Skip to main content

Table 1 List of the recorded wild edible plants

From: Wild food plants and fungi sold in the markets of Luang Prabang, Lao PDR

Scientific name Family Local name Local name Voucher Number
(WA)
Jun Aug Nov Feb Parts used Use
Nuber of species     79 62 59 45   
Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC. Fabaceae som poi 72429 x x x x green parts in BS and MVS to give them sour taste
Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. Fabaceae phak kan kong 72440 x x x x green parts BS, chicken soup
Adenanthera pavonina L. Fabaceae phak mak lam 72466 x     green parts BS, MVS
Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa Rutaceae mak tum 72477 x x x x fruit tea, also raw, sticky inside to make glue for paper, young leaf tasty but they dont sell it in the market
Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. Fabaceae phak thon   x     green parts soup, raw
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Amaranthaceae phak kan tan 72455 x     green parts soup, MVS
Amaranthus spinosus L. Amaranthaceae phak hom nam 72447 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae phak hom 72439 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Amocalyx microlobus Pierre ex Spire Apocynaceae mak sim   x     young fruits raw or added to dishes to give them sour taste
Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson Araceae duk deu 72492 observed in previous years stalks soup, MVS
Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze Lamiaceae phak ki on   observed in previous years green parts soup, MVS
Antidesma acidum Retz. Phyllanthaceae mak mao 72493   x    green parts with fruits, fruits green parts added to a soup made with Russula species, always sold placed near a bowl of these mushrooms; fruits are first sour then turn sweet
Arenga westerhoutii Griff. Palmae mak tao 72478   x x   seed, sap for wine seed to make a sweet dessert, sap for wine
Averrhoa carambola L. Euphorbiaceae mak fu yang   x x x x fruit raw, also in salads, chicken soup to give sourness
Azidarachta indica A. Juss. Meliaceae phak ka dao 72430 x x x x green parts MVS
Bambusae, inlcuding:   no mai   x x x x shoots BS, bamboo MVS
Bambusa blumeana Schultes Poaceae    72453       
Bambusa longispiculata Gamble Poaceae    72498       
Bambusa tulda Roxb. Poaceae    72500       
Cephalostachyum virgatum (Munro) Kurz Poaceae    72497       
Gigantochloa albociliata (Munro)Kurz Poaceae    72494       
Indocalamus petelotii (A.Camus) Ohrnb. Poaceae    72501       
Indosasa sinica C.D.Chu & C.S.Chao Poaceae    72496       
Dendrocalamus sinicus L.C.Chia & J.L.Sun Poaceae    72495       
Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Fabaceae phak xiao 72448 x x    green parts raw and boiled, soup, MVS - added to dishes to give them acidity
Caesalpinia mimosoides Lam. Fabaceae nam phak kha nya
72418 lv lv fl fl green parts, flowers flowers, raw with geaouw, jackfruit salad and other things; young shoots added to dishes to give them sourness
Calamus viminalis Willd. Palmae wai kom   x x x x stalk burn it for geaw also for soup and 'o lam' soup
Canarium asperum Benth. Burseraceae mak bai      x shoots soup, MVS
Careya arborea Roxb. Lecythidaceae phak ka don      x green parts raw, as condiment for spicy salad
Caryota urens L. Palmae nyod tao 72491 x x    inside of stalk boiled in soup quite rare in the market, highly prized
Castanopsis hystrix Hook. f. & Thomson ex A. DC. Fagaceae mak ko 72480    x   fruit after frying
Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Celastraceae mak taek 72467 x     green parts soup, MVS
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Umbelliferae phak nok 72421 x x x x green parts raw or boiled in soup, MVS
Cladophora sp. Cladophoraceae khai 72452 x x x x whole plant (green parts) sheets of dried algae spiced with sesame and garlic fried as a snack or sidedish.; the fresh algae also eaten in a sort of vegetable porridge for breakfast
Coccinia grandis (L.)Voigt. Cucurbitaceae phak tam nin, phak tam ling
72464 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Colocasia esculenta (L.)Schott Araceae bon van 72458 x x x x leaf stalk soup, MVS, require longer processing
