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Table 1 Medicinal plants, their habit, parts used, ailments treated, habitat, method of preparation and administration

From: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plant species used by communities around Mabira Central Forest Reserve, Uganda

Family, scientific name voucher No. Local name Habit Part used Habitat Ailment Method of preparation and administration
ACANTHACEAE       
Acanthus pubescens Engl. PT01 Matovu S R F Prolonged embryo in uterus Decoction drunk
   L   Measles Crush in water and bathe
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson PT242 Ttemba H F FL Reduce fever in children Crush and bathe
Justicia betonica L. Kwiniini omuganda H L FL Weakness in pregnancy Crush in water and bathe
PT22      Malaria  
    R   Hernia Decoction dunk
      Worm infection Pound add water and drink
Justicia heterocarpa T. Anderson PT56 Kalaaza H L F Bad odour in women pound add to water and wash private parts
     Energy booster in pregnancy Crush leaves in cold water and bathe early morning
Thunbergia alata Sims Kasaamusamu C L FL False teeth Pound and smear at the point of emergence of false teeth
PT28
ALLIACEAE       
Allium sativum L. Katunguluccumu H B C Reduce heart beat Chew and swallow
PT107      Blood cleanser  
      Bad breath  
      Stomachache  
      Constipation  
      Snake bites Smear at the point of the bite.
      Swollen rib cage Cut and smear
ALOEACEA       
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. PT108 Kigagi H L C/F Stomachache 1-3 leaves boiled, decoction drunk
     Malaria
AMARANTHACEAE       
Achyranthes aspera L. Mutassuka kkubo H L F/G Swollen body Delayed walking in children Crush and tie on affected part
PT50      Itching body  
       Pound add water and bathe
Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult PT73 Lweza H W FL Body odour Crush in water and bathe
Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex. Thell. PT 109 Doodo H L FL Constipation Steam and eat
     Anemia  
Amaranthus spinosus L. PT243 Doodo owamagwa H L FL Fungal infections of the scalp Pound with leaves of Cleome gynandra and smear on the scalp
Celosia trigyna L. PT110 Kakubaggiri H L FL Persistent headaches Rub on the head or Pound, dry, make cuts on the sides of the head and smear
Psilotrichum elliotii Bak. Kanamukasa H L F Weakness in Pregnancy Crush in cold water and bathe
PT14
      Wounds Boil leaves and place on wound.
      Stomach upsets Pound add water and drink
ANACARDIACEAE       
Mangifera indica L. Muyembe T B C/F Cough in children Decoction drunk
PT111      Infertility in women  
    L   Convulsions Steaming
Pseudospondias microcarpa (A. Rich.) Engl. PT112 Muziru T B F/C Yellow fever Pound, decoction drunk
    R   Diarrhoea  
Rhus vulgaris Meikle Kakwansokwanso S L F Skin rash Crush, add water and bathe
PT113    R   Erectile dysfunction Decoction drunk
APIACEAE       
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. PT52 Mbutani H L F Ulcers Decoction drunk
APOCYNACEAE       
Alstonia boonei De Wild. Mubajangalabi T B F Malaria Decoction drunk
PT120
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl PT115 Nyonza S R F Toothache Pound, boil and press on tooth
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE       
Aristolochia elegans Mast PT114 Nakasero V S W Malaria Steeped in water and drunk
ASCLEPIADACEAE       
Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels PT121 Mulondo S R F/G Erectile dysfunction Chewing
     Low appetite in sickness
ASTERACEAE       
Ageratum conyzoides L. Nnamirembe H L FL Weakness in pregnancy Crush and mix with water and bathe
PT66      Worm infection Crush and mix with water and drink
Bidens pilosa L. PT116 Ssere H L FL Wounds Crush, Tie on wound and cut to stop bleeding
     Fresh cuts
Conyza adolfi-fridericii (Musch.) Wild PT117 Ekarwa H L FL Eye infections Decoction drunk
Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) Kafumbe omusaja H L FL Ringworms Crush, add paraffin
E. Walker      Wounds
PT07      Convulsions Boil and steam the face
Crassocephalum picridifolium (DC.) S. Moore PT26 Kitonto H L FL Weakness in pregnancy Crushed in cold water and bathed
Dicrocephala integrifolia (L.F.) Kuntze Buzza H L F Wounds Crush and Press on the wound or boil.
