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Table 2 Medicinal plants used in Kel, Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

From: Ethnopharmacological studies of indigenous plants in Kel village, Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Family Plant species/voucher No. Part(s) used ∑Ui UVs FC RFC Ailments Mode of administration
Apiaeceae Anethum graveolens L. (dill)/KNV-221 Fruit 16 0.8 8 0.4 Digestive disorders Extract, powder
Araliaceae Hedera nepalensis K.Koch/KNV − 219 Leaves 22 1.1 9 0.45 Ulcer, dyspepsia, skin allergies Decoction, juice
Asparagaceae Asparagus adsendens Roxb./RT-220 Root 25 1.25 10 0.5 Dysentery, diarrhea Powder
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L./KNV-242 Leaves, fruit 34 1.7 12 0.6 Wound healing, digestion, earache, toothache, tuberculosis Infusion, juice, eat
  Ageratum conozoides L./KNV-243 Whole plant 35 1.75 11 0.55 Leprosy, bone dislocation, fever Infusion, juice, decoction
  Artemisia scoparia Waldst& Kit./KNV-244 Leaves 35 1.75 8 0.4 Hepatitis, jaundice, stomach disorders Infusion
  Artemisia vulgaris L./KNV-245 Leaves and root 33 1.65 8 0.4 Liver pain, stomach disorder Juice, extract
  Inula grandiflora Willd./KNV-246 Whole plant 27 1.35 5 0.25 Cancer, skin allergies Extract
  Jurinea dolomiaea Boiss./KNV-247 Roots 19 0.95 11 0.55 Tonic, bone fracture Extract
  Saussurea lanceolata Clarke./KNV-248 Whole plant 13 0.65 6 0.3 Skin allergies, stomach pain, typhoid Paste, decoction
  Taraxacum officinale Weber./KNV-249 Whole plant 29 1.45 6 0.3 Jaundice, liver disorder, stomach pain Poultice, juice
Balsaminaceae Impatiens glandulifera Royle/KNV-292 Leaves, aerial parts 39 1.95 12 0.6 Joint pain, anxiety Paste, extract
Betulaceae Betula utilis D.Don./KNV-286 Bark 9 0.45 10 0.5 Jaundice, wound healing Infusion, extract, poultice
Berberidaceae Berberis lyceum Royle/KNV-312 Roots, leaves 41 2.05 15 0.75 Jaundice, diarrhea Oil, juice, decoction
  Podophyllum emodi Royle/KNV-313 Whole plant 15 0.75 10 0.5 Cancer, jaundice, typhoid fever Decoction, infusion
Broginaceae Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk./KNV-319 leaves and roots 24 1.2 13 0.65 Diaphoretic, diuretic, wound healer Oil, extract, powder
Buxaceae Sarcococca saligna(D.Don) Muell/KNV-322 Leaves 19 0.95 4 0.2 Blood purifier Extract, infusion
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don/KNV-330 Leaves and fruits 21 1.05 5 0.25 Used for abortion and miscarriage Powder
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L./KNV-331 Whole plant 17 0.85 3 0.15 Rheumatism, dysentery Infusion, poultice, juice
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea bulbifera Decne./KNV-332 Leaves, stem, tuber 23 1.15 7 0.35 Rheumatism Decoction, powder
Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris ramosa L./KNV-344 Leaves and stem 7 0.35 8 0.4 Ulcer Infusion, decoction
  Dryopteris stewartii L./KNV-345 Whole plant 11 0.55 2 0.1 Tuberculosis Decoction
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus comunis L./KNV-346 Leaves and seeds 14 0.7 7 0.35 Asthma, joint pain Oil, poultice
Fabaceae Melilotus indica (L.) All./KNV-361 Leaves and seeds 10 0.5 6 0.3 Rheumatic pains Paste, poultice
  Quercus ballota (Desf.)A.DC./KNV-362 Bark 9 0.45 8 0.4 Hemorrhages, diarrhea and dysentery Extract, decoction, infusion
  Quercus incana A. Camus./KNV-363 Bark and galls 18 0.9 9 0.45 Diarrhea, dysentery and throat pain Decoction
Fumariaceae Fumaria officinalis L./KNV-369 Whole plant 12 0.6 7 0.35 Skin allergies, jaundice Decoction, powder
Gentianaceae Swertia petiolata D. Don./KNV-370   12 0.6 11 0.55 Stomach pain and liver disorders Hot infusion, juice, extract
Geraniaceae Geranium wallichianum D. Don./KNV-371 Roots 6 0.3 8 0.4 Wound healing Powder, extract
Hippocastanaceae Aesiculus indica wall. Ex. Comb (Hook)/KNV-372 Seeds and fruit 10 0.5 7 0.35 Joint pain Paste, oil
Juglandiaceae Juglans regia L./KNV-373 Bark, leaves and seeds 16 0.8 3 0.15 Asthma, constipation and diarrhea Decoction, juice
Lamiaceae Ajuga bracteosa Wall. Ex Benth./KNV-384 Whole plant 18 0.9 3 0.15 Abdominal pain Paste, powder
  Mentha longifolia (L.)Huds./KNV-385   14 0.7 5 0.25 Digestion Extract
  Plectranthus rugosus (wall) ex Benth./KNV-386 Whole plant 19 0.95 9 0.45 Skin diseases and diarrhea Juice
  Prunella vulgaris L./KNV-387 Whole plant 12 0.6 9 0.45 Heart diseases, cough and cold Decoction
  Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. Ex Benth/KNV-388 leaves 3 0.15 4 0.2 Stomach pain and skin diseases Powder, poultice
Meliaceae Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.ex.Willd/KNV-229 Leaves and bark 10 0.5 6 0.3 Fever, tonic Paste, extract
Oleaceae Olea ferruginea Royle/KNV-298 Leaves 10 0.5 4 0.2 Ulcer Decoction
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L./KNV-210 Whole plant 6 0.3 4 0.2 Abdominal pain Decoction, Powder, extract
  Plantago ovate Forssk./KNV-211 Seeds 13 0.65 7 0.35 Stomach disorders Powder, paste
Polygonaceae Bistorta amplexicaulis (D.Don) Greene./KNV-269 Roots 13 0.65 8 0.4 Tonic Decoction, powder
Ranunculaceae Aconitum heterophyllum Wall ex. Royle/KNV-389 Roots 7 0.35 5 0.25 Fever, cough, stomach disorders Decoction, extract, infusion
Rosaceace Fragaria vesca L./KNV-391 Leaves and fruit 5 0.25 4 0.2 Anemia Juice, infusion, oil
  Rubus ellipticus Smith./KNV-392 Whole plant 5 0.25 9 0.45 Dysentery, jaundice, wound healing Powder, paste
Rubiaceae Gallium boreole L./KNV-394 Whole plant 4 0.2 7 0.35 Skin diseases juice
Rutaceace Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Proer./KNV-397 Bark, seeds and fruits 11 0.55 2 0.1 Carminative, stomachic, anthelmintic Powder, paste, extract
Saxifragaceae Bergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb./KNV-398 Whole plant 5 0.25 5 0.25 Asthma, stomach pain Poultice, paste, infusion
Scrophulariaceae Verbascum thapsus L./KNV-399 Leaves and flowers 8 0.4 7 0.35 Respiratory disorders Powder, infusion
Taxaceae Taxus wallichiana L./KNV-400 Bark 10 0.5 7 0.35 Cancer Decoction
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L./KNV-401 Root, aerial parts 6 0.3 6 0.3 Dandruff and baldness Decoction