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Table 5 Demographic, cultural and environmental characteristics of the four Mixtec studied communities in southeastern Mexico and richness of fungal species locally used

From: Traditional knowledge and use of wild mushrooms by Mixtecs or Ñuu savi, the people of the rain, from Southeastern Mexico

Name of community Populationa Native Mixtec Speakersa,b Natural vegetation covera Degree of soil erosiona Degree of economic marginalizationa Richness of fungal species recognized and used
SCE 1,156 94.8 % PQF (72 %), RA (21 %), SV (7 %) Medium Very high 48
SJY 432 45.3 % PQF (50 %), RA (29 %), SV (21 %) Medium Very high 24
SMT 346 8.1 % PQF (40 %), SG (46 %), SH (2 %), RA (12 %) Very high Medium 2
SAY 695 50.7 % PQF (40 %), TDF (15 %), SV (33 %), RA (11 %) High High 2
  1. SCE Santa Catarina Estetla, SJY San Juan Yuta, SMT San Miguel Tulancingo, SAY San Andrés Yutatio, PQF: natural forests of Pinus spp. and Quercus spp., TDF tropical deciduous forest, RA rainfed agriculture, SG secondary grassland, SV secondary vegetation, SH shrub vegetation
  2. aInformation based on INEGI [19], SEDESOL [23] and CONEVAL [24]
  3. bPercentage of native speakers over 5-year-old