      Boils  
PT64      Pain in fallopian tubes Pounded, dried, mixed with water & Drunk
Erlangea tomentosa (Oliv. & Hiern) S. Moore PT118 Kisula H L G Toothache Crush & press on the tooth
Helichrysum sp. Mill Nakabululu H L G Centipede bites Crush, mix with salt & rub on the bitten area
PT119
Melanthera scandens(Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty Makaayi H L F Stomachache Decoction drunk
     Malaria  
     Yellow fever
PT65      Body odour Crushed in water & bathed
Microglossa angolensis Oliv. & Hiern Kafuga nkande S L F Reduce menstrual flow Pound add water and drink
     Weakness in pregnancy  
     Headache
PT37      Convulsions Crush and bathe the child
Sigesbeckia orientalis L. Seziwundu H L F Fresh cuts Crush & tie on the cut
PT122      Stomachaches Decoction drunk
Sonchus oleraceus L. PT123 Kakovu H L FL Scars Crush and rub on the scar
Tagetes minuta L. Kawunyira H L F,FL,G Headache Pound, mix with paraffin and rub on head
     Flu  
     Imperforate vagina
     Convulsions Pound, mix with water and wash the birth canal
PT76      Blotting Crush and inhale
Vernonia amygdalina Delile Mululuza S L F Malaria Crash, add water and drink
PT124    R   Convulsions
     Stomachache
Vernonia auriculifera Hiern Kikokooma S R F Prolonged embryo in uterus Roots chewed
PT90    L   Weakness in pregnancy Crush in water and bathe
Vernonia grantii Oliv. Etwatwa S L G Flu Steam bathe
PT125      Skin rash  
      Infections Squeeze into the ear
Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm. Kaluluza S L F Malaria Crush and mix with cold water and drink
     Stomachache  
PT101      Cough
   R   Headache Migraine Pound and drop in the nose.
     Delayed delivery Burn and chew
BALANITACEAE       
Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Delile Liggwa limu T L G Yellow fever Decoction drunk
PT126    R   Diarrhoea Mixed with Citrus limon leaves, boiled and drunk
    Wounds
    Skin rash, Flu Boil & wash
    Paronychia Crush and tie on finger
  B   Impotency Decoction drunk
Balanites wilsoniana Dawe & Spraque PT130 Naliggwalimu T L F Cracks of soles of feet Crush and smear on feet
BASELLACEAE       
Basella alba L. Nderema H L F Stomachache Constipation Dry, pound and add to sauce
PT128      Prolonged embryo in uterus
BIGNONIACEAE       
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Mussa T B F Stress Decoction drunk & bathed
     High blood pressure
     Impotency
PT127    L   Loss of appetite Decoction drunk
Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K. Schum Musambya T FL F Ear & eye infections in children Pound and drop in the ear or eye
PT129    L   Malaria Decoction drunk
     Hoarse voice Chew
Spathodea campanulata Kifabakazi T L F Pregnancy care Crush add water & bathe
P. Beauv.    B   Increase vaginal fluids Pound, decoction drunk
PT131    R   Infertility  
      Skin infection Boil and bathe
     Hernia Decoction drunk
BRASSICACEAE       
Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. Ex. Rich. Mageregankoko H L FL Athletes foot Burn and squeeze on the feet
     Ringworms Boil and bathe
PT132      Immobility in children
BURSERACEAE       
Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. PT133 Muwafu T B F High blood pressure Decoction drunk
     Diabetes
     Cough
CANELLACEAE       
Warburgia ugandensis Sprague PT136 Barwegyira T B F Flu Decoction drunk
     Cough
CANNABACEAE       
Cannabis sativa L. Njaga H L C Measles Decoction drunk
PT135      Body weakness
CAPPARACEAE       
Cleome gynandra L. Jjobyo H R FL Ease delivery Fungal skin infections on head Chew the roots
PT134       Mix in sheep dung and smear on the affected parts
Cleome monophylla L. Kayobyo akasaja H FL FL,W Retained placenta  
PT137
CARICACEAE       
Carica papaya L. Mapapali H L C/F Cough Dry, pound, mix in water and drink
