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Table 3 Medicinal (MED), veterinary (VET), nutritional (NUT), cosmetic (COS) and other (OTHER) uses of wild (W) and cultivated (C) plants in Karst and Gorjanci. The data were gathered from interviews with 25 informants in Karst and 25 informants in Gorjanci

From: Folk use of medicinal plants in Karst and Gorjanci, Slovenia

No. of informants in Karst No. of informants in Gorjanci Botanical taxon and family Slovenian name Status Part(s) used Preparation and administration Recorded uses in Karst Recorded uses in Gorjanci
14 20 Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) Rman W Flower Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of stomach and digestive problems, menstrual cramps and gynecological problems MED: treatment of stomach and digestive problems, menstrual cramps, women’s problems; to cleanse the body and kidneys; diuretic; treatment of cold NUT
Fresh flowers are wrapped around the hand × MED: to heal sore hands
Browned flour soup with yarrow flowers (soup made by roasting and browning flour, roasting yarrow flowers and adding water and two eggs) × MED: treatment of intestinal problems
Egg omelet with yarrow flowers MED: treatment of digestive problems ×
Ointment made with lard MED: treatment of hemorrhoids ×
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
3 2 Aesculus hippocastanum L. (Hippocastanaceae) Divji kostanj C Fruit Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: treatment of varicose veins MED: treatment of spinal inflammation
Chestnuts are placed in a bag, and the bag is rubbed on the feet MED: treatment of pain in the legs MED: to promote better blood circulation in legs
Flower Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: treatment of varicose veins ×
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
2 2 Allium cepa L. (Alliaceae) Čebula C Bulb Fried pieces of onion are placed on the skin × MED: to heal furuncles and abscesses
Onions and honey, oral application MED: treatment of bronchitis and sore throat ×
1 1 Allium sativum L. (Alliaceae) Česen C Clove Necklace made of garlic cloves is worn around the neck × MED: anthelmintic
Tincture Unknown use ×
2 4 Allium ursinum L. (Alliaceae) Čemaž W Leaf Salad, spread made with olive oil NUT NUT: good for cleansing, purifier of vessels, to decrease blood pressure (the informants did not eat A. ursinum for medicinal purposes)
Maceration in schnapps × NUT: good for everything
5 0 Aloysia citrodora Palau (Verbenaceae) Leviš, citronka C Leaf Infusion NUT ×
Maceration in schnapps with sugar NUT ×
6 2 Althaea officinalis L. (Malvaceae) Slez, ajbiš C Leaf Infusion, oral application × MED: treatment of cough, good for the respiratory system
Fresh leaf is placed on a wound MED: to heal wounds ×
Scalded leaves are placed on damaged skin (skin punctured with a nail or thorn that becomes infected, called “pasjica” in Karst) MED: to heal wounds, to pull pus out of the wound ×
Leaves cooked in milk, oral application MED: treatment of sore throat ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
4 2 Anthyllis vulneraria L. (Fabaceae) Ranjak W Flower Infusion, topical application × MED: to rinse and heal wounds
Infusion, oral application NUT ×
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
1 0 Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Schreb. (Brassicaceae) Hren W/C Root Grated root eaten with other Easter dishes NUT ×
6 12 Arnica montana L. (Asteraceae) Arnika W Flower Maceration in olive oil, topical application MED: to heal wounds, burns, scabs and contusions MED: to massage painful areas, rheumatism
Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: to massage painful areas (knees) MED: to disinfect wounds, to heal wounds, treatment of inflamed wounds, rashes, burns and stings
Maceration in schnapps, oral application × MED: to heal stomach problems
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
7 6 Artemisia (Artemisia vulgaris L., Artemisia absinthium L.) (Asteraceae) Pelin W/C Aerial parts (of young plants) and leaves Wormwood is placed in wine for a short time, for drinking (usually with fatty food) × MED: to promote appetite and digestion, good for the stomach NUT: a drink with fatty foods, invigoration in spring
