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Table 2 Medicinal dietary plants used by the Yi people in Mile City, Yunnan Province, China

From: Medicinal dietary plants of the Yi in Mile, Yunnan, China

Scientific name, Family, Collector, Voucher number

Vernacular name

Yi name

Life form

Medicinal parts

Preparing methods

Medicinal uses

Edible parts

Cooking methods

FUI

UV

Amaranthus tricolor L., Amaranthaceae, XZH-20171037

Zilingxian

Nuosongnibaizai

H

WP

Decoction

Clearing the liver and improving vision

WP

Stir fried or boiled

2.1

0.42

Chenopodium album L., Amaranthaceae, XZH-20171017

Huitiaocai

Nisewu

H

WP

Decoction

Clearing the liver and improving vision

L and ST

Stir fried or boiled

2.8

0.54

Allium macrostemon Bunge, Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710100

Xiaopusuan

Songpu

H

WP

Decoction

Parasites; reducing phlegm

WP

Stir fried, boiled, or pickled

2.2

0.42

Allium sativum L., Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710469

Dasuan

Shutongzai

H

WP

Decoction

Rhinitis; parasites

BU

Flavoring

4.7

0.90

Allium scorodoprasum L., Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710248

Xiaosuan

Shubuazeizai

H

WP

Decoction

Parasites; fever

BU

Flavoring

2.1

0.47

Allium wallichii Kunth, Amaryllidaceae, XZH-201710120

Shanjiucai

Caiguageizai

H

WP

Stir-fried with eggs

Lactation stimulant

WP

Boiled or pickled

2.3

0.50

Dobinea delavayi (Baill.) Baill., Anacardiaceae, XZH-20171059

Yangjiaotianma

Ciwochengnongcizai

H

RH

Stewed with chicken

Detumescence; apocenosis; dizziness

RH

Stewed with chicken

1.9

0.45

Foeniculum vulgare Mill., Apiaceae, XZH-20171090

Xiaohuixiang

Mengsongmabizai

H

RO

Decoction

Traumatic injury, abdominal distension, and stomachaches

TL

Stir fried or boiled

3.1

0.62

Ligusticum striatum DC., Apiaceae, XZH-201710213

Chuanxiong

Wujiegeimizai

H

RH

Stir-fried with eggs

Headaches

RH

Boiled

2.3

0.46

Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC., Apiaceae, XZH-201710513

Shuiqincai

Yuxiangqin

H

WP

Decoction

Hypertension

L and ST

Cold dish or boiled

4.2

0.83

Cynanchum otophyllum C. K. Schneid., Apocynaceae, XZH-201710503

Qingyangshen

Cinazai

V

RO

Stewed with chicken

Tranquillizer; epilepsy

FR

Eaten fresh

2.0

0.50

Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon, Apocynaceae, XZH-20171099

Tongguangsan

Citongmiluozai

V

RO and ST

Stir-fried with eggs

Coughs; lactogenesis; diuresis

F and TS

Stir fried

1.4

0.37

Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch, Araceae, XZH-20171093

Moyu

Mayumezai

H

T

Decoction

Pneumonia; edemas; phlegm; bronchitis; coughs

T

Konjak tofu or boiled

4.9

0.93

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, Araceae, XZH-20171077

Qingyu

Abupa

H

T

Decoction

Tonifying the kidney; tonifying the spleen

T, F, and L

Boiled, stir fried, or pickled

2.3

0.39

Aralia chinensis L., Araliaceae, XZH-20171022

Congmu

Heiahuozai

T

BA and RO

Decoction

Tonifying the liver; rheumatism

TS

Stir fried or boiled

2.8

0.45

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., Araliaceae, XZH-20171001

Ciwujia

Ziguzai

S

ST and RO

Decoction

Tonifying the kidney; rheumatism

TS

Stir fried or boiled

2.3

0.40

Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb., Araliaceae, XZH-201710264