PT138      Low immunity  
     Cracks on soles of feet Scrub on the soles of feet
     Skin infection Pound mix with water and bathe
     Loss of memory Burn and smell
   L   Measles Pound add water and bathe
   R   Erectile dysfunction Pound add water and drink
Elaeodendron buchananii Loes. Mbaluka T B F Blocked fallopian tube Decoction drunk
     Prostate cancer
PT121      Erectile dysfunction
CHENOPODIACEAE       
Chenopodium opulifolium Koch & Ziz Mwetango H L FL Oral wounds Chew mixed with salt
PT83      Skin rash Pound, add little salt put on tooth
     Toothache
     Sore throat Squeeze in mouth and swallow
Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq. PT37 Mugoosola H L FL Weakness during pregnancy Herbal bath
CLUSIACEAE       
Psorospermum febrifugum Spach Kanzironziro S L W Skin rash Pound, dry, mix in Vaseline and smear
PT139    R   Dry cough Pound, decoction drunk
     Wounds Pound, mix with water and bathe
Garcinia buchananii Baker PT140 Musali T R F Hurting bones Pound add to tea
     Diabetes
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir. Mulirira S B F Yellow fever Pound add to water and bathe
PT210
COMBRETACEAE       
Combretum molle R. Br. G. Don Ndagi T B G Cough Decoction drunk
PT03
COMMELINACEAE       
Commelina benghalensis L. Nnanda H L F Vaginal dryness Pound , mix with water and wash private parts
PT145      Weakness in sickness Pound, add water and bathe
     Abortion
CONVOLVULACEAE       
Ipomea batatas (L.) Lam. Lumonde C T C Memory loss Chew
PT141      Paronychia Burn and pound and tie on the finger
Hewittia sublobata L. Kuntze Musota taluma C V F/G Pregnancy care(widens pelvic girdle) Tie in the waist
PT239      Headache Smear on head and bitten part
   T   Snake bites  
   L   Persistent headache Crush and smear on the head
CRASSULACEAE       
Kalanchoe crenata (Andrews) Haw. Kayondo akatono H L FL Healing umbilical cord wounds in babies Place on fire & squeeze onto the cord
PT143      Crush, add water and bathe
     Skin rash in babies Crush add water & drink
     Cough Herbal bath
      Pound mix with water and drink
Kalanchoe glaucescens Britten Kiyondo H L FL/G Cough Crush and drink
PT142      Break cords from new borns Put the leaves on fire and squeeze on the cord
CUCURBITACEAE       
Kedrostis foetidissima (Jacq.) Cogn. Ziizi (kabaka wenva) V W F Measles in children Mix with silver fish and boil and drink
PT205    L   Loss of appetite Boil and add to sauce
Mormodica feotida Schumach Lujjula (bombo) V L F Body odour Pound , mix with water and bathe
PT144
DRACAENACEAE       
Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker. Gawl. PT149 Mulamura S B F Tooth ache Chew and spit
R   Rheumatism Pound and drink
Dracaena steudneri Engl. Kajolyenjovu T L F Cough Burn the leaves and collect the ash add salt and lick
PT146    B   Scars Pound the bark, mix with ghee, smear on the scar
     Snake bites Pound and press on the bitten part
     Syphilis Decoction drunk
  R    Skin infections Pound mix with water and bathe
     Kidney stones Pound ,decoction drunk
  FL    To stop smoking and alcoholism Pound, dry add little water and drop in a cigarette or alcohol
EBENACEAE       
Diospyros abyssinica (Hiern) F. White PT147 Mpojja T L F Stomach upsets Decoction drunk
EUPHOBIACEAE       
Acalypha bipartita Müll. Arg. PT148 Jerengesa S L F Constipation Crush, add water and drink
Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg. PT06 Luzibaziba S L F Shaking body Crush and bathe
Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex. Delile Musogasoga T L & R F One stuck by lightening Pound add to water and bathe
PT240    V   Weakness in pregnancy Tie in the waist
      Tie on the head
   T   Headache Pound and smear on the bite
     snake bites
Euphorbia hirta L. Kasandasanda H S FL Swollen eyes Drop the sap in the affected eye.
