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Table 1 Inventory of medicinal plants traded in the Jianghua medicinal market

From: Yao herbal medicinal market during the Dragon Boat Festival in Jianghua County, China

Scientific name Family name Local name Purposes Usage Part used Voucher number RI value
Gymnosperma
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Taxodiaceae Cong Liang Skin disease Medicinal bath   JH-114 2
Juniperus chinensis L. Cupressaceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, skin disease Medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-043 4
Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook. Cephalotaxaceae   Treating cancer, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-159 3
Gnetum parvi+281:286folium (Warb.) W.C.Cheng Gnetaceae   Skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-181 3
Angiospermae
Illicium verum Hook.f. Schisandraceae   Nourishing, relieving pain Spices Fruit JH-027 3
Kadsura coccinea (Lem.) A. C. Sm. Schisandraceae Da Zuan Relieving pain, treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath, making tincture Root, stem JH-070 5
Kadsura longipedunculata Finet & Gagnep. Schisandraceae Xiao Zuan Gu Feng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath Root, stem JH-165 3
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Saururaceae Ge Le Tao Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating respiratory disease, treating heatstroke Food, herbal tea, medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-089 6
Saururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill. Saururaceae Yi Bai Liang Bai Treating gynopathy, skin disease Herbal tea, food, medicinal bath, stewing Whole plant JH-061 6
Piper betle L. Piperaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, skin disease, treating cold Decoction, medicinal bath Stem, leaf JH-029 6
Asarum sagittarioides C. F. Liang Aristolochiaceae Shan Ci Gu Treating snake bite, treating rheumatism, relieving pain, traumatic injury Medicinal bath, decoction Whole plant JH-277 6
Fissistigma oldhamii (Hemsl.) Merr. Annonaceae Xiang Teng Treating rheumatism, relieving pain, strengthening muscles and bones Medicinal bath Root, stem JH-180 4
Fissistigma polyanthum (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Merr. Annonaceae Xie Di Feng Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-298 3
Cinnamomum camphora(L.) Presl Lauraceae Zhang Shu Ye Treating rheumatism, expelling parasite Medicinal bath   JH-208 3
Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall.) Meisn. Lauraceae   Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, medicinal bath Bark, root JH-088 3
Cinnamomum wilsonii Gamble Lauraceae Gui Shu Pi Treating rheumatism, treating arthritis Medicinal bath, food Bark JH-077 4
Lindera glauca (Sieb. et Zucc.) Blume Lauraceae Jia Si Feng Treating rheumatism, detoxifying, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-233 4
Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. Lauraceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain, treating gastrointestinal disease Food (fruit, bud) Whole plant, fruit, bud JH-153 5
Chloranthus fortunei (A. Gray) Solms Chloranthaceae Si Ji Feng Treating rheumatism, treating cold, detoxifying, relieving cough Medicinal bath, decoction Whole plant JH-055 6
Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai Chloranthaceae Jiu Jie Cha Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, heat clearing and detoxifying Leaf:medicinal bath; root: making tincture Whole plant JH-096 5
Acorus calamus var. angustatus Besser Acoraceae Yan Chang Pu Skin disease, treating cold Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-202 4
Acorus calamus L. Acoraceae Sha Jiang Nourishing Medicinal bath, food Rhizome JH-221 3
Arisaema decipiens Schott Araceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath Root, stem JH-295 3
Pothos chinensis (Raf.) Merr. Araceae   Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-185 3
Potamogeton lucens L. Potamogetonaceae   Treating infantile malnutrition Food Whole plant JH-184 2
Dioscorea opposita Thunb. Dioscoreaceae   Nourishing, eliminating phlegm Food Tuber JH-275 3
Tacca plantaginea (Hance) Drenth Dioscoreaceae Xia Zi Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, stopping bleeding Herbal tea, food, medicinal bath Rhizome JH-011 5
Stemona tuberosa Lour. Stemonaceae   Treating respiratory disease, expelling parasite Decoction Tuber JH-281 3
Paris polyphylla Sm. Melanthiaceae Du Jiao Lian Heat clearing and detoxifying, relieving cough External use, decoction Rhizome JH-260 4
Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. Colchicaceae Yao Bian Zhu Relieving cough, promoting digestion Decoction Rhizome JH-214 2
Smilax china L. Smilacaceae Niu Wei Cai Treating rheumatism, detoxifying, promoting blood circulation Root: food (stewing with chicken); leaf: medicinal bath Rhizome JH-246 5
Smilax riparia A. DC. Smilacaceae Da Sheng Jin Treating rheumatism, relieving cough Medicinal bath Root, rhizome JH-097 3
Aletris spicata (Thunb.) Franch. Liliaceae Jin Xian Diao Bai Mi Nourishing, relieving cough, expelling parasite Decoction, food Whole plant JH-178 5
Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge Liliaceae Fen Tiao Cai Treating gastrointestinal disease, treating gynopathy Decoction Rhizome JH-113 3
Aspidistra elatior Blume Liliaceae Wu Gong Gen Nourishing, promoting blood circulation, relieving cough Decoction Rhizome JH-174 4
Aspidistra retusa K.Y. Lang et S. Z. Huang Liliaceae Guo Shan Wu Gong Nourishing, promoting blood circulation, relieving cough Decoction Rhizome JH-130 4
Liriope muscari (Decne.) L. H. Bailey Liliaceae   Nourishing Decoction Tuber JH-271 2
Ophiopogon bodinieri H. Lév. Liliaceae Jiu Cai Mai Dong Heat clearing Decoction, medicinal bath Tuber JH-069 3
Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl. Liliaceae Qing Pi Cao Nourishing Herbal tea Tuber JH-217 2
