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Table 2 Summary of type and characteristics of crops in Xishuangbanna

From: Agrobiodiversity and in situ conservation in ethnic minority communities of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, Southwest China

Family Scientific name Local variety Imported variety Resource type Cultivation status Main characteristics and uses
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus tricolor 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Annual, green or red color, human consumption
Spinacia oleracea 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Annual, human consumption, sale
Amaryllidaceae Allium fistulosum 1 1 Spice For local variety, many households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few households and little land area per household
For local variety, small root, short length, spicy, more fragrant, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, large length, big root, human consumption
Allium sativum 1 1 Spice For local variety, many households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few households and little land area per household
For local variety, small root, short length, spicy, more fragrant, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, large length, big root, human consumption
Allium tuberosum 1 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Tall and thin plant, human consumption, prickles
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica 2 0 Fruit Many households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, more fragrant, human consumption, sale
Apiaceae Apium graveolens 2 0 Vegetable A lot of households and middle land area per household Good tasty, human consumption, sale
Coriandrum sativum 1 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Good tasty, human consumption, oil making
Daucus carota subsp. sativus 1 0 Vegetable Few households and little land area per household Short root, human consumption, sale
Eryngium foetidum 1 0 Spice Some households and little land area per household Human consumption
Foeniculum vulgare 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households and little land area per household
For imported variety, some households and little land area per household
For local variety, grow fast, good fragrant, human consumption, seeds for medicine
For imported variety, grow slow, human consumption, seeds for medicine
Araceae Amorphophallus albus 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, small root, human consumption, sale
Amorphophallus krausei 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, small root, human consumption, sale
Amorphophallus yuloensis 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, small root, human consumption, sale
Amorphophallus yunnanensis 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, small root, human consumption, sale
Colocasia esculenta 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, small root, human consumption, fodder, sale
Colocasia gigantea 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, big root, human consumption, fodder
Asteraceae Glebionis coronaria 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household High yield, human consumption
Helianthus annuu 3 0 Oil Some households or no households and middle land area per household Low yield, drought resistance, barren resistance, snacks, making oil
Lactuca sativa 0 1 Vegetable Many households and little land area per household Perennial, high yield, human consumption, fodder, sale
Brassicaceae Brassica juncea 3 0 Vegetable Many households and little land area per household Low yield, good tasty, fodder, prickles, human consumption
Brassica oleracea var. capitata 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, a lot of households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few households and little land area per household
For local variety, low yield, more sweet, prickles, human consumption
For imported variety, high yield, human consumption, fodder
Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, a lot of households and little land area per household
For imported variety, a lot of households and little land area per household
For local variety, low yield, good tasty, small length and leaf, human consumption
For imported variety, high yield, high length and big leaf, human consumption, fodder
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis 2 0 Vegetable Many households and large land area per household High yield, human consumption, fodder, sale
Raphanus sativus 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, few households and little land area per household
For imported variety, a lot of households and little land area per household
For local variety, low yield, more sweet, human consumption, fodder, making kimchi
For imported variety, high yield, human consumption, fodder, making kimchi
Bromeliaceae Ananas comosus 1 0 Fruit Few households and little land area per household Good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa 0 1 Cash Some households and large land area per household Extension by government since 2004, 2-3 m height, sale
Caricaceae Carica papaya 1 0 Fruit Many households and little land area per household Perennial, sweet, human consumption, sale
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea aquatica 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few households and large land area per household
For local variety, low yield, more tasty, human consumption, fodder
For imported variety, high yield, mainly for sale, fodder, human consumption
Ipomoea batatas 2 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households and little land area per household
For imported variety, some households and large land area per household
For local variety, low and middle yield, more tasty, fodder, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, high yield, fodder, human consumption, sale
Cucurbitaceae Benincasa hispida 2 0 Vegetable For local variety, a lot of households and large area per household