PT150    L   Joint pains Pound, dry , mix with Vaseline and smear on the joints
Euphorbia trigona Haw. Kakukulo S L F Yellow fever Pound mix with ghee and maize flour and smear body
PT151      Skin allergy in children Pound and to water and bathe
   S   Backache Cut and release the sap on the cut.
Eurphobia tirucalli L. Lukoni/nkoni T L & S C Warts Drop the sap on the wart
PT152
Flueggea virosa (Roxb.ex Willd.) Royle. PT17 Lukandwa S R F Infertility in women Pound add to water and bathe
Hymenocardia acida Tul. Nabaluka T/S L W Sinuses Decoction drunk
PT153
Jatropha curcas L. Kirowa S L C Tooth decay Crush and drop sap on tooth
PT160      Headache Crush, add water & wash the head
     Weakness in pregnancy Crush & Bathe in cold water
Margaritaria discoidea (Baill). G.L. Webster Kamenyambazi T B F Oversleeping Decoction drunk
PT161
Ricinus communis L. Nsogasoga S L C,F Weakness in pregnancy Poundadd to water and bathe
PT154    R   Ear infection Pound add drop in the ear
Tetrochidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm PT155 Mukejje T L F Measles Crush add to water and drink
Tragia benthamii Baker Kamyu H R G High blood pressure Pound , dry and add to tea
PT40      Erectile dysfunction Chew
   L   Madness Pound ,cut in the head and smear
FABACEAE       
Abrus precatorius L Lusiiti C L W/FL Low immunity Decoction drunk
PT162    R   Worm infection Chew and swallow
Acacia constricta Benth. Muwelamanyo T R FL Diabetes Decoction drunk
PT163      Sinuses Steam bathe
Convulsions in children
Acacia hockii De Wild. Kasaana T R W,G Swollen joints and feet Pound, boil with cows hooves and drink soup
PT18
Acacia macrothyrsa Harms PT156 Muwologoma T   W Hydrocele  
Acacia siberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr. Muwawa T B W Sinuses Decoction drunk
PT157    R   Convulsions in children Herbal bathe
Albizia coriaria Welw. Mugavu T B F Skin rash Boil and bathe
PT158      Cough in children. Decoction drunk
Swollen rectum Boil and sit in the water
Albizia grandibracreata Nongo T L F Yellow fever, Anaemia Pound, dry and mix with water and drink
PT60    B   Fungal infections of the scalp Pound inner bark, mix in water and wash the head
Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. PT31 Nakalimikamu T L FL Irregular menstrual periods Decoction drunk
Mimosa pudica L. Wewumbe H L G/F Treat children that have failed to walk. Crush and smear on joints
PT164
Crotalaria agathiflora Scheinf. ex Engl. PT165 Kijebejebe S L FL Low breast milk production Mix leaves with fresh simsim, boiled & drunk
Crotalaria natalitia Meisn PT166 Tulo S L FL Nightmares Burn and inhale smoke
Crotalaria spinosa Hochst. Kasambandege H L FL Weakness in pregnancy Crush and mix in water and drink Crush in water and bathe
PT170      Skin itching  
Convulsions
     Prolonged embryo in uterus Pound a few leaves mix with water & drink
     Constipation  
Dichrostachys cinerea Wight et. Arn. PT159 Muwanika S R G Hutch bark Decoction in early stages of the condition drunk
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. Jjiirikiti T B F/G Yellow fever Decoction drunk
PT167      Convulsions Pound, add salt, put in a clean cloth and squeeze in the mouth
Anaemia
Infertility in women
Hicupp
Vomiting
Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich. Mwoloola T B W Body weakness Boil in water and bathe when cold
PT168    L   Oral wounds Chew with salt