Reineckia carnea (Andrews) Kunth Liliaceae   Heat clearing, relieving cough Decoction Whole plant JH-251 3
Bulbophyllum odoratissimum (J.E.Smith) Lindl. Orchidaceae Shi Xian Tao Treating respiratory disease, treating infantile malnutrition, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, eliminating inflammation Herbal tea Whole plant JH-264 5
Bulbophyllum pectinatum Finet Orchidaceae Shi Shan Tao Traumatic injury, treating respiratory disease, relieving cough Decoction Whole plant JH-041 4
Dendrobium catenatum Lindl. Orchidaceae   Relieving stomachache Herbal tea Stem JH-265 2
Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Orchidaceae   Treating diabetes, improving eyesight, nourishing, promoting gastrointestinal functions Herbal tea Stem JH-101 5
Galeola lindleyana (Hook.f. & Thomson) Rchb.f. Orchidaceae Zou Ma Feng Treating rheumatism, relieving headache Decoction, making tincture Whole plant JH-058 4
Luisia morsei Rolfe Orchidaceae Diao Lan Treating rheumatism, treating respiratory disease, treating cold, treating cancer Decoction Whole plant JH-133 5
Pholidota chinensis Lindl. Orchidaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating infantile malnutrition Food (stewing with meat) Pseudobulb JH-146 3
Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames Orchidaceae   Nourishing, detoxifying Herbal tea Whole plant JH-122 3
Gladiolus × gandavensis Iridaceae   Diminishing inflammation, traumatic injury, heat clearing and detoxifying External use Rhizome JH-040 4
Iris confusa Sealy Iridaceae   Diminishing inflammation, treating infantile malnutrition, treating respiratory disease Medicinal bath Rhizome JH-193 4
Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC. Asphodelaceae   Detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain External use Whole plant JH-282 4
Hemerocallis citrina Baroni Asphodelaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, nourishing Food (stewing with meat, flower), decoction (root) Root, flower JH-090 4
Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Amaryllidaceae   Treating rheumatism, nourishing, strengthening muscles and bones Medicinal bath Rhizome JH-213 4
Polygonatum sibiricum F. Delaroche Asparagaceae   Nourishing Decoction, medicinal bath Rhizome JH-236 3
Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Mazz. Commelinaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, treating snake bite Decoction Whole plant JH-093 4
Bulbophyllum odoratissimum (Sm.) Lindl. ex Wall. Musaceae   Treating heart disease Herbal tea Flower JH-006 2
Alpinia chinensis (Retz.) Roscoe Zingiberaceae Jian Gan Feng Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-196 2
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. Zingiberaceae   Treating rheumatism, nourishing Medicinal bath Fruit, rhizome JH-046 3
Alpinia japonica (Thunb.) Miq. Zingiberaceae Huang Qi Treating rheumatism, nourishing, relieving pain Medicinal bath Root, stem JH-138 4
Amomum villosum Lour. Zingiberaceae Jing Gan Feng Treating rheumatism, nourishing Medicinal bath, making tincture Fruit JH-195 4
Curcuma longa L. Zingiberaceae   Relieving pain, treating gynopathy, inducing diaphoresis Spices: stewing with chicken Rhizome JH-128 4
Typha orientalis C. Presl Typhaceae Shui La Zhu Nourishing Medicinal bath Flower JH-134 2
Juncus effusus L. Juncaceae Shui Deng Xin Heat clearing, inducing diuresis, treating respiratory disease, relieving cough, Herbal tea Stem pith JH-262 5
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Poaceae   Heat clearing, stopping bleeding, inducing diuresis Decoction, external use Root   5
Lophatherum gracile Brongn. Poaceae   Heat clearing, relieving cough, inducing diuresis Herbal tea Root JH-243 4
Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. Poaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, relieving cough Herbal tea Whole plant JH-106 3
Saccharum spontaneum L. Poaceae Si Mao Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating cold, relieving cough Decoction Rhizome, stem JH-276 4
Eomecon chionantha Hance Papaveraceae Xue San Qi Promoting blood circulation Decoction Root, rhizome JH-219 2
Macleaya cordata (Willd.) R. Br. Papaveraceae Ye Xia Shuang Skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-253 3
Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. Lardizabalaceae   Treating rheumatism, inducing diuresis, treating gynopathy, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Making tincture, medicinal bath Root, stem, fruit JH-296 6
Sargentodoxa cuneata (Oliv.) Rehder et E. H. Wilson Lardizabalaceae Huo Xue Feng Treating gastrointestinal disease, heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, treating rheumatism Making tincture, medicinal bath Root, stem JH-161 6
Stephania cephalantha Hayata Menispermaceae Sei Dong Treating innominate inflammatory Decoction Tuber JH-168 2
Stephania kwangsiensis H. S. Lo Menispermaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain Decoction Tuber JH-053 4
Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep. Menispermaceae Qing Teng Heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, relieving pain, relieving sore throat Decoction Tuber JH-231 5
Berberis julianae C. K. Schneid. Berberidaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, sterilization Medicinal bath Root JH-247 4
Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng Berberidaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation Decoction Rhizome JH-235 3
Epimedium brevicornu Maxim. Berberidaceae   Nourishing, skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-294 3
Mahonia fortunei (Lindl.) Fedde Berberidaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying Decoction, medicinal bath Root, stem JH-241 3
Nandina domestica Thunb. Berberidaceae   Heat clearing, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Root, stem JH-072 3
Aconitum gymnandrum Maxim. Ranunculaceae   Treating rheumatism, traumatic injury External use, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-163 4
