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Table 1 Medicinal plants used for treatment of human and animal illness in Yalow Woreda, 2016

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and edible plants of Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state, Ethiopia

Family Scientific Name [References of other studies] Disease Parts Application (Animal type) FL Voucher No.
Acanthaceae Barleria homoiotrichia C. B. Clarke Mumps F Topical 0.60 YA 046
Herpes Zoster B Oral, nasal, body wash
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst.ex Nees) T. Anders Somnambulism F Oral, body wash 0.33 YA 022
Diphtheria B Oral
Retained placenta R Oral (Camel)
Ruellia patula Jacq. Swelling L Oral 0.67 YA 021
Meningitis WP Nasal
Aizoaceae Aizoon canariensis L. Head injury L Topical 1.00 YA 089
Schizophrenia WP Inhaling
Trianthema portulacastrum L.* Hand swelling L Topical 0.67 YA 014
Snake Bite WP Nasal
Herpes Zoster WP Nasal
Alliaceae Allium sativum L. Somnambulism Fr Oral, body wash 0.50 YA 004
Skin infection Fr Topical
PPR Fr Oral (Cattle)
Aloaceae Aloe trichosantha A. Berger * Diphtheria L,S Oral, body wash 0.30 YA 098
Eye sickness La Eye-drop
Snake bite R Oral, nasal, body wash
Malaria L Oral
Breast infection L,S Oral, nasal, body wash
Delayed placenta L,R Oral
Black leg/ joint illness R Topical (Cow oxen)
Brucellosis L, S Oral, nasal, ear, body wash (Camel, cow, goat)
Amaranthaceae Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Schultes Breast infection L Nasal, body wash 0.31 YA 077
Epistaxis R Oral, nasal
Wound L Topical
STIs R Oral, body wash
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Oral, nasal, body wash (Goat, cow)
PPR R Nasal (Goat)
Celosia polystachia (Forssk.) C.C. Towns.* Breast cancer L Oral, nasal, topical 0.47 YA 103
Epilepsy L Oral
Dyspepsia L Oral
Typhoid WP Oral, wash body
Jaundice L Oral
EPTB L Oral
Lung infection YP Oral
Mumps WP Oral
Blackleg R Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Oral, nasal, ear, body wash (Camel, cow, goat)
PPR L Oral (Cattle)
Sericocomopsis pallida (S. Moore) Schinz* Head wound L Topical 1.00 YA 002
Anacardiaceae Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex C. Krauss Swelling on body L Oral 0.33 YA 012
Snake bite R Oral, tying
Topical wound, External body infection L Topical insertion (Camel, Cattle)
Apiaceae Ferula communis L. Somnambulism F Oral, body wash 0.67 YA 094
Dyspepsia F Oral
Schizophrenia L Body wash
PPR Fr Oral (Cattle)
Apocynaceae Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schwein Kidney infection R Oral, topical 0.50 YA 027
Eye Infection L/La Eye-drop
PPR L Oral, nasal (Cattle Camel)
Pergularia tomentosa L. Evil Eye R Body wash 0.50 YA 024
Snake Bite L Oral, nasal, ear
Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. Diphtheria WP Topical 0.71 YA 087
Jaundice WP Oral
Swelling on body L Oral, body wash
Snake Bite R Oral
Eye infection L Eye-drop
Asclepiadaceae Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait.f. Typhoid FB, L Oral, Nasal 0.29 YA 043
Dyspepsia F Oral
Breast swelling L Nasal, Topical
Herpes Zoster L Nasal
Mouth infection B Oral, mouth wash
Black leg YP Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Anthrax S, L Oral (Cattle)
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Oral, nasal, body wash (Camel, cow)
Kanahia laniflora (Forssk.) R.Br.* Flue R Sniffing, nasal 0.40 YA 073
Asthma L Inhaling
Angina R Oral
Schizophrenia WP Oral, nasal
Asteraceae Kleinia squarrosa Cufod.* Somnambulism L Body wash 0.50 YA 020
Eye infection L Eye-drop
Parthenium hysterophorus L.* Somnambulism F Oral 1.00 YA 093
