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Table 2 Medicinal dietary plants used by the Yi people in Mile City, Yunnan Province, China

From: Medicinal dietary plants of the Yi in Mile, Yunnan, China

Scientific name, Family, Collector, Voucher number Vernacular name Yi name Life form Medicinal parts Preparing methods Medicinal uses Edible parts Cooking methods FUI UV
Amaranthus tricolor L., Amaranthaceae, XZH-20171037 Zilingxian Nuosongnibaizai H WP Decoction Clearing the liver and improving vision WP Stir fried or boiled 2.1 0.42
Chenopodium album L., Amaranthaceae, XZH-20171017 Huitiaocai Nisewu H WP Decoction Clearing the liver and improving vision L and ST Stir fried or boiled 2.8 0.54
Allium macrostemon Bunge, Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710100 Xiaopusuan Songpu H WP Decoction Parasites; reducing phlegm WP Stir fried, boiled, or pickled 2.2 0.42
Allium sativum L., Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710469 Dasuan Shutongzai H WP Decoction Rhinitis; parasites BU Flavoring 4.7 0.90
Allium scorodoprasum L., Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710248 Xiaosuan Shubuazeizai H WP Decoction Parasites; fever BU Flavoring 2.1 0.47
Allium wallichii Kunth, Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710120 Shanjiucai Caiguageizai H WP Stir-fried with eggs Lactation stimulant WP Boiled or pickled 2.3 0.50
Dobinea delavayi (Baill.) Baill., Anacardiaceae, XZH-20171059 Yangjiaotianma Ciwochengnongcizai H RH Stewed with chicken Detumescence; apocenosis; dizziness RH Stewed with chicken 1.9 0.45
Foeniculum vulgare Mill., Apiaceae, XZH-20171090 Xiaohuixiang Mengsongmabizai H RO Decoction Traumatic injury, abdominal distension, and stomachaches TL Stir fried or boiled 3.1 0.62
Ligusticum striatum DC., Apiaceae, XZH-201710213 Chuanxiong Wujiegeimizai H RH Stir-fried with eggs Headaches RH Boiled 2.3 0.46
Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC., Apiaceae, XZH-201710513 Shuiqincai Yuxiangqin H WP Decoction Hypertension L and ST Cold dish or boiled 4.2 0.83
Cynanchum otophyllum C. K. Schneid., Apocynaceae, XZH-201710503 Qingyangshen Cinazai V RO Stewed with chicken Tranquillizer; epilepsy FR Eaten fresh 2.0 0.50
Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon, Apocynaceae, XZH-20171099 Tongguangsan Citongmiluozai V RO and ST Stir-fried with eggs Coughs; lactogenesis; diuresis F and TS Stir fried 1.4 0.37
Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch, Araceae, XZH-20171093 Moyu Mayumezai H T Decoction Pneumonia; edemas; phlegm; bronchitis; coughs T Konjak tofu or boiled 4.9 0.93
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, Araceae, XZH-20171077 Qingyu Abupa H T Decoction Tonifying the kidney; tonifying the spleen T, F, and L Boiled, stir fried, or pickled 2.3 0.39
Aralia chinensis L., Araliaceae, XZH-20171022 Congmu Heiahuozai T BA and RO Decoction Tonifying the liver; rheumatism TS Stir fried or boiled 2.8 0.45
Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., Araliaceae, XZH-20171001 Ciwujia Ziguzai S ST and RO Decoction Tonifying the kidney; rheumatism TS Stir fried or boiled 2.3 0.40
Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb., Araliaceae, XZH-201710264 Maticao Maokongwuzai H WP Roots stewed with pork tripe Hepatitis A L Cold dish 2.1 0.41
Metapanax delavayi (Franch.) J. Wen & Frodin, Araliaceae, XZH-20171010 Liangwangcha Laibuluoyuzai S L Soaked in boiling water Iaryngopharyngitis TL Soaked in boiling water 2.0 0.40
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen, Araliaceae, XZH-20171016 Sanqi Shenglengzai H RO Stewed with chicken Nourish blood; promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis RO Stewed with chicken 2.5 0.55
Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl., Arecaceae, XZH-201710169 Zongshuhua Situomizai T RO, ST, and FR Decoction Hypertension; dizziness F Stir fried or boiled 2.5 0.48
Saruma henryi Oliv., Aristolochiaceae, XZH-201710207 Matixiang Gongbunizai H RH and RO Stewed with chicken or pig trotter Tonifying the spleen; stomachaches RH and RO Stewed with chicken or pig trotter 1.9 0.45
Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce, Asparagaceae, XZH-201710531 Yuzhu Medaoweilongzai H RH Stew with eggs or meat Tonifying the kidney RH Stew with eggs or meat 2.2 0.47
Hemerocallis citrina Baroni, Asphodelaceae, XZH-201710155 Xuancao Miluoshanwuzai H RO and F Decoction or Scrambled eggs with flowers Gastritis F Stir fried or boiled 2.7 0.52
Auricularia auricula Judae, Auriculariaceae, XZH-20171082 Muer Rimelong F FB Stir-fried or boiled Deafness; hypertension FB Stir fried or boiled 4.2 0.89
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Brassicaceae, XZH-201710134 Jicai Mengjiewu H WP Decoction Nephritis; edemas L Stir fried or boiled 2.9 0.57
Adenophora stricta Miq., Campanulaceae, XZH-201710455 Shashen Yanpubiguozai H RO Stewed with chicken Tonifying the kidney; moistening the lung RO Stewed with chicken 1.8 0.42
Codonopsis cordifolioidea P. C. Tsoong, Campanulaceae, XZH-201710226 Choushen Yanmebinengzai V RO Stewed with chicken Tonifying the kidney; strengthening yang-qi RO Stewed with chicken 2.7 0.58
Cannabis sativa L.,
Cannabaceae, XZH-201710461
Huomazi Zime H SE and RO Made oil Deobstruent; moistening the lung SE Made oil 2.5 0.54
Lonicera japonica Thunb., Caprifoliaceae, XZH-20171042 Jinyinhua Tongshanmilongzai V F, L, and ST Decoction Fever; coughs F Stir fried or boiled 3.1 0.60
Silene viscidula Franch., Caryophyllaceae, XZH-201710345 Wacao Gawuwu H RO Decoction Acne, coughs, and reducing sputum L Stir fried or boiled 1.9 0.40
Arctium lappa L., Compositae, XZH-201710417 Niubangzi Nianbamezai H RO Stewed with chicken Gastric disorders; tinnitus RO Stewed with chicken 2.0 0.58
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Compositae, XZH-201710546 Xiaoji Shanpaicimeazizai H RO Stewed with meat Tonifying the kidney; detumescence RO Stewed with meat 1.7 0.41
Cirsium japonicum (Thunb.) Fisch. ex DC., Compositae, XZH-201710523 Dajijiaoshu Shanpaicimezai H RO Stewed with meat Tonifying the kidney; detumescence RO Stewed with meat 1.8 0.38
Cornus kousa subsp. chinensis (Osborn) Q.Y.Xiang Cornaceae, XZH-201710216 Jisuzi Sanzimezai T L and RO Decoction Ascaricide; acaricide TS and FR Shoot stir fried; ripe fruits eaten fresh 1.3 0.43
Cucurbita moschata Duchesne, Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171032 Nangua Apumezai H SE Decoction Ascaricide FR and SE Fruit boiled; Seeds stir fried 4.9 0.93
Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC., Compositae, XZH-20171013 Guanyincai Buwuzai H WP Decoction Hepatitis; improving vision TP Stir fried or boiled 1.2 0.30
Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz., Compositae, XZH-201710485 Pugongying Wujieshandongzai H WP Stir fried with eggs Analgesic; diuresis WP Stir fried or boiled 4.5 0.89
Merremia hungaiensis (Lingelsh. & Borza) R. C. Fang, Convolvulaceae, XZH-201710377 Shantugua Agaizai H RO Decoction Tonifying the spleen; abate jaundice FR and RO Boiled or stir fried 2.0 0.49
Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw., Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171084 Yangsigua Lianbugua V RO Decoction Gastric disorders; colitis TS and FR Stir fried or boiled 4.5 0.88
Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi, Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171002 Laoshuhuanggua Mudengmilongzai H RO Decoction Pneumonia; coughs FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 1.6 0.43
Trichosanthes Kirilowii Maxim., Cucurbitaceae, XZH-201710443 Tianhuafen Mudengazizai V RO Decoction Relieving asthma; coughs and reducing sputum FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.1 0.43
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn, Dennstaedtiaceae, XZH-201710381 Juecai Abiwujiezai H Rh Decoction Angina pectoris TL Stir fried or boiled 2.7 0.47
Dioscorea alata L., Dioscoreaceae, XZH-201710198 Maoshu Abunibuzai V T Stewed with meat Tonifying the spleen; indigestion T Boiled or stewed 2.2 0.42
Dioscorea subcalva Prain & Burkill, Dioscoreaceae, XZH-201710312 Yeshanyao Laigeiageizai V T Stewed with meat Tonifying the spleen; tonifying the kidney T Boiled or stewed 1.6 0.34
Diospyros kaki L. f., Ebenaceae, XZH-20171044 Shizishu Sanbaomezai T RO Decoction Anthelmintic; vomiting FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.3 0.55
Diospyros kaki var. silvestris Makino, Ebenaceae, XZH-201710397 Yeshizi Laigusanbazai T RO Decoction Enteritis; cystitis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.4 0.51
Diospyros lotus L., Ebenaceae, XZH-20171035 Ruanzao Sanbaniguozai T RO Decoction Diuresis; expelling toxins FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.2 0.46
Rhododendron mucronatum (Blume) G. Don, Ericaceae, XZH-201710237 Baihuadujuan Caigumiluotongzai S RO Decoction Cystitis; hepatitis F Stir fried or boiled 2.6 0.57
Castanea mollissima Blume, Fagaceae, XZH-201710366 Banli Ganme T FR and RO Decoction Tonifying the kidney; sialaporia FR Stir fried or boiled 2.7 0.59
Juglans regia L., Juglandaceae, XZH-201710298 Hetao Sanmaizai T BA and RO Decoction Parasites; itching SE and F Seeds eaten fresh; flowers stir fried 4.9 0.91
Clerodendrum bungei Steud., Lamiaceae, XZH-20171069 Choumudan Anikebazai S RO Stewed with chicken Rheumatism RO Stewed with chicken 2.2 0.41
Elsholtzia bodinieri Vaniot, Lamiaceae, XZH-201710132 Fengweicha Sininongyuzai H WP Soaked in boiling water Iaryngopharyngitis L and ST Soaked in boiling water 2.7 0.51
Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710400 Xiangru Yetongbingnizai H WP Decoction Headache; fever L Stewed with eggs; stir fried 2.3 0.48
Elsholtzia flava Benth., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710231 Suzi Ciwoguojiezai H FR Decoction Coughs; bronchitis SE Flavoring 2.6 0.48
Elsholtzia rugulosa Hemsl., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710358 Yebahao Afeizai H WP Decoction Laryngopharyngitis L and ST Made tea 1.7 0.43
Mentha canadensis L., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710149 Bohe Cihemiweizai H WP Decoction Pneumonia; relieving asthma L and ST Cold dish or boiled 4.2 0.88
Holboellia latifolia Wall., Lardizabalaceae, XZH-201710507 Maoshiguo Mainaimezai V RO Decoction Cystitis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.3 0.49
Litsea pungens Hemsl., Lauraceae, XZH-201710448 Mujiangzi Zuomeshengshengzai T RO Decoction Tonifying the spleen; clearing damp and treat gastritis FR Flavoring 4.9 0.90
Parochetus communis D. Don, Leguminosae, XZH-201710241 Jinquehua Yetongshanmezai H F Stir fried with eggs Rheumatism; gastric disorders F Stir fried 2.6 0.54
Pisum sativum L., Leguminosae, XZH-201710551 Qingdou Anuwadu H SE Decoction Gastralgia SE Boiled, eaten fresh or stewed 3.2 0.58
Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr., Leguminosae, XZH-201710317 Ge Zigaizai V RO Decoction Reducing phlegm; relieving alcoholism RO Eaten fresh 3.1 0.56
Sophora davidii (Franch.) Pavol., Leguminosae, XZH-201710126 Kucihua Luocizai S F and RO Decoction Dysmenorrhea F Stir fried or boiled 2.1 0.42
Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, Leguminosae, XZH-201710394 Huaihua Milongwujiezai T FR Decoction Clearing liver and improving vision F Stir fried or boiled 2.4 0.51
Vicia faba L., Leguminosae, XZH-201710193 Candou Anuazai H SE Decoction Tonifying the spleen; detumescence SE Stir fried or boiled 3.8 0.71
Lilium brownii F.E.Br. ex Miellez, Liliaceae, XZH-201710341 Baihe Amezai H FR and BU Decoction Tonifying the lung; reducing phlegm BU Stir fried or boiled 2.8 0.55
Linum usitatissimum L., Linaceae, XZH-20171091 Yama Zhongzizai H SE Made oil or powder Hypertension; skin diseases SE Made oil or powder 2.3 0.45
Punica granatum L., Lythraceae, XZH-201710411 Shiliu Sanbuzai T RO Decoction Parasites; dysentery F and FR Flowers stir fried or boiled, ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.6 0.52
Toona sinensis (Juss.) M. Roem., Meliaceae, XZH-201710547 Xiangchun Longbotong T BA and RO Decoction Gynecopathy; dysentery TS Stir fried or cold dish 2.4 0.52
Ficus tikoua Bureau, Moraceae, XZH-201710116 Dibanteng Cisanpianlianzai V RO Decoction Gonorrhea FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.0 0.41
Morus alba L., Moraceae, XZH-201710184 Sangshu Aheizai T RO Decoction Coughs; reducing phlegm FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.6 0.53
Musa basjoo Siebold & Zucc. ex linuma, Musaceae, XZH-201710442 Bajiao Gongguabuzai T RO Decoction Tonifying the spleen; diuresis ST and F Stir fried or boiled 3.5 0.65
Myrica rubra (Lour.) Siebold & Zucc., Myricaceae, XZH-201710129 Yangmei Sangusongzai T RO Decoction Enteritis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.7 0.56
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry, Myrtaceae, XZH-201710222 Dingxianghua Lazigumezai T RO Stewed with pig trotter Detumescence; analgesic RO Stewed with pig trotter 2.6 0.48
Osmanthus fragrans Lour., Oleaceae, XZH-201710402 Guihua Jiweilongzai T F Decoction Moistening the lung; fever F Soaked or stir fried 2.8 0.58
Nervilia fordii (Hance) Schltr., Orchidaceae, XZH-201710544 Qingtiankui Weinimesongzai H WP Stir-fried with eggs Hepatitis; detumescence T Stir fried or boiled 2.3 0.43
Brandisia hancei Hook. f., Paulowniaceae, XZH-201710274 Mitonghua Dongmilongzai S RO and L Decoction Osteomyelitis F Stir fried or boiled 2.1 0.38
Sesamum indicum L., Pedaliaceae, XZH-201710111 Zhima Guogeimiweizai H FR Decoction Deobstruent SE Eaten fresh or flavoring 2.9 0.55
Keteleeria evelyniana Mast., Pinaceae, XZH-201710275 Shasong Geizai T BA and RO Decoction Fractures; detumescence TS Stir fried or boiled 2.2 0.46
Pinus armandii Franch., Pinaceae, XZH-201710432 Kongsong Shumezai T BA, TS, SE, P, and RO Decoction Rheumatism; injury; coughs; deobstruent; gastritis SE Eaten fresh 2.1 0.42
Pinus yunnanensis Franch., Pinaceae, XZH-201710333 Yunnansong Tumumezai T P, L, and BA Decoction Hyperglyceridemia P Made cakes 2.4 0.47
Piper betle L., Piperaceae, XZH-201710208 Luzi Heicuonianmezai V ST, FR, and L Decoction Gastritis; coughs; eczema; oxytocin; anthelmintic FR Fruit chew with lime powder 2.3 0.48
Phyllanthus emblica L., Phyllanthaceae, XZH-201710522 Yuganzi Elengmezai T FR, RO, and L Decoction Pharyngolaryngitis; moistening the lung; improve digestion; embolism; flatulence and coughs FR, BA Ripe fruits eaten fresh 4.9 0.93
Plantago asiatica L., Plantaginaceae, XZH-201710201 Cheqiancao Geniwu H WP Decoction Cystitis L Stir fried or boiled 2.6 0.46
Lophatherum gracile Brongn. Poaceae, XZH-201710453 Zhuye Medongzai H L Decoction Coughs; relieving asthma TS Stir fried or boiled 2.3 0.45
Zea mays L., Poaceae, XZH-201710511 Yumi Huomezai H CS Decoction Removing urinary calculus FR Stir fried or boiled 4.9 0.93
Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn., Polygonaceae, XZH-20171028 Kuqiaomai Guokangmezai H WP Decoction Cholecystitis L, TS and FR Stir fried or boiled 3.1 0.60
Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn., Pteridaceae, XZH-201710218 Shuijuecai Riabiwujiezai H WP Decoction Diuresis TL Stir fried or boiled 2.9 0.54
Ramalina fastigiata (Pers.) Ach., Ramalinaceae, XZH-201710477 Shuhuacai Sinengbazai L WP Decoction Tonifying the spleen; diuresis WP Stir fried or boiled 2.2 0.46
Aconitum hemsleyanum E. Pritz., Ranunculaceae, XZH-20171047 Caowu Ciduzai H RO Stewed with chicken Rheumatism RO Stewed with chicken 0.6 0.05
Hovenia acerba Lindl., Rhamnaceae, XZH-201710250 Guaizao Chenglenggalazai T FR Decoction Protective liver FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.1 0.46
Chaenomeles sinensis (Dum. Cours.) Koehne, Rosaceae, XZH-201710174 Mugua Sanbuzai T FR Stewed with chicken Numb limbs; rheumatism FR Boiled 2.9 0.60
Crataegus cuneata Siebold & Zucc., Rosaceae, XZH-201710324 Yeshanzha Sanwozai S FR Decoction Hypertension; help digestion FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.0 0.41
Docynia delavayi (Franch.) C. K. Schneid., Rosaceae, XZH-20171005 Duoyiguo Sanbuazeizai T RO Decoction Rheumatism FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.7 0.53
Duchesnea indica (Jacks.) Focke, Rosaceae, XZH-201710109 Shemei Hamezai H WP Decoction Relieving asthma FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.4 0.47
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Rosaceae, XZH-201710428 Pipa Chichishandongzai T L Decoction Coughs; reducing sputum FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.8 0.67
Fragaria × ananassa (Duchesne ex Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier, Rosaceae, XZH-201710481 Hongshecao Abosanzuinizai H WP Decoction Detoxifying snake venom; hemorrhoids FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.4 0.47
Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl. ex J. Gay, Rosaceae, XZH-201710284 Baishecao Abosangantong H WP Decoction Hepatitis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.3 0.48
Fragaria vesca L., Rosaceae, XZH-201710379 Fanbaiyecao Laigusanzuitong H WP Decoction Detoxifying snake venom FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.4 0.45
Prinsepia utilis Royle, Rosaceae, XZH-201710438 Qingciguo Babazai S RO and L Leaves Stir-fried with eggs Cholecystitis; protect gastric mucosa; dry skin TL and SE Boiled or pickled; seed oil 2.7 0.54
Prunus armeniaca L., Rosaceae, XZH-201710255 Xingshu Sanzuinizai T SE Decoction Coughs; reducing sputum FR Eaten fresh 2.7 0.51
Prunus davidiana (CarriŠre) Franch., Rosaceae, XZH-201710299 Yetao Laigusanwuzai T SE Decoction Removing urinary calculus; analgesic SE Eaten fresh 2.2 0.47
Prunus mume (Siebold) Siebold & Zucc., Rosaceae, XZH-201710270 Meizishu Sangazimezai T RO Decoction Tonifying the spleen FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.8 0.54
Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl., Rosaceae, XZH-201710519 Yingtao Laiyumezai T RO Decoction Arthritis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.8 0.54
Pyrus calleryana Decne., Rosaceae, XZH-201710295 Douli Sanlimesong T FR Decoction Acne FR and F Ripe fruits eaten fresh; flowers stir fried or boiled 2.4 0.43
Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai, Rosaceae, XZH-201710436 Yemianli Sanlimiansong T FR and RO Decoction Tonifying the lung FR and F Ripe fruits eaten fresh or boiled; flowers stir-fried or boiled 2.3 0.46
Rubus coreanus Miq., Rosaceae, XZH-20171066 Maoyechatianpao Sanhameazizai S RO Decoction Rheumatic arthritis FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.2 0.42
