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Table 2 The inventory of medicinal plants traditionally used by local people

From: Ethnomedicine study on traditional medicinal plants in the Wuliang Mountains of Jingdong, Yunnan, China

Vernacular name Family name Latin name Habit Part used Medicinal use Voucher number
Dakonghua Malvaceae Abelmoschus manihot var. pungens (Roxb.) Hochr. Shrub Root Unknown swollen GLL0162
Sheyao Compositae Achillea millefolium Linn. Shrub Root, leaf, whole plant Snake venom, common cold, meningitis GLL00113
Tuniuxi Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera Linn. Herb Whole plant Bone-setting GLL0262
Tongchuicao Compositae Acmella calva (DC.) R.K.Jansen Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL00123
Jinwu Ranunculaceae Aconitum austroyunnanense W.T. Wang Herb Whole plant, Root Cold drugs, traumatic injury GLL0127
Xueshangyizhihao Ranunculaceae Aconitum brachypodum Diels Herb Root Traumatic injury, rheumatism GLL0129
Caowu Ranunculaceae Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. Herb Root Bone-setting, traumatic injury, digestive, general aching, common cold, hyperosteogeny, rheumatism GLL0126
Daduwu Ranunculaceae Aconitum scaposum Franch.var.hupehanum Rapaics Herb Root Traumatic injury GLL0128
Changpu Acoraceae Acorus calamus Herb Root Digestive GLL055
Shichangpu Araceae Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton Herb Whole plant Digestive GLL0082
Zhuzongcao Adiantaceae Adiantum bonatianum Brause Herb Whole plant Cystitis, diuretic GLL098
Suoluo Hippocastanaceae Aesculus chinensis Bunge Tree Root, stem Gastroenteritis GLL082
Honghualuobo Ericaceae Agapetes hosseana Diels Shrub Root Traumatic injury GLL0184
Shujidan Ericaceae Agapetes mannii Hemsl. Shrub Root Traumatic injury, rheumatism palpitation GLL0182
Huoxiang Labiatae Agastache rugosa (Fisch. et Mey.) O. Kuntze Herb Whole plant Relieving cough, pneumonia, ventilation, common cold, digestive GLL0041
Jima Agavaceae Agave sisalana Perrine ex Engelm. Herb Root Common cold (for child) GLL075
Daheicao Compositae Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R. M. King et H. Rob. Herb Whole plant Common cold, gastroenteritis GLL00119
Xianhecao Rosaceae Agrimonia pilosa var. nepalensis (D. Don) Nakai Herb Whole plant, root Haemostasis, flooding, gastroenteritis, dysentery GLL0021
Yexiahua Compositae Ainsliaea pertyoides Franch. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury, gynecologic diseases GLL00116
Shenyancao Compositae Ainsliaea spicata Vaniot Herb Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, nephritis GLL00115
Mutong Lardizabalaceae Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne. Woody climber Stem, leaf Hyperlipidemia, hypertension GLL079
Handonggua Betulaceae Alnus nepalensis Tree Bark, leaf Gastroenteritis GLL067
Dayedengtai Apocynaceae Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R. Br. Tree Leaf Relieving cough, trachitis GLL0152
Moyu Araceae Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch Herb Root Digestive, obesity GLL0088
Yeputao Vitaceae Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Momiy. Woody climber Whole plant Blood phobia GLL0242
Taoren Rosaceae Amygdalus davidiana (Carrière) de Vos ex Henry Tree Nutlet, bark, leaf Traumatic injury, rheumatism gastroenteritis, toothache GLL0028
Huzhangcao Ranunculaceae Anemone rivularis Buch.-Ham. Herb Root Hepatitis, gastroenteritis GLL01210
Danggui Umbelliferae Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Herb Root Tonic, traumatic injury GLL0117
Sanfensan Solanaceae Anisodus acutangulus C. Y. Wu et C. Chen ex C. Chen et C. L. Chen Herb Leaf, whole plant, root Bone-setting, traumatic injury antiphlogosis, rheumatism GLL0204
Baiyundougen Fabaceae Apios carnea (Wall.) Benth. ex Baker Woody climber Root Digestive GLL0037
Niubang Compositae Arctium lappa L. Herb Root Nephritis GLL00110
Baoziyanjinghua Myrsinaceae Ardisia crenata Sims Shrub Root, whole plant Common cold antiphlogosis gastroenteritis GLL0323
Zijinniu Myrsinaceae Ardisia japonica (Thunb.) Bl. Shrub Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0322
Binlang Palmae Areca catechu L. Tree Fruit Digestive GLL0431
Dahanyao Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia cucurbitoides C.F. Liang Herbaceous liane Root Digestive GLL0442
Tumuxiang Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia debilis Sieb. et Zucc. Herbaceous liane Root Gastroenteritis. Relieving cough, gastroenteritis GLL0441
Qingmuxiang Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia transsecta (Chatterjee) C. Y. Wu ex S. M. Hwang Woody climber Root Gastroenteritis GLL0443