Clematis henryi Oliv. Ranunculaceae Di Lei Traumatic injury, reducing phlegm, relieving pain, relieving cough Herbal tea, making tincture Root, leaf JH-026 6
Clematis uncinata Champ. ex Benth. Ranunculaceae   Treating rheumatism, rheumatic arthritis, stopping bleeding, toothache, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Root: making tincture; decoction Root, leaf JH-155 7
Liquidambar formosana Hance Altingiaceae Lu Lu Tong Relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Fruit JH-167 2
Semiliquidambar cathayensis H. T. Chang Altingiaceae Ban Feng He Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, promoting blood circulation, postpartum recovery, skin disease Medicinal bath, decoction, Bark, root JH-284 7
Loropetalum chinense (R. Br.) Oliv. Hamamelidaceae   Promoting blood circulation, leaf: stopping bleeding, traumatic injury Medicinal bath, external use Root, leaf JH-103 5
Astilbe rivularis Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Saxifragaceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain, treating gastrointestinal disease Herbal tea Rhizome JH-032 5
Hylotelephium erythrostictum (Miq.) H. Ohba Crassulaceae   Traumatic injury, treating innominate inflammatory, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-126 4
Kalanchoe pinnatum (Lam.) Oken Crassulaceae   Traumatic injury, treating innominate inflammation Medicinal bath Leaf JH-300 3
Sedum emarginatum Migo Crassulaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, stopping bleeding, hepatitis Decoction Whole plant JH-123 5
Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch. Crassulaceae Luo Di Sheng Gen Treating innominate inflammation, traumatic injury, promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding Decoction Whole plant JH-242 5
Ampelopsis grossedentata (Hand.-Mazz.) W. T. Wang Vitaceae Tian Cha Treating respiratory disease, heat clearing and detoxifying, treating hypertension Herbal tea Tender stem, leaf JH-120 4
Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. Vitaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, treating snake bite Decoction, external use Whole plant JH-108 5
Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. Vitaceae Da Feng Teng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Herbal tea, medicinal bath Root, stem, fruit JH-266 4
Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth. Fabaceae Jiu Long Zuan Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, relieving pain Herbal tea, medicinal bath Stem JH-285 5
Callerya speciosa (Champ. ex Benth.) Schot Fabaceae Tu Ren Shen Nourishing, heat clearing, activating collaterals Decoction Root JH-269 4
Cassia tora L. Fabaceae   Improving eyesight, inducing diuresis, treating gastrointestinal disease Food, medicinal bath Seed JH-240 5
Desmodium multiflorum DC. Fabaceae E Ma Huang Heat clearing, treating infantile malnutrition Herbal tea Flower, branch JH-144 3
Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr. Fabaceae Niu Gu Feng Treating rheumatism, nourishing, promoting blood circulation Decoction Rattan JH-143 4
Flemingia philippinensis Merr. et Rolfe Fabaceae Diao Ma Zhuang Nourishing Decoction Root JH-012 2
Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Fabaceae   Skin disease, eliminating phlegm, inducing diuresis, expelling parasite Burnt, herbal tea, medicinal bath Pod, seed, shoot thorn JH-256 7
Indigofera decora Lindl. var. ichangensis (Craib) Y. Y. Fang & C. Z. Zheng Fabaceae Ye Jue Ming Treating high fever Herbal tea, medicinal bath Root JH-080 3
Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. Fabaceae Hong Cha Zi Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, treating gastrointestinal disease Medicinal bath, decoction Whole plant JH-290 5
Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don Fabaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, improving eyesight, treating infantile malnutrition Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-292 5
Millettia dielsiana Harms Fabaceae Xing Xue Feng Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Stem JH-036 3
Ohwia caudata (Thunb.) H.Ohashi Fabaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, skin disease Medicinal bath Root, whole plant JH-274 4
Pithecellobium clypearia (Jack) Benth. Fabaceae Zao Ga Zi Treating rheumatism, skin disease Medicinal bath Fruit JH-110 3
Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep. Fabaceae Tao Ma Zhua Heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, relieving pain, Food (stewing with meat), medicinal bath Root JH-124 5
Spatholobus suberectus Dunn Fabaceae Jiu Ceng Feng Promoting blood circulation, treating rheumatism Food (stewing soup), medicinal bath Stem JH-054 4
Fagopyrum acutatum (Lehm.) Mansf. ex K. Hammer Polygonaceae Tie Leng Jiao Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, treating calculus External use, decoction Root, rhizome JH-230 5
Polygala fallax Hemsl. Polygalaceae Huang Ji Gong Nourishing Food (stewing with chicken) Root JH-031 2
Polygala japonica Houtt. Polygalaceae   Resolving phlegm, heat clearing and detoxifying Herbal tea, stewing soup Whole plant JH-037 4
Polygala tenuifolia Willd. Polygalaceae   Nourishing, resolving phlegm, strengthening muscles and bones Decoction, medicinal bath Bark JH-191 5
Polygonum hydropiper L. Polygonaceae Liao Zi Cao Treating rheumatism, detoxifying, expelling parasite, eliminating inflammation Medicinal bath, making tincture Whole plant JH-199 6
Polygonum perfoliatum L. Polygonaceae She Bu Guo Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, treating venomous snake bite Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-084 4
Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke Polygonaceae   Nourishing Decoction, medicinal bath Tuber JH-192 3
Rumex acetosa L. Polygonaceae Yang Ti Gen Skin disease, heat clearing and detoxifying Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-044 3
Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Polygonaceae Tu Da Huang Relieving pain, stopping bleeding Medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-218 3
Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Rosaceae Sa Yao Treating gastrointestinal disease, diminishing inflammation, stopping bleeding, treating heatstroke Medicinal bath, medicine, herbal tea Whole plant JH-098 7
Geum aleppicum Jacq. Rosaceae   Treating rheumatism, heat clearing, relieving pain Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-100 5
Potentilla discolor Bunge Rosaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, stopping bleeding, treating diabetes Decoction Whole plant JH-190 4
Sanguisorba officinalis L. Rosaceae Xi Gua Xiang Heat clearing and detoxifying, stopping bleeding, relieving pain Decoction, food (stewing with water) Root JH-209 5
Frangula crenata (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq. Rhamnaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, expelling parasite Decoction Whole plant JH-071 3
Rhamnus globosa Bunge Rhamnaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, expelling parasite Decoction Fruit JH-273 3
Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M. C. Johnst. Rhamnaceae Dao Ding Feng Eliminating phlegm, skin disease, treating rheumatism Decoction, medicinal bath Aerial part JH-198 5
Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino Ulmaceae Sha Lang Shu Treating gastrointestinal disease, skin disease Medicinal bath Bark, leaf JH-014 3
Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. Cannabaceae Pi Jiu Hua Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-226 4
Ficus pumila L. Moraceae Hei Pi Feng Nourishing, treating rheumatism Herbal tea Fruit JH-002 3
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. Urticaceae   Heat clearing, inducing diuresis, stopping bleeding, nourishing Medicinal bath, decoction Rhizome, leaf JH-291 6
Parietaria micrantha Ledeb. Urticaceae Shi Qian Cao Heat clearing, promoting digest Herbal tea Whole plant JH-099 3
Pilea cavaleriei H. Lév. Urticaceae Ai Jiao Cha Relieving cough, detoxifying, heat clearing and detoxifying, relieving pain Herbal tea Whole plant JH-194 3
Hemsleya macrosperma C.Y. Wu Cucurbitaceae Shan Wu Gui Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating gastrointestinal disease Decoction Tuber JH-283 3
Thladiantha dubia Bunge Cucurbitaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, relieving cough Decoction Fruit, root JH-187 4
Begonia cathayana Hemsl. Begoniaceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, skin disease, traumatic injury Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-015 5
Begonia fimbristipula Hance Begoniaceae San Xue Zi Treating traumatic injury, relieving cough External use, decoction Corm JH-063 4
Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Celastraceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, decoction Fruit JH-287 4
Celastrus wilfordii Hook.f. Celastraceae Nan She Feng Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, decoction Whole plant JH-118 3
Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. Celastraceae Luo Shi Teng Relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Herbal tea, food (making soup) Stem, leaf JH-066 3
Hypericum japonicum Thunb. Clusiaceae Gua Zi Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying promoting blood circulation, treating gastrointestinal disease Decoction Whole plant JH-189 3
Hypericum monogynum L. Clusiaceae   Treating rheumatism, relieving cough, treating stomachache, treating traumatic injury Herbal tea Root JH-140 5
Hypericum sampsonii Hance Clusiaceae   Treating gynopathy, heat clearing and detoxifying, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-131 5
Viola inconspicua Blume Violaceae Li Tou Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, traumatic injury Herbal tea Whole plant JH-252 4
Croton congestus Lour. Salicaceae   Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, fruit: food Branch, leaf JH-013 3
Bischofia polycarpa (H. Lév.) Airy Shaw Euphorbiaceae   Stopping bleeding Medicinal bath Root, bark JH-087 2
Glochidion puberum (L.) Hutch. Euphorbiaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating gastrointestinal disease, promoting blood circulation Decoction Root JH-091 4
Phyllanthus urinaria L. Phyllanthaceae Ni Qiu Cao Improving eyesight, heat clearing, promoting digest system Decoction Whole plant, root JH-083 4
Combretum indicum (L.) DeFilipps Combretaceae   Promoting digest, expelling parasite Food Seed JH-224 3
Lythrum salicaria L. Lythraceae Hong Si Cao Treating infantile malnutrition, stopping bleeding Decoction Whole plant JH-148 3
Rotala rotundifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne Lythraceae   Heat clearing, traumatic injury, treating snake bite, skin disease Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-272 7
Melastoma dodecandrum Lour. Melastomataceae Di Yang mei Treating gastrointestinal disease Decoction Whole plant JH-263 2
Memecylon scutellatum (Lour.) Hook. & Arn Melastomataceae   Treating heart disease Decoction Flower JH-157 2
Osbeckia stellata Buch.-Ham. ex Ker Gawl. Melastomataceae   Diminishing inflammation, treating gastrointestinal disease, heat clearing, stopping bleeding Decoction, food (stewing with meat) Whole plant, root JH-115 6
Stachyurus chinensis Franch. Stachyuraceae   Treating gynopathy, heat clearing, urinary tract infection, inducing diuresis Decoction Stem pith JH-068 5
Acer pictum Thunb. Anacardiaceae   Treating rheumatism, traumatic injury Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Stem, leaf JH-021 5
Rhus chinensis Mill. Anacardiaceae Pen Bai Skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-258 3
Acronychia pedunculata (L.) Miq. Rutaceae La Jiang Ye Detoxifying Medicinal bath Root, leaf, fruit JH-052 2