Maticao

Maokongwuzai

H

WP

Roots stewed with pork tripe

Hepatitis A

L

Cold dish

2.1

0.41

Metapanax delavayi (Franch.) J. Wen & Frodin, Araliaceae, XZH-20171010

Liangwangcha

Laibuluoyuzai

S

L

Soaked in boiling water

Iaryngopharyngitis

TL

Soaked in boiling water

2.0

0.40

Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen, Araliaceae, XZH-20171016

Sanqi

Shenglengzai

H

RO

Stewed with chicken

Nourish blood; promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis

RO

Stewed with chicken

2.5

0.55

Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl., Arecaceae, XZH-201710169

Zongshuhua

Situomizai

T

RO, ST, and FR

Decoction

Hypertension; dizziness

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.5

0.48

Saruma henryi Oliv., Aristolochiaceae, XZH-201710207

Matixiang

Gongbunizai

H

RH and RO

Stewed with chicken or pig trotter

Tonifying the spleen; stomachaches

RH and RO

Stewed with chicken or pig trotter

1.9

0.45

Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce, Asparagaceae, XZH-201710531

Yuzhu

Medaoweilongzai

H

RH

Stew with eggs or meat

Tonifying the kidney

RH

Stew with eggs or meat

2.2

0.47

Hemerocallis citrina Baroni, Asphodelaceae, XZH-201710155

Xuancao

Miluoshanwuzai

H

RO and F

Decoction or Scrambled eggs with flowers

Gastritis

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.7

0.52

Auricularia auricula Judae, Auriculariaceae, XZH-20171082

Muer

Rimelong

F

FB

Stir-fried or boiled

Deafness; hypertension

FB

Stir fried or boiled

4.2

0.89

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Brassicaceae, XZH-201710134

Jicai

Mengjiewu

H

WP

Decoction

Nephritis; edemas

L

Stir fried or boiled

2.9

0.57

Adenophora stricta Miq., Campanulaceae, XZH-201710455

Shashen

Yanpubiguozai

H

RO

Stewed with chicken

Tonifying the kidney; moistening the lung

RO

Stewed with chicken

1.8

0.42

Codonopsis cordifolioidea P. C. Tsoong, Campanulaceae, XZH-201710226

Choushen

Yanmebinengzai

V

RO

Stewed with chicken

Tonifying the kidney; strengthening yang-qi

RO

Stewed with chicken

2.7

0.58

Cannabis sativa L.,

Cannabaceae, XZH-201710461

Huomazi

Zime

H

SE and RO

Made oil

Deobstruent; moistening the lung

SE

Made oil

2.5

0.54

Lonicera japonica Thunb., Caprifoliaceae, XZH-20171042

Jinyinhua

Tongshanmilongzai

V

F, L, and ST

Decoction

Fever; coughs

F

Stir fried or boiled

3.1

0.60

Silene viscidula Franch., Caryophyllaceae, XZH-201710345

Wacao

Gawuwu

H

RO

Decoction

Acne, coughs, and reducing sputum

L

Stir fried or boiled

1.9

0.40

Arctium lappa L., Compositae, XZH-201710417

Niubangzi

Nianbamezai

H

RO

Stewed with chicken

Gastric disorders; tinnitus

RO

Stewed with chicken

2.0

0.58

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Compositae, XZH-201710546

Xiaoji

Shanpaicimeazizai

H

RO

Stewed with meat

Tonifying the kidney; detumescence

RO

Stewed with meat

1.7

0.41

Cirsium japonicum (Thunb.) Fisch. ex DC., Compositae, XZH-201710523

Dajijiaoshu

Shanpaicimezai

H

RO

Stewed with meat

Tonifying the kidney; detumescence

RO

Stewed with meat

1.8

0.38

Cornus kousa subsp. chinensis (Osborn) Q.Y.Xiang Cornaceae, XZH-201710216

Jisuzi

Sanzimezai

T

L and RO

Decoction

Ascaricide; acaricide

TS and FR

Shoot stir fried; ripe fruits eaten fresh

1.3

0.43

Cucurbita moschata Duchesne, Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171032