Aihao Compositae Artemisia argyi Herb Whole plant Gynecologic diseases GLL00126
Yinchenhao Compositae Artemisia capillaris Thunb. Herb Whole plant Cholecystitis GLL0016
Haozi Compositae Artemisia carvifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Herb Whole plant, root, leaf Common cold, antiphlogosis, haemostasis, heat-clearing and detoxifying
Gynecologic diseases, gastroenteritis, haemostasis
GLL0014
Pingtouhao Compositae Artemisia japonica Thunb. Herb Whole plant, root, leaf Common cold, hepatitis GLL0015
Qiuhaitang Begoniaceae Begonia modestiflora Kurz. Herb Root Nephritis GLL085
Sankezhen Berberidaceae Berberis deinacantha Schneid. Shrub Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis, relieving cough GLL0212
Sankezhenhuanglian Berberidaceae Berberis wuliangshanensis C.Y. Wu Shrub Root Toothache GLL0213
Chachacao Compositae Bidens pilosa Linn. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, common cold, appendicitis, gastroenteritis, heat-clearing and detoxifying, laryngopharyngitis, diabetes mellitus GLL0012
Xiaobaiji Orchidaceae Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr. Herb Root Relieving cough, tuberculosis GLL0071
Baiji Orchidaceae Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb. f. Herb Stem Pneumonia, tuberculosis, haemostasis GLL0072
Bingpianye Compositae Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Herb Juice Rheumatism GLL00120
Baihucao Rutaceae Boenninghausenia albiflora (Hook.) Rchb. ex Meisn. Herb Whole plant, root Antiphl titis, exorcise evil spirits GLL0134
Mumian Malvaceae Bombax ceiba L. Tree Bark Bone-setting, traumatic injury GLL0163
Dabusi Crassulaceae Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken Herb Leaf, whole plant Bone-setting, Traumatic injury GLL070
Huanghua Buddlejaceae Buddleja officinalis Maxim. Shrub Root Replenishing qi GLL117
Chaihu Umbelliferae Bupleurum hamiltonii Balakr. Herb Whole plant, leaf Common cold GLL0111
Baichaihu Umbelliferae Bupleurum marginatum Wall.ex DC. Herb Whole plant Common cold GLL0112
Wannianqing Buxaceae Buxus bodinieri Lévl. Shrub Whole plant Gastroenteritis, traumatic injury, antiphlogosis GLL0341
Sumu Fabaceae Caesalpinia sappan Linn. Tree Stem Gynecologic diseases GLL111
Hehuanhua Mimosaceae Calliandra haematocephala Hassk. Shrub Flower, leaf, bark Tranquilizing effect GLL0332
Dawanwanhua Convolvulaceae Calystegia hederacea Wall. ex Roxb. Herb Whole plant Antiphlogosis GLL104
Chaye   Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Ktze. Tree Leaf Antiphlogosis GLL088
Aiqi Liliaceae Campylandra wattii C. B. Clarke Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis GLL0056
Douling Liliaceae Cardiocrinum giganteum (Wall.) Makino Herbaceous liane Stem Relieving cough, trachitis, pneumonia, emphysema GLL0051
Xiaohonggaoliang Cyperaceae Carex alta Boott Herb Root Gynecologic diseases GLL0461
Yegaolianggen Cyperaceae Carex baccans Nees Herb Root Haemostasis GLL0462
Goujiaoji Vitaceae Cayratia trifolia (Linn.) Domin Woody climber Whole plant Digestive, common cold, Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0241
Jiguanhua Amaranthaceae Celosia cristata Linn. Herb Whole plant, flower Heat-clearing and detoxifying, gynecologic diseases GLL0263
Yingtaopi Rosaceae Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindl.) G. Don Tree Bark Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL00212
Mugua Rosaceae Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin) Koehne Shrub Fruit Rheumatism, traumatic injury GLL0022
Suanmugua Rosaceae Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai Shrub Fruit Rheumatism GLL0023
Yinfencao Sinopteridaceae Cheilanthes albomarginata C.B. Clarke Herb Whole plant Gynecologic diseases GLL113
Sikuaiwa Chloranthaceae Chloranthus holostegius (Hand.-Mazz.) Pei et Shan Herb Whole plant, root Common cold
Laryngopharyngitis
GLL069
Tengzhong Apocynaceae Chonemorpha valvata Woody climber Stem, leaf Rheumatism GLL0154
Feijicao Compositae Chromolaena odorata (Linn.) R. M. King et H. Rob. Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis, heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL00124
Santiaojin Lauraceae Cinnamomum bejolghota (Buch.-Ham.) Sweet Tree Bark Ventilation, bone-setting GLL0273
Zhangmuzi Lauraceae Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl Tree Fruit Common cold, heatstroke, ventilation GLL0275
Rougui Lauraceae Cinnamomum cassia Nees ex Blume Tree Bark Ventilation, dispel coldness GLL0272
Xiangzhang Lauraceae Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall.) Nees Tree Stem, fruit, root Ventilation, refreshing, gastroenteritis GLL0274