Xanthium strumarium L. Dyspepsia WP Oral, nasal 1.00 YA 030
Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca (van Tieghem) Blatter Infant sickness R Oral 0.43 YA 095
Breast cancer L Oral, nasal, body wash
Lung Infection R,B Oral, nasal
Kola kusil, L Oral, topical
Mumps L Oral, nasal, body wash
Dysentery L.B Oral
Herpes Zoster B /R Oral, nasal
Devil Disease B Oral
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Blackleg R Oral (Cow, goat)
Trypanosomiasis R Oral (Cow, goat)
CCPP R Oral (Cow, goat)
Pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
Bovine TB B Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Balanites rotundifolia (van Tiegn.) Blatter Malaria L Oral 0.43 YA 008
Infant sickness UP Oral, nasal, ear, washing
Mumps R Oral, nasal, body wash
Flue, cough L Nasal, oral
Breast cancer L Oral, topical
ETPB L Oral, nasal, topical
Jaundice L,B Oral
Dyspepsia L,R Oral
Eye injury R Eye-drop
Bullet injury B,S Tying/ topical
Herpes Zoster L Nasal, body wash
Blackleg R Nasal (Goat)
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Oral (Cow, goat, Camel)
Bovine pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
PPR R Nasal (Goat, sheep)
Bovine TB YP Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Boraginaceae Bourreria orbicularis (Hutch. & E.A. Bruce) Thulin Breast cancer L Oral 1.00 YA 065
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Bovine TB Fr Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Cordia sinensis Lam. Arthritis WP Topical insertion 0.67 YA 072
Topical wound infection B Topical (Cow, goat, Camel)
Heliotropium cinerascens Steud. ex A. DC. Head injury L Topical 0.50 YA 009
Arthritis S Topical insertion
Leprosy L Topical
Skin infection L,R Topical (Cow, goat, Camel)
Heliotropium longiflorum (A. DC.) Jaub. & Spach White on eye B Topical 1.00 YA 049
Brassicaceae Lepidium sativum L. Somnambulism F Oral, body wash 0.67 YA 084
Devil Disease F Oral
Dysentery F Oral, nasal
Capparidaceae Boscia coriacea Pax. Retained Placenta R Tying 0.55 YA 016
Leprosy L Topical
Lung Infection L Oral
Snake Bite L,F Oral, topical
Cadaba farinosa Forssk. Eye sickness L Fumigation 0.22 YA 078
Lung Infection L Sniffing, nasal
Mitch/Flue L Sniffing, nasal
Swelling on body L Topical, nasal
Head Injury L Topical
Breast cancer L Oral
Dyspepsia L Oral, nasal
Typhoid L Oral, nasal
Angina Pectoris L Oral
ETPB S Oral
Anthrax R Oral, nasal
Arthritis R Tying, topical
Impotence R Oral, tying
Infant sickness L Oral, nasal, body wash
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Oral, nasal, ear, body wash (Cow, goat)
Anthrax YP Oral (Oxen)
Bovine pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
Cadaba glandulosa Forssk. Lung infection L,S Oral 0.33 YA 034
Meningitis L Oral, body wash
Dyspepsia L Oral
Breast cancer L Oral, nasal, topical
Snake bite L,R Oral, nasal, topical
Jaundice L Oral, body wash
Tonsillitis L Oral, body wash
Lung infection L,R Oral
Typhoid L Oral, nasal
Swelling on skin L Oral, topical
Bovine pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
Cadaba rotundifolia Forssk Arthritis S Topical 0.19 YA 003
Eye sickness L Fumigation
Arthritis S Topical insertion
Tonsillitis L Oral, nasal
Flue/Mitch L Inhaling
Retained Placenta R Oral
Broken head L Topical insertion
Snake Bite L Oral
Retained Placenta R Oral, nasal (Camel, Cattle)
External parasite R Topical (Cow, goat, sheep)
Brucellosis WP Oral (Goat, camel, cow)
ORF UP Oral (Goat, sheep)
CCPP WP Oral (Goat)
Bloating R Oral (Cattle)
Bovine TB L Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. Anthrax S Oral (Cattle) 1.00 YA 085