For imported variety, few households and little land area per household
For local variety, middle yield, more fragrant, 2-3 kg /one, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, high yield, 10-20 kg /one, fodder, sale
Citrullus lanatus 0 1 Fruit Few households and large land area per household High yield, sale, human consumption
Cucumis hystrix 1 0 Vegetable few households and little land area per household Prostrating, high yield, more sweet, human consumption, sale
Cucumis melo 1 0 Vegetable few households and little land area per household Climbing, middle yield, more sweet, human consumption, sale
Cucumis sativus 2 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households and little land area per household
For imported variety, a few households and little land area per household
For local variety, no thorn, short, prostrating or climbing, low or high yield, more sweet, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, thorn, long, climbing, high yield, human consumption, sale
Cucurbita moschata 4 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households or no households and little land area per household, or few households and large land area per household
For imported variety, many households and large land area per household
For local variety, different shape, low yield, more sweet, fodder, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, high yield, fodder, human consumption, sale
Lagenaria siceraria 3 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household or few households and large land area per household Different yield, making cucurbit flute, human consumption, sale, fodder, making bailer
Luffa aegyptiaca 2 0 Vegetable A lot of households and little land area per household Middle and high yield, good tasty, human consumption, washing dishes
Momordica charantia 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, few households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few household and large land area per household
For local variety, low yield, more bitter, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, high yield, less bitter, sale, human consumption
Sechium edule 1 0 Vegetable Many households and little land area per household Climbing, disease resistance, better tasty and more pretty fruit in winter, human consumption, sale
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea esculenta 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, low yield, small and middle root, human consumption
Dioscorea opposita 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, low yield, small and middle root, human consumption
Euphorbiaceae Hevea brasiliensis 0 1 Cash A lot of households and large land area per household Perennial, sale
Manihot esculenta 0 1 Cash Few households and large land area per household Perennial, sale, human consumption
Fabaceae Arachis hypogaea 2 1 Oil For local variety, some households and little land area per household
For imported variety, few households and little land area per household
For local variety, white and yellow seeds, low yield, human consumption, sale, making oil
For imported variety, color seeds, high yield, human consumption, sale, making oil
Glycine max 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Low yield, yellow and white seed, bean curd, bean milk, bean sprout, good tasty, more fragrant, human consumption
Lablab purpureu 2 0 Vegetable Some households and no households and little land area per household Perennial, human consumption
Phaseolus coccineus 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household High yield, good tasty, human consumption
Phaseolus vulgaris 3 0 Vegetable Some households and no households and little land area per household Low yield, good tasty, barren resistance, human consumption, sale
Pisum sativum 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, few households and little land area per household
For imported variety, many households and little land area per household
For local variety, hard shuck, human consumption
For imported variety, soften shuck, human consumption
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus 2 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Perennial, high yield, good tasty, disease resistance, human consumption
Senegalia pennata 1 0 Vegetable Few households and little land area per household Perennial, low yield, human consumption
Vicia faba 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Low yield, good tasty, more fragrant, human consumption
Vigna angularis 1 0 Vegetable Few households and little land area per household Low yield, climbing, porridge, cake making, human consumption
Vigna radiata 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Low yield, good tasty, disease resistance, human consumption
Vigna sinensis 0 1 Vegetable Few households and little land area per household High yield, human consumption, sale
Vigna umbellata 1 0 Vegetable Some households and little land area per household Low yield, porridge, human consumption
Vigna unguiculata 0 2 Vegetable Some households and large land area per household High yield, 3-4 times collection, human consumption, sale
Lamiaceae Agastache rugosa 1 0 Spice Some households and little land area per household Middle yield, more fragrant, human consumption
Elsholtzia kachinensis 1 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Human consumption, sale
Mentha haplocalyx 1 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Human consumption, sale
Ocimum basilicum 2 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Good tasty, good smell, human consumption, sale
Perilla frutescens 2 0 Spice Few households and little land area per household Low yield, more fragrant, human consumption
Pogostemon cablin 1 0 Spice Some households and little land area per household Low yield, more fragrant, human consumption
Moraceae Artocarpus heterophyllus 1 0 Fruit A lot of households and little land area per household Perennial, good smell, human consumption, sale