Rubus ellipticus Sm., Rosaceae, XZH-201710101 Huangsuomei Sanhamezai S RO Decoction Strokes; rheumatism FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.0 0.40
Rubus niveus Thunb., Rosaceae, XZH-201710492 Heisuomei Zinisan S RO Decoction Tonifying the liver; improving the vision; Sialaporia; rheumatism FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.1 0.42
Citrus medica L., Rutaceae, XZH-201710138 Xiangyuan Paoguozai S FR Decoction Enteritidis; stomachaches FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.6 0.48
Zanthoxylum armatum DC., Rutaceae, XZH-201710425 Yehuajiao Laiguzuozai T RO, BA, and FR Decoction Numb limbs; rheumatism FR Flavoring 2.3 0.43
Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim., Rutaceae, XZH-20171055 Huajiao Zuozailongzai T RO and FR Decoction Skin itch FR Flavoring 3.3 0.59
Houttuynia cordata Thunb., Saururaceae, XZH-201710268 Yuxingcao Awobinizai H WP Decoction Coughs; moistening the lung WP Cold dish or boiled 4.6 0.90
Smilax mairei H. Lév., Smilacaceae, XZH-20171033 Wucibaqia Megulianzhongzai S RO Decoction Chronic colitis; irregular menses TS Stir fried or boiled 2.0 0.36
Smilax riparia A. DC., Smilacaceae, XZH-201710387 Maweicai Memazhuzai V WP Decoction Fever; coughs WP Stir fried or boiled 2.1 0.33
Capsicum annuum L., Solanaceae, XZH-201710504 Lazi Paizimezai H FR Decoction Diaphoretic FR Stir fried, boiled or pickled 4.6 0.90
Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii (Mast.) Makino, Solanaceae, XZH-201710375 Denglongguo Amaishanbuzai H RO Decoction Pharyngolaryngitis; coughs FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.8 0.50
Pionandra betacea (Cav.) Miers, Solanaceae, XZH-201710029 Shufanqie Siazizai T FR Decoction Tonifying the spleen; stomach -aches FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.4 0.47
Camellia reticulata Lindl., Theaceae, XZH-201710290 Shancha Laiguzuomizai S FR Decoction Deobstruent SE Made oil 2.4 0.46
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Theaceae, XZH-201710496 Cha Longri S L Soaked in boiling water Hyperglyceridaemia TL Soaked in boiling water 4.3 0.82
Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen, Urticaceae, XZH-20171075 Shuima Yuzimezai S RO and ST Decoction Dysentery FR and F Stir fried or boiled 1.8 0.32
Urtica atrichocaulis (Hand.-Mazz.) C.J. Chen, Urticaceae, XZH-201710288 Xiaoqianma Dengbuazizai H WP Stir fried with eggs Prostatitis TS Stir fried or boiled 1.7 0.28
Ampelopsis delavayana Planch. ex Franch., Vitaceae, XZH-201710420 Yeputao Runimesanzai V RO Decoction Fractures; analgesic FR Ripe fruits eaten fresh 2.1 0.40
Amomum tsao-ko Crevost & Lemarié, Zingiberaceae, XZH-20171087 Caoguo Sibiyumezai H FR Decoction Renal colic FR Flavoring 3.3 0.65
Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae, XZH-201710371 Jiang Chibozai H FR Decoction Headache; diaphoretic RH and ST Flavoring 4.5 0.87
  1. Life form: H Herb, S Shrub, T Tree, V Vine, F Fungus, L Lichen. Medicinal parts and edible parts: WP Whole plant, RH Rhizome, T Tuber, ST Stem, RO Root, BA Bark, L Leaf, FB Fruit body, F Flower, SE Seed, CS Corn silk, BU Bulb, P Pollen, TS Tender shoot, TL Tender leaf, TP Tender plant, FR Fruit
  2. The order of plant species in this table is followed by the APG IV system, gymnosperms classification system (1978), and Qinrenchang fern plant classification system (1978). Specimens were deposited in the Herbarium of the Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicinal Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, P. R. China, School of Ethic Medicine, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming, China