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Table 3 Species cited as useful in building the traditional raft by rafters of Southern Bahia, Brazil

From: Fishermen do more than fish: local ecological knowledge of raftsmen about the arboreal species used to construct rafts (Bahia, Brazil)

Family/species Ethnospecies Source Citations Uses/componets Information dendrological [56,57,58,59,60,61] U.V general I.S.C. general
Anacardiaceae
Anacardium occidentale L. Cajueiro N 41 Canga Density 0.42 g/cm3. Lightweight, strong and long lasting 1.14 7.66
Annonaceae
Annona glabra L. Cortiça N 20 Canga Density 0.50 g/cm3 0.56 2.78
Xylopia frutescens Aubl. Pindaíba N 12 Mast, rod Density 0.62 g/cm3. Moderately heavy, soft and easy to work, medium texture, medium hardiness and poor durability 0.33 1.11
Bignoniaceae
Tabebuia cassinoides (Lam.) DC. Taipóca N 25 Stritch, hand paddle, rod Density 0.37 g/cm3. Very light, glossy surface and read to the touch, fine texture, right grain, low mechanical resistance 0.69 13.33
Bombacaceae
Eriotheca macrophylla (K. Schum.) Embiruçu N 1 Stool ** 0.03 0.03
Caryocaraceae
Caryocar brasiliense Cambess. * Pequi N 21 Canga, carrinha, stool, hand paddle, driving paddle Density 0.65 g/cm3. Moderately heavy, soft, strong and of low natural durability 0.58 4.44
Clusiaceae
Symphonia globulifera L.f. Alandi/Landirana N 7 Mast, paddle, rod ** 0.19 0.78
Combretaceae
Conocarpus erectus L. * Mangue de Botão N 4 Morão, aracambu, lathe ** 0.11 0.44
Laguncularia racemosa (L.) C.F.Gaertn Mangue Branco/Mangue Manso N 8 Stritch, mast, hand paddle, rod ** 0.22 0.69
Euphorbiaceae
Pogonophora schomburgkiana Miers ex Benth. Cocão N 8 Morão, aracambu, mast ** 0.22 1.17
Fabaceae
Albizia polycephala (Benth.) Killip Muanza N 28 Ballast ** 0.78 5.44
Diplotropis incexis Rizzini & A. Mattos * Sucupira N 11 Carrinha, driving paddle ** 0.30 0.50
Icacinaceae
Emmotum nitens (Benth.) Miers Aderno/Rouxinho N 16 Canga, carrinha, aracambu, driving paddle Density 0.93 g/cm3. Soft, thick texture, right grain, medium mechanical strength and low durability 0.44 2.92
Lauraceae
Aniba intermedia (Meisn.) Mez Louro N 6 Carrinha, stool ** 0.17 0.42
Lecythidaceae
Eschweilera ovata (Cambess.) Miers Biriba N 40 Morão, stool, aracambu, lathe, stritch, mast, canga Density 1.03 g/cm3. Heavy, medium hardness, compact, uniform, tough and moderately durable 1.11 36.00
Malvaceae
Apeiba tibourbou Aubl. Pau de Jangada N 36 Ballast Very light, fluffy, from 0.12 to 0.30 g/cm3, soft and easy to work, low natural durability 1.00 8.00
Moraceae
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Jaqueira E 37 Canga, carrinha, morão, stool, driving paddle, hand paddle Density 0.46 g/cm3 1.03 11.66
Brosimum rubescens Taub. Conduru N 28 Mast, stritch, rod It has thick fibers and is tough and strong. Density 0.70 g/cm3 0.78 8.25
Pinaceae
 Pinus sp. Pinho E 16 Stool, stritch, mast ** 0.44 2.67
Rubiaceae
Genipa americana L. Jenipapo N 10 Driving paddle, hand paddle ** 0.28 0.67
Sapotaceae
Manilkara maxima T. D. Penn. Massaranduba N 28 Carrinha, driving paddle, hand paddle ** 0.78 7.94
  1. *Species not collected
  2. **Data not available