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Table 5 Overview of various ethnobotanical studies of mountain regions in Europe

From: Traditional medicinal plants in South Tyrol (northern Italy, southern Alps): biodiversity and use

Reference Country/Region Study area Number of species EI Source
Total flora MP
[60] Central- southern Italy (Molise) 378 km2 ca. 800 70 6.0 % 54 Informants
[61] Eastern Italian Alps (Friuli- Venezia Giulia) 5,700 km2 ca. 3335 177 5.3 % n.d. Informants
[53] Western Italian Alps (Liguria) 86 km2 ca. 1500 105 7.0 % 65 Informants
[54] Northern Italian Alps (Lombardy) 896 km2 ca. 2185 184 8.4 % 328 Informants
Present study Northern Italian Alps (South Tyrol) 7,400 km2 ca. 2169 275 12.0 % 17 Literature sources (a.o. 81 informants in [31])
[48] North-west Spain (Basque Country) 802 km2 ca. 1133 139 12.3 % 207 Informants
[62] Albanian Alps (Kosovo) 3,500 km2 ca. 1609 98 6.1 % 91 Informants
[63] Eastern Switzerland (Prättigau) 610 km2 ca. 1414 204 14.4 % 91 Informants
  1. MP medicinal plants, EI ethnobotanicity index