Infusion, oral application × MED: treatment of stomach and digestive problems
Infusion for spraying vines   OTHER: to prevent or treat vine diseases
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of digestive problems, good for the stomach MED: treatment of stomach problems
Wormwood is placed in water for a short time for drinking NUT: to quench thirst ×
Whole plant VET: at the loss of appetite ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
6 0 Asparagus spp. (Asparagus acutifolius L., Asparagus tenuifolius Lam.) (Asparagaceae) Šparglji W Young shoots Prepared in different dishes (egg omelet, soup, minestrone soup) NUT: blood cleansing, diuretic, believed to be good for the kidneys (the informants did not eat asparagus for medicinal purposes) ×
1 4 Bellis perennis L. (Asteraceae) Marjetica W Flower Infusion, oral application MED: good for ill children MED: treatment of cold and cough
Infusion for bath × COS: for legs
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
0 3 Berberis vulgaris L. (Berberidaceae) Češmin, češminc W/C Fruit Infusion, oral application × MED: antipyretic
0 2 Beta vulgaris var. conditiva L. (Chenopodiaceae) Rdeča pesa C Root Juice, oral application × MED: antipyretic
1 10 Betula pendula Roth (Betulaceae) Breza W Leaf Infusion, oral application × MED: to heal bladder and kidney inflammation, diuretic, to cleanse blood and body, antidiabetic
Infusion for bath × MED: to prevent sweaty feet
Leaves are wrapped around the legs × MED: treatment of leg pain
Maceration in vinegar, topical application COS: good for the scalp ×
1 1 Brassica oleracea var. capitata L. (Brassicaceae) Glavnato zelje, zelje C Leaf Fresh leaves are wrapped around the knee or placed on the back MED: treatment of back pain MED: to pull the water out of the knee
9 12 Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae) Ognjič C Flower Infusion, oral application MED: good for intestinal problems, against diarrhea NUT MED: treatment of stomach pain NUT
Ointment made with lard or fat from the abdomen of a chicken, topical application MED: to heal burns, contusions, wounds and eczema COS: treatment of dry skin on soles and hands MED: to heal sunburns, wounds, bruising, and eczema; to massage painful areas (knees, shoulders, joints) COS: treatment of dry skin and hard skin on the heels
Maceration in oil, topical application × MED: to heal burns
Maceration in schnapps, topical application × MED: to heal wounds
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
Dried flowers, spice × NUT: spice
0 2 Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae) Konoplja C Aerial parts Preparation was not reported × VET: animal feed for pigs
Fabric × OTHER: fabric for sheets, healthier than cotton
3 7 Carum carvi L. (Apiaceae) Kimelj, kumina W/C Fruit Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of abdominal cramps and stomach problems, carminative, antiflatulent NUT MED: treatment of digestive problems, treatment of stomach problems, carminative and antiflatulent, antidiarrheal, protects intestines and stomach NUT
Spice × NUT: spice for sausages, bread and the common local pastry “belokranjska pogača”
1 4 Castanea sativa Mill. (Fagaceae) Kostanj W Fruit Cooked or roasted NUT NUT
Flower Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
11 15 Centaurium spp. (Centaurium erythraea Rafn, Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce) (Gentianaceae) Tavžentroža W Flowers or aerial parts Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of stomach problems, digestive problems, menstrual cramps, menstrual problems, anemia MED: treatment of stomachache, stomach problems, digestive problems, menstrual problems, cold, flu, antipyretic, to calm nerves, to counteract tiredness, to heal wounds on the gum
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of digestive problems, loss of appetite, anemia VET: to heal digestive problems MED: treatment of stomach problems and stomachache
