion for three days. A glass is taken per day 4 If Dr. Or. F
5 Acmella caulirhiza Del. Guticha Hu Loose tooth L Leaves chewed and placed it between the aching tooth 7 C Ho T F
6 Agave sisalana Perrine ex Engel. Qachaa/Qacha An Tick S Stem grounded with fruit of Solanum incanum and polishing the bitten area 3 G Po Ex. F
7 Ageratum houstanianum Mill Q/Merzi/Yemerz Medanit/ Hu Poisoning (Merzenet) R Root powder is mixed with butter and put on the affected part 5 P Pa Ex. D
  Ajuga integerifolia Harmmaguusa Hu Stomach trouble RL Powder of root and leaf mixed with root powder of Allium sativum and eaten once. 8 P E Or. D/F
8 Buch. Ham /Aqorarache/     Allium sativum and eaten once.      
    Hu Cold (Bired) L Leaf boiled with tea and a cup of it is drunken 3 De Dr. Or. F
    Hu Gout (Rihi) R Root with the root of Solanecio gigas, Leonotis rainerihana powdered together and mixed with oil from fruit of Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata and Datura stramonium. Concoted them in water and drink the solution for three consecutive days. One cup only once 4 Co Dr Or. D
    Hu Hypertension (Dem bizat) RL Root and leaf boiled with tea and a cup of the solution is taken in 6 Co Dr Or. F
9 Allium cepa L. Shunkurtii diimaa/Key shinkurt/ Hu Poisoning R Tie up the root powder with the leaf concoction of Vernonia amygdalina, Premna schimperi, and root powder of Verbascum sinaiticum 7 Co Pa Ex. F
  Allium sativum L. Qullubbi adii Hu Ascariasi R Root powder with the root powder of Ajuga integerifolia, Allium sativum, and Rumex nepalensis concocted together and drunk once before breakfast 5 Co E Or D
10   /Nech shinkurt/   (Wosfat)   integerifolia, Allium sativum, and Rumex nepalensis concocted together and drunk once before breakfast      
    Hu General malaise (Mich) R Smelling roots of a young grown plant 3   Sm N F
    Hu Flu (Gunfan) RL Root and leaf crushed in to pieces, boiled with honey and take in the liquid in a cup of tea 8 Co Dr Or. F
    Hu Toothache (Tirse himem) R Root crushed, chewed and hold between the aching tooth 9 C Ho T F
    Hu Malaria (Woba) R Root with leaf of Vernonia amaglidina pounded and drunk the extracted solution 8 Pu Dr Or. F
  Aloe macrocarpa Tod. Argiisa/Ret Hu Intestinal parasite L Leaf chewed and swallow the juice 3 C Sw Or. F
11    Bo Swelling (Ebach) L Leaf warmed up on a fire and paste on the swelling 3 He Pa Ex. F
12 Alternanthera pungens Kunth. ***** Hu Sudden illness (Dingetegna) R Fresh root boiled together with Ocimum gratissimum leaf and cup of the extract given to drink 3 Co Dr Or. F
13 Artemisia absinthium L. Harritta/Aritii Hu Sour throat RL Both root and leaf grounded together with root powder of Verbena officinalis and the solution sipped in 8 G Sw N F
  Artemisia abyssinica Tiroo/Chikugne Hu Whooping Cough (Tektik) L Grounded leaf boiled with the leaf powder of Ruta chalepensis, honey or butter and taken once a day orally 6 Co Dr Or. D
    Hu Stomach trouble Br Branches together with leaves of Ajuga integerifolia boiled with butter and eaten together with bread 12 Co E Or. F
    Hu Eye itching (Ayenen masakek) WP Burn the whole plant and fumigate with the smoke 9 Bu Fu Ex. D
15 Asparagus africanus Lam. Seriiti/Seriti Hu Amobiasis (Ameba) R Root powder mixed with honey and butter and eaten for three consecutive days before breakfast 7 P E Or. D
16 Asparagus racemosus Wild. Seriiti/Seriti Hu Amobiasis R Root powder mixed with honey and butter and eaten for three consecutive days before breakfast 9 P E Or. D
17 Asplenium monanthes L. ***** Hu Woumb itching (Mehatsenen masakek) R Root crushed, boiled and wash the itching part with the decoction 2 De W Ex. F
18 Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Loliichisa/Azamir An Horse Scabies (Bech’h) Ba Concoction of the bark with root and fruit of Capparis tomentosa is prepared. Then half of the concoction is given to drink, and the remaining half is for polish affected areas after washing 4 Co W Dr Ex F
19 Bidens pilosa L. Chogogitii/Chogogit Hu Devil sickness (Lekefet) R Root with root and leaf of Zehneria scabra boiled and fumigate the smoke 5 Co Fu Ex F
  Brucea antidysenterica Qumegno/Abalo Hu Evil eye (Buda) R Root powder burns in a fire and inhales the smoke 9 Bu Fu N D
20 J.F. Mill   An Colic (yehod hemem) L Leaf grounded and the water solution given to the cattle 6 G Dr Or. F
21 Buddlejia polystachya Fresen. Qawissa/Anfar An Leech (Alekit) Fl Inflorescence with the leaf of Phytolacca dodecandra is given in nose and ear to expel the parasite 12 Co dr. NE  
  Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Ceekaa/Digita Hu Scabies L Leaf boiled with leaf of Solanecio gigas and stephania 3 Co Po Ex. F
