Skip to main content

Table 5 Relative frequency of perception of availability and dynamics of species utilized by local populations

From: Local perception of ecosystem services and their conservation in Sudanian savannas of Burkina Faso (West Africa)

Species Species availability (%) Species dynamics (%)
Rare Abundant Very abundant Decrease Constancy Increase
All species 39.88 45.86 14.24 40.08 19.05 40.86
Acacia spp (ex) 50.00 50.00 0.00 33.33 50.00 16.67
Adansonia digitata L 58.05 29.89 12.07 52.30 19.54 28.16
Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers 38.25 54.10 7.65 40.44 17.49 42.08
Agave sisalana Perrine [cult.] 45.45 36.36 18.18 36.36 18.18 45.45
Anacardium occidentale L. [cult.] 53.33 26.67 20.00 33.33 26.67 40.00
Andropogon chinensis (Nees) Merr 4.35 71.74 23.91 15.22 2.17 82.61
Andropogon gayanus Kunth 10.53 37.72 51.75 7.89 6.14 85.96
Andropogon spp 52.94 29.41 17.65 11.76 47.06 41.18
Annona senegalensis Pers 37.50 52.08 10.42 45.83 12.50 41.67
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. [cult.] 50.48 43.81 5.71 36.19 23.81 40.00
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile 39.51 54.32 6.17 46.91 16.05 37.04
Boerhavia diffusa L 22.22 77.78 0.00 44.44 11.11 44.44
Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuill 60.00 35.38 4.62 75.38 4.62 20.00
Bridelia scleroneura Müll. Arg 100.00 0.00 0.00 71.43 0.00 28.57
Burkea africana Hook 53.57 35.71 7.14 42.86 25.00 28.57
Cadaba farinosa Forssk 0.00 100.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 50.00
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. f 37.50 62.50 0.00 50.00 12.50 37.50
Capparis sepiaria L 66.67 11.11 22.22 66.67 0.00 33.33
Capsicum frutescens L. [cult.] 0.00 57.14 42.86 0.00 0.00 100.00
Carica papaya L. [cult.] 84.62 12.82 2.56 56.41 17.95 25.64
Cassia nigricans Vahl 49.09 18.18 32.73 34.55 5.45 60.00
Cassia obtusifolia L 23.08 38.46 38.46 7.69 7.69 84.62
Cassia sieberiana DC 60.00 40.00 0.00 68.00 20.00 12.00
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn 71.43 25.00 3.57 50.00 21.43 28.57
Chasmopodium caudatum (Hack.) Stapf 22.22 44.44 33.33 33.33 5.56 61.11
Chrysopogon nigritanus (Benth.) Veldkamp 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Citrus aurantium L. [cult.] 41.18 47.06 11.76 29.41 35.29 35.29
Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. [cult.] 73.81 23.81 2.38 38.10 28.57 33.33
Cochlospermum planchonii Hook. f. ex Planch 66.67 33.33 0.00 66.67 33.33 0.00
Cola cordifolia (Cav.) R.Br 42.86 57.14 0.00 42.86 57.14 0.00
Cola laurifolia Mast 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 0.00 66.67
Coldenia procumbens L 50.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich 47.62 52.38 0.00 47.62 28.57 23.81
Combretum collinum Fresen 45.65 47.83 6.52 43.48 39.13 17.39
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Combretum molle G. Don 66.67 33.33 0.00 66.67 0.00 33.33
Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Combretum paniculatum Vent 62.50 37.50 0.00 62.50 0.00 37.50
Combretum sericeum G. Don 40.00 60.00 0.00 80.00 0.00 20.00
Corchorus olitorius L 29.41 52.94 17.65 35.29 5.88 58.82
Cordia myxa L 40.26 53.25 6.49 33.77 37.66 28.57
Crateva adansonii DC 63.64 24.68 11.69 46.75 19.48 33.77
Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afzel. ex G.Don) Benth 30.61 67.35 2.04 53.06 16.33 30.61
Cyanotis lanata Benth 80.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 60.00
Cymbopogon caesius (Nees ex Hook. & Arn.) Stapf 10.71 50.00 39.29 25.00 0.00 75.00
Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) Spreng 30.43 43.48 26.09 52.17 13.04 34.78
Dalbergia boehmii Taub 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel 26.15 66.15 7.69 35.38 20.00 46.15
Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr 32.03 54.90 13.07 35.95 18.95 45.10
