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Table 5 Wild edible plants associated with different usage categories of consumed modes

From: Wild edible plants traditionally collected and used in southern Yemen

Use category (58 Species) Edible part/exudates (Species No.) Wild edible species
Cooked (9 species) Leaves (7) Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus spinosus, Cissus rotundifolia, Cleome gynandra, Corchorus tridens, Corchorus trilocularis
Corn (1) Gladiolus candidus,
Flower (1) Aloe lanata
Eaten raw (46 species) Exudate: liquid and dried
Gum (3)
Acacia gerrardii, Acacia nilotica, Acacia Senegal
Fruits (14) Coccinia grandis, Ficus ingens, Ficus palmata, Ficus sycomorus, Ficus vasta, Grewia erythraea, Grewia mollis, Grewia tenax, Opuntia ficus-indica, Sageretia thea, Salvadora persica, Senna italica, Ziziphus spina-christi, Ziziphus leucodermis
Stems (14) Apteranthes tuberculata, Caralluma subulata, Ceropegia bulbosa, Cynanchum viminale, Cynanchum viminale subsp. Stipitaceum, Cynanchum viminale subsp. Suberosum, Cynanchum vanlessenii, Desmidorchis awdelianus, Desmidorchis flavus, Desmidorchis lavrani, Monolluma hexagona, Monolluma quadrangula, Monolluma solenophora, Orbea wissmannii
Roots or corns (4) Glossonema varians, Raphionacme velutina,
Rhytidocaulon macrolobum, Rhytidocaulon tortum
Leaves (9) Lactuca serriola, Launaea intybacea, Launaea, procumbens, Lavandula pubescens, Plantago major, Reichardia tingitana, Rumex nervosus, Sonchus oleraceus, Boerhavia elegans
Exudates:
Flowers nectar (2)
Anisotes trisulcus, Rumex nervosus,
Cooked or raw eaten (3 species) Flower (1) Hydnora abysinica
Leaf, Stem (2) Portulaca oleracea, Portulaca quadrifida