22 Benth.    (Ekek)   abyssinica and drink cup of concoction twice a day.      
    An Pubic hair louse (Qemanjer) L Grounding the leaf and wash the infected skin with the solution 3 G W Ex. F
23 Caparis tomentosa Lam. Goora/Gumero Hu Wound (Kusil) R Root powder mixed with latex of Euphorbia tirucallii and pasted on the wound 9 P Pa Ex. E
24 Capsicum annuum L. Qaara/Qariya Hu Amoebiasis Fr Fruit dried, powdered and eaten with bread baked of Zea mays 5 Ba E Or. D
  Carissa spinarium Carissa spinarium Hu Intestinal worms R Root grounded, dissolve in water and drunk 3 G Dr Or. D
25 (Vahl.) Forssk. ex Endl.   Hu Evil eyes R Root powdered and dispersed on fires to fumigate the smoke 2 Bu Fu Ex. D
26 Catha edulis (Vahl.) Forssk. ex Endl. Caatii/Chat Hu Ear infection L Leaf boiled with the leaf of Croton macrostachyus and very small juice applied once daily 3 Co dr. Ear F
27 Centella asiatica (L.) Urban. ***** Hu Bleeding R Root powdered and paste it on the bleeding part 4 P Pa Ex. D
28 Citrus aurantifolium (L.) Burn. f. Loomii/Lomi Hu Abdominal pain (Kurtet) Fr Fruit pounded and sip the extracted liquid after meal. 5 Pu Dr Or. F
29 Clausena anisata (Wild.) Benth. Ulumaa/Limich Hu toothache RS Cutting root or stem, chew, place and hold on the aching tooth 7 C Ho Or. F
  Clematis simensis Fiitii/Enderifa Bo Wound L Leaf powdered and carefully sprinkled on the wound. 4 P Sp Ex. F
30 Fresen.      It irritates if dropped on different area      
    Hu Evil eyes R Root is burned and breathe in the smoke 4 Bu In N D
    Hu Wart (Kintarot) L Leaf with leaf of Phytolacca dodecandra powdered together and sprinkled on the wound 4 P Sp Ex. F
31 Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst) Vatke Maraasisaa/misirich Hu Diaeehae R Root powder solution taken orally 4 P Dr Or. D
32 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Godaree/Godore Hu Swelling L Leaf warmed and applied on the swelling 4 He Pa Ex. F
  Croton macrostachyus Bakaniisaa/Bisana Hu Febril illness L Leaf pounded, brush lips with it and kept in pocket if 6 Pu Po Ex. F
33 Del.    (Megagna)   any one move out after meal particularly during mid sun      
    Hu Tinea nigra (Kuakucha) L Polish an infected part with latex squeezed out from ajuvenile growing leaf 5 Ex Po Ex. F
34 Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. Buqee seexanaa/Yesetan kil/ Hu Depression (Eje seb) L Leaf cut either Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday early without having any conversation would be collected, pounded with leaf of Justicia schimperiana, and fruit of Cucumis ficifolius, altogether infused for three days and wash the patient with the infusion for three consecutive days 8 If W Ex. F
35 Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Holoo/Yemidir enbuay Hu Abdominal pain (Kuretet) S Stem chewed and sip the sap 14 C Sw Or. F
36 Cyathula cylindrica Moq. Derguu/Yemogn fikir Hu Stomachache (Yehod hemem) Se Seed milled, mixed with water and drunk the solution 4 G Dr Or. D
37 Cymbopogon citratus Xajisaara/Tej sar Hu Cough (Sal) L Blow up the leaf and inhale the smoke 4 Bu In Or. F
  Cyphostemma Melas golgul An Blackleg R Root pounded and boiled with root powder of 7 Co Dr Or. D
