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Table 3 Meaning of termite vernacular names across ethnic groups of the study area

From: Farmers’ perception of termites in agriculture production and their indigenous utilization in Northwest Benin

Criteria of denomination Percentage of responses Vernacular names (ethnic group) Meaning of the vernacular name
Morphological aspect (colour and size) 78.28 Tounidé (Waama), Toukouéma (Waama), Big termite
Toumégan (Waama), Toubarma (Waama) Small termite
Ditouré (M’bermin), Dikpéri (Ditamari), Touap-tikanda (Biali), Large red-bodied termite
Toukouba (Bariba), Mankotobi (Ditamari), Ntoubomin (M’bermin), Nsomin (M’bermin), Mohidamédji (Peulh), Touapopoué (Biali), Small white-bodied termite
Mambotoumien (Ditamari), Dikoutori (M’bermin), Toukourokou or Gotourou (Bariba), Mohibodédji (Peulh), Touapiyotouhinsi (Biali), Kouba (Bariba) Small red-bodied termite
Itoubouo (Ditamari) Termite with white body and red head
Size and shape of mandible 16.48 Ditour (Ditamari), Toubanga (Bariba), Gangaré (Peulh), Big termite with large mandibles
Termites caste 1.12 Atoubi (M’bermi-n) Child of the mother
Cohesion of termites 4.12 Dibi (Ditamari) Termites that evolve together