     Skin infections, fresh cuts and wounds Crush, rub and tie on affected part or wound
     Change sex of children Concoction boiled and drunk
Indigofera arrecta Hochst. A. Rich PT81 Kabamba maliba H L F Snake bites Pound, add water
     Wounds Crush & tie on wound
Indigofera congesta Welw.ex. Baker Namasumi H L G Malaria Decoction drunk
PT169
Indigofera drepanocarpa Taub. Sebazinga nkata H S G Colic pains Sap ingested
PT14    W   Convulsions Tie in the waist
Indigofera emarginella Steud. ex A. Rich. PT170 Katungansozi H R G Elephantiasis Pound, mix with vaseline and smear
Indigofera spicata Forssk. Mukaliza H L G Vaginal discharge Crush in water and wash private parts
PT02
Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook F.) Brenan PT59 Mpewere T L F Cough Steam bathe
Rhychosia hirta (Andr.) Meikle & Verdc. PT171 Katinvuma C L F Herpes zoster Crush and smear on affected parts
Senna absus (L.) Roxb. Mucuula S L F Prolonged embryo in uterus, Malaria Pound add water and drink
PT172
Senna didymobotrya(Fresen.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby Mukyula S L F Change sex of children Pound, decoction drunk
PT180      Stomachache
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. Muzimbandeya S R F High blood pressure  
PT185      Diabetes
Tamarindus indica L. Mukooge T R W/F Convulsions Steam the face
PT186    FR    
    L   Stomachache Decoction drunk
Vigna unguiculata L. Kiyindiru H L F/G Sore throat Add salt and chew
PT173
FLACOURTIACEAE       
Dovyalis macrocalyx (Oliv. J. Warb) PT61 Mutunku S L F Wounds Crush & tie on wound
LAMIACEAE       
Coleus latifolius Hochst. Ex. Benth. PT38 Mubiru H L G Vaginal dryness Steam and insert in birth canal
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br.Vatke PT55 Kikonge T R G Stomachache Pound add water and drink
Hoslundia opposita Vahl Kamunye H L F,G Painful uterus Decoction drunk
PT89      Stomach cleanser  
     Malaria  
     Fresh cuts Crush and squeeze on the cut and tie around the cut.
     Skin rash Pound, dry add to Vaseline and smear
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R Kifumufumu H L F Abdominal pain Decoction drunk
Br. PT174      Kidney stones  
     Body pains(muscles) Crush + paraffin and smear on painful parts
Mentha Sp. Nabugira H L F Body odour Crush in water and bathe
PT175
Ocimum basilicum L. Kakubansiri H L F,W Stomachache Pound, add water and drink
PT82      Pain during pregnancy Crush and smear
     Prevent miscarriage
     Insect bites
Ocimum gratissum L. Mujaja H L FL Stomachache Decoction drunk/boiled in tea and drunk
PT176      Bad breath Squeeze leaves in cold water and bathe
     Kwashiorkor
Plectranthus barbartus Andr. PT57 Kibwankulata H L F Wounds Crush and tie on wound
Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd Kyewamala T L C Cough Crush, mix with water and drink
PT178      Stomachache Squeeze the leaves and drop in ear or eye
     Eye & ear infections Pound mix in water and bathe
     Weakness in pregnancy
LAURACEAE       
Persea americana Mill. Avacado pear T B C/F Cough Decoction drunk
PT179
LOGANIACEAE       
Strychnos innocua Del. Muyondo S L W Athletes foot Heat on fire & press on affected area
PT181      Tooth decay/pain Boil and mix with salt and press on tooth
MALVACEAE       
Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik. PT42 Kifuula H L W Change sex of children Squeeze in water and drink before getting pregnant