Yaluoqing Meliaceae Cipadessa baccifera (Roth.) Miq. Tree Leaf Diabetes mellitus, gastroenteritis, catharsis GLL0231
Jicigen Compositae Cirsium griseum H. Lév. Herb Root, leaf, whole plant Gynecologic diseases, haemostasis, bone-setting GLL00125
Foshougan Rutaceae Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis (Noot.) Swingle Shrub Fruit Ventilation GLL0131
Chenpi Rutaceae Citrus reticulata Blanco Tree Peel Antiphlogosis GLL0132
Xiaomutong Ranunculaceae Clematis armandii Franch. Woody climber Root Diuretic, cystitis GLL0125
Weilingxian Ranunculaceae Clematis chinensis Osbeck Woody climber Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0124
Santiagoanyin Verbenaceae Clerodendrum serratum var. amplexifolium Moldenke Shrub Bark, leaf Bone-setting, traumatic injury GLL0361
Huanglian Ranunculaceae Coptis chinensis Franch. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, hepatitis GLL0121
Jijiaohuanglian Ranunculaceae Coptis teeta Wall. Herb Whole plant, root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury GLL0122
Shanzha Rosaceae Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge Tree Fruit Digestive, hyperlipidemia GLL0027
Naijiangcao Compositae Crepis phoenix Dunn Herb Whole plant Common cold GLL0013
Honghua Iridaceae Crocus sativus Linn. Herb Stamen Traumatic injury, gynecologic diseases GLL110
Gouxiangling Fabaceae Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth Herbaceous liane Whole plant, root Gynecologic diseases GLL0039
Huangguaye Cucurbitaceae Cucumis sativus Linn. Herbaceous liane Leaf Antialcoholism GLL0142
Baishu Cupressaceae Cupressus funebris Endl. Shrub Leaf Heat-clearing and detoxifying, tranquilizing effect, antiphlogosis rheumatism, exorcise evil spirits GLL052
Houzibeijian Hypoxidaceae Curculigo capitulata (Lour.) Kuntze Herb Root Hyperosteogeny, tonifying kidney GLL101
Huangjiang Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa Linn. Herb Root, stem Hepatitis GLL068
Wugenteng Cuscutaceae Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Ventilation, tonifying kidney GLL099
Lushuicao Commelinaceae Cyanotis vaga (Lour.) Roem. et Schult. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism GLL0411
Xiaohonghao Compositae Cyathocline purpurea (Ham.O.Ktze) O. Kuntze. Herb Whole plant Haemostasis GLL00121
Niuxi Amaranthaceae Cyathula officinalis Kuan Herb Root Lumbar muscle strain GLL0261
Tieteng Menispermacea Cyclea wattii Diels Woody climber Stem Gynecologic diseases GLL0191
Hutoulan Orchidaceae Cymbidium hookerianum Rchb. f. Herb Root, stem Traumatic injury GLL0073
Tuoyaoyao Asclepiadaceae Cynanchum otophyllum Schneid. Herbaceous liane Root, stem Lumbar muscle strain, tonifying kidney GLL0171
Geshanxiao Asclepiadaceae Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.) Hemsl. Herbaceous liane Root Digestive GLL0172
Huoliangchongye Boraginaceae Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & J.R. Drumm. Herb Leaf Snake venom GLL114
Wandouxi Fumariaceae Dactylicapnos scandens (D. Don) Hutch. Herbaceous liane Root, whole plant Gastroenteritis, antiphlogosis, haemostasis, digestive, hypertension, traumatic injury GLL115
Huangcao Orchidaceae Dendrobium moniliforme (L.)Sw. Herb Whole plant Improve immunity GLL0074
Diaolanhua Orchidaceae Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Herb Whole plant Bone-setting GLL0078
Shushen Araliaceae Dendropanax dentiger (Harms) Merr. Shrub Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0104
Yeluodisong Fabaceae Desmodium griffithianum Benth. Herb Whole plant Snake venom GLL0036
Banjiuwo Fabaceae Desmodium triflorum (Linn.) DC. Woody climber Whole plant Haemostasis GLL0035
Yuxingcao Compositae Dichrocephala benthamii C. B. Clarke Herb Whole plant, leaf Headache, gastroenteritis, digestive, unknown swollen GLL00118
Shanyangtou Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea cirrhosa Lour. Herbaceous liane Root Gastroenteritis GLL0471
Shanyao Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea hemsleyi Prain et Burkill Herbaceous liane Root Tonifying kidney, replenishing Qi GLL0472
Xuduan Dipsacaceae Dipsacus asperoides C.Y.Cheng et T.M.Ai Herb Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, bone-setting, gastroenteritis GLL057
Wanshouzhu Liliaceae Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. Herb Whole plant Replenishing qi, hysteritis, cystitis GLL0053
Yebaihe Liliaceae Diuranthera minor (C.H. Wright) C.H. Wright ex Hemsl. Herb Stem Pneumonia GLL0052
Heliandou Caryophyllacea Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Schult. Herb Whole plant Antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis GLL118
