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Table 2 List of medicinal plants used to treat livestock diseases

From: Study of plants traditionally used in public and animal health management in Seharti Samre District, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Scientific name Family Local name Habit Parts used Disease treated Animal treated Mode of preparation and administration Application route Voucher no
Aloe megalacantha Baker Aloaceae Ere Shrub Exudate Anthrax Cattle Crush leaves, squeeze the exudate, mix it with cold water let the animal drink one cup of the solution Oral SA01384
Trypanosomiasis Cattle Exudate is mixed with poultry faeces is smeared on affected body parts Dermal  
Root Dislocation of body parts Cattle Roots are cut into pieces, tied by thread and tied on damaged part of the body Dermal  
Exudate Wound Cattle Exudate is smeared on affected body part of the animal Dermal  
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Scabies Cattle Crush leaves and apply exudate on the infected skin Dermal  
Sheep
Goat
Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Muchelo Herb Root Thelaziasis (eye disease) Cattle Roots are chewed and juice spitted into the affected eye of cattle Eye SA01303
Equine
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Tsada shugurti Herb Bulb Thelaziasis (eye disease) Cattle Bulbs are crushed, squeezed, filtered, mixed with soot and paste inserted into affected part Eye SA01368
Equine
Aspergillosis Cattle Crush bulb with leaves of Leucas sp., squeezed it, add salt and administer a cup of the juice Nasal  
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Foot and mouth disease Cattle Allium sativum is crushed, mixed with honey and apply paste on affected part Dermal  
Newcastle disease Poultry Bulb is crushed, mixed with ‘enjera’ and is orally administered Oral  
Argemone mexicana L. Pappavaraceae Medafe tilian Herb Leaf Sore Camel Leaves are pounded into powder and sprayed on the wound daily after washing it with salted water Dermal SA01381
Equine
Cattle
Calpurnia aurea (Alt.) Benth. Fabaceae Hetsawets Tree Seed Salmonellosis Cattle A cup of seeds are ground, powder mixed with salted cold water and solution given orally administered Oral SA01345
Sheep
Goat
Leaf E. coli infection Cattle Leaves are crushed, squeezed, filtered and juice is orally administered Oral  
Sheep
Goat
Lichen simplex chronicus (skin disease) Cattle Leaves are crushed and rubbed on the skin Dermal  
Sheep pox Sheep Leaves are crushed and rubbed on the skin Dermal  
Goat
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. Asclepidaceae Ginda Shrub Latex Sore Cattle Latex smeared on affected area until cure Dermal SA01375
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Croton macrostachyus Del. Euphorbiaceae Tanbuk Tree Leaves Scabies Cattle Leaf of C. macrostachyus is crushed and rubbed on the affected skin three to four days consecutively Dermal SA01373
Goat
Sheep
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Cucurbitaceae rambo Rambo Shrub Root infection Equine Roots is crushed into powder, mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given orally Oral SA01321
Cattle
Sheep
Goat
Hyena bite Equine Root is crushed, mixed with ‘tella’, decanted and paste applied on affected part Dermal  
Cattle
Cyphostemma adenocaule (steud.ex A. Rich) Descoings ex Wild and Drummond Vitaceae Aserkuka fetahkuka Climber Root Pack sore Equine Roots are crushed, dried, ground and powder sprinkled on affected part until sore dries Dermal SA01346
Dodonaea angustifolia L. f. Sapindaceae Tahsos Shrub Leaf Sore on cattle and equine Equine Leaves are dried on hot iron plate, ground and powder spread on affected part Dermal SA01327
Cattle
Sheep
Goat
Twig Dislocation of body part Cattle Dislocated part is tied with twigs until healed Dermal  
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae Tsada kelamitos Tree Leaf Avian cholera Poultry Leaf of E. globulus is ground, powder boiled in water, solution added onto barely soup and fed to chicken Oral SA01376
Euphorbia cactus Boiss Euphorbiaceae Kolqual hamat Shrub Latex Black leg Cattle Apply latex on the swollen part to protect the spread of the disease. Latex is also given in small amount with ‘enjera’ Dermal, oral SA01386
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex A.Nees) T. Anders Acanthaceae Shemeza Shrub Leaf, root Blackleg Cattle Leaf and root of J. schimperiana is pounded with dried fruit of Ricinus communis. One bottle of the Solution is given to sick animal Oral SA01301
Leaf
  Parasites Cattle Pounded leaf of J. schimperiana is mixed with malt powder of barely and two to three glass of ‘tella’ given to the animal Oral  
Equine
Goat
Sheep
Lepidium sativum L. Brassicaceae Shenfa Herb Seed Dysentery cattle Seeds are crushed, powder mixed with finger milt bread and orally administered Oral SA01310
