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Table 2 Seahorse ethnospecies description, according to 32 informants

From: Seahorses in focus: local ecological knowledge of seahorse-watching operators in a tropical estuary

Ethnospecies names Description Citations (%) Habitat
Cavalo-marinho do focinho longo, Cavalo-marinho do manguezal, Reidi
(Longsnout, mangrove-seahorse or “Reidi”)
Long snout 32 (100 %) Mangrove and reefs
Cavalo-marinho do focinho curto, Erecto
(Shortsnout or “Erecto”)
Short snout. Less common than the Longsnout seahorse. 5 (16 %) Mangrove and reefs
Cavalo-marinho Folha
(Leafy-seahorse)
Seahorse head and leafy shaped body 1 (3 %) Rocks near the river mouth
Cavalo-marinho-rei,
Cavalo-marinho-verdadeiro (King-seahorse or True-seahorse)
Crown on top of head like a “moose horn”. Body more robust than the common mangrove seahorse. Has strictly marine habits. Reported as a bycatch of bottom-trawlers operating in nearby fishing communities. 6 (19 %) Occasionally found in trawls at ~30 m. Also named true-seahorse because inhabits the sea bottom rather than mangroves.