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Table 1 Extraction procedure to prepare homemade single-species herbal remedy reports (HSHR): a: 125 HSHR from Italian speaking regions (ItR-HSHR) named by 25 farmers

From: Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants – a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions

Botanical family (Number of named plant species in this family) Plant species with ≥ 3 named IsR‐HSHR (Numbers indicate the frequency of mentioned 125 ItR‐HSHR) On farm extraction procedure
  None Water Alcohol Oil/Fat Honey
CP   Room temperature Infusion /Decoction Room temperature Heated up Room temperature Heated up  
Asteraceae (7) all Asteraceae (33) 7 1 1 6 2 9   2 5  
 Calendula officinalis L. (15)           
  Flos and flos sine calice (14) 6a      2   2 4  
  Herba (1)          1  
 Arnica montana L. (7)           
  Flos (6)    1    5     
  Herba cum radice (1)       1     
 Matricaria recutita L. (5)           
  Flos (5)     4 1      
other Asteraceae1 (6) [vs] 1b 1   2 1 1     
Linaceae (1)  Linum usitatissimum L. (13)           
  Semen (13)   3 8   2c      
Urticaceae (2) all Urticaceae (13)   11   1 1      
 Urtica urens L. (7)           
  Herba (7)   5   1 1      
 Urtica dioica L. (6) [vs]           
  Herba (6)   6         
Malvaceae (2) all Malvaceae (10)     6 4      
 Malva neglecta Wallr. (7)           
  Folium (3)     2 1      
  Herba (2)     2       
  Herba cum radice (2)      2      
 Malva sylvestris L. (3)           
  Folium (1)     1       
  Herba (2)     1 1      
Rubiaceae (1)  Coffea spp (9)           
  Semen (9)      9      
Poaceae (4) all Poaceae (6)   2 1   3      
 Oryza sativa L. (3)           
  Semen      3      
other Poaceae2 (3)   2 1        
Liliaceae (2) all Liliaceae (5)   4         1
 Allium sativum L. (4)           
  Bulbus (4)   4         
other Liliaceae3 (1)           1
Hypericaceae (1)  Hypericum perforatum L. (4) [vs]           
  Flos (3)         3   
  Herba (1)         1   
Pinaceae (2) all Pinaceae (4)   4         
 Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. (3)           
  Resina (3)   3         
other Pinaceae4 (1)   1         
others (22) other plant species 5 (28) [vs] 1d 18   5 2   2    
Total (44)   8 43 10 18 23 9 2 6 5 1
  1. [vs]: voucher specimens are accessible via species name, year of sampling (2014), and name of the first author (Maria Mayer), at the herbarium of the “Basler Botanische Gesellschaft”, Botanical Institute of the University of Basel (Schönbeinstrasse 6, 4056 Basel, Switzerland)
  2. 1Asteraceae (4): Alchemilla millefolium L. (2) [vs], Artemisia absinthium L. (1) [vs], Artemisia campestris L. (1), Taraxacum officinale WEB. Ex Wigg. (2); 2 Poaceae (3): Avena sativa L. (1); Triticum aestivum L. (1); Hordeum vulgare L. S.L. (1); 3 Liliaceae (1): Allium cepa L. (1); 4 Pinaceae (1): Abies alba Mill. (1); 5 Amaryllidaceae (1): Allium orsinum L. (1); Apiaceae (1): Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (2); Aspidaceae (1): Dryopteris filix-mas L. (SCHOTT) (1) [vs]; Boraginaceae (1): Symphytum officinale L. (1); Brassicaceae (1): Brassica oleracea L. (convar. Capitata var. Sabauda L.) (1); Caryophyllaceae (1): Stellaria media (L.) VILL. (2) [vs]; Cucurbitaceae (1): Cucurbita maxima Duch. (1); Euphorbiaceae (1): Ricinus communis L. (1); Fagaceae (2): Castanea sativa Mill. (1); Quercus robur L. (1); Gentianaceae (1): Gentiana purpurea L. (2); Juglandaceae (1): Juglans regia L. (1); Lamiaceae (2): Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (1); Salvia verbenacea L. (1); Lauraceae (1): Cinnamomum verum J.Presl. (1); Loranthaceae (1): Viscum album L. S.L. (1); Myrtaceae (1): Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. (1); Oleaceae (1): Olea europaea L. (1); Rhamnaceae (1): Rhamnus catharticus L. (2) [vs]; Rosaceae (1): Potentilla erecta (L.) RÄUSCHEL (1); Scrophilariaceae (1): Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne, 1985 (2); Solanaceae (1): Nicotiana tabacum L. (1);
  3. CP: commercial products
  4. a Calendula tincture (pharmacy) used in four remedies; Calendula ointment by Weleda® (pharmacy) used in two remedies; b Dandelion tincture (pharmacy) used in one remedy; c In two remedies, linseeds were boiled in the same water were they were kept for a whole night; d Castor oil (Ricinus communis seeds oil) used in one remedy