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Table 5 Frequency of substitute mentioned by respondents for each more threatened woody species

From: Traditional ecological knowledge-based assessment of threatened woody species and their potential substitutes in the Atakora mountain chain, a threatened hotspot of biodiversity in Northwestern Benin, West Africa

Common more threatened species Substitutes LF Zones (%)  
   EA (n = 104) CA (n = 87) WA (n = 76) Whole (%)
Afzelia africana Khaya spp Tree 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75
Tectona grandis L.f. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Eucalyptus spp Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)de Wit Tree 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75
Pterocapus erinaceus Poir. Tree 5.77 25.29 0.00 10.49
Isobelinia spp Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Tamarindus indica L. Tree 0.00 0.00 3.95 1.12
Anogeissus leiocarpa   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Antiaris toxicaria Pterocapus erinaceus Poir. Tree 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.37
Bombax costatum Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe)Hutch. & Dalziel Tree 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.37
Borassus aethiopum Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Gill. & Perr. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Khaya spp Tree 0.96 14.94 0.00 5.24
Afzelia africana Pers. Tree 0.96 1.15 0.00 0.75
Pterocapus erinaceus Poir. Tree 0.96 14.94 0.00 5.24
Isobelinia spp Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Diospyros mespiliformis Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. Tree 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.37
Khaya senegalensis Acacia sieberiana DC. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Afzelia africana Pers. Tree 4.81 14.94 0.00 6.74
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. Tree 6.73 40.23 23.68 22.47
Khaya spp Tree 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Borassus aethiopum Mart. Tree 0.00 2.30 0.00 0.75
Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. Tree 19.23 0.00 0.00 0.75
Isoberlinia doka Craib & Stapf Tree 13.46 0.00 0.00 7.49
Isoberlinia tomentosa (Harms) Craib & Stapf Tree 4.81 0.00 0.00 5.24
Tectona grandis L.f. Tree 5.77 0.00 0.00 2.25
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)de Wit Tree 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75
Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms Tree 6.73 0.00 0.00 2.62
Parkia biglobosa Adansonia digitata L. Tree 0.00 2.30 5.26 2.25
Glycine max (L.)Merr. Herb 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.)Taub. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. ex Benth. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Pterocarpus erinaceus Acacia sieberiana DC. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Isoberlinia spp. Tree 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75
Tectona grandis L.f. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Khaya spp Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)de Wit Tree 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75
Vitellaria paradoxa Anacardium occidentale L. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Mangifera indica L. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Arachis hypogaea L. Herb 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75
Pentadesma butyracea Sabine Tree 6.73 4.60 0.00 4.12
Acacia sieberiana DC. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.)Taub. Tree 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37
Vitex doniana   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  1. LF life form, EA East Atakora, CA Central Atakora, WA West Atakora