38 adenocaule (Steud. ex .A. Rich.) Descoings ex      Verbascum sinaiticum, Rumex abyssinicus and Rumex nepalensis and drunk to the animal      
  Wild & Drummond   Bo Swelling L Warm up the leaf and paste on the swelling 3 He Pa Ex. F
    Hu Snake bite L Leaf pounded and creaming all the body to avoid snake bite 4 Pu Po Ex. F
39 Datura stramonium L. Atsefaris/Astenagir Hu For Intellegency (Letimret) Fr Fruit powder mixed in a water and drunk the solution. After drinking s/he will be kept in a closed room until it is assimilated with body. 5 P Dr Or. D
40 Dodonaea angustifolia L. f. Etacha/Kitkita An Wound L Leaf is powdered and sprinkle on the wound 3 P Sp Ex. D
41 Dombeya torrida (J. F. Gmel) Bamps Daanisa/Wolkefa Hu Antidot for snake bites Ba Powder a piece of bark and sprinkle on the bitten part 3 P Sp Ex. D
42 Dregea schimperi (Decne.) Bullock Hida/Yeregna missa Hu Eczema (Chiffea) Se Seed powdered, mixed with spike powders of SENDEDO (Pennisetum sp.) and honey, greasing the lesion at least two times daily after washing 4 P Po Ex. D
43 Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. Somboo/Sombo Hu Syphilis (Kitign) Ba Fresh bark infused with root of Cucumis ficifolius for three days and the infusion drunk for a week. Amount taken per day shouldn’t go beyond the floorboard of a small coffee cup 6 If Dr Or. F
  Eleusine floccifolia Coqorsa/Akerma Hu Snake bit Ag Above ground part pounded and paste on the skin 3 Pu Pa Ex. F
44 Forssk.   Hu Poisoning R Root powder mixed with root powder of Achyranthes aspera and fruit of Solanum incanum and paste on the spot 4 P Pa Ex. R
45 Embelia schimperi Vatke Hanquu/Enqoqo Hu Tape worm (Kosso) Fr Fruit is powdered, dissolve in water, decant out the decoction and drunk early morning before meal 8 De Dr Or. F
  Eucalyptus globulus Nech bahir zaf Hu Febril illness Br Boiling branch and fumigate the patient with the 7 Co Fu Ex. F
46 Labill.      vapour. After being fumigated the patient cased with blanket and sleep      
    Hu Stomach trouble (Yehod hemem) Br Branch boiled, fumigate while steaming and sleep wrapping all parts of the body 4 Co Fu Ex. F
47 Euclea racemosa Subsp. schimperi Me'essaa/Dedeho Hu Tonsillitis (Entil siwored) RL Root and leaf together with fruit of Hagenia abyssinica boiled together and drink only once in a cup 5 Co Dr Or. F
48 Euphorbia abyssinica J. F. Gmel. Adamii/Kulkual Hu Haemorrhage S White milky sap of the plant carefully dripped on haemorrhage 6 Ex dr. Ex. F
49 Euphorbia ampliphylla Adamii/Kulkual Hu Haemorrhage S White milky sap of the plant carefully tapped on haemorrhage 6 Ex dr. Ex. F
50 Euphorbia tirucallii L. Cadaa/Kinchib Hu Haemorrhage S White milky sap of the plant carefully tapped on haemorrhage 3 Ex dr. Ex. F
51 Ferula communis L. Dog Hu cough R Root pulverized, burned and inhale the smoke 6 Bu In N D
  Ficus sur Forssk. Harbuu/Sholla Hu Wart on La Just two drops of latex from stem is applied on the 3 Ex dr. Ex. F
52     hand(Kintarot)   wart      
    An Swelling L Leaf grounded, warmed on fire and tie on the swelling 2 G Pa Ex. F
  Foeniculum vulgare Insilaalee/Ensilal Hu Urinary Retention Ag Above ground part is grounded, and the water solution 6 G Dr Or. F
