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Table 4 Summary of type and characteristics of livestock in Xishuangbanna

From: Agrobiodiversity and in situ conservation in ethnic minority communities of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, Southwest China

Name Origin Population Feed Uses and function Other characteristics
Yellow cattle Local Reduced No stall-raising Transport, manure, meat, sale, exchange, store of value Various appearance colors, small size, no produce milk
Buffalo Local Reduced No stall-raising Plowing, manure, meat, sale, exchange, store of value Black and white colors, big size, no produce milk, plowing before and now instead of plowing machine, many household raised jointly
Goat Local Reduced No stall-raising Consumption, manure, meat, sale, store of value Various appearance colors, small size, fast running
Donggua pig Local Reduced in low elevation, increased in middle and high elevation No stall-raising before and pen-raising now Consumption, manure, meat, lard, gifts, exchange, savings, sale Small size and small ear, slow growth, more 1 year raising, 50-70 kg, high price, high nutritional value, good tasty, more fodder grain, few diseases
Small ear pig Local Reduced in low elevation, increased in middle and high elevation No stall-raising before and pen-raising now Consumption, manure, meat, lard, gifts, exchange, savings, sale Small size and small ear, slow growth, more 1-2 year raising, 70-80 kg, high price, high nutritional value, good tasty, more fodder grain, few diseases
Landrace pig Imported Reduced No stall-raising before and pen-raising now Consumption, manure, meat, lard, savings, sale Big size and big ear, fast growth, 3-5 months raising, 150-200 kg, low price, fattier, low nutritional value, low tasty, few disease
Duroc pig Imported Steady No stall-raising before and pen-raising now Consumption, manure, meat, lard, savings, sale Big size and big ear, fast growth, 3-5 months raising, 150-200 kg, low price, fattier, low nutritional value, low tasty, few diseases
Shuanghui pig Imported Reduced No stall-raising before and pen-raising now Consumption, manure, meat, lard, savings, sale Big size and big ear, fast growth, 3-5 months raising, 150-200 kg, low price, fattier, low nutritional value, low tasty, few diseases
Chahua chicken Local Steady No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat, eggs Small size and small feet, slow growth, 1 year raising, 1 kg, high price, high nutritional value, high tasty, more hard bones, few diseases
Cultivated chicken Local Increased No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat, eggs Medium size, fast growth, 6 months raising, 1-3 kg, high price, more eggs, high nutritional value, high tasty, few diseases
Fighting chicken Imported Reduced No stall-raising Cockfighting game Long feet, cockfighting game on Thursday and Friday
Waidi chicken Imported Reduced No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat, eggs Big size, fast growth, 3-5 months raising, 2-5 kg, low price, low tasty, fattier
Drought duck Local Reduced No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat, eggs Small size, low growth, 6 months raising, 2-4 kg, high price, good tasty
Water duck Local Reduced No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat, eggs Big size, fast growth, 3-5 months, 3-4 kg, low price, low tasty
Goose Imported Reduced No stall-raising Consumption, sale, exchange, gifts, meat Big size, fast growth, 6-7 months raising, 5-6 kg, medium tasty