Grass with centaury, animal feed VET: animal is healthier if it feeds on grass containing centaury ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
2 2 Chelidonium majus L. (Papaveraceae) Krvavi mlečnik W Latex Latex, topical application MED: treatment of warts MED: treatment of warts
8 2 Cornus mas L. (Cornaceae) Dren W Fruit Maceration in schnapps, oral application NUT MED: treatment of abdominal cramps NUT
Jam NUT NUT
Infusion NUT NUT
Syrup NUT ×
Raw fruits NUT ×
Flower Infusion NUT ×
13 6 Crataegus spp. (Rosaceae) Glog W Flower and leaf Infusion, oral application MED: good for the heart, good for the prevention of epilepsy, good for nerves NUT MED: good for the heart NUT
Fruit Infusion NUT NUT
Raw fruits NUT ×
2 1 Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Asteraceae) Ameriški slamnik C Flower Maceration in schnapps, oral application × MED: immunostimulant
Root Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: immunostimulant ×
2 10 Equisetum arvense L. (Equisetaceae) Preslica W Aerial parts Infusion, oral application MED: to cleanse the kidneys and lungs MED: diuretic, to cleanse kidneys, blood and body, treatment of urinary tract inflammation
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
2 0 Ficus carica L. (Moraceae) Figa C Fruit Jam NUT ×
Latex Latex, topical application MED: treatment of warts ×
13 0 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Apiaceae) Koromač (in Karst) W/C Flower Dried crushed flowers, spice (known as “golden dust” in Karst) NUT: spice for fried livers, fried eggs and browned flower soup ×
Aerial parts of young plants Egg omelet with young aerial parts of fennel NUT ×
Fruit Infusion MED: to heal abdominal cramps, counteracts flatulence, infusion for children ×
5 13 Fragaria vesca L. (Rosaceae) Divja jagoda, gozdna jagoda W Fruit Raw berries NUT NUT
Leaf Infusion NUT NUT
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
0 3 Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. (Rubiaceae) Dišeča perla W Aerial parts of flowering plant Infusion × NUT
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
3 1 Gentiana lutea L. (Gentianaceae) Košutnik, encijan, lecijan W Root Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: to heal stomach problems NUT MED: good for the stomach
Infusion, oral application VET: to heal intestinal problems (livestock) ×
1 0 Hedera helix L. (Araliaceae) Bršljan W Leaf and fruit Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: treatment of contusions ×
11 16 Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) Šentjanževka, šentjanževe rože W Flower Maceration in oil, topical application MED: to heal wounds, contusions, burns and sunburn; to massage painful areas (arthritis); treatment of varicose veins, treatment of back pain COS: to promote tanning of the skin in the sun MED: to heal wounds, scabs, burns and sunburn; treatment of varicose veins; to massage painful areas and inflamed joints (rheumatism) VET: to heal indigestion in hens (when they eat too much sand)
Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: treatment of varicose veins MED: to massage painful areas and joints (rheumatism), to heal wounds and contusions
Infusion, oral application Indication was not recorded, although the infusion is used MED: treatment of menstrual and stomach problems, calmative, counteracts depression
Infusion for bath × MED: treatment of tired legs
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
Aerial parts Maceration in schnapps, topical application × MED: to disinfect cuts and wounds
2 0 Inula hirta L. (Asteraceae) Astramontana, strupenica, srkodlakavi oman W Flower Infusion, topical application MED: to heal wounds, especially poisoned wounds VET: to heal snake bites (dog) ×
Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: to heal wounds, especially poisoned wounds VET: to heal snake bites (dog) ×
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: good for the stomach ×
2 8 Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae) Oreh C Unripe fruit Maceration in schnapps NUT MED: treatment of digestive disorders and stomachache; counteracts diarrhea VET: to heal intestinal problems (livestock) NUT
