Skip to main content

Table 1 Snakes of medical importance in Mozambique

From: Species perceived to be dangerous are more likely to have distinctive local names

Family Common name Scientific name Expected to occur in the study area
Atractaspidae Bibron’s Stilleto Snake Atractaspis bibronii Smith, 1849 X
Viperidae Puff Adder Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820) X
Viperidae Gaboon Viper Bitis Gabonica (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)  
Viperidae Swamp Viper Proatheris superciliaris (Peters, 1855)  
Elapidae Green Mamba Dendroaspis angusticeps (Smith, 1849)  
Elapidae Black Mamba Dendroaspis polylepis Günther, 1864 X
Elapidae Rinkhals Hemachatus haemachatus (Bonnaterre, 1790)a  
Elapidae Snouted Cobra Naja annulifera Peters, 1854  
Elapidae Forest Cobra Naja subfulva Laurent, 1955b X
Elapidae Black Necked Spitting Cobra Naja nigricollis Reinhardt, 1843  
Elapidae Mozambique Spitting Cobra Naja mossambica Peters, 1854 X
Colubridae Boomslang Dispholidus typus (Smith, 1828) X
Colubridae Southern Vine Snake Thelotornis capensis Smith, 1849  
Colubridae Mozambican Vine Snake Thelotornis mossambicanus Smith, 1849 X
  1. aThere are no confirmed collections of Rinkhals (Hemachatus haemachatus) in Mozambique, but it has been collected in Zimbabwe near the border with Mozambique, so the species likely occurs within Mozambique as well
  2. bCorrected from N. melanoleuca [15] to N. subfulva following Wüster, Chirio [31]