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Table 11 Major folk habitat categories and plant species attributed to these major categories by local herders and grouping of these species into specialist (occur only in one or two habitat types according to herders), generalist (occur in many different habitat types or in macro-habitats), and intermediate categories based on the specificity or the number of folk habitat types herders attributed the species to

From: “A herder’s duty is to think”: landscape partitioning and folk habitats of Mongolian herders in a mountain forest steppe (Khuvsugul-Murun region)

Main folk habitat categoriesGeneralist speciesSpecialist speciesIntermediate species
Taiga forestRhododendron parvifolium AdamsTsös övs-Thalictrum sp.?Vaccinium uliginosum L., Salix glauca L., Gentiana algida Pall., Cypripedium guttatum Sw., Juniperus sibirica Burgsd.
In the forestPotentilla fruticosa L.Atragene sibirica L., Aconitum barbatum Pers.Gentiana macrophylla Pall., Cypripedium guttatum Sw., Betula fruticosa, Trollius asiaticus L., Rosa acicularis Lindl., Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop., Dianthus superbus L.
Forest fringesPulsatilla turczaninovii Kryl. et Serg., Potentilla fruticosa L. Festuca lenensis Drob., Salix turanica Nas., Salix pseudopentandra (B.Flod.) B.Flod., Salix glauca L., Rumex acetosa L., Gentiana macrophylla Pall., Pulsatilla flavescens (Zucc.) Juz., Trollius asiaticus L., Betula fruticosa Pall., Bistorta alopecuroides (Turcz. ex Meissn.) Kom., Rosa acicularis Lindl., Sanguisorba officinalis L., Gentiana algida Pall.
Forest openingsLedum palustre L. Dianthus superbus L., Dianthus versicolor Fisch. ex Link., Parnassia palustris L., Rosa acicularis Lindl.
Tsaram (alpine zone, above the tree line)Potentilla fruticosa L., Rhododendron parvifolium Adams, Ledum palustre L.Pulsatilla flavescens (Zucc.) Juz.Achillea asiatica Serg., Allium senescens L., Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop., Gentiana macrophylla Pall., Dianthus superbus L., Caragana jubata (Pall,) Poir., Trollius asiaticus L.
Between rocks in the forestPotentilla fruticosa L., Allium altaicum Pall., Rosa acicularis Lindl. Saussurea involucrata (Kar. et Kir) Sch.Bip., S. dorogostaiskii Palib., Vaccinium uliginosum L., Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop., Ulaalzgana - Ribes rubrum L.?, Caragana jubata (Pall.) Poir., Rhodiola rosea L., Ribes altissimum Turcz. ex Pojark.
Mountain slopes (grasslands)Rheum undulatum L., Agropyron michnoi Roshev., Arenaria sp., Lophanthus chinensis (Rafin.) Benth., Pulsatilla turczaninovii Kryl. et Serg.Thalictrum foetidum L., Papaver nudicaule L., Euphorbia discolor Ledeb., Clausia aprica (Steph.) Korn.-TrotzkyAgropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv., Husluur - Betula sp.?, Rhodiola rosea L., Orostachys malacophylla (Pall.) Fisch., Thymus baicalensis Serg.
Mountain slopes (with marmot burrow)Allium altaicum Pall., Morin sharilj - Artemisia sp.Artemisia glauca Pall. ex Willd.Rhodiola rosea L.
Mountain slope (inner slope)Rheum undulatum L., Pulsatilla turczaninovii Kryl. et Serg.Sibbaldianthe adpressa (Bunge) Juz., Geranium pratense L., Thalictrum foetidum L., Papaver nudicaule L., Euphorbia discolor Ledeb., Clausia aprica (Steph.) Korn.-TrotzkyAgropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv., Agropyron michnoiRoshev., Lophanthus chinensis (Rafin.) Benth., Rhodiola rosea L., Echinops latifolius Tausch, Rhaponthicum uniflorum (L.) DC., Lilium pumilum Delile, Таана - Allium mongolicum Turcz. ex Regel.