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
Leaf Water extract made by cooking leaves in water, topical application × VET: to protect animals from horseflies/horsefly repellent (steer/bullock)
12 9 Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) Brin W Fruit Alcoholic distillate from fermented juniper berries, oral application MED: treatment of digestive problems, stomachache, stomach problems and cramps, to promote better digestion NUT MED: treatment of menstrual and women’s problems, stomach problems and stomachache, treatment of digestive problems NUT: aperitif, drink in the morning
Alcoholic distillate from fermented juniper berries topical application × MED: treatment of swollen legs
Essential oil from fermented juniper berries, topical application MED: to massage painful areas and joints (arthritis and rheumatism), to promote better blood circulation (rubefacient), treatment of cramps and colic in babies and children, to heal wounds, to heal dog bites MED: treatment of intestinal problems
Essential oil from fermented juniper berries, topical application around the navel, on the temples, under the nose, on the head, used for children MED: anthelmintic MED: anthelmintic
Essential oil from fermented juniper berries, a small amount is placed on sugar and eaten MED: treatment of stomachache and digestive problems MED: antipyretic
Dried berries, spice NUT: good for the stomach, sauerkraut, jota (soup) NUT: to promote better digestion
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of stomach problems NUT ×
Infusion, oral application × MED: good for the internal organs
Bread with essential oil from fermented juniper berries, oral application × VET: treatment of intestinal problems (steer/bullock)
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
Twig Infusion, oral application × MED: treatment of digestive problems
Syrup × MED: treatment of sore throat
9 2 Laurus nobilis L. (Lauraceae) Lovor C Leaf Spice NUT: spice for sauerkraut and beans, used in dishes to prevent flatulence NUT
Syrup, oral application MED: treatment of cough, antiflatulent ×
7 2 Lavandula spp. (Lamiaceae) Sivka C Flower Dried flowers placed in sachets OTHER: household moth repellent OTHER: household moth repellent
Infusion, oral application MED: to calm the nerves ×
Home distillation of essential oil and hydrosol COS: good for the skin, to cleanse the skin ×
Spice NUT: spice for biscuits ×
4 1 Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch (Apiaceae) Luštrek C Leaf Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: good for the stomach NUT ×
Spice NUT ×
Infusion, oral application × MED: diuretic
0 3 Linum usitatissimum L. (Linaceae) Lan C Seed Linseed is placed in the eye × MED: treatment of eye infection, if something falls in the eye
Aerial parts Fabric × OTHER: fabric for sheets, clothes
0 1 Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. (Rosaceae) Lesnika W Fruit Vinegar × NUT
16 19 Matricaria chamomilla L. (Asteraceae) Kamilica W/C Flower Infusion, oral application MED: digestion, flatulence, abdominal cramps, to calm the stomach, to calm the nerves, to heal sore throat, for women’s problems MED: treatment of abdominal and menstrual cramps; for digestive, stomach and women’s problems; to counteract nausea, to enable vomiting, to calm the stomach, treatment of cold, flu and cough, to calm babies, infusion for women giving birth NUT
Infusion, topical application MED: to rinse sore eyes, to cleanse wounds MED: to rinse sore eyes
Infusion with schnapps, oral application × MED: to heal abdominal cramps
Infusion for inhalation × MED: to heal sore throat and bronchitis
Infusion for bath COS: to cleanse skin ×
Decoction, oral application × MED: against diarrhea
Warm chamomile flowers are wrapped in gauze and placed on the chest or eyes × MED: to heal bronchitis, to heal cold with respiratory or breathing problems, to heal sore throat and sore eyes
Maceration in olive oil, topical application COS: ointment for skin ×
Ointment made with lard: flowers are fried in lard and drained; topical application COS: ointment for skin ×