53 Mill.    (Shinet leklekelew)   drunk. The patient shall not take drinks and/or food for an hour.      
    Hu Stomach trouble Ag Powdering the above ground part and given the solution before meal 5 P Dr Or. F
  Fuerstia africana Th. Eje Admek Hu General malaise L Leaf grounded and paint the patient body 10 G Po Ex. F
54 Fries    (Mich)        
    An Cattle eye disease L Leaf powdered, mixed with fresh butter and painting the eye for three consecutive days 13   Po Eye D
55 Gamphocarpus abyssinicus Decne. Rebu Hunda An Blackleg (Aba gorba) L Same as Prunus africana 9 Co Dr Or. D
56 Grewia ferruginea Hochst ex . A . Rich. Dhoqonuu/Lenquata Hu Taeniasis (Kosso) Ba Fresh bark boiled together with fruit of Hagenia abyssinica, and the solution drunk 4 Co Dr Or. F
57 Guizotia scabra (Vis) Chiov. Adaa/Mech Hu Epilospy (Yemitel beshita) R Root powdered, boiled with root powders of Ajuga integerifolia, Foeniculum vulgare and Withania somnifera. One cup of the concoction taken orally 2 Co Dr Or. D
58 Heteromorpha trifoliata (Wendel. ) Eckl. & Zeyh. Demehee/Yejib merk uze Hu Warding of Sorcery Stealing (Selabi) Wp Whole plant planted at the back of the house and on front yard by a diviner (Metsehaf Gelac’h) 5    - -
59 Hygrophila schulli (Hamilt.) M. R. & S. M. Almeida Q/Mearzi Bo poisoning L Leaf powdered and dispersed on the wound 3 P Sp Ex. D
60 Hypericum quartinianum A. Rich. Muke fonii Hu Jaundice (Yewof beshita) L Leaf with roots of Asparagus sp. pounded and homogenised in water and given to the patient orally for three consecutive days. Half a glass is the limit for a day 4 Co Dr Or. D
61 Hypericum revolutum Vahl Hindhee/Ameja An Eye disease R Root with leaf of Inula confertiflora chewed and spitted on the eye 3 C S Ey F
62 Impatiens ethiopica Grey-Wilson Yehenshoshilaa zer Hu Wound R Root pounded, warmed in a dish on a fire, and creaming palms 2 Pu Po Ex. F
63 Impatiens rothii Hook. f. Buri/Gesherit Hu Wounds on hand R Root pounded in to pieces and thoroughly warmed on fire and firmly hands them for drying the wound 2 Pu Po Ex F
64 Impatiens tinctoria A. Rich. Subsp. abyssinica (Hook. f.) Grey-Wilson Ensosilla Hu Wound on palm R Root pounded, warmed in a dish on a fire, and oiling palms 2 Pu Po Ex. F
  Inula confertiflora A. Mognoree/Weynageft An Eye disease R Root with Hypericum revolutum chewed together and 3 C S Ey F
65 Rich      spitted on the eye      
    B Rabies (Yehebid wusha beshita) R Root with root of Lagenaria siceraria, Stephania 2 Co Po Or. D
       abyssinica, Verbascum sinaiticum and young growing leaves of Laggera tomentosa, Croton macrostachyus with fruit of Solanum anguivi all together grounded and boiled, and drink with milk; or the concoction creamed on meat and eaten      
  Jasminum grandiflorum Qamaxee/Tembelel Hu Evil eye R Root burned and draw in the smoke 3 Bu In N D
66 L.   Hu Toothache (Yeters himem) S Young stem chewed and hold between the aching tooth 3 C Ho T F
67 Juniperus procera Endle Gaatiraa/Yehabesha Tid Hu Demon possesesion (Ganen) Fr Fruit powder boiled with root of phytolacca dodecandra and fruit powder of Datura stramonium; and wash the patient for three days 4 Co Dr Or. D
  Justicia schimperiana Dhumuugaa/Sensel Hu Jaundice L Newly growing leaves of seven different individual 4 Pu Dr Or. F
68 (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders    (Gubet beshita)   plants milled on palms and the squeezed liquid added to a coffee cup. Drink the liquid every morning for a week. Antidotes recommended is to eat porridge of black teff (Eragostis tef) and drinking local beer (tella)      
    An Sheep diarrhoea L Leaf grounded and mixed with half cup water. The solution is then drunk 9 G Dr Or. F
    An Blackleg L Leaf powder boiled with root powder of Rubia cordifolia and bark powder of Prunus africana and given to the cattle 8 Co Dr Or. D
    Hu Rabies LR Root and leaf boiled together with root of Prunus persica, Nicotiana tabacum and phytolacca dodecandra and drink the solution for at least a week. One tea cup per day is the limit 6 Co Dr Or. D