Nangua

Apumezai

H

SE

Decoction

Ascaricide

FR and SE

Fruit boiled; Seeds stir fried

4.9

0.93

Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC., Compositae, XZH-20171013

Guanyincai

Buwuzai

H

WP

Decoction

Hepatitis; improving vision

TP

Stir fried or boiled

1.2

0.30

Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz., Compositae, XZH-201710485

Pugongying

Wujieshandongzai

H

WP

Stir fried with eggs

Analgesic; diuresis

WP

Stir fried or boiled

4.5

0.89

Merremia hungaiensis (Lingelsh. & Borza) R. C. Fang, Convolvulaceae, XZH-201710377

Shantugua

Agaizai

H

RO

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; abate jaundice

FR and RO

Boiled or stir fried

2.0

0.49

Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw., Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171084

Yangsigua

Lianbugua

V

RO

Decoction

Gastric disorders; colitis

TS and FR

Stir fried or boiled

4.5

0.88

Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi, Cucurbitaceae, XZH-20171002

Laoshuhuanggua

Mudengmilongzai

H

RO

Decoction

Pneumonia; coughs

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

1.6

0.43

Trichosanthes Kirilowii Maxim., Cucurbitaceae, XZH-201710443

Tianhuafen

Mudengazizai

V

RO

Decoction

Relieving asthma; coughs and reducing sputum

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.1

0.43

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn, Dennstaedtiaceae, XZH-201710381

Juecai

Abiwujiezai

H

Rh

Decoction

Angina pectoris

TL

Stir fried or boiled

2.7

0.47

Dioscorea alata L., Dioscoreaceae, XZH-201710198

Maoshu

Abunibuzai

V

T

Stewed with meat

Tonifying the spleen; indigestion

T

Boiled or stewed

2.2

0.42

Dioscorea subcalva Prain & Burkill, Dioscoreaceae, XZH-201710312

Yeshanyao

Laigeiageizai

V

T

Stewed with meat

Tonifying the spleen; tonifying the kidney

T

Boiled or stewed

1.6

0.34

Diospyros kaki L. f., Ebenaceae, XZH-20171044

Shizishu

Sanbaomezai

T

RO

Decoction

Anthelmintic; vomiting

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.3

0.55

Diospyros kaki var. silvestris Makino, Ebenaceae, XZH-201710397

Yeshizi

Laigusanbazai

T

RO

Decoction

Enteritis; cystitis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.4

0.51

Diospyros lotus L., Ebenaceae, XZH-20171035

Ruanzao

Sanbaniguozai

T

RO

Decoction

Diuresis; expelling toxins

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.2

0.46

Rhododendron mucronatum (Blume) G. Don, Ericaceae, XZH-201710237

Baihuadujuan

Caigumiluotongzai

S

RO

Decoction

Cystitis; hepatitis

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.6

0.57

Castanea mollissima Blume, Fagaceae, XZH-201710366

Banli

Ganme

T

FR and RO

Decoction

Tonifying the kidney; sialaporia

FR

Stir fried or boiled

2.7

0.59

Juglans regia L., Juglandaceae, XZH-201710298

Hetao

Sanmaizai

T

BA and RO

Decoction

Parasites; itching

SE and F

Seeds eaten fresh; flowers stir fried

4.9

0.91

Clerodendrum bungei Steud., Lamiaceae, XZH-20171069

Choumudan

Anikebazai

S

RO

Stewed with chicken

Rheumatism

RO

Stewed with chicken

2.2

0.41

Elsholtzia bodinieri Vaniot, Lamiaceae, XZH-201710132

Fengweicha

Sininongyuzai

H

WP

Soaked in boiling water

Iaryngopharyngitis

L and ST

Soaked in boiling water

2.7

0.51

Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710400

Xiangru

Yetongbingnizai

H

WP

Decoction

Headache; fever

L

Stewed with eggs; stir fried

2.3

0.48

Elsholtzia flava Benth., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710231