Colocasia gigantea (Blume) Hook.f.   thoun   x x x x leaf stalk papaya salad, soup, MVS
Colubrina longipes Back. Rhamnaceae phak kan tong 72463 x     green parts soup, MVS
Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Commelinaceae phak kab pi, phak pab
  x     green parts soup, MVS
Commelina zeylanica Falkenb. Commelinaceae phak kab pi, phak pab
72450 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S.Moore Asteraceae nya heu bin 72426 x   x x green parts soup, MVS
Cratoxylum cochinchinense Blume Guttiferae phak tio 72409 x x    green parts soup, MVS
Cyclea barbata Miers Menispermaceae mo noy 72411 x   x   green parts soup, MVS
Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart. Palmae wai 72479 x x x x stalk burned for geaw also for soup, 'o lam' and MVS
Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf. Fabaceae fang daeng, mak fang
72490 x   x   preserved fruit endosperm of seeds eaten after boiling
Diplazium esculentum (Retz.)Sw. Woodsiaceae phak kud 72425 x x x x green parts soup and MVS, needs boiling
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Pontederiaceae phak tob 72487    x x green parts steamed and eaten in salad with sesame, fish sauce, coriander and onion, MVS, soup
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Poaceae nya phak khuaai
72465 x     green parts MVS
Eryngium foetidum L. Umbelliferae phak hom pe 72422 x x x x green parts aromatic herb added to soups and other dishes
Erythrina stricta Roxb. Fabaceae dok thong, phak thong
72407 x x    green parts, fruit young leaves, fruts, raw or 5 min boiling
Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume Moraceae mak war   x x    green parts, fruit fruit and leaf
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr. Salicaceae mak kvien, mak ken ta khuaai

     x green and ripe fruits to give acidity to dishes, also raw
Gnaphalium polycaulon Pers. Asteraceae phak kaeb   x     green parts MVS
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae som pho di 72511 x   x   fruit leaf - soup, fruit - soup, jam
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Saururaceae phak khao thong 72427 x x x x green parts raw salad
Hydrolea zeylanica Vahl Hydrophyllaceae phak bi i ian 72461 x     green parts soup, MVS
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Convolvulaceae phak bong 72434 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites Araceae phak nam, bon nam
72431 x   x   green parts soup, MVS
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Fabaceae phak ka thin 72488   x x x green parts pods and leaves raw in papaya salad, also in 'lab' meat salad
Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau Limnocharitaceae phak kan chong 72424 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merr. Scrophulariaceae phak kha nhyaeng 72420 x x x x green parts soup, MVS, as an aromatic herb giving flavour
Lindernia sp1 Scrophulariaceae nya khai hao 72454 x     green parts soup, MVS
Lindernia sp2 Scrophulariaceae nya khai hao 72468 x     green parts soup, MVS
Lindernia sp3 Scrophulariaceae phak kaeb 72470 x     green parts soup, MVS
Lindernia sp4 Scrophulariaceae phak dang khom 72474 x     green parts soup, MVS
Livistona saribus (Lour.)Merr. Ex Chev. Palmae mak kho 72481   x x   fruit fruit after placing in hot water
Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw. Lygodiaceae phak kud noy 72437 x x x   green parts soup, MVS
Mangifera sp. (a wild taxon) Anacardiaceae bai mak mouang   observed in previous years green parts soup, MVS
Markhamia stipulata (Wall.) Seem. Bignoniaceae dok khae 72483    x x flowers raw, also pork/chicken filling and steamed
Marsilea crenata C. Presl. Marsileaceae phak waen 72446 x x x x green parts fried like morning glory, salad with sesame, onion, galangal, ginger
Melientha suavis Pierre Opiliaceae phak wan ba 72484 x x x   green parts soup, MVS
Millettia brandisiana Kurz Opiliaceae dok ban 72489    x   green parts boil in water 1-2 min, and then salad with sesame onion, fish sauce coriander
Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitaceae phak sai 72436 x x x x green parts shoots for soup, fruit boiled eaten with geaow
Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae phak i hum 72428 x x    green parts soup, MVS
Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aitom Brassicaceae phak nam 72444 x x x x green parts aromatic herb added to soups and other dishes
Neptunia oleracea Lour. Fabaceae phak ka sed 72415 x x x x green parts raw and bamboo soup
Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Lamiaceae phak ka phao 72441 x x x x green parts aromatic herb added to soups and other dishes
Ocimum sp. Lamiaceae phak sa ao 72456 x x x x green parts aromatic herb added to soups and other dishes
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz Bignoniaceae lin mai 72416 fl, lv fr fr   green parts, fruit, flowers flower and fruit, flowers steamed with pork/chicken stuffed in it, praised in spite of their bitterness
Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae som saeng ka 72438 x x    green parts soup, MVS
Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. Pandanaceae bai toey 72482 x x    green parts to give food gentle flavour and green colour
Passiflora edulis Sims Passifloraceae mak nod 72459 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Passiflora foetida L. Passifloraceae phak moy 72471 x x x x green parts soup, MVS
Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels Euphorbiaceae bai mak nyom    x    green parts soup, MVS
Phyllanthus emblica L. Euphorbiaceae mak kaam pom
    x   green parts soup, MVS
Piper ribesioides Wall. /Piper interruptum Opiz. Piperaceae sa khan 72485 x x x x stalk added to dishes for flavouring, e.g. in 'o lam'
Piper sarmentosum Roxb. Piperaceae phak iloed 72505 x x x   green parts in 'o lam', it enhances a dish’s flavour. it is  also added to some river weed and taro (bon) dishes, and used to wrap little snacks
Polygonum odoratum Lour. Polygonaceae phud phaeng 72510 x x x x green parts aromatic herb added to soups, MV and other dishes
Protium serratum (Wall.ex Colebr.)Engl. Burseraceae mak phaen 72508   x    ripe fruits used to give acid taste to dishes
Rhus chinensis Mill. Anacardiaceae som fod 72476    x   fruit used to add sour taste to dishes
Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f.) Merrill Meliaceae mak tong 72473 x     fruit eaten raw
Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. Euphorbiaceae phak wan ban
72443 x     green parts soup. MWV
Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Merr. Sapindaceae mak ko som 72509   x    ripe fruits used to give acid taste to dishes
Sechium edule (Jacquin) Swartz Cucurbitaceae phak soe, mak soe
72460 x     green parts soup. MWV
Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir. Fabaceae phak khae khao, dok khae
72472 x x x x flowers, green parts soup. MWV
Solanum barbisetum Nees Solanaceae mak pu mak nya
72442 x     young fruits  
Solanum indicum L. Solanaceae mak kaen kon   x     green parts raw
Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal Solanaceae mak oek 72410 x     fruit papaya salad
Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae phak did nam 72417 x x x   green parts soup. MWV, also used raw
Solanum spirale Roxb. Solanaceae mak did 72408 x x    green parts soup. MWV
Spilanthes acmella (L.)L. Asteraceae phak khad hun 72413 x x x x green parts raw, but mostly in soups, MVS, 'o lam'
Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC. Asteraceae phak khad dok noy
72412 x     green parts soup. MWV
Spondias pinnata (Koenig ex L.f.)Kurz Anacardiaceae mak kok 72462 x x x   fruit fruit grilled for geauw, also chicken soup, o lam, also raw
Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae mak kham   x x x x fruit raw or paste as condiment
Tiliacora triandra Diels. Menispermaceae bai ya nang 72433 x x x x green parts used to make yanang water used in bamboo soup
Trapa natans L. Trapaceae mak ka chap 72514   x    fruit boiled snack
Zanthoxylum retsa (Roxb.)DC. Anacardiaceae mak khaen 72486 x x x x fruit (seed coating) spice for all foods
Zizyphus sp. Rhamnaceae mak ka than    x x   fruit raw snack
unidentified   mak noy tai   observed in previous years fruit raw snack
unidentified   phak i tu   observed in previous years green parts soup. MWV
unidentified   phak dit pa   observed in previous years green parts soup. MWV
  1. Abbreviations: BS bamboo soup, MVS mixed vegetable salad, lv leaves, fl flowers, fr fruit