FoothillArtemisia frigida Willd., Potentilla fruticosa L., Allium altaicum Pall., Urtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem., Pulsatilla turczaninovii Kryl. et Serg., Artemisia macrocephala Jacq. ex Bess.Hierochloa sp., Gentiana decumbens L.fill., Elymus gmelinii (Ledeb.) Tzvel., Ranunculus sp., Linaria buriatica Turcz.Aconogonon angustifolium (Pall.) Hara, Festuca lenensis Drob., Echinops latifolius Tausch, Sanguisorba officinalis L., Lilium pumilum Delile, Leontopodium leontopodioides (Willd.) Beauv.
Shady, uninhabited area  Cypripedium guttatum Sw., Caragana jubata (Pall.) Poir., Ribes nigrum L., Hyag-Agropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv.?
CoombUrtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem., Potentilla fruticosa L. Echinops latifolius Tausch, Delphinium dissectum Huth, Betula fruticosa Pall., Dianthus superbus L., Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop., Iris lactea Pall., Trollius asiaticus L., Adonis mongolica Simonovicz, Lophanthus chinensis (Rafin) Benth., Festuca lenensis Drob.
Shallow coombRhododendron parvifolium Adams, Potentilla fruticosa L.Aegopodium alpestre Ledeb., Primula farinosa L., Primula nutans Georgi, Potentilla nivea L., Potentilla sp., Cirsium esculentum (Siev.) C.A.Mey.Juniperus pseudosabina Fisch. et Mey., Juniperus sibirica Burgsd., Parnassia palustris L., Galium verum L., Hordeum brevisubulatum (Trin.) Link, Tsagaan botyuul - Festuca lenensis Drob.?, Plantago sp., Betula fruticosa Pall., Parnassia palustris L., Caltha palustris L.
Near the dungArtemisia macrocephala Jacq. ex Bess., Rheum undulatum L., Morin sharilj - Artemisia sp.?, Potentilla anserina L.Leptopyrum fumarioides (L.) Reichenb., Shar jaj - Ranunculus sp.?Delphinium dissectum Huth, Shavhai nogoon hyag - Agropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv.?, Plantago depressa Schlecht.
Tussocky place along river Cirsium esculentum (Siev.) C.A.Mey.Bistorta alopecuroides (Turcz. ex Meissn.) Kom., Bistorta vivipara (L.) S.F.Gray, Rumex acetosa L., Rumex thyrsiflorus Fingerh.
Edge of the lake Glaux maritima L., Elymus sibiricus L., Puccinellia macranthera V.Krecz.Hordeum brevisubulatum (Trin.) Link
Warm places (near the winter places)Artemisia frigida Willd., Urtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem., Allium altaicum Pall., Rheum undulatum L. Plantago depressa Schlecht., Adonis mongolica Simonovicz
Green meadowsPotentilla anserina L.Gentiana squarrosa Ledeb.Rumex acetosa L., Rumex thyrsiflorus Fingerh., Hordeum brevisubulatum (Trin.) Link
Sayr Tsagaan hylgana?, Papaver nudicaule L.Thymus sp., Lophanthus chinensis (Rafin.) Benth., Ranunculus natans C.A.Mey.
Ruderal placePotentilla anserina L., Artemisia macrocephala Jacq. ex Bess.Chenopodium album L.Plantago depressa Schlecht.
Plain steppe in valleyArtemisia frigida Willd., Pulsatilla turczaninovii Kryl. et Serg. Agropyron cristatum (L.) Beauv., Agropyron michnoi Roshev., Oxytropis pseudoglandulosa Gontsch. ex Grub., Plantago depressa Schlecht., Gentiana decumbens L.fill., Iris lactea Pall., Orostachys malacophylla (Pall.) Fisch.