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Table 1 Fish species known by inhabitants. Local name, scientific name, order and family, habitat, distribution, origin and percentage consumption (%C) of each species in relation to the total no. of interviewees (n = 36) are given

From: Traditional Mapuche ecological knowledge in Patagonia, Argentina: fishes and other living beings inhabiting continental waters, as a reflection of processes of change

Local name Scientific name Order and family Habitat Distribution Origin (%)C
Perca/ Trucha criolla Percichthys trucha Perciformes, Percichthyidae Fresh and/or brackish water Benthic habitat Endemic to Argentina. Patagonian rivers and lakes in central and southern Argentina and Chile. Native 37
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Salmoniformes, Salmonidae Freshwater; marine; brackish. Benthic-pelagic habitat; Anadromous. Native of northern hemisphere. Extensively introduced in cold waters in different parts of North America and the rest of the world. Exotic 30
Brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis Salmoniformes, Salmonidae Freshwater; marine; brackish. Benthic-pelagic habitat; Anadromous. Native of northern hemisphere. Extensively introduced in cold waters in different parts of North America and the rest of the world. Exotic 15
Pejerrey patagónico Odontesthes hatcheri Atheriniformes, Atherinopsidae Freshwater, cold-temperate Benthic-pelagic habitat. Endemic to Argentina. Patagonian rivers and lakes in Argentina and Chile. Native 13
Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar Salmoniformes, Salmonidae Freshwater; marine; brackish. Benthic-pelagic habitat; Anadromous. Native of northern hemisphere. Extensively introduced in temperate Arctic and cold waters in different parts of North America, Europe, New Zealand, Australia, Chile and southern Argentina. Exotic 5