Fried egg sprinkled with chamomile flowers, oral application × MED: treatment of abdominal and menstrual cramps
Browned flour soup sprinkled with chamomile flowers (as spice) × NUT
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED ×
Aerial parts Infusion, oral application × VET: to heal problems of cows after calving and to heal digestive problems
18 7 Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) Melisa, srčno zelje, štrukljevo perje C Leaf Infusion, oral application MED: to calm the nerves NUT MED: to calm the nerves, used before bedtime for better sleep, treatment of stomach problems NUT
Syrup NUT NUT
Egg omelet with lemon balm leaves, oral application NUT MED: treatment of ascites
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
18 8 Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae) Meta W/C Leaf Infusion, oral application MED: to calm the nerves, treatment of cold NUT MED: to calm the nerves, before bedtime for better sleep, treatment of stomach problems, digestive problems, cholagogue NUT
Syrup NUT NUT
Spice NUT: spice for meat ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
2 0 Morus spp. (Morus alba L., Morus nigra L.) (Moraceae) Murva C Fruit Fresh fruits NUT ×
3 1 Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) Bazilika C Leaf Spice NUT ×
Infusion NUT ×
1 0 Olea europea L. (Oleaceae) Oljka C Leaf Infusion MED: to lower blood pressure ×
8 2 Origanum majorana L. (Lamiaceae) Majaron C Aerial parts Infusion, oral application NUT MED: calmative, for better sleeping
Spice NUT NUT
1 4 Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaceae) Dobra misel W Aerial parts Infusion, oral application MED: calmative NUT NUT: children learn better at school
0 2 Phaseolus vulgaris L. (Fabaceae) Fižol C Pericarp Infusion, oral application × MED: antidiabetic, antihypertensive
6 10 Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. (Pinaceae) Smreka, smrečje W/C Tips Spruce tip syrup made with sugar or honey, oral application MED: treatment of cough, sore throat, bronchitis, and cold, to increase the body’s resistance MED: treatment of cough, cold, bronchitis and sore throat
Infusion, oral application Indication was not recorded, although the infusion is used MED: treatment of cough, good for lungs
Resin Pounded resin is wrapped in fabric, topical application × MED: treatment of wounds, abscesses and furuncles (the resin pulls the pus out from the inflamed skin), treatment of sore nipples while breastfeeding
3 5 Pimpinella anisum L. (Apiaceae) Janež C Fruit Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of abdominal cramps, antiflatulent, carminative MED: treatment of digestive and stomach problems, carminative, antiflatulent VET: treatment of udder inflammation (cow) NUT
Spice NUT: spice for beans, sauerkraut, and fried eggs NUT: spice for pastry
0 2 Pinus sylvestris L. (Pinaceae) Bor W Tips Syrup made from pine tips and sugar, oral application × MED: treatment of cough and asthma
Young cone Syrup made from pine cones and sugar, oral application × MED: treatment of sore throat
10 9 Plantago spp. (Plantago lanceolata L., Plantago major L.) (Plantaginaceae) Trpotec W Leaf Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of cough, cold and stomach ulcer MED: treatment of cough and gastritis NUT
Syrup, oral application MED: treatment of cough MED: treatment of cough
Fresh leaf is placed on the skin MED: treatment of wounds MED: treatment of wounds, furuncles, abscesses and stings
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
1 6 Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch (Rosaceae) Srčna moč W Root Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of stomach problems MED: treatment of stomach problems, good for the heart
Infusion for inhalation × MED: treatment of respiratory problems (night asthma)
Flower and root Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
3 12 Primula vulgaris Huds. (Primulaceae) Trobentica W Flower Infusion, oral application MED: good for ill children MED: treatment of cold, good for lungs and respiratory system, diuretic NUT
Syrup, oral application × MED: treatment of cough