69 Kalanchoe petitiana A. Rich Bosoqee/Endahula Bo Swelling L Leaf warmed up on a fire and paste on the swelling 24 He Pa Ex. F
70 Lagenaria siceraria Buqqee/Kil Hu Impotency RF Root and fruit grounded together and drink with the 3 G Dr Or. D
  (Molina) Standl    (Sinfet wosib)   first boiled coffee (ABOL BUNA)      
71 Laggera tomentosa (Sch. Bip. ex A. Rich.) Oliv. & Hiern Keskeso Hu Flu (Gunfan) L Actively growing leaves collected and pounded together, wrapped in a piece of cloth and place in noses 3 Pu Is N F
72 Lantana camara L. Yewof kolo Hu General malaise (Mich) L Leaf pounded together with leaf of Ocimum lamiifolium and the squeezed out liquid drink with coffee 2 Pu Dr Or. F
73 Leonotis raineriana Vis. Bokkoluu dimma
/Ras kimir/
An Leech LF Leaves and flowers grounded and the water solution given to the animal to expel out the parasites 15 G Dr Or. D
    Hu General malaise (Mich) L Leaf pounded together with leaf of Ocimum lamiifolium and the squeezed out liquid drink with coffee 10 Pu Dr Or. F
74 Leucas martinicensis (Jacq. ) R. Br. Bokkoluu adii/Ras kimir Hu General malaise (Mich) L Leaf pounded together with leaf of Ocimum lamiifolium and the squeezed out liquid drink with coffee 8 Pu Dr Or. F
75 Lippia adoensis Hochst. ex Walp. Kusaayee/Kese Hu Kusaayee /Kese L Leaf grounded, boiled in water with root powder of Stephania abyssinica and given to the patient 3 Co Dr Or. D
76 Maesa lanceolata Forssk. Abbayyii/Kelewa Bo Swelling L Leaf warmed up on a fire and paste on the swelling 5 He Pa Ex. F
77 Malva venticillata L. Liitii/Lit An Swelling L Leaf crushed, warmed on fire and tie on the swelling 2 He Pa Ex. F
  Melia azedarach L. Melia An Chicken diarrhae L Leaf grounded mixed with INJERA and given to the 3 G E Or. D
78       chicken      
    An Cattle diarrhae L Leaf infused in a litter of water; and the infusion is given for the cattle 3 If Dr Or. F
    Hu Taeniasis (Kosso) L Leaf grounded with water and the solution given to the patient orally 3 G Dr Or. D
79 Mentha spicata Nana Hu Cough and cold L Leaf boiled with tea and drunk 4 De Dr Or. F
80 Myrica salicifolia A. Rich. Kataba/Shinet Hu Ascariasis R Water solution of the root infusion is given orally 4 If Dr Or. D
  Myrsine africana L. Qacama/Kechem Hu Taeniasis Fr Fruit grounded and concocted with powder fruit of 5 Co Dr Or. D
81       Hagenia abyssinica; and the solution drunk      
    An Worms in donkey Fr Decocting fruit with local beer (TELLA) and drink the solution 4 De Dr Or. D
82 Myrtus communis Adasii/Ades Hu General malaise L Leaf burned and fumigated to the smoke 3 Bu Fu Ex. D
    An Colic L Leaf grounded with fruits of Embelia schimperi and 3 Co Dr Or. D
       leaf of Vernonia amygdalina and drunk the cattle      
83 Nicotiana tabacum L. Tamboo/Tembaho Hu Exhausion (Lib dikam) Fr Fruit grounded and boiled with root powder of Asparagus africanus and Cynoglossum geometricum and take in the solution 3 Co Dr Or. D
84 Ocimum basilicum L. Besobilla Hu Flu L Leaf together with fruit of capsicum annuum and root of Aloe macrocarpa concocted together and drink the solution 5 Co Dr Or. F
85 Ocimum gratissimum L Q/Michii/Mech medanit Hu General malaise L Leaf rubbed between palms & drink the juice 15 Pu Dr Or. F
86 Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth. Demakessie Hu General malaise L Leaf pounded with leaf of Lippia adoensis and Fuerstia africana .The squeezed out solution drink with ABOL BUNA (first boiled coffee) and body will be creamed with the remaining leaves 24 Pu Dr Or. F
87 Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. Ejersa/Weyra Hu QOROQOR La Latex or oil of any part of the plant is greased on the head for a week 4 Ex Po Ex. F
  Olinia rochetiana A. Dalecho Hu Snake bite La Latex from any part of the plant preferably from root 2 Ex Pa Ex. F
88 Juss.      mixed with Leaf powder Ficus Vasta and pasted on the wound      
    Hu Toothache L Young growing leaves cut from three different individual plants, chewed them and hold between the aching tooth 4 C Ho T F