Caryophyllaceae Silene macrosolen Steud. ex A. Rich.* Breast cancer L Oral 0.50 YA 104
Diphtheria L Nasal
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Convolvulaceae Seddera bagshawei Rendle Impotence R Nasal 0.40 YA 050
Swelling WP Oral
Snake bite L Oral, nasal, body wash
Seddera hirsute Dammer ex Hall. f. Malaria L Oral, nasal, body wash 0.40 YA 055
Snake bite S Oral
Malaria WP Oral
Asthma WP Oral
Impotence WP Oral
Somnambulism WP Inhaling
Cucurbitaceae Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.* Schizophrenia L Oral 0.50 YA 026
Wart S Topical
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai * Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Nasal, body wash (Goat, camel, cow) 1.00 YA 025
Cucumis prophetarum L. Swelling on body WP Oral 0.38 YA 028
Unable to Urinate WP Oral
Eye injury UP Eye-drop
Devil Disease YB Oral, nasal, wash body
Skin infection L Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Euphorbiaceae Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. Eye sickness L Fumigation 0.15 YA 086
Tonsillitis L Oral, nasal
Lung Infection L Inhaling
Infant sickness L Oral, nasal, ear
Breast cancer L Oral, nasal, topical
Kola kusil L Oral, topical
Epilepsy L Oral
ETPB L Oral, wash body
Bone breakage L Tying/topical
Dyspepsia L Oral, nasal
Herpes Zoster L Oral, nasal
Schizophrenia L Oral
Blackleg L Oral, nasal (Camel, cattle, goat)
Bovine pasteurellosis L Nasal, oral (Cattle)
Anthrax L Nasal, oral (Camel, cattle, goat)
CCPP L Oral, nasal (Camel, cattle, goat)
Bone breakage/ fractures L Topical (cattle, goat)
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
PPR L Oral (Cattle)
Acalypha indica L. Malaria, chill WP Oral 0.50 YA 019
Snake bite WP Oral, nasal, body wash
Jaundice L Oral
Dyspepsia L Oral, nasal
Breast infection L Oral, nasal, ear
Lung Infection L Oral
Herpes Zoster L Oral, nasal
Snake Bite L Oral, nasal (Cow, camel, goat)
Brucellosis L Oral, nasal, ear, body wash (Cow, camel, goat)
PPR L Oral (cattle)
Euphorbia triaculeata Forssk. Jaundice L Nasal, wash body 0.67 YA 064
STIs SR Oral
Dyspepsia L, La Oral
Dysentery L Nasal, oral (Goat)
Orf L Oral, nasal (Goat)
Fabaceae Acacia ehrenbergiana Hayne Dyspepsia B Oral 1.00 YA 074
Acacia mellifera (M. Vahl) Benth. Flue L/B Sniffing, Oral 0.47 YA 075
Fire-burn S Topical
Head/ bullet Injury B,S Tying, topical
Eye injury L Eye-drop
EPTB L Oral
Birth labour YB Oral, body wash
External infection S Topical (camel)
PPR L Eye-drop (cattle)
Acacia nilotica (L.) Retained placenta L,R Oral, nasal 0.75 YA 041
Broken head Br Topical
Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf. Arthritis S,F Topical 0.35 YA 045
Diphtheria L Oral, nasal, body wash
STIs R, B Oral, body wash
Breast cancer L Eye, nasal, topical
Dyspepsia L Nasal, body wash
Flue, coughing B Oral
Devil Disease R,L Oral, nasal, body wash
Scabies L Topical
Sheep and Goat pox L Oral (Sheep, goat)
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Nasal, body wash (cow, goat, camel)
Bovine TB R Oral, nasal (cattle)
Acacia senegal (L.) Wild Mumps L Topical, nasal 0.67 YA 091
Eye injury B Eye-drop
Impotence R Oral, topical
Acacia seyal Del. Intestinal parasite R Oral 0.67 YA 039
Jaundice L Oral
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne. External injury L Topical 0.50 YA 035
Infant sickness L Body wash
Breast cancer L Oral. nasal, topical
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight et Am. Skin bleaching (cancer) R Oral 0.67 YA 037
Foot and mouth B Topical insertion (Cattle, goat, sheep)
Indigofera articulata Gouan Jaundice R Oral 0.25 YA 015