Flower and root Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
4 1 Prunus avium L. var. sylvestris (Kirschl.) (Rosaceae) Divje češnje W Fruit Maceration in schnapps with sugar NUT ×
Jam NUT ×
Dried fruits × NUT: dried fruits for children
0 2 Prunus domestica L. (Rosaceae) Sliva, češplja C Fruit Dried fruits × MED: against constipation, good for stool NUT
Compote from dried fruits × MED: against constipation NUT
10 5 Prunus spinosa L. (Rosaceae) Črn trn W Flower Infusion, oral application × MED: against blood clotting NUT
Fruit Raw fruits MED: against diarrhea NUT NUT
Infusion NUT ×
Fruits are macerated schnapps and sugar NUT ×
0 7 Pulmonaria officinalis L. (Boraginaceae) Pljučnik W Aerial parts of flowering plant Infusion, oral application × MED: treatment of pneumonia, cold and cough, good for lungs
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
0 1 Pyrus communis L. (Rosaceae) Tepka C Fruit Dried fruit, oral application × MED: against diarrhea NUT
2 6 Quercus spp. (Fagaceae) Hrast W Bark Water extract: bark is cooked in water; oral application VET: against diarrhea (livestock) ×
Bark is placed in hot water, and a person sits on the steam MED: treatment of gynecological problems MED: treatment of bladder inflammation and menstrual problems
Acorn Preparation was reported × VET: pig feed
5 3 Robinia pseudoacacia L. (Fabaceae) Akacija, ahacovna W Flower Infusion NUT NUT
Fresh flowers cooked with pancake batter in a frying pan NUT NUT
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
22 16 Rosa spp. (Rosaceae) Šipek W Fruit Infusion (dried rose hips can be cooked two or three times) MED: treatment of cold NUT: contains lots of vitamin C MED: treatment of cold NUT: contains lots of vitamin C
Liqueur with schnapps (fruits are macerated schnapps and sugar) NUT ×
Jam NUT ×
11 2 Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) Rožmarin C Leaf, twig Spice NUT: spice for goulash NUT
Ointment with beeswax, topical application × MED: to promote blood circulation (rubefacient)
Maceration in wine, oral application (a few spoonfuls per day) MED: against anemia ×
Cooked in wine, oral application MED: good for a weak heart ×
Cooked in wine, topical application MED: spinal massage for strengthening the spine of children ×
Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of sore feet and legs, good for a weak heart ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
2 5 Rubus idaeus L. (Rosaceae) Malina W/C Leaf Infusion NUT NUT
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
Fruit Fresh berries × NUT
Syrup NUT ×
Alcoholic distillate from fermented berries NUT ×
11 8 Rubus spp. (only species with black fruits) (Rosaceae) Robida, kopina W Leaf Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of diarrhea VET: treatment of diarrhea NUT MED: treatment of diarrhea NUT
Fresh leaf is placed on the wound × MED: to heal wounds
Fruit Fresh berries NUT NUT
Jam NUT ×
Herbal liqueur × NUT/MED
6 2 Ruta graveolens L. (Rutaceae) Vinska rutica, rüda C Aerial parts (leaf) Maceration in schnapps, oral application NUT: aperitif MED: treatment of stomach problems, stimulation of appetite NUT
Egg omelet with rue MED: treatment of stomach and digestive problems ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
22 11 Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) Žajbelj W/C Leaf Infusion for drinking or gargling MED: treatment of sore throat, cold and cough, good for gums and teeth MED: treatment of sore throat, inflammation in mouth, cough and cold, good for lungs
Infusion for inhalation × MED: to facilitate breathing
Leaves cooked in sweet or caramel milk, oral application MED: treatment of sore throat, cough and bronchitis NUT: before bedtime MED: treatment of sore throat, cough and cold NUT: before bedtime
Fresh leaf for chewing MED: good for teeth and gums, treatment of periodontitis and cold MED: good for teeth, treatment of inflammation
Dried leaves, spice NUT NUT: spice for black pudding
Maceration in schnapps and honey, oral application MED: treatment of cold NUT ×
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of cold NUT NUT
Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: to heal wounds ×
