Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Wild animal species hunted for traditional medicine in semiarid of NE Brazil

From: Zootherapeutic uses of wildmeat and associated products in the semiarid region of Brazil: general aspects and challenges for conservation

Class/Family/Species/“Local name”, popular name (En-US) Average weight (kg) Parts used for medicinal purposes Disease (or illness) treated IUCN Red List UV
Amphibians (Amphibia)
 Bufonidae
  Rhinella jimi (Stevaux, 2002)—“Cururu” 0.2 Leather, fat (banha), viscera Itches, “esponja de cavalo” (Dermal wounds brought about by infestation of larvae of Habronema muscae), inflammations, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), wounds, cracked feet, hangnail LC 0.05
 Leptodactylidae
  Leptodactylus vastus A. Lutz, 1930—“jia”, Northeastern Pepper Frog ~ 1 Meat Eczema, sore throat, swellings LC 0.01
Reptiles (Reptilia)
 Boidae
  Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758—“cobra de veado”, “jibóia”, Boa 5.6 Fat (banha) Arthritis, pains, to promote hair growth in areas affected by burns, fractures, wounds, Herpes zoster (“cobreiro”), infections, sore throat, laryngitis, muscle injuries, dermal nodules, omphaloarteritis (“caruara de bezerro”), spinal disorders, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), rheumatism, cracked feet   0.47
 Chelidae
  Mesoclemmys tuberculata (Lüderwaldt, 1926)—“Cágado do nordeste”, “cágado d’água amarelo”, Tuberculate Toad-headed Turtle n.o. Meat, fat (banha), eggs Diphtheria, headache, toothache, earache, chest pain, wounds, furuncle, gastritis, sore throat, hemorrhoids, swellings, spinal disorders, eye problems (especially blindness), “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), rheumatism, deafness   0.53
  Phrynops tuberosus (Peters, 1870)—“cágado d’água”, Geoffroy’s Side-necked Turtle 1.03 Meat, fat (banha), eggs Diphtheria, headache, toothache, earache, chest pain, wounds, furuncle, gastritis, sore throat, hemorrhoids, swellings, spinal disorders, eye problems (especially blindness),"estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), rheumatism, deafness   0.52
 Iguanidae
  Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758)—“Camaleão”, Common Green Iguana 2.6 Whole specimen, meat, leather, fat, bone Lack of appetite, pains in general, appendicitis, kidney stone, prostate cancer, to promote hair growth in areas affected by burns, diabetes, toothache, bone pain, eczema, wounds, mouth sores, gastritis, flu, “impinge” (ringworm), inflammations, leprosy in dogs, dermal nodules, snake bites, throat problems, rheumatism, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), hoarseness, deafness, tuberculosis   0.44
 Teiidae
  Salvator merianae (Duméril & Bibron, 1839)—“lagarto Teju”, Tegu Lizard 4 Leather, liver, fat (banha) Lack of appetite in dogs and pigs, dores de ouvido, toothache, diphtheria (“crupe”), fever, wounds, mouth sores, gastritis, flu, swellings, inflammations, sore throat, otitis, swellings, snake bites in humans and dogs, throat problems, hoarseness, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), rheumatism, sinusitis, deafness, tumors LC 1.09
 Tropiduridae
  Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825)—“lagartixa de lajedo” 0.025 Whole specimen, leather, liver, bone, viscera Alcoholism, wounds, hernia, micoses, throat problems, “pano branco” (pityriasis versicolor), “tosse braba”, verrugas   0.04
 Viperidae
  Bothrops erythromelas Amaral, 1923—“Jararaca malha de cascavel”, “jararaca verdadeira”, 0.2 Whole specimen Cancer LC 0.01
  Crotalus durissus Linnaeus, 1758—“cascavel”, South American Rattlesnake 2.4 Fat (banha), rattle (maracá) Pains, arthritis, asthma, cancer, eczema, erysipelas, wounds, swellings, sore throat, uterine inflammation, “mau-olhado” (evil eye), “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), dermal nodules, omphaloarteritis (“caruara de bezerro”), osteoporosis, snake bites, throat problems, spinal disorders, rheumatism LC 0.52
Aves
 Anatidae
  Sarkidiornis sylvicola Ihering & Ihering, 1907—“putrião”, Comb Duck 2 Caruncúla (a large fleshy comb protruding from their upper mandible) Wounds LC 0.01
 Columbidae
  Columbina minuta (Linnaeus, 1766)—“rolinha-cambuta”, “rolinha cabocla”, Plain-breasted Ground Dove 0.034 Meat Lack of appetite, sickness of pregnant women LC 0.02
  Columbina picui (Temminck, 1813)—“rolinha-branca”, Picui Ground Dov 0.052 Meat, feces Lack of appetite, sickness of pregnant women, deafness LC 0.03
  Columbina squammata (Lesson, 1831)—“rolinha-cascavelhinha”, Scaled Dove 0.054 Meat Sickness of pregnant women LC 0.004
  Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1810)—“rolinha-caldo-de-feijão”, Ruddy Ground Dove 0.047 Meat Lack of appetite, sickness of pregnant women LC 0.01