Duyingguo Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus decipiens Hemsl. Tree Fruit Cholelithiasis, heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis. Phlegm, antiphlogosis GLL059
Jindaolifeisan Compositae Elephantopus scaber L. Herb Root Asthma GLL0011
Ciwujia Araliaceae Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Maxim. Shrub Leaf, root, bark Hypertension, traumatic injury, rheumatism, bone-setting, cerebral infarction, common cold. Hepatitis GLL0105
Cisanjia Araliaceae Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (Linnaeus) S. Y. Hu Tree Stem Rheumatism GLL0107
Silenghao Labiatae Elsholtzia blanda Benth. Herb Whole plant Common cold GLL0046
Saobake Labiatae Elsholtzia rugulosa Hemsl. Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis, common cold GLL0044
Suantengzi Myrsinaceae Embelia laeta (Linn.) Mez Woody climber Root Gastroenteritis GLL0321
Yinyanghuo Berberidaceae Epimedium brevicornu Maxim. Herb Whole plant, root, stem Improve immunity, nephritis GLL0214
Pashulong Araceae Epipremnum pinnatum (Linn.) Engl. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Traumatic injury, bone-setting GLL0083
Tongqicao Equisetaceae Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. subsp. debile (Roxb. ex Vauch.) Hauke Herb Whole plant, root Ventilation, traumatic injury, cholelithiasis, heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis GLL081
Pipaye Rosaceae Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Tree Leaf Relieving cough, common cold GLL0024
Duzhong Eucommiaceae Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Tree Bark Traumatic injury, bone-setting nephritis, rheumatism GLL060
Yipinhong Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia cyathophora Murr. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0291
Candouqi Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia sessiliflora Roxb. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury, bone-setting GLL0292
Xiaohuangsan Rutaceae Evodia lepta (Spreng.) Merr. Tree Leaf Gastroenteritis
Heat-clearing and detoxifying
GLL0136
Wuchuyi Rutaceae Evodia rutaecarpa (A. Juss.) Benth. Shrub Root, seed, whole plant Antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis GLL0135
Heshouwu Polygonaceae Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Haraldson Herbaceous liane Root Digestive, enriching blood, gastroenteritis GLL0094
Dibanteng Moraceae Ficus tikoua Bur. Woody climber Stem, root, whole plant, leaf Common cold, antiphlogosis, ventilation, nephritis, gastroenteritis GLL037
Jiayanpi Fabaceae Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. Shrub Root Gastroenteritis GLL0034
Lalateng Rubiaceae Galium aparine Linn. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Bone-setting GLL0066
Xiaohongshen Rubiaceae Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb. var. elegans Herbaceous liane Root Bone-setting
Gynecologic diseases
GLL0067
Lingzhi Polyporaceae Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst. Herb Whole plant Improve immunity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ventilation, inducing diuresis GLL061
Zhizi Rubiaceae Gardenia jasminoides Ellis Shrub Root Headache GLL0069
Tianma Orchidaceae Gastrodia elata Bl. Herb Root, stem Cerebral haemorrhage GLL0076
Ditanxiang Ericaceae Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. Shrub Root, leaf Gastroenteritis, heat-clearing and detoxifying, allergy, dermatosis, eczema GLL0181
Gounaohua Loganiaceae Gelsemium elegans (Gardn. et Champ.) Benth. Woody climber Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL077
Qinjiao Gentianaceae Gentiana macrophylla Pall. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism GLL0301
Longdancao Gentianaceae Gentiana rigescens Franch. ex Hemsl. Herb Whole plant, Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis
Gynecologic diseases, cholagogic
GLL0302
Baitouweng Compositae Gerbera piloselloides (Linn. ) Cass. Herb Whole plant, root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, cervicitis GLL00122
Shifengdan Orchidaceae Goodyera psocera HK. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism, digestive GLL0077
Yidaocao Compositae Gynura divaricata (Linn.) DC. Herb Leaf Diabetes mellitus GLL0017
Shuiganlan Rubiaceae Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Woody climber Whole plant, root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, improve immunity, gastroenteritis, digestive GLL0062
Jiegudan Rubiaceae Hedyotis hedyotidea (DC.) Merr. Herb Leaf Bone-setting, traumatic injury GLL0061
