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Table 5 Use of medicinal herbs in the Roztochya (Ukraine)

From: From economic survival to recreation: contemporary uses of wild food and medicine in rural Sweden, Ukraine and NW Russia

Family Species English name Local names Part used Mode of preparation Medicinal use Food use Level of use
APOCYNACEAE Vinca minor L. Lesser periwinkle Барвінок малий, барвінок fl, ap Tincture Eye problems, blood cleaning, blood coagulation - + 
ARACEAE Acorus calamus L. Calamus Аїр, шавар r Tincture Problems with gastrointestinal tract, gangrene - +
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Asarum europaeum L. European wild ginger Kопитняк l, r Tincture Heart, bronchiae, nervous problems - + 
BETULACEAE Betula spp. Birch Береза bd, sa tea, tincture Kidneys, cosmetic for hair, skin, vitamins - + 
BORAGINACEAE Symphytym officinale L. Comfrey Живокіст ap Liquids with alcohol, tincture Arthritis (‘when hands hurt’) - + 
CANNABACEAE Humulus lupulus L. Hops Хміль fr Infusion, boiled tincture Cosmetic use (hair conditioner), hair loss, blood pressure, liver disease - + 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE Sambucus nigra L. Elderberry Бузина чoрна fl Tincture Cough - + 
Viburnum opulus L. Guelder rose Калина звичайна b Tincture Blood pressure, vitamins, immunity improving, cough Fruits + 
COMPOSITAE Achillea millefollium L. Yarrow Деревій, тисячолистник fl, ap Tincture Wound treatment, haemostatic, blood coagulation - + 
Anthemis maritima L. Maritime chamomile Романець fl Infusion Anthelmintic - + 
Arctium lappa L. Greater burdock Лопух r Infusion, tincture Cosmetics, for ‘nice shining’ hair and hair growth - + 
Artemisia absinthium L. Wormwood Полин, полин гіркий ap tincture Stomach ailments, anthelmintic, fleas - + 
Bidens tripartita L. Three-lobe beggarticks Череда l Bath Skin disease, for babies bath - + 
Calendula officinalis L. Marigold Календула, нагідки fl Infusion, tincture Antiseptic, tonsillitis - + 
Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert Chamomile Ромашка, рум’янок fl, ap Infusion, tincture Stomach ailments,epatitis, cosmetics (skin softness), to treat burns - ++ 
Centaurea cyanus L. Cornflower Волошки сині fl Infusion Urinary tract - + 
Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench Dwarf everlast Безсмертник, цмин fl Infusion Antiseptic, tuberculosis, hepatitis - + 
Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wiggers Dandelion Кульбаба, fl Liquids with alcohol, tincture Stomach disease, cosmetics to treat black spots and freckles Flowers ++ 
Tussilago farfara L. Coltsfoot Мати й мачуха fl, l Tincture Asthma, tuberculosis, stomach ailments, cosmetics for hair - + 
CRUCIFERAE Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Shepard’s purse Грицики звичайні ap Infusion Blood coagulation - + 
ERICACEAE Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. Bearberry Медвежі вушка l Infusion Kidneys, uterine bleeding, women’s diseases - + 
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull Heather Верес ap Honey Asthma, rheumatism - + 
Vaccinium myrtillus L. Bilberry Чорниця b, l Infusion, food Vitamins, diabetes, stomach Fruits +++ 
Vaccinium oxycoccos L. Cranberry Клюква b Eaten fresh, jams Vitamins Fruits + 
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (L.) Avror Cowberry Брусниця b, l Juice, infusion Vitamins, kidneys problems Fruits + 
GENTIANACEAE Centaurium erythraea Rafn  Common centaury Центорія fl, ap Infusion Stomach ailments - + 
GRAMINEAE Elymus spp. Couch grass Пирій l Tincture Urinary tract - + 
GUTTIFERAE Hypericum perforatum L. St John’s worth Звіробій fl, ap Tincture, infusion Stomach ailments (when stomach hurts), inflammations - +++