Flower Syrup NUT ×
24 24 Sambucus nigra L. (Sambucaceae) Bezeg W/C Flower Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of fever, cold, diaphoretic, diuretic, to lower blood sugar level NUT: for thirst in the summer, has good taste MED: treatment of cold, fever, sore throat, flu, cough and angina NUT: for every day, in the morning, in the evening
Syrup made by maceration of flowers in water and adding sugar (sometimes called šabesa) NUT NUT
Syrup made with honey; oral administration with teaspoon × MED: treatment of cold
Fresh flowers cooked with pancake batter in a frying pan NUT NUT
Warm compress on the neck × MED: treatment of sore throat and cold
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
Fruit Infusion, oral application NUT: infusion has a strong color, for drinking in the winter MED: treatment of liver problems, connected with nose bleeding
Jam NUT NUT
Juice or syrup, oral application NUT NUT: contains lots of iron, good for the blood
Liqueur with Teran wine, made by cooking elderberries in wine NUT ×
Leaf Leaf is placed on painful area (the skin under the leaf must sweat) MED: treatment of painful or poisoned areas on the skin (for example, on the hand) ×
11 0 Satureja spp. (Satureja montana L. Satureja subspicata subsp. liburnica Šilić) (Lamiaceae) Kraški šetraj, žepek, ožepek, primožek W Aerial parts Spice NUT: spice for jota (soup), minestrone, vinegar, herb salt, meat, beans ×
6 6 Sedum maximum (L.) Suter (Crassulaceae) Hermelika W/C Aerial parts (leaf, flower) Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of stomach problems NUT: aperitif MED: treatment of stomach problems NUT: aperitif
Maceration in schnapps, topical application MED: treatment of varicose veins ×
Leaf Fresh leaf is placed on the skin MED: to heal wounds MED: to heal wounds, furuncles, abscesses
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
7 6 Sempervivum tectorum L. (Crassulaceae) Netresk, natresk C Leaf Juice from the leaf is dripped into ear MED: treatment of ear inflammation, ear infection and foot and toenail fungus infection MED: treatment of ear inflammation and ear infection
2 1 Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertner (Asteraceae) Pegasti badelj C Seed Whole or ground seeds, oral application MED: good for the liver MED: good for the liver
0 1 Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) Krompir C Tuber Pieces of potato tuber are wrapped in fabric and lashed on the feet. When the potato becomes black, it pulls the fever out. × MED: antipyretic
1 4 Solidago spp. (Solidago virgaurea L., Solidago canadensis L., Solidago gigantea Aiton) (Asteraceae) Zlata rozga W Aerial parts of flowering plant Infusion MED: good for the prostate MED: good for bladder, prostate, ovaries
0 3 Symphytum officinale L. (Boraginaceae) Gabez W Root Maceration in schnapps, topical application × MED: treatment of rheumatism, to heal wounds
Maceration in olive oil, topical application × MED: to massage inflamed joints (knees)
0 1 Tamus communis L. (Discoreaceae) Blušč W Root Root is placed in animal food, and the animal is rubbed with the root × VET: treatment of animals (cows) that have intestinal problems and have become malnourished and cachectic
3 0 Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz Bip. (Asteraceae) Mandrjanca C Leaf Egg omelet NUT ×
0 2 Tanacetum vulgare L. (Asteraceae) Vratič W Flower Infusion × VET: treatment of diarrhea and digestive problems
       Egg and crushed flowers are mixed together and cooked in a frying pan × MED: treatment of diarrhea
9 7 Taraxacum officinale agg. F.H. Wigg. (Cichoriaceae) Regrat, radičkovna, pzdunkula W Leaf Fresh leaves prepared in a salad, sometimes with eggs NUT: contains lots of iron, good for intestines NUT: contains lots of iron, counteracts anemia (informants did not eat dandelion leaves for medicinal purposes)
Dandelion leaves prepared like spinach or prepared together with spinach leaves. Used as soup or side dish to mashed potatoes × NUT
Flower Infusion × NUT
Syrup, oral application MED: treatment of sore throat, good for immune system NUT NUT