Yeshanghua Cornaceae Helwingia himalaica Hook. f. et Thoms. ex C. B. Clarke Shrub Leaf, whole plant Bone-setting, traumatic injury GLL0382
Shanbaizhi Umbelliferae Heracleum barmanicum Kurz Herb Root Hypertension GLL0113
Baizhiye Umbelliferae Heracleum scabridum Franch. Herb Leaf Haemostasis GLL0118
Guiqingcao Gramineae Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. Herb Whole plant Diabetes mellitus GLL0223
Fusanghua Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. Shrub Flower Gynecologic diseases GLL0164
Daheifuzi Araceae Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott Herb Root, stem Digestive, rheumatism GLL0084
Yuxingcao Saururaceae Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Herb Whole plant, leaf Gynecologic diseases, traumatic injury, expedites afterbirth, gastroenteritis,
Laryngopharyngitis
GLL086
Xiaoqingteng Hernandiaceae Illigera nervos Merr. Woody climber Stem Snake venom GLL074
Huangpicao Gramineae Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Herb Root Haemostasis, replenishing qi GLL0222
Jiagushigun Compositae Inula cappa (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) DC. Herb Root Common cold GLL00127
Yitong Flacourtiaceae Itoa orientalis Hemsl. Tree Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, snake venom GLL058
Baitucao Compositae Ixeris polycephala Cass. Herb Whole plant Antiphlogosis GLL0018
yingchunhua Oleaceae Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl. Shrub Leaf Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL080
tongxuexiang Schisandraceae Kadsura heteroclita (Roxb.) Craib Woody climber Root, stem Lumbar muscle strain, rheumatism GLL0109
Ziwei Lythraceae Lagerstroemia indica Linn. Tree Bark Dermatosis, urticaria GLL083
Choulilngdan Compositae Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood Herb Leaf, whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, haemostasis, snake venom, gastroenteritis, laryngopharyngitis GLL0019
Yema Labiatae Leonurus japonicus Houtt. Herb Whole plant Gynecologic diseases GLL0048
Gezaocao Fabaceae Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don Shrub Whole plant Thrush GLL0031
Mifengcao Labiatae Leucas ciliata Benth. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism, stroke, heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0045
Guichuixiao Caprifoliaceae Leycesteria formosa Wall. Shrub Whole plant Ventilation GLL0251
Chuanxiong Umbelliferae Ligusticum sinense Oliv. Herb Root Gynecologic diseases, traumatic injury, rheumatism GLL0114
Lapi Lauraceae Lindera tonkinensis Lecomte var. tonkinensis Tree Bark Ventilation GLL0271
Jinqiancao Campanulaceae Lobelia angulata Forst. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Nephritis GLL119
Dajiangjun Campanulaceae Lobelia clavata E. Wimm. Herb Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL035
Jinyinhua Caprifoliaceae Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim. Herbaceous liane Flower Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0252
Dingxiang Rubiaceae Luculia pinceana Hook. var. pinceana Shrub Bark Rheumatism GLL00610
Jiaogua Cucurbitaceae Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Snake venom GLL0144
Gouqi Solanaceae Lycium chinense Mill. Shrub Fruit Gynecologic diseases, antiphlogosis, cystitis, diuretic GLL0201
Shenjincao Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium japonicum Thunb. ex Murray Herb Whole plant Bone-setting, Lumbar Muscle strain, rheumatism GLL094
Guoluhuang Primulaceae Lysimachia christiniae Hance Herb Whole plant Cholecystitis, snake venom GLL054
Aishen Gesneriaceae Lysionotus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus Maxim. Herb Whole plant Bone-setting GLL073
Dashuhuanglian Berberidaceae Mahonia duclouxiana Gagnep. Shrub Whole plant, root, stem Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, relieving cough GLL0211
Dabaigai Asclepiadaceae Marsdenia griffithii Hook. f. Woody climber Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis, diabetes mellitus GLL0174
Tongguangsan Asclepiadaceae Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon Woody climber Root Digestive, antiphlogosis, rheumatism, laryngopharyngitis GLL0175
Xiaohongteng Urticaceae Memorialis hirta (Bl.)Wedd. Herbaceous liane Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury GLL0311
Haixiucao Mimosaceae Mimosa pudica Linn. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism GLL0331
Fenguo Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis jalapa Linn. Herb Root, whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, toothache, snake venom, diabetes mellitus, mumps GLL116