HIPPOCASTANACEAE Aesculus hippocastanum L. Chestnut Каштан кінський fl Tincture Arthritis - + 
LABIATAE Mentha spp. Mint М’ята ap Tincture, infusion Toothache, sedative, analgesic - ++ 
Glechoma hederacea L. Ground-ivy Розхідник l Infusion Cold, caught, tuberculosis - + 
Lamium album L. White nettle Духмяна кропива fl tea Uterine bleeding, after having baby - + 
Origanum vulgare L. Oregano Материнка fl, ap Tincture Gynaecological disease (emmenagogue), breathing problems - + 
Prunella vulgaris L. Common self-heal Cуховершки fl Tincture For throat rinsing - + 
Thymus spp. Thyme Чебрець, чабрець, цебрик ap Liquids with alcohol, tincture, infusion Antiseptic, blood pressure reduction, anti-hypertension - ++ 
LEMNACEAE Lemna minor L. Common duckweed Ряска ap Infusion Psoriasis, asthma - + 
LILIACEAE Allium ursinum L. Bear’s garlic Черемша ap Tincture, infusion Antiseptic, stomach infections, rheumatism - + 
Convallaria majalis L. Lily of the valley Конвалія fl tinctures Heart disease - + 
LORANTHACEAE Viscum spp. Mistletoe Омела l Tincture Blood pressure, immunostimulant - + 
LYCOPODIACEAE Huperzia selago (L.) Bernh. ex Schrank & Mart., Northern firmoss Баранець ap Tincture Alcoholism treatment - + 
ONAGRACEAE Epilobium angustifolium L. Fireweed Іван Чай l Infusion Headache, blood coagulation - + 
PAPAVERACEAE Chelidonium majus L. Greater celandine Чистотіл ap Tincture Cancer treatment - + 
PINACEAE Pinus sylvestris L. Pine Сосна звичайна, сосна bd Tincture with alcohol Cough, asthma, cold, vitamin C - + 
PLANTAGINACEAE Plantago major L. Greater plantain Подорожник ap Tincture Stomach ailments, breathing problems (tuberculosis) - + 
POLYGONACEAE Polygonum aviculare L. Сommon knotgrass Cпориш звичайний ap Infusion Urinary tract, gastritis, kidneys - + 
PRIMULACEAE Primula veris L. Сommon cowslip Первоцвіт ap Tincture, infusion Cough - + 
ROSACEAE Crataegus spp. Hawthorn Глід f,fl Tincture Heart, i.e., hypertension or regulation of blood pressure, sedative Fruits + 
Fragaria vesca L. Strawberry Суниці лісові, суниці b,l,f Tincture Flu and cough remedy, vitamins Fruits +++ 
Potentilla alba L. White cinquefoil Перстач білий r, ap Tincture Treatment of thyroid - + 
Potentilla erecta (L.) Hampe Common tormentil Перстач прямостоячий r Tincture Gastritis, peptic ulcer - + 
Potentilla reptans L. Creeping cinquefoil Перстач повзучий ap Tincture Blood coagulation - + 
Prunus padus L. Hackberry Черемха звичайна, черемха f,ba Infusion, tincture Astringent Fruits + 
Prunus spinosa L. blackthorn Терен f Liquids with alcohol, tincture Stomach disease, depurative Fruits + 
Pyrus communis L. European pear Лісова грушка br,fl Infusion Treatment of joints Fruits + 
Rubus ideaus L. Raspberry Малина l,b Fresh, frozen, tea, tincture Flu and cough remedy, high temperature Fruits +++ 
Rosa spp. Dog rose Шипшина fl   Vitamins, immunity improving (immunostimulant) tea Fruits ++ 
Rubus spp. Wild blackberries Види ожин, ожина b Juice, infusion (f) Vitamins, food, wine producing Fruits +++ 
Sanguisorba officinalis L. Great burnet Родовик r Tincture Blood cleaning blood coagulation - + 
Sorbus aucuparia L. Rowan Горобина звичайна, горобина b Juice, tincture Blood pressure normalization Fruits + 
THYMELAEACEAE Daphne mezereum L. Mezereon Вовчі ягоди, вовче лико ba Poisonous, use externally Arthritis, cold - + 
TILIACEAE Tilia spp. Linden Липа fl Infusion Vitamins, flu, antipyretic - ++ 
UMBELLIFERAE Levisticum officinale W.D.J.Koch Lovage Любисток ap Tincture Cosmetics (herb for bath), skin, stomach, antiseptic,Liver, kidneys Cosmetics - + 
URTICACEAE Urtica dioica L. Stinging nettle Кропива дводомна, кропива жалка, кропива l Infusion, tincture Vitamins, cosmetic, blood coagulation, mouth cleaning (mouth wash/ oral hygiene) Leaves +