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Table 4 Medicinal species in South Tyrol that are predominately alpine according to [52] and with the altitudinal range alp = alpine, sniv = sub-nival, suba = sub-alpine, mont = montane, and coll = colline; in bold = predominantly alpine occurrence (according to [22])

From: Traditional medicinal plants in South Tyrol (northern Italy, southern Alps): biodiversity and use

Altitudinal range Count Plant species
alp-sniv 5 Achillea atrata, Achillea moschata, Geum reptans, Beckwithia glacialis, Veronica alpina
Alp 2 Dryas octopetala, Silene acaulis
suba-sniv 3 Leucanthemopsis alpina, Hieracium intybaceum, Salix serpyllifolia
suba-alp 14 Aconitum napellus, Alchemilla alpina, Allium victorialis, Artemisia mutellina, Cetraria islandica, Erigeron alpinus, Geum montanum, Juniperus communis var. saxatilis, Mutellina adonidifolia, Primula glutinosa, Anemone vernalis, Rhododendron ferrugineum, Sempervivum montana, Thlaspi rotundifolium
mont-alp 20 Achillea clavennae, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arnica montana, Clinopodium alpinum, Gentiana acaulis, Gentiana lutea, Gentiana punctata, Leontopodium nivale, Peucedanum ostruthium, Pinus cembra Potentilla aurea, Primula auricula, Rumex alpinus, Sedum atratum, Sempervivum tectorum, Soldanella alpina, Vaccinum myrtillus, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Viola biflora
mont-suba 6 Botrychium lunaria, Chenopodium bonus-henricus, Erica carnea, Pinus mugo, Rosa pendulina, Veratrum album
coll-alp 5 Antennaria dioica, Biscutella laevigata, Globularia cordifolia, Parnassia palustris, Primula farinosa
coll-suba 4 Calluna vulgaris, Carlina acualis, Polygala chamaebuxus, Thymus pulegioides