Sangpi Moraceae Morus alba L. Shrub Bark, fruit,
root, leaf, juice
Relieving cough, tonifying kidney, jaundice hepatitis, hyperlipidemia, laryngopharyngitis, common cold, heat-clearing and detoxifying, cholagogic, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tonifying kidney, rheumatism GLL120
Daxueteng Fabaceae Mucuna macrobotrys Hance Herb Root, stem Bone-setting, pneumonia, relieving cough GLL0038
Aituotuo Meliaceae Munronia pinnata (Wall.) W. Theobald Shrub Root Traumatic injury GLL0233
Yangmei Myricaceae Myrica rubra (Lour.) Siebold et Zucc. Tree Bark Gastroenteritis, analgesic GLL106
Jingjie Labiatae Nepeta cataria Linn. Herb Whole plant Haemostasis, common cold GLL0042
Shuiqincai Umbelliferae Oenanthe javanica (Bl.) DC. Herb Whole plant Hypertension GLL0116
Babaozhenxindan Liliaceae Ophiopogon dracaenoides (Baker)HK.f. Herb Whole plant Heart disease GLL0057
Xianrenzhang Cactaceae Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw. Herb Stem Antiphlogosis, unknown swollen, exorcise evil spirits GLL102
Haichuang Bignoniaceae Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Kurz Tree Fruit Hepatitis GLL0421
Chaotianguan Melastomataceae Osbeckia crinita Benth. ex C. B. Clarke Shrub Whole plant Hepatitis GLL107
Laowasuanyingcai Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata Linn. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism, gynecologic diseases, nephritis, gastroenteritis,
Migraine, heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, haemostasis
GLL0452
Honghuadiding Oxalidaceae Oxalis corymbosa DC. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury, heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0451
Jishiteng Rubiaceae Paederia foetida Linn. Herbaceous liane Stem, leaf Antiphlogosis GLL0065
Mudanhua Paeoniaceae Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. Shrub Root Heart disease, neurasthenia GLL091
Sanqi Araliaceae Panax pseudo-ginseng Wall. Herb Root Hypertension, traumatic injury, lumbar muscle strain GLL0102
Yesanqi Araliaceae Panax zingiberensis C. Y. Wu et K. M. Feng Herb Root Traumatic injury, bone-setting GLL0103
Yingsu Papaveraceae Papaver somniferum Linn. Herb Nutshell, fruit Gastroenteritis, antiphlogosis GLL109
Chonglou Liliaceae Paris polyphylla Smith Herb Root Traumatic injury haemostasis, unknown swollen, antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis GLL0055
Sanxuedan Piperaceae Peperomia blanda (Jacq.) Kunth Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0281
Suzi Labiatae Perilla frutescens var. purpurascens (Hayata) H.W. Li Herb Whole plant Relieving cough GLL0049
Fengteng Asclepiadaceae Periploca calophylla (Woght) Falc. Woody climber Leaf, whole plant, Stem Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis rheumatism GLL0173
Ganlanguo Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Tree Bark, fruit Gastroenteritis, hyperlipidemia GLL0293
Shanglu Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana Linn. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, diuretic GLL090
Dafangfeng Umbelliferae Pimpinella candolleana Wight et Arn. Herb Whole plant Digestive, antiparastics GLL0115
Banxia Araceae Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino Herb Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0081
Simaosong Pinaceae Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon Tree Branch, leaf,
root
Catharsis, traumatic injury, exorcise evil spirits GLL096
Yezilan Piperaceae Piper boehmeriaefolium (Miq.) C. DC. Shrub Fruit, whole plant,
root, stem
Digestive, common cold, gastroenteritist, raumatic injury, bone-setting, rheumatism GLL0284
Waiyezilan Piperaceae Piper boehmeriaefolium var. tonkinense C. DC. Tree Whole plant Rheumatism GLL0283
Yehujiao Piperaceae Piper nigrum Linn. Tree Root, bark, fruit Antiphlogosis GLL0282
Laihamacao Plantaginaceae Plantago minuta Pall. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, common cold, antiphlogosis, cystitis, Prostatitis GLL056
Baihuadan Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica Linn. Herb Root Traumatic injury GLL050
Jidanhua Apocynaceae Plumeria rubra Linn. Shrub Leaf Lumbar muscle strain, traumatic injury GLL0151
Jiduzishu Polygalaceae Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Shrub Root Gynecologic diseases, digestive GLL0482
Hongbeilan Polygalaceae Polygala latouchei Franch. Tree Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0481
Suanjiangcao Polygonaceae Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Herb Whole plant Bone-setting, traumatic injury checking diarrhoea, haemostasis GLL0091