Hibiscus acetosella Welw. Ex Fic PT23 Musaayi S L FL Anaemia Decoction drunk
Sida alba L. Keyeyo H L W Fractures Pound, smear on swollen body with or without Vaseline
PT182      Swollen body
Sida cuneifolia Roxb. Kakumirizi H L FL Fractures Crush and Press on the affected area
PT53      Pain the fallopian tubes Decoction drunk
     Fever herbal bathe
Sida rhombifolia L. PT09 Luvunvu S R F Lack of breast milk Boil with silver fish and drink
MELASTOMATACEAE       
Tristemma maritiana A. Juss. PT97 Musesemya H L F Enable one to eat meat or fish Pound, dry and add to sauce
MINESPARMACEAE       
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich. Kavamagombe S L G Weakness in pregnancy Pound, add to water & bathe
PT63      Backache  
     Snake bites, Pound leaves and tie on affected part
     Swollen legs  
   R   Aching bones  
     Stomachache Pound add water & drink
MORACEAE       
Antiaris toxicaria Lesch. Kilundu T L F Headache Crush in water and bathe
PT183      Weakness in pregnancy
Ficus cyathistipula Warb. Mubembe S L F High blood pressure Decoction drunk
PT99
Ficus dawei Hutch. Muwo T B F Breast cancer Decoction drunk
PT184      Wounds Dried powder applied to the wound
Ficus mucuso Welw. ex Ficalho PT186 Kabalira T L F Swollen eyes Pound, burn and press on the eye
Ficus natalensis Hochst. Mutuba T B F Gonorrhea Decoction drunk
PT187
Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg Muvule T B F Skin rash Boil and bathe
PT188    S   Burns Pour sap on burn area
     Fresh cuts Smear the sap on the cut
Myrianthus arboreus P. Beav. PT195 Mugango S R F Control pregnancy Tie on the waist
MORINGACEAE       
Moringa oleifera Lam. Muringa T FL C Aching joints Pound , dry sieve, mix with Vaseline and smear on joints
PT189
MUSACEAE       
Musa paradisiaca L. var paradisiaca PT190 Kitooke ekiganda H FL C Prolonged embryo in uterus Pound the sheath & chew
   R   Swollen legs Chew the roots
   S   Sternum pain Pound and smear on swollen or painful part
Musa paradisiaca L. var sapientum Gonja H F C Neck pain Tie the fiber in the neck and waist
PT191      Control pregnancy  
   FR   Umbilical cord wounds Scrape and put on cord
   R   Induce labour Place in fire and chew
MYRICACEAE       
Morella kandtiana (Engl.) Verdic & Polhill Mukikimbo S R F Stomachache Crush in cold water and drink
PT192      Snake bites Chew and smear at the site of the bite
     Hernia of the heart Chew and swallow
MYRTACEAE       
Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels Mwambala zitonya T L C Pain in the Fallopian tubes Decoction drunk
PT88      Cough
Eucalyptus sp Kalituunsi T B C Cough Decoction drunk
PT193    L   Boils Mix with 10 seeds of Jackfruit and leaves of Erythrina abyssinica and mix in 4 cups of water and boil to 3 cups, drink
Psidium guajava L. PT200 Mupeera T L C Cough Decoction drunk
Syzgium cumini L. PT201 Jambula T L C Cough Decoction drunk
Syzygium cordatum Hochst. PT194 Kanzironziro T L C/F Skin rash Crush and mix in Vaseline and smear
   R   Dry cough Pound, decoction drunk
     Wounds Pound, mix with water and wash wound
MYRSINANCEAE       
Maesa lanceolata G. Don Kiwondowondo T R F Ulcers, Diarrhoea Decoction drunk
PT04    L   Convulsions Herbal bathe
OXALIDACEAE       
Oxalis corniculata L. Kajjampuni H L FL Wounds Squeeze and drop juice on wounds.
