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Table 4 Important crops in terms of cultivation area, cash income and food security (percentage of respondents)

From: Farmers’ perceptions of navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production constraints, preferred traits and farming systems and their implications on bean breeding: a case study from South East Lowveld region of Zimbabwe

  Villages  
Gudyanga (%) Maunganidze (%) Nenhowe (%) Tonhorai (%) Overall Mean
   Sex   
Criterion Crop Ma Fb Mean M F Mean M F Mean M F Mean M F Mean P value
Cultivation area Maize 48.81 1001 74.41 89.61 65.21 77.41 1001 741 871 70.41 1001 85.21 77.21 84.81 811 0.039*
Beans 16.43 57.22 36.82 32.82 65.21 492 44.42 29.62 372 39.22 70.42 54.82 33.22 55.62 44.42 0.044*
Wheat 16.43 16.44 16.44 0 0 0 29.63 0 14.84 84 0 46 13.56 4.17 8.86 0.052
Onions 24.42 8.45 16.44 85 40.83 24.44 14.85 0 7.45 84 23.64 15.84 13.85 18.24 164 0.050*
Tomatoes 16.43 48.83 32.63 32.82 24.444 28.63 14.85 0 7.46 84 39.23 23.63 183 28.13 23.13 0.047*
Sorghum 0 5.67 2.87 16.44 85 12.25 29.63 29.62 29.63 15.63 85 11.85 15.44 12.85 14.15 0.052
Lablab 0 0 0 0 85 46 0 14.84 7.46 0 0 0 0 5.76 2.98 0.052
Velvet beans 16.43 86 12.26 0 85 46 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.17 48 4.17 0.052
Cash Income Maize 0 40.84 20.44 24.43 65.21 44.82 44.42 59.21 51.82 31.22 70.41 50.82 252 58.92 42.02 0.043*
Beans 40.81 89.61 65.21 40.81 57.22 491 1001 29.62 64.81 54.81 62.82 58.81 59.11 59.81 59.51 0.044*
Wheat 16.44 86 12.26 24.43 32.83 28.63 14.85 14.83 14.84 85 15.66 11.85 15.96 17.85 16.95 0.051
Onions 16.44 48.83 32.63 24.43 0 12.27 29.63 14.83 22.23 85 87 87 19.64 17.96 18.84 0.049*
Tomatoes 32.82 57.22 452 32.82 24.44 28.63 0 14.83 7.46 31.22 39.23 35.23 24.23 33.93 29.13 0.047*
Lablab 32.82 0 16.45 87 87 88 29.63 0 14.85 0 23.65 11.85 17.65 7.97 12.86 0.050
Velvet beans 0 0 0 16.46 16.45 16.45 14.85 0 7.46 15.64 0 7.88 11.77 4.18 7.98 0.052
Okra 0 16.45 8.27 87 16.45 12.26 0 14.83 7.46 0 31.24 15.64 28 19.74 10.97 0.050*
Food security Maize 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 1001 NS
Beans 8.02 242 162 8.03 16.42 12.24 14.82 29.62 22.22 8.03 23.63 15.83 11.63 23.42 17.52 0.052
Sorghum 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.42 16.42 16.42 14.82 14.83 14.83 15.62 31.22 23.42 11.72 15.63 13.73 0.051
Wheat 0.0 8.03 8.03 16.42 16.42 16.42 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.62 84 11.84 83 8.14 8.14 0.052
  1. The values in parentheses indicate the percentage of respondents who selected the respective particular crop, and the superscript indicates the relative rank of the crop
  2. *Denotes that the villages differed significantly at P ≤ 0.05
  3. aM male
  4. bF female