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Table 7 Curricular evolution and citations of the four most expressive categories referring to the origins of the knowledge about the wild vertebrates by the participants: averages (standard deviation) for the Ensino Fundamental II (elementary) and Ensino Médio (upper secondary)

From: Wild vertebrates and their representation by urban/rural students in a region of northeast Brazil

Categories: Tradition Everyday experiences Formal education Medias
Group Grade General Urban Rural General Urban Rural General Urban Rural General Urban Rural
Fish 6th 0.7 (0.5) 0.6 (0.5) 0.8 (0.5) 1.2 (1.1) 1.2 (1.2) 1.1 (1.0) 0.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.5) 0.3 (0.4) 2.4 (2.0) 3.3 (2.3) 1.3 (1.3)
7th 1.3 (1.0) 1.4 (1.2) 1.2 (0.8) 0.5 (0.7) 0.6 (1.0) 0.3 (0.5) 0.6 (0.7) 0.6 (0.7) 0.6 (0.7) 2.8 (1.8) 3.0 (1.9) 2.5 (1.8)
8th 1.3 (1.0) 1.5 (1.3) 1.2 (0.9) 0.7 (1.0) 0.7 (1.0) 0.6 (0.9) 0.8 (0.7) 0.9 (0.8) 0.7 (0.6) 2.8 (1.8) 2.8 (1.6) 3.0 (2.3)
9th 0.9 (0.6) 1.1 (0.8) 0.8 (0.5) 0.9 (1.1) 1.0 (1.2) 0.7 (0.9) 0.4 (0.6) 0.6 (0.7) 0.3 (0.4) 2.6 (2.0) 2.7 (1.9) 2.5 (2.1)
Average EF 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (1.0) 1.0 (0.6) 0.8 (1.0) 0.9 (1.1) 0.7 (0.9) 0.6 (0.6) 0.6 (0.7) 0.5 (0.6) 2.6 (1.9) 3.0 (1.9) 2.3 (1.9)
1st 1.1 (0.8) 1.2 (1.0) 0.9 (0.7) 0.7 (0.9) 0.5 (0.8) 0.9 (1.1) 0.8 (0.8) 0.9 (0.7) 0.7 (0.8) 2.6 (1.9) 3.4 (2.1) 1.8 (1.4)
2nd 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (1.1) 0.9 (0.6) 0.8 (1.0) 0.9 (1.2) 0.7 (0.9) 1.1 (1.0) 1.4 (1.3) 0.7 (0.7) 2.0 (1.6) 2.5 (1.8) 1.4 (1.3
3rd 1.5 (1.3) 2.1 (1.6) 1.0 (0.6) 0.9 (1.2) 0.9 (1.2) 1.0 (1.1) 1.1 (0.8) 1.2 (0.8) 1.0 (0.8) 2.2 (1.6) 2.4 (1.7) 2.0 (1.6)
Average EM 1.1 (0.9) 1.3 (1.1) 0.9 (0.7) 0.8 (1.0) 0.7 (1.0) 0.8 (1.1) 0.9 (0.8) 1.1 (0.9) 0.8 (0.8) 2.4 (1.8) 3.0 (2.0) 1.7 (1.5)
Amphibians 6th 0.6 (0.5) 0.6 (0.5) 0.7 (0.5) 1.2 (1.2) 1.5 (1.3) 0.9 (1.0) 0.5 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.4 (0.5) 1.5 (1.2) 1.9 (1.3) 0.9 (0.7)
7th 1.0 (0.8) 0.7 (0.7) 1.2 (1.0) 1.1 (1.2) 1.0 (1.1) 1.1 (1.3) 0.8 (0.6) 0.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.6) 1.5 (1.2) 1.7 (1.4) 1.3 (1.0)
8th 1.0 (0.9) 0.9 (0.8) 1.2 (1.0) 0.8 (1.1) 0.9 (1.1) 0.8 (1.0) 1.1 (0.9) 1.3 (1.0) 0.9 (0.7) 2.0 (1.4) 2.4 (1.6) 1.3 (1.1)