Suzi

Ciwoguojiezai

H

FR

Decoction

Coughs; bronchitis

SE

Flavoring

2.6

0.48

Elsholtzia rugulosa Hemsl., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710358

Yebahao

Afeizai

H

WP

Decoction

Laryngopharyngitis

L and ST

Made tea

1.7

0.43

Mentha canadensis L., Lamiaceae, XZH-201710149

Bohe

Cihemiweizai

H

WP

Decoction

Pneumonia; relieving asthma

L and ST

Cold dish or boiled

4.2

0.88

Holboellia latifolia Wall., Lardizabalaceae, XZH-201710507

Maoshiguo

Mainaimezai

V

RO

Decoction

Cystitis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.3

0.49

Litsea pungens Hemsl., Lauraceae, XZH-201710448

Mujiangzi

Zuomeshengshengzai

T

RO

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; clearing damp and treat gastritis

FR

Flavoring

4.9

0.90

Parochetus communis D. Don, Leguminosae, XZH-201710241

Jinquehua

Yetongshanmezai

H

F

Stir fried with eggs

Rheumatism; gastric disorders

F

Stir fried

2.6

0.54

Pisum sativum L., Leguminosae, XZH-201710551

Qingdou

Anuwadu

H

SE

Decoction

Gastralgia

SE

Boiled, eaten fresh or stewed

3.2

0.58

Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr., Leguminosae, XZH-201710317

Ge

Zigaizai

V

RO

Decoction

Reducing phlegm; relieving alcoholism

RO

Eaten fresh

3.1

0.56

Sophora davidii (Franch.) Pavol., Leguminosae, XZH-201710126

Kucihua

Luocizai

S

F and RO

Decoction

Dysmenorrhea

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.1

0.42

Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, Leguminosae, XZH-201710394

Huaihua

Milongwujiezai

T

FR

Decoction

Clearing liver and improving vision

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.4

0.51

Vicia faba L., Leguminosae, XZH-201710193

Candou

Anuazai

H

SE

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; detumescence

SE

Stir fried or boiled

3.8

0.71

Lilium brownii F.E.Br. ex Miellez, Liliaceae, XZH-201710341

Baihe

Amezai

H

FR and BU

Decoction

Tonifying the lung; reducing phlegm

BU

Stir fried or boiled

2.8

0.55

Linum usitatissimum L., Linaceae, XZH-20171091

Yama

Zhongzizai

H

SE

Made oil or powder

Hypertension; skin diseases

SE

Made oil or powder

2.3

0.45

Punica granatum L., Lythraceae, XZH-201710411

Shiliu

Sanbuzai

T

RO

Decoction

Parasites; dysentery

F and FR

Flowers stir fried or boiled, ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.6

0.52

Toona sinensis (Juss.) M. Roem., Meliaceae, XZH-201710547

Xiangchun

Longbotong

T

BA and RO

Decoction

Gynecopathy; dysentery

TS

Stir fried or cold dish

2.4

0.52

Ficus tikoua Bureau, Moraceae, XZH-201710116

Dibanteng

Cisanpianlianzai

V

RO

Decoction

Gonorrhea

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.0

0.41

Morus alba L., Moraceae, XZH-201710184

Sangshu

Aheizai

T

RO

Decoction

Coughs; reducing phlegm

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.6

0.53

Musa basjoo Siebold & Zucc. ex linuma, Musaceae, XZH-201710442

Bajiao

Gongguabuzai

T

RO

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; diuresis

ST and F

Stir fried or boiled

3.5

0.65

Myrica rubra (Lour.) Siebold & Zucc., Myricaceae, XZH-201710129

Yangmei

Sangusongzai

T

RO

Decoction

Enteritis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.7

0.56

Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry, Myrtaceae, XZH-201710222