Epilepsy L,R Oral
Fire burn L Topical
Dyspepsia L,S,R Oral
Epistaxis L,R Nasal, oral
Snake Bite R Oral
Swelling on body L Oral
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Indigofera oblongifolia Forsk. Diphtheria UP Oral, nasal, ear, body wash 0.45 YA 013
Typhoid L,S Oral
Herpes Zoster R Oral, ear, mouth wash
Scorpion bite Root Oral, tying
Devil illness WP Body wash
Lung infection L,R Oral
Dysentery L,R Oral
Breast cancer Leaf Oral and body wash
Angina R Oral
Foot and mouth GP Topical insertion (Cattle)
Pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
PPR L Oral (Cattle)
Indigofera spicata Forsk. Jaundice R Nasal, body wash 1.00 YA 070
Parkinsonia scioana (Chiov.) Brenan Broken bone B,R Tying, topical 0.67 YA 081
Dyspepsia B Oral
Senna alexandrina Mill. Circumcise infection La Topical 0.30 YA 082
Dyspepsia WP Oral
Infant sickness L Nasal
Snake bite L Oral, nasal, topical
Devil illness L Body wash
Jaundice B Oral
External injury L Topical
Swelling on body L Topical
Senna italica Mill. Breast cancer L Oral, nasal, body wash 0.50 YA 083
Devil illness L Body wash
Mumps R,L Oral, nasal
Dyspepsia L Oral, nasal
Retained placenta S Oral (Camel)
Tamarindus indica L. Lung infection B Oral, nasal 0.50 YA 063
Typhoid B Oral
Trigonella foenum-graecum L.* Epistaxis R Nasal 0.50 YA 017
Infant Sickness S Body wash
Lamiaceae Becium filamentosum (Forssk.) Malaria L Oral 0.55 YA 033
Lung Infection L,S Oral
Dyspepsia L Oral
Somnambulism L Oral, wash body
Syphilis F Oral, nasal
Birth labour Br Wash body
Eye infection L Topical
PPR L Oral (Cattle)
Ocimum basilicum L.* Internal parasites L Oral 0.50 YA 106
Swelling on skin WP Topical
Ocimum spicatum Defl.* Schizophrenia R Oral, nasal 0.67 YA 018
Snake Bite R Oral
Ocimum urticifolium Roth. Infant dysentery L Oral, nasal, body wash 0.50 YA 001
Diphtheria WP Oral, nasal, body wash
Malaria WP Oral, nasal, body wash
Dyspepsia UP Oral
Herpes Zoster L Nasal
Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth.* Diphtheria L Oral, nasal, body wash 1.00 YA 101
Thymus schimperi Ronniger* Snake bite WP Oral, body wash 0.50 YA 054
Devil Disease S Oral, body wash
Internal parasites R Oral
Loranthaceae Oncocalyx glabratus (Engl.) M. Gilbert* Bullet injury S,L Topical 1.00 YA 105
Oncocalyx schimperi (A. Rich.) M. G. Gilbert Jaundice L Oral 0.50 YA 029
Plicosepalus robustus Wiens & Polhill* Herpes Zoster WP Oral, nasal, body wash 0.75 YA 076
Tapinanthus globiferus (A. Rich.) Tieghem* Dyspepsia L Oral, ear, mouth wash 0.50 YA 079
Impotence L Oral
Lythraceae Lawsonia inermis L.* Elephantiasis L Tying, topical 1.00 YA 059
Malvaceae Abutilon figarianum Guill. & Perro Eye infection R Fumigation 0.50 YA 052
Fire, swelling L Topical, oral
Flue L Chewing, sniffing
Hibiscus vitifolius L. Angina Pectoris R Tying, topical 1.00 YA 047
Menispermaceae Cocculus pendulus (J. R. & G. Forst) Diels* Somnambulism L Oral, wash body 0.29 YA 053
Retained Placenta L Oral
Elephantiasis S Topical insertion
Snake Bite R Oral
Breast infection R Topical
Moraceae Dorstenia barnimiana Schweinf.* Schizophrenia WP Inhaling 1.00 YA 088
Moringaceae Moringa oleifera Lam. Snake Bite R,B Oral, tying 1.00 YA 032
Nyctaginaceae Commicarpus helenae (J.A. Schultes) Meikle Breast infection L Nasal, body 0.50 YA 066
Vomiting L Oral
Elephantiasis L Topical
Typhoid WP Oral, nasal
Herpes Zoster R Nasal
Mastitis and contagious agalactia L Nasal, body wash (Cow, goat, Camel)
Commicarpus squarrosus (Heimerl) Standl.* Trypanosomiasis S Nasal, ear, body wash (Camel) 1.00 YA 056
Oleaceae Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall.ex G. Don) Cif. Snake Bite Stem Oral, topical 1.00 YA 102
Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica L. Meningitis L Oral, nasal 0.75 YA 006
Scabies L,R Topical
Skin infection L Oral, topical
Poaceae Cymbopogon commutatus (Steud.) Stapf Jaundice Tu Oral, wash body 0.50 YA 005
Eye Infection L Eye-drop
Polygalacea Polygala obtusissima Hochst. Ex Chod. Flue WP Inhaling 0.50 YA 051
Dyspepsia R Oral
Asthma R Oral
Ranunculaceae Nigella sativa L.* Somnambulism S Oral, body wash 1.00 YA 096
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Retained placenta L Oral 0.50 YA 068
Breast cancer L Oral
Brucellosis L Oral (Cow, goat)
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Retained placenta L Oral 0.43 YA 069
Snake bite YB Oral
Angina Pectoris Root Oral
Dyspepsia YB Oral
Rutaceae Citrus lemon (L.) Bunn.f. Somnambulism F Oral, wash body 1.00 YA 071
Salvadoraceae Dobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir. Head Wound B,L Topical 0.43 YA 042
ETPB L Oral
Anthrax L Oral (Cow, oxen)
Bloating R Oral (Cattle)
Blackleg R,L Oral (Cattle)
Skin infection L Topical (Cattle, camel)
Sapotaceae Mimusops kummel Bruce A. DC. Dyspepsia R Oral 1.00 YA 038
Selaginellaceae Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A.Braun* Fire burn WP Topical 0.67 YA 067
Anthrax UP Nasal, oral (cattle, goat, sheep)
Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. Arthritis S Topical insertion 1.00 YA 060
Anthrax S Oral (Cattle)
Capsicum frutescens L. Pasteurellosis Fr Nasal, oral (Camel) 0.50 YA 061
Flue Fr Nasal, oral (Camel)
Solanum incanum L. Schizophrenia UP Oral, inhaling 0.50 YA 100
Blackleg R Oral, nasal, topical (Cattle)
CCPP R Oral, nasal (Goat)
Lung infection R Oral, nasal (Camel)
Solanum marginatum L. f. Schizophrenia L,R Oral 0.29 YA 097
Mumps L Oral
Meningitis L Oral
Head injury L Topical
Dyspepsia L Oral
Pastuerollosis L Oral (Cattle)
Solanum somalense Franchet. Fire Burn UP Topical 0.67 YA 036
Typhoid UP Nasal
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Typhoid R Oral 0.57 YA 040
Evil eye R Oral, inhaling
Swelling on skin L Oral, topical
ETPB L Oral
Sterculiaceae Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori* Infant sickness L Oral 0.50 YA 090
Swelling on skin Leaf Topical
Tiliaceae Grewia erythraea Schweinf. Head wound S,B Topical 0.36 YA 062
Flue L, B Inhaling
Typhoid L Oral
Broken bone R Topical
Dyspepsia L,S,B Oral, nasal
Arthritis R Topical insertion
Wart B Topical
Infant Sickness L,R Nasal, body wash
Leprosy R Topical
Grewia villosa Broken bone R Tying, topical 0.40 YA 048
Impotence R Oral, body wash
Jaundice WP Oral, nasal
Foot and mouth S Nasal, oral (Cattle, goat, sheep)
Verbenaceae Premna oligotricha Baker* Retained placenta L Oral 1.00 YA 023
Priva curtisiae Kobuski* Typhoid, Mitch L Oral, nasal 1.00 YA 099
Vitaceae Cissus quadrangularis L. Leprosy YB Oral, topical 0.33 YA 044
ETPB, lung infection YB Oral, topical
Swelling on neck, chest YP Oral, nasal (Cattle)
Cissus rotundifolia (Forssk.) Vahl Devil Disease RL Inhaling 0.50 YA 080
Cyphostemma burgeri Vollesen* Snake Bite R Oral 0.50 YA 007
Hand swelling L Topical
Zygophyllaceae Fagonia paulayana Wagner & Vierh.* Infant sickness UP Oral, Nasal 1.00 YA 031
Fagonia schweinfurthii Hadidi Tonsillitis R Oral 0.50 YA 010
Jaundice WP Oral, body wash
Infant sickness L Oral, body wash
Lung infection R Oral, body wash
Mastitis and contagious agalactia WP Nasal, body wash (Cow, goat, camel)
  1. B bark, C climber, F flower, Fr fruit, L leaf, La latex, R root, S stem, Br branch, UP upper part, WP whole plant, YP young plant
  2. *new reports in Afar region