Atalantia buxifolia (Poir.) Oliv. Rutaceae Lei Gong Le Treating cold, treating rheumatism, treating respiratory disease, treating gastrointestinal disease, traumatic injury Medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-067 6
Citrus trifoliata L. Rutaceae   Skin disease Medicinal bath Branches and leaves JH-171 2
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. Rutaceae Zou Xue Feng Treating rheumatism, relieving pain, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-249 4
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides Siebold & Zucc. Rutaceae   Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Making soup Whole plant JH-279 3
Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Rutaceae   Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Food Whole plant, fruit JH-259 3
Zanthoxylum austrosinense Huang Rutaceae Man Shan Xiang Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath, external use, decoction Fruit JH-304 5
Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae   Expelling parasite, skin disease Decoction, external use Root, bark JH-232 4
Sida acuta Burm.f. Malvaceae   Diminishing inflammation, sterilization Medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-207 3
Wikstroemia indica (L.) C. A. Mey. Thymelaeaceae Tie Gu Shan Skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-129 2
Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern Brassicaceae Mi Gong Stopping bleeding, traumatic injury, relieving cough, skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-092 6
Balanophora harlandii Hook.f. Balanophoraceae   Traumatic injury, promoting blood circulation, treating gynopathy disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-132 4
Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser Loranthaceae   Treating rheumatism, nourishing, strengthening muscles and bones, miscarriage prevention Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-079 5
Viscum articulatum Burm.f. Loranthaceae Pang Xie Jiao Treating rheumatism, treating respiratory disease, promoting blood circulation Herbal tea, medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-211 5
Viscum diospyrosicola Hayata Loranthaceae Tao Ji Sheng Treating rheumatism, heat clearing, diminishing inflammation, relaxing tendons Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-111 6
Viscum liquidambaricola Hayata Loranthaceae   Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, promoting blood circulation, relieving cough Decoction, medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-107 6
Ceratostigma willmottianum Stapf Plumbaginaceae   Treating gynopathy, treating rheumatism, treating respiratory disease Medicinal bath Branches and leaves, root JH-261 4
Plumbago zeylanica L. Plumbaginaceae Bai Zi Cao Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, expelling parasite, detoxifying External use, making tincture Whole plant, root JH-065 6
Plumbago zeylanica L. Plumbaginaceae Meng Lao Hu Treating rheumatism, detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, skin disease Medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-175 4
Drosera peltata Thunb. Droseraceae Di Ming Zhu Traumatic injury, detoxifying Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-064 3
Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Bai Niu Xi Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, nourishing, relieving pain Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-267 6
Achyranthes bidentata Blume Amaranthaceae Tu Niu Xi Nourishing Decoction Root JH-050 2
Achyranthes longifolia (Makino) Makino Amaranthaceae Hong Niu Xi Promoting blood circulation, inducing diuresis Food Root JH-227 3
Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume Amaranthaceae   Relieving cough, traumatic injury, strengthening muscles and bones, treating dysentery, nourishing Medicinal bath, food Root, flower JH-078 7
Amaranthus spinosus L. Amaranthaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-200 2
Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. Phytolaccaceae   Traumatic injury, skin disease Root: external use; tender leaf and stem: food Root JH-112 4
Basella alba L. Basellaceae Teng Sa Qi Heat clearing and detoxifying, skin disease Decoction, external use Leaf, whole plant JH-119 4
Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae Gua Zi Cai Heat clearing and detoxifying, eliminating phlegm Medicinal bath, herbal tea Whole plant JH-007 4
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. Portulacaceae Tu Ren Shen Nourishing, inducing saliva, detoxifying Food Tuber JH-301 4
Ardisia affinis Hemsl. Primulaceae Xiao Ai Di Cha Promoting blood circulation, traumatic injury Decoction, medicinal bath Root JH-095 4
Ardisia corymbifera Mez Primulaceae   Traumatic injury, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-028 3
Ardisia crenata Sims var. bicolor (E. Walker) C. Y. Wu & C. Chen Primulaceae Zhen Zhu Gai Liang San Treating traumatic injury, treating rheumatism, treating respiratory disease Food, medicinal bath, herbal tea Whole plant JH-254 6
Ardisia cymosa Blume Primulaceae   Promoting blood circulation, heat clearing, diminishing inflammation, stopping bleeding Decoction Whole plant JH-001 5
Ardisia gigantifolia Stapf Primulaceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain External use, medicinal bath Rhizome, whole plant JH-170 5
Ardisia japonica (Thunb.) Blume Primulaceae Xue Feng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, skin disease, treating cold, relieving cough Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant, root JH-121 7
Ardisia pusilla A. DC. Primulaceae   Relieving pain, promoting blood circulation, treating gynopathy, treating snake bite, skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-225 6
Embelia laeta (L.) Mez Primulaceae Zhuan Guo Hong Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, stewing soup Whole plant JH-048 3
Embelia rudis Hand.-Mazz. Primulaceae Gou She Feng Treating rheumatism, skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-004 4