Dingxianghua

Lazigumezai

T

RO

Stewed with pig trotter

Detumescence; analgesic

RO

Stewed with pig trotter

2.6

0.48

Osmanthus fragrans Lour., Oleaceae, XZH-201710402

Guihua

Jiweilongzai

T

F

Decoction

Moistening the lung; fever

F

Soaked or stir fried

2.8

0.58

Nervilia fordii (Hance) Schltr., Orchidaceae, XZH-201710544

Qingtiankui

Weinimesongzai

H

WP

Stir-fried with eggs

Hepatitis; detumescence

T

Stir fried or boiled

2.3

0.43

Brandisia hancei Hook. f., Paulowniaceae, XZH-201710274

Mitonghua

Dongmilongzai

S

RO and L

Decoction

Osteomyelitis

F

Stir fried or boiled

2.1

0.38

Sesamum indicum L., Pedaliaceae, XZH-201710111

Zhima

Guogeimiweizai

H

FR

Decoction

Deobstruent

SE

Eaten fresh or flavoring

2.9

0.55

Keteleeria evelyniana Mast., Pinaceae, XZH-201710275

Shasong

Geizai

T

BA and RO

Decoction

Fractures; detumescence

TS

Stir fried or boiled

2.2

0.46

Pinus armandii Franch., Pinaceae, XZH-201710432

Kongsong

Shumezai

T

BA, TS, SE, P, and RO

Decoction

Rheumatism; injury; coughs; deobstruent; gastritis

SE

Eaten fresh

2.1

0.42

Pinus yunnanensis Franch., Pinaceae, XZH-201710333

Yunnansong

Tumumezai

T

P, L, and BA

Decoction

Hyperglyceridemia

P

Made cakes

2.4

0.47

Piper betle L., Piperaceae, XZH-201710208

Luzi

Heicuonianmezai

V

ST, FR, and L

Decoction

Gastritis; coughs; eczema; oxytocin; anthelmintic

FR

Fruit chew with lime powder

2.3

0.48

Phyllanthus emblica L., Phyllanthaceae, XZH-201710522

Yuganzi

Elengmezai

T

FR, RO, and L

Decoction

Pharyngolaryngitis; moistening the lung; improve digestion; embolism; flatulence and coughs

FR, BA

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

4.9

0.93

Plantago asiatica L., Plantaginaceae, XZH-201710201

Cheqiancao

Geniwu

H

WP

Decoction

Cystitis

L

Stir fried or boiled

2.6

0.46

Lophatherum gracile Brongn. Poaceae, XZH-201710453

Zhuye

Medongzai

H

L

Decoction

Coughs; relieving asthma

TS

Stir fried or boiled

2.3

0.45

Zea mays L., Poaceae, XZH-201710511

Yumi

Huomezai

H

CS

Decoction

Removing urinary calculus

FR

Stir fried or boiled

4.9

0.93

Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn., Polygonaceae, XZH-20171028

Kuqiaomai

Guokangmezai

H

WP

Decoction

Cholecystitis

L, TS and FR

Stir fried or boiled

3.1

0.60

Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn., Pteridaceae, XZH-201710218

