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Table 4 Evaluation of reports of Polish mushroom collectors by present scientific mycological knowledge

From: Fungal ethnoecology: observed habitat preferences and the perception of changes in fungal abundance by mushroom collectors in Poland

Reports correspond with scientific literature Mentioned as possible in literature but not yet tested Not mentioned in literature and not yet tested
The importance of grazing areas and animal manure for the abundance of saprotrophic fungi such as Agaricus campestris, Marasmius oreades, and Macrolepiota procera [40,41,42,43] The xerophillic character of Amanita vaginata. Unconfirmed for A. vaginata but confirmed for some species from the Vaginatae section [44] Higher abundance of Hygrophorus hypothejus’s fruiting bodies in pine forests growing on former arable land than in ancient forest locations
Leccinum scabrum’s preference for sylvopastoral habitats [39] High amplitudes of litter temperature as a stimulator of the production of fruiting bodies Suillus bovinus, Tricholoma equestre and Tricholoma portentosum abundance is higher on uneven ground surface
Armillaria spp.’s preference towards living on young pine trees – the fungus’ ability to produce fruiting bodies decreases with the age of the infected pine tree [45, 46] Low canopy density and exposure of litter to sun stimulating the fruiting of Cortinarius caperatus [47] Litter density as one of the main factors determining particular Suillus species fructification
Hygrophorus hypothejus’, Suillus bovinus’, and Suillus luteus’ preference towards young pine forest stands [48,49,50,51,52] Higher presence of Pleurotus ostreatus in cutting and managed areas [53, 54] Boar rooting as a stimulator of the production of Suillus bovinus fruiting bodies
Boletus edulis’, Cortinarius caperatus’, Sarcodon squamosus’ preference towards old forest stands [55,56,57,58] The positive effect of forest age on the abundance of production of fungal fruiting bodies [59] The declining abundance of saprotrophic fungi in analysed areas as related to grazing abandonment and the use of synthetic fertilizers
Armillaria mellea’s need for relatively higher moisture than other wood-decaying basidiomycetes [60] Influence of moss on the fungal fruiting process (e.g. its protective effect, increasing soil nitrogen and phosphorus content and being the source of saprobiotic nutrition) [61,62,63,64,65]  
Higher abundance of Lactarius deliciosus fruiting bodies in trenches and small depressions – the appropriate slope and elevation are significant predictors of Lactarius deliciosus [66, 67]   
Lactarius deliciosus’ complex requirement for high moisture in conjunction with access to strong sunlight [47, 66, 68,69,70]   
Suillus bovinus’ preference for relatively higher moisture than other macrofungi [50, 71, 72]   
Moss presence as one of the parameters potentially determining the habitat of Cantharellus cibarius, Cortinarius caperatus and Suillus bovinus [61, 63, 73, 74]   
Suillus bovinus and Suillus luteus fruiting bodies’ occurrence on thin litter layer [48, 51, 75]   
Suillus variegatus fruiting bodies’ occurrence on thick litter layer [76]   
Broken or ploughed forest cover inducing the production of Gyromitra esculenta and Morchella spp. ascocarps [77,78,79,80]]   
Higher abundance of Boletus edulis, Boletus subtomentosus and Russulaceae fruiting bodies in lighter forest areas such as forest edges [81,82,83]