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Table 2 Description of the prey items reported for the study communities

From: Hunters and hunting across indigenous and colonist communities at the forest-agriculture interface: an ethnozoological study from the Peruvian Amazon

Scientific name

Common name (Spanish)

Relative reproductive strategy±

Community*

Successful hunting events (no. Indv./month/village)+

Harvest rate (H) (no. Indv./km/year)α

Birds

Cairina moschata

Muscovy duck (sachapato)

r

D

1

0.06

Ortalis gutata

Speckled chachalaca (manacaraco)

K

I

1

0.06

Penelope sp.

Guan (pucacunga)

K

B, I

2

0.12

Tinamus sp.

Tinamous (perdiz)

r

G, I

2

0.12

Mammals

Aotus sp.

Night monkey (mono musmuqui)

K

E, B

2

0.12

Ateles sp.

Spider monkey (mono araña negro)

K

A, B, C, D

22

1.26

Cuniculus paca

Lowland paca (maja)

r

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I

77

4.42

Dasypus sp.

Armadillo (carachupa)

r

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I

19

1.09

Dasyprocta punctata

Black agouti (anuje)

r

A, D, H, I

13

0.75

Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris

Capybara (ronsoco)

r

A

1

0.12

Mazama americana

Red brocket deer (venado)

K

B, C, D

18

1.03

Oreonax flavicauda

Woolly monkey (mono choro)

K

B

10

0.57

Pecari tajacu

Collared peccary (sajino)

K

B, C, D, G, I

12

0.70

Saimiri sp.

Squirrel monkey (mono huasa)

K

B, D

11

0.63

Speothos venaticus

Bush dog (manko)

K

E

1

0.06

Tapirus terrestris

Lowland tapir (sachavaca)

K

B

1

0.06

Tayassu pecari

White-lipped peccary (huangana)

K

C

1

0.06

Reptiles

Chelonoidis denticulata

Yellow-footed tortoise (motelo)

r

I

3

0.17

Total

   

197

 
  1. ±Characterization based on Pianka, E.R. [44], and the following taxa-related references: Robinson and Redford [54], Begazo and Bodmer [8], Begazo [7], Peres and Nascimento [47], and Parry et al. [43]
  2. *A: Junín Pablo, B: Caco Macaya, C: Puerto Belén, D: Naranjal, E: Cunchuri, F: Yerbas Buenas, G: Pueblo Libre, H: Monte de los Olivos, I: La Unión
  3. Bold letters identify indigenous communities, underlined letters identify riverine colonist communities, and the rest of the letters identify land-based colonist communities
  4. +Estimate of animals hunted per month within or nearby the community’s territory (exact data for hunting area is not available)
  5. αThe total number of individuals for each species or taxa harvested was divided by the aggregated area of the community’s territories per year