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Table 1 Categories of the origin of knowledge of animals and the defining criteria

From: Wild vertebrates and their representation by urban/rural students in a region of northeast Brazil


Defining criteria

Tradition (Tr)

Content that refers to knowledge about animals through parents and experienced community members

Daily experiences (DE)

Knowledge from own experiences in immediate situations of exploration in the context of life

Field experiences (FE)

Knowledge through planned situations in natural environments: trails, camps and excursions

Pet (P)

Knowledge derived from experiences with animals raised in a domestic environment or captivity

Hunting/fishing (HF)

Knowledge through the practice of hunting and fishing

Trade (T)

Knowledge acquired in commercial situations such as open fairs and markets

Formal education (FoE)

Knowledge related to schooling: Science and Biology classes, didactic and para-didactic books, and extracurricular activities

Media (M)

Knowledge obtained through various technological resources: internet, TV programs, documentaries, and films

Zoological units (Z)

Knowledge acquired through zoos, oceanariums, aquariums, and zoonosis centers

Other (O)

Not in the categories above