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Table 3 Local knowledge on A. africana in Burkina Faso

From: Use patterns, use values and management of Afzelia africana Sm. in Burkina Faso: implications for species domestication and sustainable conservation

Criteria Proposed variant Bobo Dagara Dioula Gourmantché Kasséna Mossi Fulani
(n = 37) (n = 40) (n = 39) (n = 29) (n = 40) (n = 16) (n = 20)
F FL F FL F FL F FL F FL F FL F FL
Motivations to conserve Agroforestry 16 55.17 23 63.89 28 77.78 3 25 20 55.56 1 33.33 3 50
Culture 6 20.69 7 19.44 6 16.67 7 58.33 14 38.89 1 33.33 2 33.33
Multipurpose uses 5 17.24 6 16.67 2 5.56 1 8.33 2 5.56 1 33.33 1 16.67
Threats 2 6.90 0 0 0 0 1 8.33 0 0 0 0 0 0
ΣF 29 36 36 12 36 3 6
Use categories Food 10 7.09 0 0 14 9.59 19 17.59 39 27.86 15 25.86 3 5.36
Medicine 37 26.24 38 31.67 30 20.55 28 25.93 32 22.86 10 17.24 8 14.29
Fodder 36 25.53 39 32.5 39 26.71 23 21.30 39 27.86 15 25.86 20 35.71
Carpentry 16 11.35 5 4.17 27 18.49 17 15.74 1 0.71 11 18.97 10 17.86
Culture 30 21.28 38 31.67 22 15.07 18 16.67 15 10.71 4 6.90 2 3.57
Firewood 3 2.13 0 0 0 0 3 2.78 9 6.43 2 3.45 1 1.79
Construction 4 2.84 0 0 8 5.48 0 0 1 0.71 0 0 4 7.14
Shade 3 2.13 0 0 5 3.42 0 0 4 2.86 0 0 1 1.79
Veterinary 1 0.71 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1.72 7 12.5
Fertilization 1 0.71 0 0 1 0.68 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ΣF 141 120 146 108 140 58 56
Species regeneration Assisted 0 0 0 0 1 2.56 1 3.45 1 2.5 0 0 0 0
Natural 37 100 40 100 38 97.44 28 96.55 39 97.5 15 100 20 100
Sowing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Transplantation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ΣF 37 40 39 29 40   15 20
Local practices Pruning 15 51.72 28 48.57 33 56.90 17 47.22 28 32.94 8 50 13 76.47
Debarking 11 37.93 19 32.76 25 43.10 18 50 25 29.41 8 50 4 23.53
Fire protection 3 10.34 11 18.97 0 0 1 2.78 32 37.65 0 0 0 0
ΣF 29 58 58 36 85   16 17
Species status Abundant 12 32.43 28 84.85 7 17.95 4 44.44 19 48.72 2 33.33 0 0
Rare 25 67.57 5 15.15 32 82.05 5 55.56 20 51.28 4 66.67 9 100
ΣF 37 33 39 9 39 6 9
Occurrence habitats Farmlands 13 16.25 37 22.98 35 23.65 12 21.43 29 28.16 8 22.22 6 18.18
Fallows 12 15 36 22.36 35 23.65 9 16.07 31 30.10 7 19.44 5 15.15
Human settlements 7 8.75 18 11.18 15 10.14 4 7.14 0 0.00 3 8.33 1 3.03
Protected areas 32 40 38 23.60 35 23.65 20 35.71 38 36.89 13 36.11 14 42.42
Sacred groves 16 20 32 19.88 28 18.92 11 19.64 5 4.85 5 13.89 7 21.21
ΣF 80 161 148 56 103 36 33
Variations criteria Trees’ size 21 70 12 66.66 28 45.16 18 75 17 53.12 7 63.63 11 78.57
Trees’ density 2 6.67 2 11.11 8 12.90 2 8.33 10 31.25 0   0 0
Trees’ morphology 7 23.33 4 22.22 26 41.93 4 16.67 5 15.62 4 36.36 3 21.43
ΣF 30 18 62 24 32 11 14
  1. n number of interviewees per ethnic group, F frequency, ΣF sum of frequency per item, FL fidelity level