9th 0.7 (0.7) 0.8 (0.8) 0.6 (0.6) 1.3 (1.3) 1.4 (1.3) 1.3 (1.3) 0.7 (0.7) 0.7 (0.8) 0.7 (0.7) 1.6 (1.2) 1.6 (1.1) 1.5 (1.3)
Averages EF 0.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.7) 0.9 (0.7) 1.1 (1.2) 1.2 (1.2) 1.0 (1.2) 0.8 (0.7) 0.9 (0.8) 0.7 (0.7) 1.6 (1.3) 1.9 (1.4) 1.3 (1.0)
1st 0.7 (0.6) 0.7 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 1.1 (1.1) 1.0 (1.2) 1.1 (1.1) 1.0 (0.7) 1.1 (0.8) 0.8 (0.7) 1.5 (1.3) 1.7 (1.3) 1.3 (1.2)
2nd 0.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.5) 0.3 (0.5) 1.0 (1.0) 0.8 (1.0) 1.2 (1.2) 1.2 (0.9) 1.6 (1.3) 0.8 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 1.9 (1.4) 0.8 (0.7)
3rd 0.6 (0.5) 0.4 (0.5) 0.7 (0.6) 1.4 (1.2) 1.0 (1.2) 1.5 (1.2) 1.1 (0.6) 1.2 (0.7) 1.0 (0.5) 1.4 (1.1) 1.6 (1.1) 1.0 (0.9)
Averages EM 0.6 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 1.1 (1.1) 1.0 (1.1) 1.2 (1.2) 1.1 (0.7) 1.3 (0.9) 0.8 (0.6) 1.5 (1.2) 1.8 (1.3) 1.1 (1.0)
Reptiles 6th 0.6 (0.5) 0.6 (0.5) 0.7 (0.5) 0.9 (1.0) 0.9 (1.0) 0.8 (0.9) 0.4 (0.5) 0.5 (0.6) 0.3 (0.4) 1.5 (1.1) 1.8 (1.3) 1.0 (0.6)
7th 1.0 (0.8) 0.6 (0.7) 1.3 (1.1) 0.9 (1.0) 0.8 (1.0) 1.0 (1.0) 0.8 (0.7) 0.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.6) 1.7 (1.3) 2.0 (1.5) 1.5 (1.1)
8th 1.0 (0.8) 0.9 (0.7) 1.2 (1.0) 0.7 (0.9) 0.7 (0.8) 0.7 (1.0) 1.0 (0.7) 1.2 (0.8) 0.8 (0.6) 1.9 (1.2) 1.9 (1.1) 1.7 (1.3)
9th 0.6 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 1.2 (1.2) 1.3 (1.3) 1.2 (1.1) 0.7 (0.7) 0.7 (0.7) 0.7 (0.7) 1.9 (1.3) 2.2 (1.4) 1.5 (1.3)
Averages EF 0.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.6) 0.9 (0.8) 0.9 (1.0) 0.9 (1.0) 0.9 (1.0) 0.7 (0.7) 0.8 (0.7) 0.6 (0.6) 1.7 (1.2) 2.0 (1.4) 1.4 (1.1)
0.7 (0.6) 0.8 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 1.0 (1.0) 0.7 (0.8) 1.2 (1.3) 0.8 (0.7) 1.0 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 1.9 (1.4) 2.3 (1.6) 1.4 (1.1)
0.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.5) 0.3 (0.5) 1.0 (1.1) 0.7 (1.0) 1.3 (1.2) 1.3 (1.0) 1.7 (1.4) 0.8 (0.6) 1.7 (1.4) 2.2 (1.7) 1.2 (1.0)
0.6 (0.6) 0.4 (0.6) 0.7 (0.6) 1.3 (1.3) 0.8 (1.2) 1.6 (1.3) 1.3 (0.9) 1.3 (1.1) 1.0 (0.7) 1.7 (1.5) 2.0 (1.4) 0.9 (0.8)
Averages EM 0.6 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 1.0 (1.1) 1.0 (1.0) 1.3 (1.3) 1.0 (0.7) 1.3 (1.0) 0.8 (0.6) 1.8 (1.4) 2.3 (1.6) 1.2 (1.1)
Birds 0.8 (0.5) 0.8 (0.4) 0.9 (0.6) 1.0 (1.1) 1.1 (1.1) 0.9 (1.0) 0.4 (0.5) 0.5 (0.5) 0.4 (0.5) 1.5 (1.3) 2.1 (1.4) 0.9 (0.8)
