Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Ethno-veterinary remedies against ecto- and endo-parasites

From: Traditional knowledge about plant, animal, and mineral-based remedies to treat cattle, pigs, horses, and other domestic animals in the Mediterranean island of Sardinia

Animals Components of remedy** Procedure Areas
Mange
 Pigs, cows Lentisk oil Scrubbed on skin Gallura
 Pigs (*) Ozzu porchinu (fat from lard) Mixed, scrubbed on nose Monte Acuto
 Dogs Copper sulphate Scrubbed on infested skin Goceano
 Dogs Copper sulphate, olive oil Scrubbed on infested skin Nurra
 Pigs, dogs (*) Copper sulphate, ozzu casu (fat obtained by boiling the cream of milk with flour), pumice stone The skin was scrubbed using a pumice stone prior applying the mixture Sassarese, Nurra
 Dogs (*) Copper sulphate, ozzu seu (dried peritoneum of sheep) Mixed, scrubbed on nose Goceano
 Dogs (*) Burnt cork Scrubbed on nose Goceano
 Cows Albanian spurge (Euphorbia characias) stems Stems of the plant applied on the infected skin Sassarese
 Pigs (*) Olive oil Scrubbed on skin Sassarese
 Pigs, oxen (*) Ozzu brujadu (Reused motor oil) Applied on the skin with a brush Monte Acuto, Sassarese, Nurra, Gallura, Anglona
 Pigs Seed oil, copper sulphate Scrubbed on skin Nurra
 Pigs Cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) bone The powder scrubbed on skin Sassarese
 Pigs Diesel oil Applied on the skin Nurra
 Cattle a, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, hens Dregs of olive oil, copper sulphate Applied on the skin Campidano di Oristano
Lice
 Cattle a Olive oil Applied on the skin Gallura
 Hens Lesser calmint (Calamintha nepeta) The plant was placed in the hen house so that the smell kept away lice Sassarese
Forest fly (musca caddina)(Hippobosca equina L.)
 Horses, cows Vinegar, olive oil Applied to the skin Monte Acuto
 Cattle a (*) Olive oil Applied to the skin Gallura
 Cattle, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, hens Navelwort (Umbilicus rupestris) leaves Crushed fresh leaves applied onto the wound Gallura
Su solde (Wounds infected by maggots)
 Cattlea, horses (*) Plum tree (Prunus spinosa) leaves Crushed fresh leaves applied onto the wound and wrapped with a bandage Monte Acuto,
 Cattle a, pigs Lesser calmint (Calamintha nepeta) The fresh plants were smashed into a glass then the juice applied onto the wound Monte Acuto, Meilogu
 Cattle a, horses, pigs Ozzu casu (fat obtained by boiling the cream of the milk with flour) Massaged on wound Monte Acuto
Foot rot
 Oxen Knife Needed to extract the worms Monte Acuto
 Horses Seawater Hoof washed with sea water Gallura
 Cattlea Lime and water Animals run through a foot bath Gallura
 Cattle a Hot ozzu seu (dried peritoneum of sheep) Applied to the skin Monte Acuto
 cattle a, pigs Copper sulphate Copper sulphate was ground and the powder was then applied to the foot Sassarese, Anglona
Liver flukes
 Cattle a Brandy (distilled from grapes) Given as a drink, administered as a preventive Monte Acuto
  1. aCure for cows, calves, and oxen
  2. (*)Remedies still in use
  3. (**)Typed in bold are components of remedies showing highest indices in the quantitative analysis