Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of Iban TEK on hornbills

From: When the seeds sprout, the hornbills hatch: understanding the traditional ecological knowledge of the Ibans of Brunei Darussalam on hornbills

Scientific name English name Local names Diet (Iban TEK) Habitat and nesting (Iban TEK) Conservation status
Local (Iban TEK) Global (IUCN 2019)*
Anthracoceros malayanus (Raffles, 1822) Asian Black Hornbill Likap gagak (M, D); Bruie (I); Alau babi (M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp. Insects: cockroaches and lizards Jungles closer to human settlements and human influenced habitats; nests on tall trees Increasing population Decreasing population (vulnerable)
Anorrhinus galeritus (Temminck, 1831) Bushy-crested Hornbill Kekalau (I, M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp.
Insects: cockroaches and lizards
Jungles closer to human settlements and human influenced habitats; nests on tall trees Increasing population Decreasing (near threatened)
Rhinoplax vigil (J.R.Forster, 1781) Helmeted Hornbill Tajai/Tajak (I); Lantudon (M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp. Skinks, snakes Mixed dipterocarp forests; nests on tall lone trees Increasing population Decreasing (critically endangered)
Anthracoceros albirostris (Shaw, 1808) Oriental Pied Hornbill Bruie (I); Alau Pedada (M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp. Mangroves, swamp forests and forests close to mangroves; nests on relatively shorter trees and hence eggs are prone to poaching by Sun Bear Increasing population Stable (least concern)
Buceros rhinoceros Linnaeus, 1758 Rhinoceros Hornbill Kenyalang (I); Loklang Sangang(M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp. Skinks, snakes Mixed dipterocarp forests; nests on tall lone trees; prefers quiet localities Increasing population Vulnerable (decreasing)
Berenicornis comatus (Raffles, 1822) White-crested Hornbill/White-crowned Hornbill Sentuku (I,M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp. Swamp forests and mangroves; nests on tall trees in the habitat Increasing population Decreasing (endangered)
Rhyticeros undulatus (Shaw, 1811) Wreathed Hornbill Undan/Kekuik (I), Alau Sangoh (M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp.
Fishes, frogs including Giant River Frogs (Limnonectes leporinus)
Mixed dipterocarp and montane forests; riverine habitats; nests on tall trees; prefers quiet localities Increasing population Decreasing (vulnerable)
Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus (Temminck, 1832) Wrinkled Hornbill Kejakoh (I); Alau buloh (M) Fruits: Dacryodes rostrata, Canarium odontophyllum; Ficus spp., Myristica spp., frogs including Giant River Frogs (Limnonectes leporinus) Mixed dipterocarp and montane forests; nests on tall trees; prefers quiet localities Increasing population Decreasing (endangered)
  1. *Source: [22]