PT195      Athletes foot Place on fire and place on toes
     Skin cancer Pound, dry and put on the wound
     High blood pressure Chew the leaves
     Diabetes, Hormonal imbalance  
PASSIFLORACEA       
Passsiflora edulis Sims Katunda C FR C/F Weakness in sickness Squeeze juice, add water and drink
PT196
PHYLLANTHACEAE       
Phyllanthus guineensis Pax Mutulika   L F Measles Crushed in water and bathed
PT87
PHYTOLACACEAE       
Phytolaca dodecandra L’Hér. Luwoko S L F Skin rash Pound, mix in water and bathe
PT197    R   Swollen joints Crush in water and bathe
   FR/S   Cracks on the soles of the feet Crush and smear on the feet soles
PLANTAGONIACEAE       
Plantago palmata Hook.f. Bukumbu H R F Skin rash in children Crush in water and bathe
PT85
POACEAE       
Arundinaria alpina K. Schum. PT198 Mabanda G R F Fainting/Epilepsy Pound and bathe
     Skin rash
Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf PT199 Kisubi G R G Pain in fallopian tubes Decoction drunk
Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle PT91 Kitete G R G Eye infection Pound, dry add to eyes
     Pain in fallopian tubes Pound add water & drink
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. PT44 Kalandalugo G S G Prolonged embryo in uterus Decoction drunk
     Painful breasts
Digitaria abyssinica (A. Rich.) Stapf Lumbugu G W G Convulsions Cut boil and steam
PT202    L   Flu  
     Diarrhoea Decoction drunk
Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. PT203 Lusenke G R & L G Snake bites Chew roots and tie leaves at the site of the bite
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. PT204 Kisagazi G L F Penile erection in baby boys Crush in water and wash the penis
POLYGONACEAE       
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Muleretu H R G Erectile dysfunction Chewing
PT135      Low appetite after sickness
Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer Kafumita bagenge H L FL Wounds Pound and tie around the affected finger
PT67      Paronychia & boils Mix with ghee and rub on affected joints
     Painful joints
Polygonum setosulum A. Rich PT206 Kifumita bagenda H L FL wounds Pound and tie around the affected finger
     Paronychia
PORTULACACEAE       
Portulaca oleracea L. Ssezira H L FL Irregular menstrual periods, Stomachache Decoction drunk
PT207
PRIMULACEAE       
Primula sieboldii E. Morren PT208 Muyuki H B F Tonsillitis Decoction drunk
     Ulcers
RHAMNACEAE       
Maesopsis eminii Engl. Musizi T R F Syphilis Decoction drunk
PT209
ROSACEAE       
Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman PT220 Ngwabuzito T L F Fainting Decoction drunk
     Prostate cancer
Rubus pinnatus willd Nkenene S FR F Energy booster Eat fresh
PT238
Rubus rigidus Sm Kawule S R F Stomach upsets Decoction drunk
PT79    L   Skin rash Pound, dry mix with Vaseline and smear
     Snake bites Crush and tie on affected area.
RUBIACEAE       
Coffea eugenioides S. Moore Mwanyi S FR F Erectile dysfunction Roast and chew
PT221      Oversleeping  
   R   Erectile dysfunction Chew
   S   Heart burn  
Mitragyna stipulosa Kuntze PT230 Nzigu T L F prolapsed rectum Pound place sap on rectum and tie some leaves on.
