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Table 1 Plants used in the preparation of Traditional Alcoholic Beverage (TABs) in Alta valle del Reno

From: Traditional alcoholic beverages and their value in the local culture of the Alta Valle del Reno, a mountain borderland between Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna (Italy)

Scientific name Botanical family Local names Wild/ Cultivated Informants mentioning the plant Citations Uses (Used parts) UV
general current past effective potential
Aloysia citriodora Palau Verbenaceae Pl: acedrina, cedrina C 3 3 Liq (Lv) 0.048 0.032 0.016 0.032 0.016
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Theaceae Pl: té A 2 2 Liq (Lv) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Castanea sativa Miller Fagaceae Fr: castagne W 1 1 Dist (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000 0.016
Cinnamomum verum J. Presl Lauraceae Pl: cannella A 6 8 Liq (Bk) Arom (Bk) 0.127 0.111 0.016 0.127 0.000
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. Rutaceae Pl: Fr: limone C 11 13 Liq (Fr Lv) Arom (Fr) 0.206 0.159 0.048 0.206 0.016
Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck Rutaceae Pl: Fr: arancio C 1 1 Arom (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.016 0.000
Coffea arabica L. Rubiaceae Pl: caffé A 1 1 Liq (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.016 0.000
Cornus mas L. Cornaceae Fr: corniole W 10 10 Liq (Fr) Arom (Fr) 0.159 0.079 0.079 0.127 0.032
Fragaria vesca L. Rosaceae Fr: fragole W 3 3 Ferm (Fr) 0.048 0.000 0.048 0.048 0.000
Gentiana cfr. asclepiadea L. Gentianaceae Pl: genziana W 3 3 Liq (Uo) Arom (Uo) 0.048 0.032 0.016 0.032 0.016
Gentianopsis ciliata (L.) Ma. (cfr.) Gentianaceae Pl: genzianella W 2 2 Liq (Uo) Arom (Uo) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Juglans regia L. Juglandaceae Pl: Fr: noce W 23 24 Liq (Fr) Arom (Fr) 0.381 0.254 0.127 0.254 0.127
Juniperus communis L. Cupressaceae Pl: zinepro, ginepro W 6 7 Dist (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.111 0.063 0.048 0.063 0.048
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Pl: alloro W 2 2 Liq (Lv) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Malus domestica Borkh. Rosaceae Fr: mele, mele antiche C 2 2 Liq (Se) Arom (Fr) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Malus sylvestris Miller Rosaceae Fr: mele selvatiche W 1 1 Liq (Se) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Matricaria chamomilla L. Compositae Pl: Camomilla W 1 1 Liq (Fl) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Mentha spicata L. (s.l.) Lamiaceae Pl: menta selvatica W 2 2 Liq (Lv) 0.032 0.016 0.016 0.016 0.016
Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Pl: basilico C 5 5 Liq (Lv) 0.079 0.079 0.000 0.079 0.000
Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold (s.l.) Pinaceae Pl: pino C 1 1 Liq (Bd) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Prunus avium L. Rosaceae Fr: ciliegie, duroni, ciliegie innestate W 4 4 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.063 0.048 0.016 0.047 0.016
Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. Rosaceae Fr: prugne selvatiche W 1 1 Dist (Fr) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Prunus cerasus L. Rosaceae Fr: amarene, marasche selvatiche, ciliegie amarene, ciliegie selvatiche W 22 28 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr Lv Se) Arom (Lv) 0.444 0.238 0.206 0.413 0.031
Prunus domestica L. Rosaceae Fr: prugne C 2 2 Dist (Fr) Ferm (Fr) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Prunus laurocerasus L. Rosaceae Pl: lauro C 3 3 Liq (Fr) 0.048 0.016 0.032 0.016 0.032
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Rosaceae Fr: pesca C 1 1 Liq (Se) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Prunus spinosa L. Rosaceae Pl: spino selvatico, spino nero, prugnolo, spini, Fr: strozzaprete, strozzigo W 13 14 Dist (Fr) Liq (Fr) Arom (Fr) 0.222 0.079 0.143 0.111 0.111
Pyrus communis L. Rosaceae Fr: pere snace, pere cestello, pere volpine C 4 4 Ferm (Fr) 0.063 0.000 0.063 0.063 0.000
Pyrus pyraster Burgsd. Rosaceae Fr:pere selvatiche W 3 3 Ferm (Fr) 0.048 0.000 0.048 0.048 0.000
Robinia pseudoacacia L. Leguminosae Pl: acacia W 1 1 Ferm (Fl) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.016 0.000
Rosa canina L. (s. l.) Rosaceae Pl: rosa canina Fr: peterlenga W 3 3 Liq (Fl Fr) 0.048 0.000 0.048 0.048 0.000
Rosa cv. Rosaceae Pl: rosa antica C 2 2 Liq (Fl Lv) 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.032 0.000
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Pl: rosmarino W 2 2 Liq (Ap) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Rubus hirtus W. et K. Rosaceae Pl: rovo W 1 1 Ferm (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.016 0.000
Rubus idaeus L. Rosaceae Pl: Fr: lampone, lampone selvatico W 15 17 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.270 0.048 0.222 0.222 0.048
Rubus ulmifolius Schott Rosaceae Pl: rovo di bosco, raggie Fr: more, more selvatiche, W 6 6 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.095 0.032 0.063 0.095 0.000
Rubus cv. Rosaceae Fr: more domestiche C 1 1 Ferm (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.016 0.000
Ruta graveolens L. Rutaceae Pl: ruta W 1 1 Liq (Ap) 0.016 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000
Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Pl: salvia C 3 3 Liq (Lv) 0.048 0.048 0.000 0.048 0.000
Sambucus ebulus L. Adoxaceae Pl: Fr: ebbi, ebbiacci W 1 1 Dist (Fr) 0.016 0.000 0.016 0.000 0.016
Sambucus nigra L. Adoxaceae Pl: sambuco W 4 4 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.063 0.016 0.048 0.063 0.000
Sorbus domestica L. Rosaceae Fr: sorbole W 2 2 Ferm (Fr) 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.032 0.000
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr.& L.M.Perry Myrtaceae Pl: chiodi di garofano A 8 10 Liq (Fl) Arom (Fl) 0.159 0.127 0.000 0.159 0.000
Vaccinium myrtillus L. Ericaceae Pl: Fr: mirtilli W 11 12 Ferm (Fr) Liq (Fr) 0.190 0.079 0.111 0.175 0.015
Vanilla planifolia Andrews Orchidaceae Pl: vaniglia A 2 2 Liq (Fr) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
Vitis labrusca L. Vitaceae Fr: uva fragola W 2 2 Liq (Fr) 0.032 0.032 0.000 0.032 0.000
  1. Plant parts - Ap: whole aerial part; Bd: buds; Bk: bark; Fl: flowers/inflorescences; Fr: fruit; Lv: leaves; Pl: plant; Uo: underground organs; Se: seeds. Wild/Cultivated (in Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna) - A: absent; C: cultivated; W: wild (also including plants occurring both as wild and cultivated). Preparations - Arom: aromatized wines; Dist: distillates; Ferm: fermented beverages; Liq: liquors