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Table 6 Daily dosage in dry plant equivalent per kg metabolic body weight (g/kg0.75) for homemade single species herbal remedy reports (HSHR) with orally administered preparations. Italian speaking regions (ItR), German speaking cantons (GeC), and data from previous Swiss studies [22, 23] are compared, with converted animal dose and converted human dose

From: Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants – a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions

Plant species with ≥ 3 reported HSHR and documented dosage Daily dose [g/kg0.75]
Arithmetic mean (median; minimum value- maximum value; number of UR for which daily dosage has been estimated) Determined daily dose [g/kg0.75] in previous Swiss studies [22, 23] Converted animal dose [g/kg0.75] [39] Converted human daily dose [g/kg0.75] [40]
ItR GeC
Achillea millefolium L.
Flos et herba cum flos
0.25 (0.13; 0.08–0.53; 3) - −; −   0.31
Allium sativum L.
Bulbus
1.09 (0.61; 0.28–3.14; 9) - −; 1.12 0.16–0.23 0.09–0.17
Armoracia rusticana P. Gaertn. & al.
Radix
- 2.54 (1.18; 0.26–3.98; 3) −; − - -
Arnica montana L.
Herba cum radice
0.012 (0.004; 0.004–0.029; 3) - −; − - -
Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze.
Folium
- 0.38 (0.39; 0.27–0.47; 5) −; 0.64 1.67–6.67 0.22–0.33
Coffea spp.
Semen
1.67 (1.46; 0.31–5.31; 9) 1.19 (0.16; 0.04–9.8; 7) 0.37; 0.35 - -
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Semen
0.07 (0.07; 0.03–0.16; 4) - 0.24; − 0.2–0.4 0.2–0.3
Linum usitatissimum L.
Semen
5.79 (3.55; 0.8–15.6; 12) - 2.92; 5.16 0.39–1.55ct
0.98–1.96cv
0.66
Malva neglecta Wallr.
Folium et herba
0.59 (0.59; 0.29–0.89; 5) - −; − - -
Matricaria recutita L.
Flos
0.63 (0.90; 0.18–1.2; 7) 0.27 (0.16; 0.03–0.60; 15) 0.22; 1.12 0.04–0.09 p
0.19–0.39 r
0.39–0.52
Matricaria recutita L.
Herba
- 1.32 (1.33; 0.13–2.47; 4) −; − - -
Oryza sativa L.
Semen
19.79 (17.54; 15.70–26.14; 3) - −; − - -
Quercus robur L.
Cortex
- 1.17 (0.94; 0.008–2.82; 5) −; − 0.19–0.39 r, 0.09–0.19 p 0.13
Rumex obtusifolius L.
Radix
- 0.84 (0.8; 0.16–1.57; 3) −; 1.72 - -
Thymus vulgaris L.
Herba
- 0.35 (0.25; 0.07–0.98; 9) 2.47; − 0.19–0.39 r 0.04–0.26
Urtica dioica L.
Herba
13.84 (5.79; 1–41.67; 8) 0.09 (0.08; 0.05–0.16; 4) 2.39; 0.49 0.19–0.39 r 0.35–0.52
Urtica urens L.
Herba
4.54 (1.00; 0.04–26.6; 11) - −; − - -
  1. Corresponding average weight in kg/kg metabolic weight per animal species (kg 0.75) used in this and previous Swiss studies to calculate daily dosage per kg metabolic weight: Adult cattle 650 kg/128.7 kg 0.75; Calf 75 kg/25.5 kg 0.75; Goat or Sheep 50 kg 18.8 kg 0.75; Young goat or sheep 20 kg 9.5 kg 0.75; Pig 200 kg/53.2 kg 0.75; Young pig 15 kg/7.6 kg 0.75; Horses: 650 kg/128.7 kg 0.75; Donkey 200 kg/53.2 kg 0.75; Hen 1 kg/1.0 kg 0.75; Young chicken: 0.5 kg/0.6 kg 0.75; Turkey: 12 kg/6.4 kg 0.75; Young turkey:5/3.3 kg 0.75; Rabbit 3 kg/2.3 kg 0.75; Medium-sized dog 25 kg/11.2 kg 0.75; Cat 4 kg/2.8 kg 0.75; Rat 0.175 kg/0.3 kg 0.75; Human 65 kg/22.9 kg 0.75
  2. ct cattle, cv calves, r ruminants, p pigs