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Table 3 Use Reports (UR) ‐ Information on routes of administration, categories of use, and target animal species are listed: 205 UR from Italian speaking regions (ItR‐UR), based on 125 homemade herbal remedy reports containing a single herb

From: Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants – a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions

Botanical family (Number of named plant species in this family) Plant species with ≥ 3 named ItR‐HSHR (Number of named remedy reports are given in brackets) (Numbers indicate the frequency of mentioned use reports)
Routes of administration Categories of use Target animal species Total different use reports
External Internal Treatment of housing environment      
I A O U QA QD QG Mast QM QP GS Others6 C S G Ns Others7  
Asteraceae (7) all Asteraceae (33) 19 36 18   1 8 40 4   19 1   2 23 20 18   13 74
 Calendula officinalis L. (15)                    
  Flos and flos sine calice (14) 7 23      24    6     9 8 8   5 30
  Herba (1)   3      3        1 2     3
 Arnica montana L. (7)                    
  Flos (6) 7 7      7    7     4 5 4   1 14
  Herba cum radice (1) 4   3      1   6     2     3 7
 Matricaria recutita L. (5)                    
  Flos (5) 1 3 7    5 4       2 6 2    1 11
other Asteraceae1 (6)    8   1 3 2 3    1    1 3 2   3 9
Linaceae (1)  Linum usitatissimum L. (13)                    
  Semen (13)    15 1   2   9      5 8 1 4   3 16
Urticaceae (2) all Urticaceae (13) 2   23    9   2     13 1 5   4   16 25
 Urtica urens L. (7)                    
  Herba (7) 1   14    9   1     5   4   3   8 15
 Urtica dioica L. (6)                    
  Herba (6) 1   9      1     8 1 1   1   8 10
Malvaceae (2) all Malvaceae (10) 1 10 5 1   4 12 1       12   4   1 17
 Malva neglecta Wallr. (7)                    
  Folium (3) 1   2 1   2 1 1       3   1    4
  Herba (2)   2 1     3        1   2    3
  Herba cum radice (2)   5      5        5      5
 Malva sylvestris L. (3)                    
  Folium (1)    2    2         1   1    2
  Herba (2)   3      3        2     1 3
Rubiaceae (1)  Coffea spp. (9)                    
  Semen (9)    11    7   4       5 2 4    11
Poaceae (4) all Poaceae (6)    7    4    3      4   3    7
 Oryza sativa L. (3)                    
  Semen    4    4         3   1    4
other Poaceae2 (3)    3      3       1   2    3
Liliaceae (2) all Liliaceae (5)    10         9   1 2   1   7 10
 Allium sativum L. (4)                    
  Bulbus (4)    9         9    2   1   6 9
other Liliaceae3 (1)    1           1      1 1
Hypericaceae (1)  Hypericum perforatum L. (4)                    
  Flos (3) 2 2      2   1 1      3    1 4
  Herba (1)   1 1     1       1    1 1   2
Pinaceae (2) all Pinaceae (4) 1 3 2     1    3 2     2 3 1   6
 Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. (3)                    
  Resina (3) 1 3      1    3      2 1 1   4
other Pinaceae4 (1)    2         2      2    2
others (22) other plant species5 (28) 4 5 20   4 12 5 2   1 9   4 11 4 9 2 7 33
Total (44)   29 57 112 2 5 46 61 25 1 24 21 13 14 70 32 51 4 48 205
  1. I – intact skin; A – altered or sore skin; O – oral; U – intravaginal/intrauterine; QA – gastrointestinal disorders and metabolic dysfunctions; QD – skin afflictions and sores; QG – genito-urinary system and sex hormones (including peri-partum preparation); Mast – mastitis; QM – musculoskeletal system (including hematomas and edema in the connective tissue); QP – antiparasitic products, insecticides and repellents; GS – general strengthening; C – Cattle; S – Sheep; G – Goat; Ns – No specification of the animal species (external administration);
  2. 1 Asteraceae (4): Achilea millefolium L. (2), Artemisia absinthium L. (1), Artemisia campestris L. (1), Taraxacum officinale WEB. Ex Wigg. (2); 2 Poaceae (3): Avena sativa L. (1); Triticum aestivum L. (1); Hordeum vulgare L. S.L. (1); 3 Liliaceae (1): Allium cepa L. (1); 4 Pinaceae (1): Abies alba Mill. (1); 5 Amaryllidaceae (1): Allium ursinum L. (1); Apiaceae (1): Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (2); Aspidaceae (1): Dryopteris filix‐mas L. (SCHOTT) (1); Boraginaceae (1): Symphytum officinale L. (1); Brassicaceae (1): Brassica oleracea L. (convar. Capitata var. Sabauda L.) (1); Caryophyllaceae (1): Stellaria media (L.) VILL. (2); Cucurbitaceae (1): Cucurbita maxima Duch. (1); Euphorbiaceae (1): Ricinus communis L. (1); Fagaceae (2): Castanea sativa Mill. (1); Quercus robur L. (1); Gentianaceae (1): Gentiana purpurea L. (2); Juglandaceae (1): Juglans regia L. (1); Lamiaceae (2): Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (1); Salvia verbenacea L. (1); Lauraceae (1): Cinnamomum verum J.Presl. (1); Loranthaceae (1): Viscum album L. S.L. (1); Myrtaceae (1): Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. (1); Oleaceae (1): Olea europaea L. (1); Rhamnaceae (1): Rhamnus catharticus L. (2); Rosaceae (1): Potentilla erecta (L.) RÄUSCHEL (1); Scrophulariaceae (1): Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne, 1985 (2); Solanaceae (1): Nicotiana tabacum L. (1); 6 QR respiratory tract ; QS sensory organ ; QN nervous system; various uses; 7 horses, pigs, donkeys, dogs, cats, hens