89 Osyris quadripartita Decn. Waatoo/Qeret Hu Eczema La Latex is mixed with spikes of SINDEDO (Pinnesetum sp.) and creaming the affected areas 3 Ex Po Ex. F
90 Otostegia integrifolia Benth. Tungiitii/Tungit Hu Fibril illness (Megagna) L Smoke the leaf and fumigate the house for a woman who deliver baby 12 Bu Fu Ex. F
  Pavetta abyssinica Muke-buniti Hu Poison R Root boiled with leaves of Bersama abyssinica and 2 Co W Ex. F
91 Fresen.      Rumex abyssinicus and wash the wound with the solution      
    An Animal diarrhoea L Ground the leaf and drunk the solution 3 G Dr Or. D
92 Pentas schimperiana (A. Rich.) Vatke Dasie An Eye disease S Stem is chewed and spitted on the eye 11 C S E F
  Phytolacca dodecandra Handoode/Endod An BECHE’H L Leaf grounded and wash the area with the solution 10 G W Ex. D
93 L’ Herit   Hu Wart on hand L Leaf together with Physalis peruviana dried , grounded and drip a drop or two on the wart 9 Co dr. Ex. D
94 Plantago lanceolata L. Qorxobbii/Yehaheya Kote/ An Intestinal parasite L Leaf grounded, boiled with fruit of Solanum anguivi and the concoction mixed with ATELA (by-products of TELLA) and given to the animal 4 Co Dr Or. F
  Plantago major L. Qorxobbii Hu Poisoning R Root powder is employed to bandage wounds of any 3 P Pa Ex. D
95   /Yekura wesife/     kind      
    Hu Haemorroides L Leaf grounded and place it on the wound 3 G Pa Ex. D
96 Premna schimperi Engl. Urgessa/Chchoho Hu Eye disease L Leaf pounded with leaf of Buddlejia polystachya, and 4 Pu dr. Ey F
       the juice is dripped on the eye      
97 Protea gaguedi J. F. Dasie An Animal jaundice L Fresh leaf grounded, infused for a day and the solution 11 If Dr Or. F
  Gmel.      given to the animal      
  Prunus africana (Hook. Hoomii/Tikur Enchet Hu Swelling Ba Bark dried well, grounded, boiled with water, filtered 4 De Dr Or. D
98 f. ) Kalms      and drunk      
    Hu Sudden illness (Dingetegna) Ba Bark dried well, grounded, boiled, filtered and drunk 6 De Dr Or. D
    An Blackleg Ba Bark powdered, boiled with leaf powder of Gamphocarpus abyssinicus and the solution given to the animal 2 Co Dr Or. D
    An Anthrax (Abasenga) Ba Bark powdered, mixed with leaf powder of Gamphocarpus abyssinicus and the solution given to the animal 2 P Dr Or. D
99 Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Kokii/Kok Hu Epistaxis (Neser) R Root chewed and band in cloth and place in nose 2 C Is N F
100 Pterolobium stellatum (Forssk. ) Brenan Harengeemmaa/Kontir Hu Rhumantic pain (Kurtimat) R Root boiled in a cooking dish and fumigating the leg with vapour. 5 De Fu Ex. F
101 Rhus retinorrhoea Tilem An Anthrax (Aba senga) Ba The bark is grounded, boiled with leaf powder of Phytolacca dodecandra in a cup of water. Drink the solution to the animal for a week 4 Co Dr Or. F
102 Rhus vulgaris Meikle Dabobechaa/Kimmo An Diarrhoea L The leaf together with the leaf of Premna schimperi and Clerodendrum myricoides is concocted together. The concoction is given to the cattle 3 Co Dr Or. F
103 Ricinus communis L. Qoboo/Gulo Hu Dandruff (Forofor) FL Fruit and leaf pounded together and paint the patient’s head skin 6 Pu Po Ex. D
104 Rosa abyssinica Lindley Gora/Kega An Invoking sprit (Aganent) L Leaf infusion together with leaf powder of Vernonia amygdalina is prepared and small amount of the solution placed through nose and the remaining solution is for painting the body 7 If Po N F
105 Rosmarinus officinalis L. Siga metsebesha Hu Headache R Root powder mixed powder root of Ocimum gratissimum and drunk the solution 13 P Dr Or. D
  Rubia cordifolia L. Enchiberii/Enchibir Hu Wound R Root grounded and sprinkle the powder on the wound 13 P Sp Ex. D
106    Hu Cough R Root is grounded and drink with tea 6 G Dr Or. D
    Hu Cough R Root grounded, homogenised and drunk with butter stayed for 7 years. One glass is the limit for adult and a cup is for children 7 G Dr Or. D
    An Cataract (Bemora yete-shefene ayen) R Root chewed with root of Fuerstia africana and spitted on the cattle’s eye 5 C S Ey F
  Rubus steudneri Agogota Hu Stabbing pain L Leaf powdered, mixed with EMAMESA QEBE ( 2 P Po Ex. D