Shuijuecai

Riabiwujiezai

H

WP

Decoction

Diuresis

TL

Stir fried or boiled

2.9

0.54

Ramalina fastigiata (Pers.) Ach., Ramalinaceae, XZH-201710477

Shuhuacai

Sinengbazai

L

WP

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; diuresis

WP

Stir fried or boiled

2.2

0.46

Aconitum hemsleyanum E. Pritz., Ranunculaceae, XZH-20171047

Caowu

Ciduzai

H

RO

Stewed with chicken

Rheumatism

RO

Stewed with chicken

0.6

0.05

Hovenia acerba Lindl., Rhamnaceae, XZH-201710250

Guaizao

Chenglenggalazai

T

FR

Decoction

Protective liver

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.1

0.46

Chaenomeles sinensis (Dum. Cours.) Koehne, Rosaceae, XZH-201710174

Mugua

Sanbuzai

T

FR

Stewed with chicken

Numb limbs; rheumatism

FR

Boiled

2.9

0.60

Crataegus cuneata Siebold & Zucc., Rosaceae, XZH-201710324

Yeshanzha

Sanwozai

S

FR

Decoction

Hypertension; help digestion

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.0

0.41

Docynia delavayi (Franch.) C. K. Schneid., Rosaceae, XZH-20171005

Duoyiguo

Sanbuazeizai

T

RO

Decoction

Rheumatism

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.7

0.53

Duchesnea indica (Jacks.) Focke, Rosaceae, XZH-201710109

Shemei

Hamezai

H

WP

Decoction

Relieving asthma

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.4

0.47

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Rosaceae, XZH-201710428

Pipa

Chichishandongzai

T

L

Decoction

Coughs; reducing sputum

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.8

0.67

Fragaria × ananassa (Duchesne ex Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier, Rosaceae, XZH-201710481

Hongshecao

Abosanzuinizai

H

WP

Decoction

Detoxifying snake venom; hemorrhoids

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.4

0.47

Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl. ex J. Gay, Rosaceae, XZH-201710284

