Skip to main content

Table 3 Use-reports (URs), use values (UVs), and informant consensus factors (ICFs) in every use category (UC).

From: Quantitative ethnopharmacological documentation and molecular confirmation of medicinal plants used by the Manobo tribe of Agusan del Sur, Philippines

UC No. UC names and abbreviations Reported diseases or uses under each UC No. of use-report % of all use-reports No. of species % of all species UV ICF
1 Diseases caused by bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections (BVP) Ascariasis, chicken pox, herpes simplex, scabies, jaundice (hepatitis), mumps (parotitis), athlete's foot, warts, amoebiasis, white spot (tinea flava), impetigo, measles, colds (influenza), dengue fever, malaria, typhoid fever, ringworm 3588 8.70 61 9.49 3.04 0.98
2 Tissue growth problems (TGP) Cancer, cyst, tumor (myoma) 991 2.40 18 2.80 0.95 0.98
3 Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic (ENM) Diabetes, tonic, beriberi, hormonal imbalance, goiter 1367 3.31 36 5.60 1.03 0.97
4 Diseases of the nervous system (DNS) Migraine, Parkinson's disease, nervous breakdown (depression, anxiety, mental stress, nervousness) 239 0.58 7 1.09 0.19 0.97
5 Diseases of the eye (EYE) Sore eyes, cataract, eye problem (blurred vision, conjunctivitis, eye infection) 308 0.75 8 1.24 0.25 0.98
6 Diseases of the ear (EAR) Ear congestion, ear infection, discharging ear (otorrhea) 410 0.99 8 1.24 0.36 0.98
7 Diseases of the circulatory system (DCS) Anemia, hypertension, varicose veins, heart problem (enlargement), internal bleeding, hemorrhage 1333 3.23 31 4.82 0.92 0.98
8 Diseases of the respiratory system (DRS) Asthma, pneumonia, emphysema, pulmonary tuberculosis, nasal congestion, lung nodule, cough, cough with phlegm, respiratory disease complex (rhinitis, tracheitis, bronchitis), sore throat (tonsillitis) 3896 9.44 67 10.42 2.66 0.98
9 Diseases of the digestive system (DDS) Constipation, diarrhea, stomach trouble (dysentery, stomachache, bloating), vomiting (nausea), peptic ulcer, toothache, gum swelling, indigestion (dyspepsia), mouth sore (canker sore), stomach acidity (gastritis), swollen/bleeding gums (gingivitis), pancreatitis, liver problem (fatty liver), hemorrhoids, appetite enhancer 6322 15.33 82 12.75 4.64 0.99
10 Diseases of the skin (DOS) Boils (furuncle/carbuncle), skin eruptions, skin rashes and itchiness (eczema, dermatitis), psoriasis, pimple and acne, hair loss, dandruff 2563 6.21 40 6.22 2.10 0.99
11 Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue problems (MCP) Joint pain (arthritis, gout), rheumatism, sprain, tendon mass nodule, swollen muscles/swellings, muscle pain 2597 6.30 42 6.53 2.23 0.98
12 Genito-urinary problems (GUP) Urination difficulty, kidney stones, kidney problem (high uric acid and creatinine), urinary bladder swelling, dysmenorrhea, delayed or irregular menstruation, urinary tract infection 2358 5.72 39 6.07 1.72 0.98
13 Uses in pregnancy to delivery, maternal and infant care (PMI) Pregnancy (impotence and sterility), abortifacient, labor and delivery enhancer, childbirth tool, miscarriage, maternal care, postpartum care and recovery, new-born baby care, milk production enhancer 1914 4.64 40 6.22 1.25 0.98
14 Abnormal signs and symptoms (ASS) Abdominal pain, backache, body ache, headache, fever, weakness and fatigue (asthenia), baby teething, child sleeplessness, malaise and fatigue, “pasmo” (cramp and spasm), “bughat” (relapse), skin numbness (paresthesia), dizziness and fainting, body chills, gas pain and flatulence, hangover 8133 19.72 88 13.69 5.84 0.99
15 Other problems of external causes (OEC) Allergy, burns, cuts and wounds, fracture and dislocation, bruises and contusions, animal bites (snake, dog), insect bites (mosquito, wasp, scorpion), poisoning, contacts with plant or animal parts 5023 12.18 70 10.89 3.98 0.99
16 Other uses (OTU) Circumcision antiseptic and anesthetic 205 0.50 6 0.93 0.27 0.98