Lysimachia barystachys Bunge Primulaceae   Skin disease, stopping bleeding Medicinal bath, external use Whole plant JH-210 4
Plantago asiatica L. Primulaceae Ma Guai Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, eliminating phlegm Herbal tea Whole plant JH-018 4
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Theaceae   Heat clearing, inducing diuresis, relieving cough, treating heatstroke Medicinal bath, herbal tea Tender leaf JH-020 6
Symplocos paniculata Miq. Symplocaceae   Heat clearing, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, decoction Stem and leaf JH-305 4
Gaultheria leucocarpa var. yunnanensis (Franch.) T. Z. Hsu & R. C. Fang Ericaceae Xia Shan Hu Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-082 4
Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Eucommiaceae   Nourishing, strengthening muscles and bones, miscarriage prevention Medicinal bath Bark JH-205 4
Cephalanthus subspinosns (Roxb.) Ridsd. et Bakh. f. Rubiaceae   Skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-125 3
Damnacanthus giganteus (Makino) Nakai Rubiaceae Xiu Hua Zhen Nourishing, stopping bleeding Herbal tea, decoction Whole plant JH-302 4
Damnacanthus indicus C. F. Gaertn. Rubiaceae Xiu Hua Zhen Treating infantile malnutrition, nourishing, relieving pain, treating cold, treating hepatitis Herbal tea, food (making soup) Whole plant JH-234 7
Hedyotis auricularia L. Rubiaceae Huang Shao Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating gastrointestinal disease, relieving cough, treating cold, promoting blood circulation, skin disease, snake bite Herbal tea, medicinal bath Leaf JH-206 9
Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. Rubiaceae Ji Shi Teng Treating rheumatism, promoting digest, heat clearing and detoxifying Medicinal bath, herbal tea, decoction Whole plant JH-074 6
Serissa serissoides (DC.) Druce Rubiaceae   Treating rheumatism, heat clearing and detoxifying, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-051 5
Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. Rubiaceae Ying Zhao Feng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath Branch, leaf JH-038 3
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem.& Schult. Apocynaceae   Treating gastrointestinal disease, treating gynopathy External use Flower JH-268 3
Anodendron affine (Hook. & Arn.) Druce Apocynaceae   Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-158 2
Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight Apocynaceae Niu Pi Dong Skin disease Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-176 3
Cynanchum paniculatum (Bunge) Kitag. Apocynaceae Xu Chang Qin Heat clearing, diminishing inflammation, relieving cough Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-278 5
Dischidia australis Tsiang et P. T. Li Apocynaceae   Treating respiratory disease, skin disease, diminishing inflammation, treating arthritis Herbal tea Whole plant JH-127 5
Dischidia chinensis Champ. ex Benth. Apocynaceae Shi Xin Zi Heat clearing and detoxifying, reducing phlegm, treating infantile malnutrition Food (stewing with meat) Whole plant JH-139 4
Marsdenia sinensis Hemsl. Apocynaceae Jiu Niu Teng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, treating heatstroke Decoction Stem JH-151 4
Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. Apocynaceae Guo Qiang Feng Treating rheumatism Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-045 3
Argyreia acuta Lour. Convolvulaceae   Skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-177 2
Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Convolvulaceae   Nourishing Herbal tea, food Seed JH-286 3
Dichondra repens J. R. Forst. & G. Forst. Convolvulaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, expelling parasite Decoction Whole plant JH-270 3
Petrocodon dealbatus var. dealbatus Gesneriaceae Bei Feng Fei Yang Relieving cough Decoction Whole plant JH-237 2
Buddleja lindleyana Fortune Scrophulariaceae Yang Wei Ba Skin disease, treating skin itch Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-086 3
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees Acanthaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation Herbal tea Whole plant JH-141 3
Campsis grandiflora (Thunb.) K. Schum. Bignoniaceae Hong Hua Dao Shui Lian Traumatic injury Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-034 3
Radermachera sinica (Hance) Hemsl. Bignoniaceae   Heat clearing, treating venomous snake bite, sterilization External use (leaf), medicinal bath Root, leaf, fruit, branch JH-009 5
Callicarpa pedunculata R. Br. Verbenaceae   Skin disease Medicinal bath Stem, leaf JH-160 2
Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabb. Verbenaceae   Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain, heat clearing and detoxifying, improving digestion Herbal tea Root, leaf, whole plant JH-164 6
Verbena officinalis L. Verbenaceae Tie Ma Bian Treating rheumatism, treating venomous snake bite, heat clearing, promoting blood circulation, eliminating inflammation Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-135 8
Vitex negundo L. Verbenaceae Huang Jin Zi Nourishing, relieving cough, reducing phlegm Medicinal bath, food (stewing with meat) Whole plant JH-248 5
Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz. Lamiaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism Decoction, medicinal bath Root, leaf JH-142 4
Leonurus japonicus Houtt. Lamiaceae Hong Hua Ai Heat clearing Herbal tea, medicinal bath, making soup Whole plant JH-075 3
Lycopus lucidus Turcz. ex Benth. Lamiaceae   Treating rheumatism Decoction Whole plant JH-033 2
Mentha canadensis L. Lamiaceae   Treating cold, skin disease Food (stewing with meat), medicinal bath Whole plant JH-117 4
Mosla chinensis Maxim. Lamiaceae Xiao Ye Suo Cao Preventing heatstroke, mosquitoes repelling Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-019 4