107 Schweinf.    (Wugat)   butter from a cow with same colour calf), and cream it on the area butter from a cow with same colour calf), and cream it on the area      
    Hu Cough L Leaf with root of Rubia cordifolia and Leaf of Thymus schimperi boil together with butter and drink 2 Co Dr Or. F
  Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Meqmeqo Hu Eye bruise R Root washed, crushed and boiled with butter. One 5 Co Dr Or. F
108       glass of the solution drunk per day      
    An Blackleg R Root powdered and given to the cattle with ATELLA (By product of TELLA) 2 P Dr Or. D
    An Scabies (Ekek) WP Whole plant pounded, mixed with water and wash the animal with it 2 Pu W Ex. F
  Rumex nepalensis Shuultii/Tulet An Colic (Yehod himem) R Root grounded and drink the water solution 3 G Dr Or D
109 Spreng.   An Blackleg R Root with root of Clematis simensis and Rubia cordifolia boiled and drink the animal 6 co Dr Or. D
    Hu Stomach pain (Cheguara) R Root powdered, disperse it in water and drink the solution 3 P Dr Or. D
    Hu Stabbing pain (Wugat) R Root grounded and drink the solution once in a tea cup 3 G Dr Or. D
    B Urinary retention R Root with leaf of Foeniculum vulgare boiled together and drink 4 Co Dr Or. F
110 Rumex nervosus Vahl Dhangaggoo/Embuacho/ Hu Delay in drying circumcision R Root pounded and paste on the penis forehead 5 Pu Pa Ex. F
111 Ruta chalepensis L. Xeenaadama/Tsenadam/ Hu Abdominal pain R Root chewed and ingest the juice 29 C Sw Or. F
112 Salix mucronata Alaletu/Ahaya Hu MIKEGNA-SHEREGNA L Chewing the leaf and sipping it in 6 C Sw Or. F
113 Salvia nilotica Jacq Hulegebe Hu Wound R Root powder mixed with butter and applied to wound 3 P Pa Ex. D
114 Schinus molle L. Kundoberbere zaf Hu Wound on rectal area R Root powder mixed with resin of Euclea racemosa Subsp. schimperi and applied on the wound once a day 3 P Pa Ex. F
  Sida schimperiana Chefreg An Rabies R Root dried, powdered, and baked with flour of Tikur 2 Ba E Or. D
115 Hochst. ex A. Rich.      teff (Eragostis tef) and given to eat against rabies before an animal bitten by a mud dog 2 Ba E Or. D
    An Preventing bitch birth L Leaves infusion mixed with fruit of Solanum incanum is prepared and drunk 2 If Dr Or. D
116 Snowdenia polystachya (Fresen.) Pig. Muja Hu Scabies (Ekek) R Root boiled with root of Carissa spinarium and wash the animal with the concoction 2 Co W Ex. D
117 Solanecio gigas (Vatke.) Gommana osolee Bo Retained placenta L Grounding the leaf and drinking the solution. In any 7 G Dr Or. D
  C. Jeffrey /Yeshikoko gomen/     case the dose shall not exceed a cup      
  Solanum anguivi Lam. Hiddi Worabessa Hu Intelligence Se Seed grounded, boiled with leaf of Datura 3 Co Dr Or. F
118   /Zerch Enbuay/     stramonium and small amount given to a child to be a fast learner      
    Hu Danruff Fr Fruit together with leaf of Acacia albida and Ruta chalepensis powdered, mixed with Vaseline and paint the head 2 P Po Ex. D
    An Rabies Fr Fruit powder baked with brown teff (Eragostis tef) and given to dog against rabies. This is given to healthier dog not to be infected with rabies 3 Ba E Or. D
  Solanum incanum L. Hiddii An Tick bite Fr Infusion of fresh fruit mixed with kerosene gas and 2 If Sr Ex. F
119   /Yehabesha Embuay/     spray on the skin of the animal      
    An Horse Scabies R Pounding the root with carbon (carbon rod of dry cell) and spraying the water solution on the infected part. 2 Pu Sr Ex. F
    Hu Wounds L/Fr Pounding the fresh leaf and fruit and drip a drop of the extract on the wound 2 Pu dr. Ex. F
120 Solanum marginatum Linn. f. Hiddii/Tileku Enbuay Hu Long stay menstruation R Root powdered with roots powder of Achyranthes aspera, Solanum incanum, Jasminum grandiflorum, wrapped together, woven three times over head and between legs and tied around the waist 5 P Tw Ex. D
  Stephania abyssinica Kalaala/Engochit An Rabies R Root powder baked with flour of brown tef (Eragostis 6 Ba E Or D
121 (Dillon ex A. Rich.)      tef) and small amount given once.      