sheep
goat
cenoresis sheep Crushed seed of L. sativum and bulb of A. sativum is are mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given to the animal Oral  
goat
Diarrhoea Cattle Seed of Lepidium sativum are ground, powdered mixed with crushed bulb of A. sativum and given to the animal Dermal  
Bloating Cattle Seed of L. sativum and bulb of Allium sativum are crushed together, mixed with water and given to cattle Dermal  
Leucas abyssinica (Benth.) Briq. Lamiaceae Sewa Kerni Shrub Leaf Internal parasites Sheep Leaves are crushed and squeezed, mixed with crushed bulb of Allium sativum, solution is then filtered and applied nasally Nasal SA01383
Goat
Premna oligotricha L. Lamiaceae Sasa hadima Shrub Leaf Internal parasites Sheep Leaves are crushed, squeezed and given to sick animal Nasal SA01325
Goat
Leaf Pasterellosis Sheep Leaves are pounded with bulb of A. sativum, squeezed and solution given to sick animal Nasal  
Goat
Linum usitatissimum L. Lineaaceae Entatie H.erb Seed Placental retention Cattle Seeds of L. usitatissimum are powdered and half a glass of powder is dissolved in water and given to cattle Oral SA01386
Sheep
Goat
Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Nim Tree Leaf Tick ulcer Cattle Leaves are rushed and rubbed on lymphagities ulcer Dermal SA01382
Sheep
Goat
Nicotiana glauca R. Grah. Solanaceae Tenbish/ cherged Shrub Leaf External parasites Cattle Leaves crushed and rubbed on the skin of the animal Dermal SA01391
Sheep
Goat
Nicotiana tabacum L. Solanaceae Tumbako Herb Leaf, root Plant toxin (toxicosis) Cattle Leaves and root are dried, powdered, mixed with salted water and a cup of the solution is given for one day the poisoned animal Oral SA01308
Goat
Sheep
Leaf Leech infestation Cattle Leaves are crushed, squeezed and a cup of solution is nasally applied Nasal  
Leech infestation Cattle Crushed and baked leaves are pounded, added on half litre of water and given to affected animal Oral  
Trypanosomiasis Cattle Leaves are crushed and baked, mixed with water and solution given to sick animal Oral  
Otostegia integrifolia Benth. Lamiaceae Cheendog Shrub Whole plant Ecto- parasites infestation Cattle Fumigate the plant in the house where the animals are kept Dermal SA01357
Equine
Poultry
Goat
Sheep
Phytolacca dodecandra L’Herit. Phytolaccaceae Shebti Shrub Leaf Rabies Cattle Leaves are crushed with leaves of C. mycrostachyus, squeezed and a cup of juice mixed with ‘tella’ is given to the animal Oral SA01387
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Scabies and external parasite infestation Cattle Leaves are crushed with little water and paste rubbed on the skin. The skin is then washed after thirty minutes Dermal  
sheep
Goat
Rhoicissus tridentata (L. f.) Wild & Drummond Vitaceae Hareg temen Climber Root/Stem Snake bite Cattle Root /stem is crushed, squeezed, mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given only once to the animal Oral SA01344
Goat
Sheep
Equine
Ricinus communis L. Euphobiaceae Gulie Shrub Root Sudden Sickness Cattle Roots of R. communis and Justica schimperiana are pounded, mixed with cold water and a cup of the solution is to the sick animal Oral SA01377
Fruit Anthrax Cattle Dried fruits are ground, powder mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given the sick animal Oral  
Root Actinomycosis Cattle Root is pounded by adding table salt and ash and mixed with water, solution is filtered and two glasses of it are to the sick animal Oral  
Sheep
Goat
Fruit Epizoitic lymphagities Cattle Dried fruits are pounded and mixed with exudate of Aloe megalacantha and paste applied on ulcerated skin Dermal  
Equine
Sheep
Goat
Rhamnus prinoides L'Herit. Rhamnaceae Gesh Shrub Leaf Plant toxin (toxicosis) Cattle Leaves are crushed into powdered and mixed with malt of barely or oil or dissolved soap and one or two cups of the solution is given to the poisoned animal Oral SA01350
Sheep
Goat
Ruta chalepensis L. Rutaceae Chena adam Herb Leaf Coccsidiosis Poultry Whole part of the plant, root of J. schimperiana and bark of C. mycrostachyus are pounded together and paste given to chicken by mixing it ‘enjera’ or water Oral SA01380
Salvia schimperi Benth. Lamiaceae Meshendedo Herb Leaf Foot and mouth disease Cattle Leaves are crushed, mixed with honey and dressed on the affected part of the animal Dermal SA01355
Goat
Sheep
Solanum marginatum L. f. Solonaceae Abiyi engule Shrub Fruit Urinary retention Cattle Fruits are crushed, pounded, two to three spoons of powder is mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given to the sick animal Oral SA01313
Sheep
Goat
Tuberculosis Cattle Fruits are crushed, pounded, two to three spoons of powder is mixed with cold water and a cup of solution is given to the sick animal until recovery Oral  
Sheep
Goat