Huzhang Polygonaceae Reynoutria japonica Houtt. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0097
Gongyaolao Polygonaceae Polygonum paleaceum Wall. ex Hook. f. Herb Root Lumbar muscle strain, nephritis, traumatic injury GLL0092
Sanxuelan Polygonaceae Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don var. sinense Hemsl. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0093
Machixian Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea Linn. Herb Whole plant Traumatic injury, hypertension GLL076
Dibinlang Rosaceae Potentilla fulgens Wall. ex Hook. Herb Fruit Digestive GLL0029
Fanbaiye Rosaceae Potentilla lineata Trevir. Herb Whole plant, root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis, digestive, dysentery GLL00210
Xiakucao Labiatae Prunella vulgaris Linn. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, hepatitis, hypertension GLL0043
Fanshiliu Myrtaceae Psidium guajava Linn. Tree Leaf Gastroenteritis GLL097
Fengweicao Pteridaceae Pteris multifida Poir. Herb Whole plant Dog bite GLL062
Gegen Fabaceae Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen et S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa et Predeep Shrub Root Common cold, snake venom, antialcoholism GLL00310
Shiliuhua Punicaceae Punica granatum Linn. Tree Flower, fruit, bark Gynecologic diseases, cholelithiasis GLL093
Mali Fagaceae Quercus acutissima Carruth. Tree Bark, root, leaf Lumbar muscle strain, gastroenteritis GLL072
Luobo Cruciferae Raphanus sativus Linn. Herb Root, stem Common cold GLL092
Luofumu Apocynaceae Rauvolfia verticillata (Lour.) Baill. Shrub Root, leaf Hypertension GLL0153
Guoshanlong Araceae Rhaphidophora lancifolia Schott Herbaceous liane Root Bone-setting GLL0085
Dahuang Polygonaceae Rheum officinale Baill. Herb Root Catharsis, checking diarrhoea GLL0096
Huixincao Bryaceae Rhodobryum roseum Limpr. Herb Whole plant Heart disease GLL112
Dujuanhua Ericaceae Rhododendron delavayi Franch. Shrub Flower Gynecologic diseases GLL0183
Yueji Rosaceae Rosa chinensis Jacq. Shrub Flower Gynecologic diseases GLL0026
Jinyingzi Rosaceae Rosa laevigata Michx. Woody climber Root, fruit Gastroenteritis GLL0025
Nianniancao Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia L. Herbaceous liane Root Haemostasis GLL0068
Huangciguo Rosaceae Rubus ellipticus var. obcordatus (Franch.) Focke Shrub Root, leaf Tonic, gastroenteritis GLL00211
Tudahuang Polygonaceae Rumex dentatus Linn. Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis GLL0095
Qingfengteng Sabiaceae Sabia yunnanensis Franch. Woody climber Stem, leaf Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL084
Liushupi Salicaceae Salix matsudana Koidz. Tree Bark Stroke GLL105
Xuepencao Caprifoliaceae Sambucus javanica Reinw. ex Blume Shrub Whole plant, leaf Bone-setting, traumatic injury, rheumatism GLL0253
Yeshanhua Buxaceae Sarcococca ruscifolia Stapf Shrub Root Bone-setting GLL0342
Qiyelian Araliaceae Schefflera arboricola Hayata Shrub Leaf Traumatic injury GLL0101
Xiaohongteng Schisandraceae Schisandra henryi C.B.Clarke Woody climber Root, fruit Heat-clearing and detoxifying, heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism GLL0108
Zuandifeng Saxifragaceae Schizophragma integrifolium Oliv. Woody climber Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, rheumatism GLL066
Huojieyao Compositae Scorzonera ikonnikovii Lipsch. et Krasch. ex Lipsch. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL00117
Yizhijian Labiatae Scutellaria discolor Colebr. Herb Whole plant, Root Antiphlogosis, relieving cough GLL0047
Jiuliguang Compositae Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Herb Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis GLL00112
Xiaohuaishu Fabaceae Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Tree Flower Haemostasis GLL00311
Yehuasheng Fabaceae Senna tora (L.) Roxb. Shrub Whole plant Snake venom GLL0032
Baduyao Malvaceae Sida acuta Burm. f. Shrub Root Traumatic injury, unknown swollen GLL0161
Tufuling Smilacaceae Smilax glabra Roxb. Shrub Root Gynecologic diseases GLL049
Xiwanshu Solanaceae Solanum donianum Walp. Tree Root Common cold GLL0203
Kuliangcai Solanaceae Solanum nigrum Linn. Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, haemostasis GLL0202
Laoshuhuanggua Cucurbitaceae Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi Herbaceous liane Root Diabetes mellitus, antiphlogosis, tonsillitis GLL0143
Huaishu Fabaceae Sophora japonica Linn. Shrub Flower Haemostasis GLL0033
Huibaocao Caryophyllacea Stellaria vestita Kurz var. vestita Herb Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, traumatic injury, haemostasis, bone-setting GLL039