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Lamiaceae   Detoxifying, treating respiratory disease, treating cold, invigorating stomach Medicinal bath, food (stir-fry) Stem, leaf, fruit JH-023 5
Pogostemon auricularius (L.) Hassk. Lamiaceae Ye ji wei Heat clearing, cleaning the wound Decoction Whole plant JH-239 3
Prunella vulgaris L. Lamiaceae   Improving eyesight, promoting blood circulation Herbal tea Fruit cluster, flower JH-179 3
Scutellaria barbata D. Don Lamiaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, treating cold Decoction Whole plant JH-042 3
Stachys geobombycis C.Y. Wu Lamiaceae   Detoxifying, treating gastrointestinal disease, traumatic injury, skin disease Food Whole plant, rhizome JH-228 4
Codonopsis javanica (Blume) Hook.f. & Thomson Campanulaceae Nai Shen Treating gastrointestinal disease, nourishing, relieving cough, treating gynopathy, treating infantile malnutrition Food (stewing with meat) Root JH-154 6
Codonopsis lanceolata (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Trautv. Campanulaceae Yang Ru Tonic Food (cooking with meat)    2
Ilex asprella (Hook. & Arn.) Champ. ex Benth. var. asprella Aquifoliaceae Cheng Xing Shu Promoting blood circulation, clearing heat Herbal tea, decoction, medicinal bath Leaf, root JH-303 5
Ilex chinensis Sims Aquifoliaceae   Sterilization, promoting blood circulation Leaf: medicinal bath; seed: making tincture, decoction; bark: decoction Bark, leaf, root, seed JH-182 6
Achillea millefolium L. Asteraceae Suan Ming Cao Treating rheumatism, traumatic injury, treating gynopathy, snake bite External use, decoction, medicinal bath Leaf, flower JH-016 7
Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae Bai Hua Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, stopping bleeding External use Whole plant JH-257 4
Artemisia annua L. Asteraceae Qing Hao Treating malaria, skin disease Medicinal bath Branches and leaves JH-238 3
Artemisia argyi H. Lév. & Vaniot Asteraceae Ye Ai Skin disease, treating gynopathy Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-005 4
Artemisia capillaris Thunb. Asteraceae   Treating gastrointestinal disease, diminishing inflammation Medicinal bath, decoction Tender shoot, tender leaf JH-062 4
Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Bess. Asteraceae   Treating rheumatism, heat clearing and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, expelling parasite Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-156 7
Artemisia princeps Pamp. Asteraceae   Treating rheumatism, nourishing, treating gynopathy, diminishing inflammation, stopping bleeding Decoction Leaf JH-245 6
Aster indicus var. indicus (L.) Sch.-Bip. Asteraceae Ji You Cai Heat clearing, relieving cough Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-188 4
Aster tataricus L.f. Asteraceae Ji You Cha Heat clearing Herbal tea Root JH-003 2
Centipeda minima (L.) A. Braun & Asch. Asteraceae E Bu Shi Cao Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, eliminating inflammation Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-162 6
Cirsium japonicum (Thunb.) Fisch. ex DC. Asteraceae Shan Luo Bo Nourishing, treating gynopathy, promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding, eliminating inflammation Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Whole plant, root JH-215 8
Eupatorium chinense L. Asteraceae   Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-150 2
Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam. Asteraceae   Treating gynopathy, traumatic injury, relieving cough Decoction, external use, medicinal bath Root JH-280 6
Gerbera anandria (L.) Sch.-Bip. Asteraceae Pu Di Ling Treating hepatitis Decoction, Whole plant JH-255 2
Gerbera piloselloides (L.) Cass. Asteraceae Pu Di Gen Heat clearing, diminishing inflammation, treating infantile malnutrition Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-223 5
Glebionis lavandulifolium (Fisch. ex Trautv.) Ling & Shih Asteraceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-166 3
Glebionis morifolium (Ramat.) Tznel. Asteraceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, improving eyesight Herbal tea, medicinal bath Flower JH-047 5
Grangea maderaspatana (L.) Poir. Asteraceae Gua Zi Cao Heat clearing, treating incised wound External use, herbal tea Whole plant JH-201 4
Gynura japonica (Thunb.) Juel Asteraceae   Treating diabetes, treating infantile malnutrition, traumatic injury Decoction Whole plant JH-137 4
Helianthus annuus L. Asteraceae   Treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Flower JH-152 2
Inula cappa (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) DC. Asteraceae Bai Mian Feng Treating rheumatism, relieving pain, relieving cough, treating cold, eliminating phlegm Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-169 6
Inula japonica Thunb. Asteraceae   Treating infantile malnutrition Decoction Root, leaf, flower JH-172 2
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Asteraceae Jiu Li Guang Skin disease, improving eyesight, heat clearing and detoxifying Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-076 5
Viburnum odoratissimum Ker Gawl. Adoxaceae Jian Gu Feng Treating rheumatic arthritis, traumatic injury Herbal tea, food, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-035 4
Lonicera acuminata Wall. Caprifoliaceae Yin hua Skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-186 2
Lonicera confusa (Sweet) DC. Caprifoliaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying Decoction Flower, stem, leaf JH-149 2
Lonicera hypoglauca Miq. Caprifoliaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation Medicinal bath Flower bud, stem JH-022 3
Lonicera japonica Thunb. Caprifoliaceae   Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation Herbal tea, medicinal bath Stem JH-085 4
Lonicera reticulata Champ. Caprifoliaceae Yin hua Skin disease Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-104 2
Pittosporum glabratum Lindl. Pittosporaceae Tie Liang San Treating steaming bone Herbal tea, medicinal bath Seed, skin JH-173 3