Musaceae Musa acuminata 2 0 Fruit For local variety, many households and little land area per household
For imported variety, many households and large land area per household
For local variety, little fruit, low yield, human consumption, fodder, sale
For imported variety, large fruit, high yield, human consumption, fodder, sale
Musa basjoo 1 0 Fruit A lot of households and little land area per household Leaf for multi-purposes, human consumption, fodder, sale
Myrtaceae Psidium guajava 1 0 Fruit Many households and little land area per household Perennial, sweet, human consumption, sale
Passifloraceae Passiflora caerulea 2 0 Fruit Many households and little land area per household Perennial, good smell, human consumption
Pedaliaceae Sesamum indicum 2 0 Spice Few households or no households and little land area per household Good tasty, making oil, human consumption
Poaceae Coix lachryma-jobi 2 0 Food Few households or not household and large land area per household Middle and high yield, good tasty, good smell, suitable for high altitude, human consumption, making wine, fodder, sale
Cymbopogon citratus 1 0 Spice A lot of households and little land area per household Perennial, spice for chicken and pork cooking
Oryza sativa 7 16 Food For local variety, a few households and little land area per household
For imported variety, a lot of households and large land area per household
For local variety, good tasty, good smell, low yield, suitable for high altitude, human consumption, disease resistance, barren tolerance, sale
For imported variety, suitable for low and middle altitude, high yield, human consumption, sale
Oryza sativa var. spontanea 21 0 Food A few households and little land area or large land area per household Good tasty, good smell, low yield, suitable for high altitude, human consumption, disease resistance, barren tolerance
Saccharum officinarum 0 2 Cash A lot of households and large land area per household Imported since 1992, making sugar, sale, few human consumption
Sorghum bicolor 3 0 Food Few households or not household and large land area per household Middle yield, good tasty, good smell, fodder, human consumption, making wine, making broom, washing dishes, dying cloth
Triticum aestivum 1 2 Food For local variety, no households per household
For imported variety, few households no household and large land area per household
For local variety, low yield, good tasty, human consumption, making wine
For imported variety, high yield, less tasty, just for fodder
Zea mays 10 13 Food For local variety, a few households or no households and little land area per household
For imported variety, a lot of households or few households and large land area per household
For local variety, good tasty, low yield, suitable for high altitude, barren resistance, disease resistance, fodder, making wine, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, suitable for low and middle altitude, high yield, fodder, making wine, human consumption, sale
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum tataricum 2 0 Food Few households and little land area per household Low yield, barrel resistance, making wine, human consumption, fodder
Ranunculaceae Anemone vitifolia 1 0 Cloth No households Middle yield, spinning, weaving, spinning cloth, seeds for medicine
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana 0 1 Fruit Few households and large land area per household Middle yield, sale, human consumption
Rosaceae Prunus persica 2 0 Fruit Few households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Prunus salicina 1 0 Fruit Some households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Rubiaceae Coffea arabica 0 1 Cash Some households and large land area per household Perennial, low yield, more fragrant, sale
Coffea liberica 0 1 Cash Some households and large land area per household Perennial, middle yield, sale
Rutaceae Citrus grandis 1 0 Fruit Some households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Citrus limon 2 0 Fruit Some households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Citrus medica 1 0 Fruit Some households and little land area per household Perennial, more fragrant, human consumption, sale
Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis 1 0 Fruit Few households and little land area per household Perennial, more fragrant, human consumption, sale
Citrus reticulata 1 0 Fruit Some households and little land area per household Perennial, good tasty, sweet, human consumption, sale
Solanaceae Capsicum annuum 2 0 Spice Many households and little land area per household Low and middle yield, spicy, human consumption
Capsicum frutescens 1 0 Spice Many households and little land area per household Low and middle yield, spicy, human consumption
Nicotiana tabacum 0 2 Cash No households Low yield, sale
Solanum betaceum 1 0 Vegetable A few households and little land area per household Perennial, human consumption, sale
Solanum etuberosum 2 0 Vegetable A few households and middle land area per household Middle and high yield, human consumption, sale, fodder
Solanum lycopersicum 1 1 Vegetable For local variety, some households and little land area per household For local variety, low yield, good tasty, human consumption, sale
For imported variety, some households and a large land area per household For imported variety, high yield, human consumption, sale
Solanum melongena 1 0 Vegetable Many households and little land area per household Middle yield, human consumption
Theaceae Camellia sinensis 3 0 Cash A lot of households and large land area per household Perennial, good smell, human consumption, sale
Zingiberaceae Amomum villosum 0 1 Cash A lot households and large land area per household Perennial, growing in national forest, consumption, sale
Curcuma longa 1 0 Spice Some households and little land area per household Perennial, yellow root, human consumption, sale
Zingiber officinale 2 0 Spice A lot of households and middle land area per household Perennial, yellow root, human consumption, sale