Jiuguniu Stemonaceae Stemona tuberosa Lour. Herb Root Phlegm, replenishing qi GLL051
Shanwugui Menispermacea Stephania delavayi Diels Herbaceous liane Root Digestive, antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis, analgesic GLL0193
Juhuaxin Menispermacea Stephania tetrandra S. Moore Herbaceous liane Root Gastroenteritis GLL0192
Banlangen Acanthaceae Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) J.B.Imlay Herb Root, leaf Common cold, antiphlogosis, gastroenteritis GLL071
Yudancao Gentianaceae Swertia bimaculata (Sieb.et Zucc.)Hook.f.et Thoms. Herb Whole plant Hepatitis, cholecystitis GLL0303
Xiaoheke Symplocaceae Symplocos paniculata (Thunb.) Miq. Shrub Whole plant Common cold GLL089
Huanghualam Compositae Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. Herbaceous liane Whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, antiphlogosis, analgesic, breast cancer GLL00111
Sangjisheng Loranthaceae Taxillus sutchuenensis (Lecomte) Danser Shrub Whole plant Tonifying kidney, rheumatism, antiphlogosis GLL087
Hongduoshan Taxaceae Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Tree Bark Antiparastics GLL064
Zhulinbiao Bignoniaceae Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl. Woody climber Whole plant, stem Lumbar muscle strain GLL0422
Wuzhuajinlong Vitaceae Tetrastigma hypoglaucum Planch. Woody climber Whole plant Traumatic injury GLL0243
Huanglian Ranunculaceae Thalictrum foliolosum DC. Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis GLL0123
Luoguodi Cucurbitaceae Thladiantha villosula Cogn. Herbaceous liane Root, stem, whole plant Heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis, antiphlogosis GLL0141
Aijiao Orchidaceae Thunia alba (Lindl.) Rchb. f. Herb Root, stem, whole plant Traumatic injury bone-setting GLL0075
Jinxiandiaohulu Menispermacea Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep. Herbaceous liane Root Heat-clearing and detoxifying, analgesic, unknown swollen, gastroenteritis GLL0194
Xiangchun Meliaceae Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) Roem. Tree Root, bark Heat-clearing and detoxifying, allergy GLL0232
Laomianguashu Cornaceae Toricellia tiliifolia DC. Tree Leaf Nephritis GLL0381
Zongshu Palmae Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl. Tree Root Traumatic injury GLL0432
Zizhumei Commelinaceae Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R.Hunt Herb Whole plant Antiphlogosis GLL0412
Yiner Tremellaceae Tremella fuciformis   Whole plant Tonic GLL108
Citong Araliaceae Trevesia palmata (Roxb.) Vis. Shrub Root, bark Bone-setting, traumatic injury GLL0106
Leigongteng Celastraceae Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. Shrub Stem, leaf Liver cancer GLL100
Jinsiling Tropaeolaceae Tropaeolum majus Linn. Herb Whole plant Otitis GLL063
Gaojiaoaiqi Liliaceae Tupistra aurantiaca Wall.ex Baker Herb Whole plant Bone-setting, gastroenteritis GLL0054
Baibuhuanyuan Araceae Typhonium blumei Nicolson et Sivadasan Herb Whole plant Laryngopharyngitis, snake venom, heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0086
Yutouqi Araceae Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne Herb Stem Gastroenteritis GLL0087
Jingou Rubiaceae Uncaria laevigata Wall. ex G. Don Woody climber Root, stem Traumatic injury GLL0064
Gouteng Rubiaceae Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. Woody climber Root, stem Heat-clearing and detoxifying GLL0063
Xiqianma Urticaceae Urtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism GLL0312
Xiezicao Urticaceae Urtica fissa E. Pritz. Herb Whole plant Rheumatism, urticaria GLL0313
Matixiang Valerianaceae Valeriana jatamansi Jones Herb Whole plant Gastroenteritis GLL053
Xiaozongbao Liliaceae Veratrum mengtzeanum Loes. f. Herb Root, stem Antiparastics GLL0058
Mabiancao Verbenaceae Verbena officinalis Linn. Herb Root, whole plant Common cold, heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastroenteritis GLL0362
Dashufasan Compositae Vernonia parishii Hook. f. Herb Root Common cold GLL00114
Pangxiejiao Viscaceae Viscum articulatum Burm. f. Herb Whole plant Antiphlogosis, cystitis GLL065
Yantong Scrophulariaceae Wightia speciosissima (D.Don)Merr. Tree Bark Bone-setting GLL103
Yulan Magnoliaceae Yulania denudata (Desr.) D. L. Fu Tree Flower Headache GLL078
Huajiao Rutaceae Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Shrub Bark, fruit, root Toothache, antiphlogosis GLL0133
Yumixu Gramineae Zea mays Linn. Herb Stamen Hypertension, diuretic GLL0221
Shuixianhua Amaryllidaceae Zephyranthes carinata Herb. Herb Root Antiphlogosis GLL095