1.4 (1.2) 1.1 (0.9) 1.8 (1.3) 1.0 (1.2) 1.2 (1.3) 0.7 (1.1) 0.6 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 1.8 (1.5) 2.1 (1.7) 1.6 (1.3)
1.6 (1.2) 1.5 (1.1) 1.7 (1.2) 0.9 (1.0) 0.9 (1.1) 0.9 (1.0) 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (0.9) 0.8 (0.7) 2.0 (1.3) 2.2 (1.2) 1.7 (1.5)
0.9 (0.7) 1.0 (0.8) 0.8 (0.6) 1.5 (1.6) 1.3 (1.4) 1.8 (1.9) 0.6 (0.7) 0.7 (0.8) 0.5 (0.6) 1.9 (1.5) 2.3 (1.5) 1.4 (1.4)
Averages EF 1.2 (0.9) 1.1 (0.7) 1.3 (1.0) 1.1 (1.2) 1.1 (1.2) 1.1 (1.3) 0.6 (0.7) 0.7 (0.7) 0.5 (0.6) 1.8 (1.4) 2.2 (1.4) 1.4 (1.3)
1.1 (0.8) 1.2 (0.9) 0.9 (0.7) 1.7 (1.7) 1.5 (1.4) 2.0 (1.9) 0.8 (0.7) 0.9 (0.7) 0.6 (0.7) 2.0 (1.6) 2.6 (1.9) 1.4 (1.3)
0.8 (0.8) 0.8 (0.8) 0.8 (0.7) 1.0 (1.1) 0.7 (0.8) 1.5 (1.5) 1.2 (1.2) 1.5 (1.4) 1.0 (0.9) 2.4 (2.1) 3.2 (2.5) 1.6 (1.4)
1.1 (0.9) 0.9 (1.1) 1.1 (0.8) 2.0 (1.8) 1.2 (1.7) 2.5 (2.0) 1.1 (1.0) 0.9 (1.0) 1.2 (1.0) 1.7 (1.4) 2.2 (1.7) 1.2 (1.0)
Averages EM 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (0.9) 0.9 (0.7) 1.6 (1.6) 1.3 (1.4) 1.9 (1.9) 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (0.9) 0.8 (0.8) 2.1 (1.7) 2.7 (2.1) 1.4 (1.3)
Mammals 1.0 (0.6) 1.0 (0.5) 1.1 (0.8) 1.3 (1.2) 1.6 (1.3) 1.0 (1.1) 0.5 (0.6) 0.6 (0.6) 0.4 (0.5) 1.7 (1.5) 2.3 (1.8) 0.9 (0.9)
2.6 (2.0) 2.4 (1.7) 2.7 (2.3) 0.9 (1.2) 1.2 (1.4) 0.7 (1.0) 0.9 (0.6) 1.0 (0.5) 0.9 (0.7) 2.3 (1.9) 3.2 (2.1) 1.6 (1.4)
1.9 (1.4) 1.7 (1.3) 2.3 (1.8) 1.0 (1.2) 0.8 (1.0) 1.3 (1.7) 1.1 (0.7) 1.2 (0.9) 1.0 (0.4) 2.8 (1.9) 2.9 (1.8) 2.6 (2.0)
1.3 (1.0) 1.5 (1.2) 1.1 (0.6) 2.1 (1.8) 1.6 (1.5) 2.6 (2.2) 0.8 (0.8) 1.0 (0.9) 0.6 (0.6) 2.2 (1.9) 2.4 (1.8) 2.0 (1.9)
Averages EF 1.7 (1.4) 1.6 (1.2) 1.8 (1.6) 1.3 (1.4) 1.3 (1.3) 1.4 (1.6) 0.8 (0.7) 0.9 (0.7) 0.7 (0.6) 2.2 (1.8) 2.7 (1.9) 1.7 (1.6)
1.0 (0.8) 1.0 (0.8) 1.1 (0.8) 2.1 (1.9) 1.7 (1.5) 2.5 (2.3) 1.1 (0.9) 1.1 (0.8) 1.1 (0.9) 2.2 (2.0) 2.7 (2.3) 1.7 (1.6)
0.8 (0.8) 0.9 (0.8) 0.8 (0.8) 1.5 (1.4) 1.3 (1.2) 1.7 (1.5) 1.4 (1.1) 1.5 (1.3) 1.3 (0.9) 2.5 (1.9) 3.0 (2.2) 1.9 (1.4)
1.0 (0.8) 0.7 (0.7) 1.0 (1.0) 2.7 (1.9) 2.0 (1.7) 2.9 (2.0) 1.3 (1.0) 1.0 (0.8) 1.6 (1.4) 2.3 (1.7) 2.2 (1.8) 2.6 (1.5)
Averages EM 1.0 (0.8) 0.9 (0.8) 1.0 (0.8) 2.0 (1.7) 1.7 (1.6) 2.4 (2.1) 1.2 (1.0) 1.2 (1.0) 1.3 (1.0) 2.3 (1.9) 2.6 (2.2) 2.0 (1.5)
  1. EF Ensino Fundamental II (elementary); EM Ensino Médio (upper secondary)