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Table 3 Averages and standard error of 12 characters that presented significant differences when comparing categories 1 (= encouraged) and 2 (= cultivated) in A. mexicana. Domestication trends that indicate these characters are presented

From: Domestication of aromatic medicinal plants in Mexico: Agastache (Lamiaceae)—an ethnobotanical, morpho-physiological, and phytochemical analysis

CharactersDomestication trendCategoryMean/SEStudent TP
FloralCorolla colorMore pigmented flowers1133.3 ± 1.724.280.000*
2120.1 ± 2.66
Inflorescence length119.73 ± 1.913.020.003**
212.15 ± 1.48
Style lengthLongest style, gigantism13.49 ± 0.053.580.000*
23.74 ± 0.03
Length of lower stamensLonger stamens, gigantism12.74 ± 0.055.570.000*
23.13 ± 0.03
Length of upper stamens13.08 ± 0.065.060.000*
23.47 ± 0.04
Flower tube lengthLongest flower tube, gigantism12.24 ± 0.045.470.000*
22.59 ± 0.03
Flower lengthLarger flowers, gigantism12.74 ± 0.057.610.000*
23.21 ± 0.02
SeedsSeed lengthLonger and wider seeds, gigantism11.8 ± 0.025.760.000*
22.04 ± 0.03
Seed diameter10.87 ± 0.024.090.000*
21.02 ± 0.02
VegetativeTotal height-198.83 ± 3.591.630.000*
290.53 ± 3.48
Leaf areaLarger leaves, gigantism17.74 ± 0.292.470.016***
28.92 ± 0.38
Number of rhizome nodesMore nodes in the rhizome, greater asexual reproductive capacity11.86 ± 0.122.690.009**
22.5 ± 0.20
  1. * Significant level 0.001, ** significant level 0.01 and *** significant level 0.05