Baishecao

Abosangantong

H

WP

Decoction

Hepatitis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.3

0.48

Fragaria vesca L., Rosaceae, XZH-201710379

Fanbaiyecao

Laigusanzuitong

H

WP

Decoction

Detoxifying snake venom

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.4

0.45

Prinsepia utilis Royle, Rosaceae, XZH-201710438

Qingciguo

Babazai

S

RO and L

Leaves Stir-fried with eggs

Cholecystitis; protect gastric mucosa; dry skin

TL and SE

Boiled or pickled; seed oil

2.7

0.54

Prunus armeniaca L., Rosaceae, XZH-201710255

Xingshu

Sanzuinizai

T

SE

Decoction

Coughs; reducing sputum

FR

Eaten fresh

2.7

0.51

Prunus davidiana (CarriŠre) Franch., Rosaceae, XZH-201710299

Yetao

Laigusanwuzai

T

SE

Decoction

Removing urinary calculus; analgesic

SE

Eaten fresh

2.2

0.47

Prunus mume (Siebold) Siebold & Zucc., Rosaceae, XZH-201710270

Meizishu

Sangazimezai

T

RO

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.8

0.54

Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl., Rosaceae, XZH-201710519

Yingtao

Laiyumezai

T

RO

Decoction

Arthritis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.8

0.54

Pyrus calleryana Decne., Rosaceae, XZH-201710295

Douli

Sanlimesong

T

FR

Decoction

Acne

FR and F

Ripe fruits eaten fresh; flowers stir fried or boiled

2.4

0.43

Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai, Rosaceae, XZH-201710436

Yemianli

Sanlimiansong

T

FR and RO

Decoction

Tonifying the lung

FR and F

Ripe fruits eaten fresh or boiled; flowers stir-fried or boiled

2.3

0.46

Rubus coreanus Miq., Rosaceae, XZH-20171066

Maoyechatianpao

Sanhameazizai

S

RO

Decoction

Rheumatic arthritis

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.2

0.42

Rubus ellipticus Sm., Rosaceae, XZH-201710101

Huangsuomei

Sanhamezai

S

RO

Decoction

Strokes; rheumatism

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.0

0.40

Rubus niveus Thunb., Rosaceae, XZH-201710492

Heisuomei

Zinisan

S

RO

Decoction

Tonifying the liver; improving the vision; Sialaporia; rheumatism

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.1

0.42

Citrus medica L., Rutaceae, XZH-201710138

Xiangyuan

Paoguozai

S

FR

Decoction

Enteritidis; stomachaches

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.6

0.48

Zanthoxylum armatum DC., Rutaceae, XZH-201710425

Yehuajiao

Laiguzuozai

T

RO, BA, and FR

Decoction

Numb limbs; rheumatism

FR

Flavoring

2.3

0.43

Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim., Rutaceae, XZH-20171055

Huajiao

Zuozailongzai

T

RO and FR

Decoction

Skin itch

FR

Flavoring

3.3

0.59

Houttuynia cordata Thunb., Saururaceae, XZH-201710268

Yuxingcao

Awobinizai

H

WP

Decoction

Coughs; moistening the lung

WP

Cold dish or boiled

4.6

0.90

Smilax mairei H. Lév., Smilacaceae, XZH-20171033

Wucibaqia

Megulianzhongzai

S

RO

Decoction

Chronic colitis; irregular menses

TS

Stir fried or boiled

2.0

0.36

Smilax riparia A. DC., Smilacaceae, XZH-201710387

Maweicai

Memazhuzai

V

WP

Decoction

Fever; coughs

WP

Stir fried or boiled

2.1

0.33

Capsicum annuum L., Solanaceae, XZH-201710504

Lazi

Paizimezai

H

FR

Decoction

Diaphoretic

FR

Stir fried, boiled or pickled

4.6

0.90

Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii (Mast.) Makino, Solanaceae, XZH-201710375

Denglongguo

Amaishanbuzai

H

RO

Decoction

Pharyngolaryngitis; coughs

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.8

0.50

Pionandra betacea (Cav.) Miers, Solanaceae, XZH-201710029

Shufanqie

Siazizai

T

FR

Decoction

Tonifying the spleen; stomach -aches

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.4

0.47

Camellia reticulata Lindl., Theaceae, XZH-201710290

Shancha

Laiguzuomizai

S

FR

Decoction

Deobstruent

SE

Made oil

2.4

0.46

Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Theaceae, XZH-201710496

Cha

Longri

S

L

Soaked in boiling water

Hyperglyceridaemia

TL

Soaked in boiling water

4.3

0.82

Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen, Urticaceae, XZH-20171075

Shuima

Yuzimezai

S

RO and ST

Decoction

Dysentery

FR and F

Stir fried or boiled

1.8

0.32

Urtica atrichocaulis (Hand.-Mazz.) C.J. Chen, Urticaceae, XZH-201710288

Xiaoqianma

Dengbuazizai

H

WP

Stir fried with eggs

Prostatitis

TS

Stir fried or boiled

1.7

0.28

Ampelopsis delavayana Planch. ex Franch., Vitaceae, XZH-201710420

Yeputao

Runimesanzai

V

RO

Decoction

Fractures; analgesic

FR

Ripe fruits eaten fresh

2.1

0.40

Amomum tsao-ko Crevost & Lemarié, Zingiberaceae, XZH-20171087

Caoguo

Sibiyumezai

H

FR

Decoction

Renal colic

FR

Flavoring

3.3

0.65

Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae, XZH-201710371

Jiang

Chibozai

H

FR

Decoction

Headache; diaphoretic

RH and ST

Flavoring

4.5

0.87

  1. Life form: H Herb, S Shrub, T Tree, V Vine, F Fungus, L Lichen. Medicinal parts and edible parts: WP Whole plant, RH Rhizome, T Tuber, ST Stem, RO Root, BA Bark, L Leaf, FB Fruit body, F Flower, SE Seed, CS Corn silk, BU Bulb, P Pollen, TS Tender shoot, TL Tender leaf, TP Tender plant, FR Fruit
  2. The order of plant species in this table is followed by the APG IV system, gymnosperms classification system (1978), and Qinrenchang fern plant classification system (1978). Specimens were deposited in the Herbarium of the Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicinal Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, P. R. China, School of Ethic Medicine, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming, China