  Leptotila rufaxilla (Richard & Bernard, 1792)—“juriti”, Gray-fronted Dove 0.149 Meat, gizzard membrane Lack of appetite, sickness of pregnant women, snake bites in dogs, “terçol” (inflammation of the Zeis and Mol glands) LC 0.02
 Corvidae
  Cyanocorax cyanopogon (Wied, 1821)—“cancão”, White-naped Jay 0.175 Whole specimen Asthma, “mau-olhado” (evil eye) LC 0.05
 Cracidae
  Penelope jacucaca Spix, 1825—“Jacu”, White-browed Guan ~ 1 Feathers Epilepsy VU 0.02
 Cuculidae
  Crotophaga ani Linnaeus, 1758—“anum-preto”, Smooth-billed Ani 0.149 Meat Asthma LC 0.02
 Podicipedidae
  Tachybaptus dominicus (Linnaeus, 1766)—“mergulhão-pequeno”, “mergulhão”, “mergulhão-preto”, Least Grebe 0.155 Gizzard membrane Improve eyesight LC 0.003
 Tinamidae
  Nothura boraquira (Spix, 1825)—“codorniz”, “codorniz do papo-branco”, White-bellied Nothura 0.250 Feathers Asthma, blindness, sickness of pregnant women, convulsion, earache, “scare bats”, breathlessness, weakness in women at postpartum, snake bites LC 0.35
  Nothura maculosa (Temminck, 1815)—“lambú espanta-boiada”, “lambú-de-capoeira”, Spotted Nothura 0.300 Feathers Snake bites LC 0.04
 Trochilidae
  Chlorostilbon lucidus (Shaw, 1812)—“beija-flor-verde”, Glittering-bellied Emerald 0.003 Nest Earache LC 0.02
Mammals (Mammalia)
 Canidae
  Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766)—“raposa”, Crab-eating Fox 7.4 Meat, tail, leather, fat (banha), bones Aftosa, asthma, erysipelas, “mau-olhado” (evil eye), wounds, uterine inflammations, hemorrhoids, inflammations in general, sore throat, swellings, “to protect of bat attacks”, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), cracked feet, rheumatism LC 0.48
 Caviidae
  Galea spixii (Wagler, 1831)—“preá”, Spix’s Yellow-toothed Cavy 0.350 Meat, teeth, bones To facilitate tooth eruption in children, cracked feet, ear problems LC 0.14
  Kerodon rupestris (Wied-Neuwied, 1820)—“mocó” 0.750 Meat, “coalho” (part of the stomach), fat, feces, fel, bones, gall bladder Lack of appetite, alcoholism, anemia, asthma, kidney stone, prostate cancer, malnutrition, earache, weakness, gastritis, urethra infections, hernia, osteoporosis, sickness of pregnant women, kidney problems, indigestion, rheumatism, measles, facilitate tooth eruption in children LC 0.31
 Cebidae
  Sapajus libidinosus (Spix, 1823)—“macaco prego”, Bearded Capuchin 3.1 Meat Osteoporosis LC 0.01
 Cuniculidae
  Cuniculus paca (Linnaeus, 1766)—“paca”, Spotted Paca 9.35 Gall bladder Rheumatism LC 0.01
 Dasypodidae
  Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758—“tatu-verdadeiro”, Nine-banded Armadillo 4.5 Tail, liver, dermal plates Asthma, earache, improve the olfaction of hunting dogs, snake bites, “mau-olhado” (evil eye), deafness LC 0.17
  Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tatu-peba”, Six-banded Armadillo 4.85 Tail, meat Pains, earache, furuncles, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), wounds, deafness, “mau-olhado” (evil eye) LC 0.03
 Didelphidae
  Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1840—“timbú”, White-eared Opossum 1.62 Meat, fat Wounds, weakness LC 0.02
 Echimyidae
  Thrichomys laurentius Thomas, 1904—“punaré” 0.282 Feces Diarrhea DD 0.004
 Felidae
  Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758)—“gato-maracajá”, Ocelot ~ 8 Tail, fat Headache, throat problems, spinal disorders, wounds, “to protect of bat attacks” LC 0.05
  Leopardus tigrinus (Schreber, 1775)—“gato-mirim”, little spotted cat, Oncilla ~ 2.5 Meat, tail, fat Wounds, urinary incontinence in children, muscle injuries, throat problems, “estrepes” (suck a splinter out of skin), “to protect of bat attacks”, measles VU 0.03
  Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771)—“gato-açú”, “gato-maracajá-açú”, “onça bodeira”, “sussuarana”, Cougar, Puma 4 Fat Throat problems, wounds LC 0.02
  Puma yagouaroundi (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803)—“gato-vermelho”, “gato-azul”, Jaguarundi ~ 4 Fat Wounds LC 0.01
 Mephitidae
  Conepatus semistriatus (Boddaert, 1785)—“tacaca”, “ticaca” Striped Hog-nosed Skunk ~ 3 Meat, tail, odoriferous anal gland, fat, bones Arthritis, burcite, kidney stone, headache, heel spur (“esporão de galo”), throat inflammation, improve eyesight, spinal disorders, “to protect of bat attacks”, spinal disorders, osteoporosis, rheumatism, tuberculosis LC 0.69
 Myrmecophagidae
  Tamandua tetradactyla (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tamanduá”, “tamanduá-mirim”, Southern Tamandua ~ 7 Meat, leather, fat, bones, claw Allergies, asthma, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, bleeding in women, inflammations, bronchitis, “to protect of snake bites”, rheumatism LC 0.11
 Procyonidae
  Procyon cancrivorus (G.[Baron] Cuvier, 1798)—“guaxinim”, Crab-eating Raccoon ~ 6 Tail “To protect of snake bites”, “to protect of bat attacks” LC 0.02