Root Maceration in schnapps, oral application × MED: treatment of stomach problems
Maceration in schnapps, topical application × COS: for lush hair
20 9 Thymus serpyllum L. (Lamiaceae) Materina dušica W Aerial parts Infusion, oral application MED: good for the heart and respiratory system, treatment of cold and gynecological problems (menstrual cramps) NUT MED: infusion for breastfeeding mothers NUT
Spice NUT NUT
Maceration in schnapps NUT ×
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
16 20 Tilia spp. (Tilia cordata Mill. Tilia platyphyllos Scop.) (Tiliaceae) Lipa C Flower Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of cold, to reduce a fever, diaphoretic NUT MED: treatment of cold, diaphoretic NUT: for every day, in the morning and evening, has a good taste
Sleep pillow filled with linden flowers × HOUSEHOLD: pillow for sleeping
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
1 5 Trifolium spp. (some informants used species with white flowers and some used species with red flowers) (Fabaceae) Rdeča detelja, bela detelja, črna detelja W Flower Infusion, oral application MED: to heal gynecological problems NUT
4 11 Tussilago farfara L. (Asteraceae) Lapuh W Flower Infusion, oral application MED: treatment of sore throat and bronchitis, good for lungs MED: treatment of cold and cough, good for respiratory system
Leaf Fresh leaves are wrapped around the legs × MED: treatment of leg pain
Leaf Cooked leaves × VET: pig feed
Flower and leaf Herbal liqueur (Jegermajster) NUT/MED NUT/MED
13 17 Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) Kopriva W Leaves on the top, nettle tops Infusion, oral application MED: diuretic, to cleanse blood and body, spring and autumn cleansing, counteracts rheumatism, good for the stomach MED: to cleanse body and blood, diuretic, to cleanse skin, to heal acne, laxative, treatment of diabetes NUT: contains lots of iron
Infusion for hair rinsing COS: to cleanse hair MED: treatment of hair loss COS: for lush hair
Infusion for bath × MED: treatment of tired legs COS: to treat hard skin
Nettle tops prepared like spinach: soup or side dish to mashed potatoes NUT NUT: contains many vitamins and lots of iron, for anemia
Root Maceration in schnapps, topical application on scalp × COS: to promote good blood circulation of scalp, for lush hair
Infusion for hair rinsing COS: for strong hair ×
Aerial parts Maceration in water for two days × OTHER: fertilizer for the garden
Aerial parts of young plants Cooked VET: feed for pigs ×
2 15 Vaccinium myrtillus L. (Ericaceae) Borovnice W Fruit Infusion from dried blueberries, oral administration × MED: treatment of diarrhea VET: treatment of diarrhea (calf)
Dried fruits for chewing and eating, oral administration × MED: treatment of diarrhea
Compote from dried fruits, oral administration × MED: treatment of diarrhea
Maceration in schnapps, oral administration MED: treatment of diarrhea NUT MED: treatment of stomach problems NUT
Jam × NUT
Leaf Infusion, oral administration × MED: to lower the blood sugar level, treatment of diabetes
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
1 1 Valeriana officinalis L. (Valerianaceae) Baldrijan W Root Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
4 0 Verbascum densiflorum Bertol. (Scrophulariaceae) Lučnik, papeževa sveča C Flower Infusion, oral administration MED: treatment of sore throat ×
Maceration in olive oil, topical application MED: to massage painful joints (rheumatism) ×
Maceration in schnapps, oral application MED: treatment of cough and flu, good for lungs ×
1 7 Viola spp. (Violaceae) Vijolica W Flower Infusion, oral application NUT MED: treatment of cough NUT
Herbal liqueur NUT/MED NUT/MED
0 3 Viscum album L. (Viscaceae) Bela omela W Leaf Infusion, oral application × MED: antihypertensive, good for the stomach
Fruit Glue from cooked fruits applied on a stick × OTHER: household agent for catching flies
1 0 Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae) Grozdje C Fruit Vinegar for inhalation MED: inhaled to prevent cold ×
0 1 Zea mays L. (Poaceae) Koruza C Silk Infusion, oral application × MED: treatment of urinary tract inflammation