  Walp.   An Blackleg R Root powders of the plant and Rumex abyssinicus,Cyphostemma adenocaule, Eucalyptus globules, Allium sativum, and Solanum incanum mixed together in a litter of water and drink once 5 co Dr Or. D
    Hu Unwanted pregenancy R 15-20 cm fresh root whose upper part chewed inserted to the womb for aborting unwanted pregnancy 3 C Is V F
    Hu Wound R Either powdered or fresh root boiled with leaf of smilex aspera and wash the wound 3 Co Pa Ex. D/F
    Hu Swelling R Root grounded and dissolved in a cup of water and drink. The recommended antidotes is to drink ABOL BUNA with no sugar 5 P Dr Or. P
    Hu Sudden illness R Little sized root chewed and only small amount of the extract swallowed 4 C Sw Or. F
122 Tagetes minuta L. Tiro An KINKIN Ag Above ground part collected from field and sleep chickens on it 4    Ex. F
123 Thunbergia alata Sims. Hareg Hu Cough R Powder of root taken once mixed with honey 3 P E Or. D
124 Thymus schimperi Ronniger Xoosanyii/Tosigne Hu Hypertension R Root dried, powdered, and drink with tea 8 P Dr Or. D
125 Urtica simensis Steudel Dobii/Sama Hu Gonorrheae (Chebit) R Infusion of Root is prepared and the genital organ washes with it once daily. 2 If W Ex. F
  Verbascum sinaiticum Guraa Haree Hu Nightmare R Root crashed, placed in a fire and fumigating the 4 Bu Fu Ex. D
126 Benth. /Yahaya joro/     smoke      
    An Blackleg R Root with Phytolacca dodecandra leaf boiled and the solution drunk 2 Co Dr Or. D
  Verbena officinalis L.q Atuch Hu Cough R Powdered root with the root of Rubia cordifolia 4 Co E Or. D
127       cooked with butter; and the concoction taken once daily      
    Hu Tonsilities (Entil siwored) R Root is chewed and ingesting the juice 5 C Sw Or. F
  Vernonia amygdalina Ebicha/Grawa Hu Warding off sorcery steeling L Infusion of leaf powder kept for a night and will be sprayed on fences early of the following morning 5 If Sr   D
    Hu Malaria F Leaf is grounded and the solution taken orally 5 G Dr Or. D
    Hu Abdominal pain L Leaf is grounded and the solution taken orally 3 G Dr Or. D
129 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Gizaawaa/Gizawa Hu Daemon possesesion R Root powder mix with root powder of KEBERICHO (Echinops kebericho)and smoking in a house who delivered baby 6 P Bu   D
130 Xanthium strumarium L. Yemogne Fikir An Leech L Leaf juice of Xanthium. strumrium, Clematis simensis, Calpurnia aurea applied through nose and ear of the animal to expel the parasite 3 Pu dr. NE F
131 Zehneria scabra L. Daaymii/Areg resa Hu Deformed lips (Megagna) R Water solution of the grounded root drunk and some paint near the abnormally deformed lips 6 G Dr Or. D
    Hu Urinary retention R Root powdered and drink the water solution 3 P Dr Or. D
  1. Key: UT-used to treat (An=domestic animal, Hu=Human, Bo=both), AT-Ailments treated, PU-Part used (Ag=above ground part, Ba=bark, Br=branch, Fl=flowers or inflorescence, Fr=fruit, L=leaf, L/fr=leaf and fruit, La=latex or resin, Lf=leaf and inflorescence, R=root, RB=root and bark, RF=root and fruit, RL=root and leaf, RS=root and stem, S=stem, Se=Seed, WP=whole plant), IC- total number of informants who cited the MPs for treating the major aliments FP-forms of preparation (Ba=baking, Bu=burning, C=chewing, Co=concoction, De=decoction, G=grinding, Ex= Exudate collection He=heating or warming, If=infusion, P=powdering, Pu=pounding, Wp=without processing), MT-means of treatment (Bu=smoking, Dr=drinking, dr.=dripping, E=eating, Fu=fumigating, Ho=holding between aching tooth, In=inhaling, Is=inserting, Pa=pasting, Po=polishing or creaming, S=spitting on eye, Sm=smelling, Sp=sprinkling, Sr=spraying, Sw=swallowing chewed juice, Tw=tie around waist, W=washing), RA-routs of application (Ea=ear or auricular, Ex=external or dermal, Ey=Eye or ocular, N=nasal=NE=nasal and through ear, Or=oral, T=on tooth, V=vaginal CP-condition of preparation (D=dry, F=fresh, DF=dry or fresh). *****- Local name not known.