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Table 2 Wild edibles with reported medicinal use (as reported by previous ethnobotanical study)

From: Consumption patterns of wild edibles by the Vasavas: a case study from Gujarat, India

Sr. No. Botanical names Season Family/sub family Vasavi name Plant type
1. Achyranthes aspera L. June–Dec Amaranthaceae Arpchinjudo Shrub
2. Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. April–June Rutaceae Bila (Bili) Tree
3. Alangium salvifolium (L. f.) Wang. Oct–Jan Alangiaceae Aakna Tree
4. Amaranthus hybridus L. June–Nov Amaranthaceae Red Herb
5. Amaranthus spinosus L. June–Nov Amaranthaceae Kanto Herb
6. Amaranthus viridis L. June–Nov Amaranthaceae Tandaljo (desi) MATNU Herb
7. Annona squamosa L. Sept–Nov Annonaceae Aanusari Tree
8. Asparagus racemosus Willd. All year Liliaceae Shatavari Shrub
9. Azadirachta indica A. Juss. March–June Meliaceae Limdo Tree
10. Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettest. Sept–Jan Scrophulariaceae Nir brahmi/Bam Herb
11. Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd. Once after 25 years Poaceae Vans Tree
12. Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Feb–May Caesalpiniae Aachitro, Hinglo Tree
13. Bombax ceiba L. Feb–March Bombacaceae Hambo, Samro Tree
14. Borassus flabellifer Linn. Feb–May Palmaceae Tad Tree
15. Borreria articularis (L.f.) F.N.Williams All year round Rubiaceae Ganthi Herb
16. Bridelia squamosa (Lamk.) Gehrmann. Syn. Bridelia retusa Spreng. Jan–Feb Euphorbiaceae Akano (tree) Tree
17. Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida Feb–May Anacardiaceae Charoli Tree
18. Cassia tora L. June–Aug Fabaceae Chinjudo Shrub
19. Celosia argentea L. June–Oct Amaranthaceae Lemdi Shrub
20. Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. July–Aug Asclepiadaceae Sap okoni Herb
21. Chenopodium album L. June–Nov Chenopodiaceae Chil Bhaji Herb
22. Chlorophytum borivalianum Sant. & Fernand June–Aug Liliaceae Kuvlu Herb
23. Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker June–Aug Liliaceae Dholi musli/Kuvli Herb
24. Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels. All year round Menispermiaceae Vasano/Vasanvel Climber
25. Cordia dichotoma Forst. f. Dec–Feb (flower) March–June (fruit) Ebenaceae Gunda (green and chikna)  
26. Dalbergia volubilis Roxb. Cor. Pl. June–Nov Fabaceae Kinhariyu/Pingush Climber (woody)
27. Dioscorea belophylla Voigt. Aug–Sept Dioscoreaceae Huvi Twiner
28. Dioscorea bulbifera L. June–July Dioscoreaceae Kadvo kand Twiner
29. Dioscorea hispida Dennstd. Aug–Sept Dioscoreaceae Manovaj Twiner
30. Dioscorea pentaphylla L. Aug–Sept Dioscoreaceae Huvdo Twiner
31. Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb. May–June Ebenaceae Timru Tree
32. Dregea volubilis (L.f.) Benth. ex Hook.f. Sept–Feb. Asclepiadaceae Kadvi shir Climber
33. Enicostema littorale Bl. June–Aug Gentianaceae Mamejavo/Kadvi Nai Herb
34. Ficus hispida L.f. May–July Moraceae Umbo/Koth Umbo Tree
35. Garuga pinnata Roxb. Jan–May Burseraceae Kakaro Tree
36. Heracleum grandis (Dalz. & Gibs.) Mukh. All year Umbellifera Bokhudo Undershrub
37. Holarhena antidysenterica (Heyne ex Roth) Wall.ex DC. June–Aug Apocynaceae Kunvad Shrub
38. Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch. Jan–May Ulmaceae Kunjo, Punjo Tree
39. Holostemma annularium (Roxb.) K Schum. June-Aug Asclepiadaceae Nanshiri/meethi shir Twiner
40. Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. All year Convolvulaceae Nal Aquatic herb
41. Ipomoea carnea ssp.fistulosa (Mortex ex Choisy) Austin July–Nov Convolvulaceae Nihuto Shrub
42. Kirganelia reticulata (Poir.) Bail. July–Aug Euphorbiaceae Kinhariyu/Kalichini Shrub
43. Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem July–Aug Leeaceae Motu Dhinu Herb
44. Limonia acidissima L. Nov–March Rutaceae Kotha Tree
45. Madhuca indica Gmel. March–July Sapotaceae Mahuda Tree
46. Manilkara hexandra Dub. April–May Sapotaceae Rayan Tree
47. Momordica dioica Roxb. July–Sept Cucurbitaceae Kantola/Kotno/Kankoda Climber
48. Moringa concanensis Nimmo. Sept–Feb Moringaceae Hengvo Tree
49. Moringa oleifera Lamk. Oct–Mar Moringaceae Saragvo Tree
50. Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. Jan–June Arecaceae Khajuri Tree
51. Phyllanthus emblica L. Oct–Feb Euphorbiaceae Ambli/amla Tree
52. Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb.) DC. All year Fabaceae Bohon Twiner
53. Schleichera oleosa Lour. Feb–July Sapindaceae Kusum Tree
54. Solanum nigrum Linn. June–Nov Solanaceae Nagadyu Shrub
55. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels May–Sept Myrtaceae Jambu Tree
56. Tamarindus indica L. Feb–July Caesalpiniaceae Katra (Khati ambli) Tree
57. Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Jan–May Combretaceae Behado Tree
58. Tinospora glabra (Burm.f.) Jan–May Menispermiaceae Kamboli Creeper
59. Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R. Br. March–June Apocynaceae Safed Kuvad/Dudh Kuvad Tree
60. Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. Jan–March Rhamnaceae Bor Tree