Rubia cordifolia L. Kasarabakesi C L F Cough Pound with onions, add salt & Lick
PT25      Tuberculosis Dry, burn & lick the ash
Vangueria apiculata K. Schum. PT222 Matugunda S R F High blood pressure Decoction drunk
     Hiccups
RUTACEAE       
Citropsis articulata Swingle & Kellerm. PT223 Katimbolo S L F Impotence Decoction drunk
   B  
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck. Nimawa T FR C/F High blood pressure Juice drunk
PT229      Cough  
     Blotting  
     Skin rash/pimples Add to water and wash the affected parts
      Chop, decoction drunk
     Sore throat Chew
     Nausea during sickness  
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Muchungwa S L C/F Bad breath Chew
PT228
Teclea nobilis Del. PT227 Nzo T L F Body cleanser Boil with afromomum and drink
Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. PT224 Ntale ya ddungu T R F/W Cervical cancer Pound, add water & drink
B   Stomachaches  
Cough Decoction drunk
SAPINDACEAE       
Blighia unijugata Baker Mukuzanyana T B F Cervical cancer, Decoction drunk
PT29      Fibroids
SOLANACEAE       
Capsicum frutescens L. Kamulali H FR C/F Hernia, Pancreas Swallow the fruits
PT225      Prostate cancer Eat in food
   R   Erectile dysfunction Pound, add water and drink
Datura stramonium L. Kituratura H R FL Failure to walk in children Pound roots, put under fire and press the feet of the child
PT226
Lycoperscon esculentum (L.) H. Karst Nyanya H L FL Skin infections Herbal bathe
PT231    FR   Anaemia Eat raw
     Kidney stones  
Nicotiana tobaccum L Taaba H L C/FL Snake bites Chew and vomit the venom
TP232      Paronychia Tie on the affected finger.
Physalis peruviana L. Ntutunu enene H L F Fainting Smear whole body
PT236    FR   Ear & Eye infection Chew and swallow
Solanum anguivi Hook Katunkuma H FR C/F Measles Pound ripe fruits, smear whole body
PT237      High blood pressure Boil, pound and dry, add to food
     Weakness during sickness Steam and eat as a vegetable
     Blood cleanser  
Solanum dasyphyllum Ntengontengo S FR FL “Elongation of the labia minora Roast in fire, peel of the outer parts, use endocarp.
Schumach. & Thonn.     
PT41    R   Warts Boil and place on the wart.
     Immobility in babies Place in fire and place on the child’s feet
     Swollen stomach Decoction drunk
Solanum incanum L. Katengo ntengo H R FL Erectile dysfunction Chew
PT49      Swollen testicles Pound, add water and drink
     Flu  
   FR   Headache Smear on the head
Solanum micranthum Schltdl. Katuntunu H L F Bed wetting Pound leaves, mix in water and drink
PT27
     Irregular menstrual periods Crush , add water and bathe
     Itching vagina, Skin rash Squeeze into the ear
     Ear infections  
Solanum nigrum L. Nsuga nzirigavu H L F Low immunity Prepare as vegetable
PT68    S   Pain in fallopian tubes Crush, boil & drink
     Malaria  
     Stomachache Drink or eat as vegetable
VERBENACEAE       
Lantana trifolia L. Kayukiyuki S L F Prolapsed rectum Pound and place on affected part
PT05    R   Ring worms  
     Yellow fever Pound decoction drunk
     Painful muscles  
     Bloating stomach Pound add water and drink
Priva flabelliformis (Mold.) R. Fernand Nkami H S G Wounds Release the sap onto the wound
PT233    L   Diarrhoea Pound leaves add water and drink
VITACEAE       
Cyphostemma adenocaule (A. Rich) Willd & Drummond PT58 Kabombo H W F Body odour Crush in water and bathe
     Constipation Crush in water and drink
   L   Measles Decoction drunk
     Syphilis Crush mix with water and bathe
ZINGIBERACEAE       
Afromomum anguistifolium (Sonnerat) K. Schum. Matungulu H R F Hiccup Dry, pound, decoction drunk
PT234      Obesity Pound
   FR   Low immunity Boil the fruit and drink
Zingber officinale Roscoe Ntangawuzi H T F/C Cough Chew and swallow or boil in tea,
PT235      Backache
     Erectile dysfunction
  1. Key: Parts used: R roots, L Leaves, Fl Flowers, W whole plant, B Bark, Fr Fruit, T Tuber, S Sap, V Vine ; Habit: S Shrub, T Tree, H herb, C Climber, G grass; Habitat: F forest, FL farmland, C cultivated, W woodland, G grassland