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Table 5 Local names and characteristics of varieties

From: Utilization and farmers’ knowledge on pigeonpea diversity in Benin, West Africa

Varieties with in bracket the ethnic groups Meaning of Names Agro-morphologic traits Other traits Distribution and Extent
Klouékoun wéwé (Mahi, Fon) White pigeonpea White seed, late maturing, Tall plant long conservation period, Long cooking time + +(Kaodji, Massagbo, Bowe, Oukpa)
Klouékoun wéwé (Mahi, Fon) White pigeonpea White seed, early maturing (2 harvest per year: 3 months after sowing and 9 to 10 for second harvest), High productivity Short cooking time - - (Bowe), not known by many pigeonpea growers yet
Klouékoun vovo (Mahi, Fon) Red pigeonpea Red seeds, late maturing Less preferred by consumers because of the seed color - - (Logozohè, Massagbo)
Klouékoun wlanwlan (Mahi, Fon) Spotted pigeonpea White seeds spotted with purple, late maturing (9–10 months) Long conservation period, long cooking time, less preferred because of seed color, become black after cooking - + (Kaodji, Massagbo, Bowe)
Kpèdovinonwovo (Mahi)   Early maturing (7 months), white seeds color with reddish spots, plant is very short   - - (Lagbavé)
klouékoun (Tchi)   Small seeds, late maturing (9–10 months), Tall plant, Medium productivity Long cooking time + + (Bayékpa) Only one available cultivar in the village
Kloui gbali (Adja, Tchi) Ordinary pigeonpea Tall plant, small seeds, low productivity, late maturing (9–10 months) Long cooking time + +(Dékandji, Wéwéhoué) Only one available cultivar in the village
Adja Kloui (Adja) Dekpo centre Pigeonpea from adja area Tall plant, small seeds, late maturing (9–10 months) Long cooking time - - (Dekpo-Centre)
Carder klui or Tagoudou (Adja)   Big seeds, medium height, late maturing (9 mois) Taste good, high productivity, Short time for cooking, + + (Lagbavè, Aveganmè) Dekpo-centre
Otini founfoun (Holli, Nago) White pigeonpea White seeds color, late maturing (9 months), early maturing (6 months), tall plant, Short time for cooking, taste good (sweet), high productivity, most preferred on the market, Susceptible to pests + +(Issaba, Ahoyéyé, Idigny); + − (Mowodani)
Otini kpoukpa (Holli, Nago) Red pigeonpea Red seeds color, late maturing (8 months), tall plant, long cooking time Less preferred by consumers because of the seed color (Gbede), taste sweet (Idigny), seeds are highly sensitive to pests - - (Issaba: recently introduced and has a lot of undesirable traits) + +(Idigni, Mowodani: early maturing)
Otini doudou (Holli, Nago) Black pigeonpea Black seeds color, High productivity, long maturing Long cooking time, highly sensitive to insects, taste sweet --(idigny: undesirables traits)
Otini fifin (Nago)   White seeds spotted with black, tall plant, Very High productivity, late maturing (9 months) Short cooking time, --(Mowodani: less preferred on the market)
Kolo Founfoun (Idaatcha) White pigeonpea White seeds, late maturing, Tall plant Taste sweet ++(Magoumi)
Kolo kpikpa (Idaatcha) Red pigeonpea Red seeds color, late maturing, Tall plant,   - - (Gbede)
Kolo èko (Idaatcha)   Red seeds color; late maturing Not preferred by consumers No more cultivated in the Magoumi village (Municipality of Glazoué)
  1. NB: ++ varieties cultivated by many households on large plots
  2. - - variety cultivated by few household on small plots.
  3. - + variety cultivated by few households on large plots.
  4. Early or late maturity in the distribution and extent of varieties were used in conformity with farmers’ perception