Dendropanax dentigerus (Harms) Merr. Araliaceae Yin Yang Feng Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, skin disease, relieving pain Medicinal bath Root, bark JH-293 5
Eleutherococcus nodiflorus (Dunn) S. Y. Hu Araliaceae Wu Gu Gou Nourishing Food (stewing with chicken and soybean) Root JH-145 2
Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. Araliaceae Wu Jia Pi Nourishing Medicinal bath Leaf, root bark, stem JH-288 2
Gamblea ciliata var. evodiifolia (Franch.) C. B. Shang, Lowry & Frodin Araliaceae Wu Zhao Feng Treating rheumatism Decoct, medicinal bath Rhizome JH-102 3
Hedera sinensis (Tobler) Hand.-Mazz. Araliaceae San Jiao Feng Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, nourishing, relieving pain Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-010 5
Heteropanax fragrans (Roxb.) Seem. Araliaceae Ya Jiao Feng Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, food (making soup) Bark, stem pith JH-220 3
Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz Araliaceae Shan Ku Di Feng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain, traumatic injury Medicinal bath Bark, stem JH-094 5
Panax japonicus (T. Nees) C. A. Mey. Araliaceae   Nourishing, eliminating phlegm, stopping bleeding, relieving pain Decoction Rhizome JH-244 5
Schefflera heptaphylla (L.) Frodin Araliaceae Ya Jiao Feng Heat clearing and detoxifying, treating rheumatism, skin disease, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Decoction Leaf, bark JH-081 5
Bupleurum chinense DC. Apiaceae Tu Chai Hu Diminishing inflammation, heat clearing, treating cold, treating fever Herbal tea Root JH-030 5
Cryptotaenia japonica Hassk. Apiaceae Shui Qin Cai Promoting blood circulation, skin disease, treating respiratory disease Food, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-203 5
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. Apiaceae   Heat clearing, promoting digest, treating infantile malnutrition Food, herbal tea, making soup Whole plant JH-060 6
Peucedanum guangxiense R. H. Shan & M. L. Sheh Apiaceae   Treating cold, treating rheumatism Decoction, medicinal bath Root JH-024 4
Sanicula chinensis Bunge Apiaceae Shan Qin Cai Relieving cough, treating gastrointestinal disease, heat clearing, diminishing inflammation Herbal tea Whole plant JH-025 5
Pinus massoniana Lamb. Pinaceae   Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Branches and leaves JH-212 3
Pteridophyta
Huperzia serrata (Thunb.) Trevis Huperziaceae Qian Ceng Ta Promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding, relieving pain, treating senile dementia, traumatic injury External use Whole plant JH-049 6
Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub Lycopodiaceae Song Jin Cao Traumatic injury, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath, decoction Whole plant JH-297 4
Lycopodium japonicum Thunb. Lycopodiaceae Sheng Jin Cao Treating rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-136 3
Phlegmariurus fargesii (Herter) Ching Lycopodiaceae   Traumatic injury, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath Whole plant JH-039 3
Equisetum arvense L. Equisetaceae Jie Jie Cao Stopping bleeding Decoction, external use Whole plant JH-289 3
Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. debile (Roxb. ex Vaucher) Hauke Equisetaceae   Improving eyesight, inducing diuresis Decoction, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-197 4
Angiopteris fokiensis Hieron. Angiopteridaceae Xiao Ma Ti Heat clearing and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation, relieving pain Decoction, external use Rhizome JH-222 5
Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. Lygodiaceae Tie Xian Cao Inducing diuresis, treating calculus, treating rheumatism Medicinal bath; decoction Spore, whole plant JH-216 5
Lygodium scandens (L.) Sw. Lygodiaceae   Heat clearing, inducing diuresis, relieving pain Spore: decoction; medicinal bath Spore, whole plant JH-204 6
Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. Dicksoniaceae Jin Gou Zi Stopping bleeding External use Hair JH-299 2
Alsophila spinulosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Tryon Cyatheaceae Long Gu Feng Treating rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, strengthening muscles and bones Medicinal bath Stem JH-229 4
Pteris multifida Poir. Pteridaceae Feng Wei Cao Heat clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, treating gastrointestinal disease Root: external use; food; medicinal bath Whole plant JH-008 6
Aleuritopteris argentea (Gmel.) Fée Sinopteridaceae Huo Shao Cao Treating gynopathy, nourishing, treating empyrosis External use Whole plant JH-250 4
Davallia mariesii T. Moore ex Baker Davalliaceae   Traumatic injury External use Rhizome JH-073 2
Lepidogrammitis drymoglossoides (Baker) Ching Polypodiaceae Pa Shan Hu Heat clearing and detoxifying, inducing diuresis, stopping bleeding Decoction Whole plant JH-057 4
Lepidogrammitis rostrata (Bedd.) Ching Polypodiaceae Bao Shu Lian Treating infantile malnutrition, promoting digest Making soup Whole plant JH-105 3
Lepisorus thunbergianus (Kaulf.) Ching Polypodiaceae   Heat clearing, inducing diuresis, relieving cough Decoction Whole plant JH-116 4
Microsorum fortunei (T. Moore) Ching Polypodiaceae Qi Xing Jian Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-059 3
Pyrrosia lingua (Thunb.) Farw. Polypodiaceae   Traumatic injury Medicinal bath, external use Leaf JH-056 3
Pseudodrynaria coronans (Wall. ex Mett.) Ching Drynariaceae Bi Shan Hu Treating rheumatism, nourishing, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, traumatic injury Decoction, medicinal bath Rhizome JH-183 6
Lichenes
Usnea diffracta Vain Usneaceae Song Jin Teng Treating rheumatism Herbal tea, food, medicinal bath Whole plant JH-147 4
  1. The order of plant species in this table is followed by the APG IV system, gymnosperms classification system (1978), and Qinrenchang fern plant classification system (1978)