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn 41.67 50.00 8.33 58.33 16.67 25.00
Dicoma tomentosa Cass 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC 23.70 65.90 10.40 38.15 23.12 38.73
Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase 11.11 77.78 11.11 27.78 0.00 72.22
Entada africana Guill. & Perr 64.29 32.14 3.57 28.57 21.43 50.00
Erythrina senegalensis A.DC 50.00 50.00 0.00 25.00 25.00 50.00
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. [cult.] 63.64 30.30 6.06 33.33 18.18 48.48
Fadogia agrestis Schweinf. ex Hiern 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Faidherbia albida (Delile) A.Chev. Del 55.20 39.20 5.60 45.60 24.80 29.60
Feretia apodanthera Delile 22.22 66.67 11.11 22.22 33.33 44.44
Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq 0.00 77.78 22.22 33.33 22.22 44.44
Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr 87.50 0.00 12.50 100.00 0.00 0.00
Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Ficus platyphylla Delile 41.67 50.00 8.33 33.33 16.67 50.00
Ficus sur Forssk 50.00 50.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Ficus sycomorus L 33.09 54.68 12.23 38.85 21.58 39.57
Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merrill 66.67 33.33 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt 33.33 50.00 16.67 66.67 16.67 16.67
Gardenia erubescens Stapf & Hutch 39.25 51.40 9.35 43.93 19.63 36.45
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Gmelina arborea Roxb. [cult.] 62.50 37.50 0.00 62.50 25.00 12.50
Grewia bicolor Juss 50.00 50.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 50.00
Grewia cissoides Hutch. & Dalziel 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Grewia lasiodiscus K.Schum 20.00 40.00 40.00 80.00 0.00 20.00
Grewia spp 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Guiera senegalensis J.F.Gmel 19.05 76.19 4.76 38.10 0.00 61.90
Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes 69.23 15.38 15.38 53.85 7.69 38.46
Haematostaphis barteri Hook.f 25.00 75.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 75.00
Hibiscus cannabinus L. [cult.] 14.29 28.57 57.14 57.14 0.00 42.86
Hymenocardia acida Tul 22.22 77.78 0.00 66.67 11.11 22.22
Hyparrhenia spp 50.00 50.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 50.00
Hyptis spicigera Lam 22.22 51.39 26.39 6.94 33.33 59.72
Indigofera bracteolata DC 100.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 50.00
Ipomoea carnea Jacq 0.00 100.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 50.00
Isoberlinia doka Craib & Stapf 37.25 54.90 7.84 41.18 7.84 50.98
Jatropha curcas L. [cult.] 66.67 18.52 14.81 7.41 11.11 81.48
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss 29.24 49.12 21.64 45.61 13.45 40.94
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth 50.00 50.00 0.00 80.00 10.00 10.00
Landolphia heudelotii A. DC 71.43 28.57 0.00 28.57 42.86 28.57
Lannea acida A. Rich 54.29 31.43 14.29 54.29 17.14 28.57
Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K. Krause 25.53 60.64 13.83 34.57 23.94 40.96
Lannea velutina A.Rich 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne 50.00 37.50 12.50 62.50 12.50 25.00
Loeseneriella africana (Willd.) N.Hallé 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. ex Keay 68.89 28.89 2.22 42.22 15.56 42.22
Loudetia simplex (Nees) C.E.Hubb 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Loudetia togoensis (Pilg.) C.E.Hubb 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Maerua angolensis DC 83.33 16.67 0.00 83.33 16.67 0.00
Maerua crassifolia Forssk 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Mangifera indica L. [cult.] 68.03 24.59 7.38 45.08 23.77 31.15
Mimosa pigra L 16.67 50.00 33.33 16.67 0.00 83.33
Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) Kuntze 63.33 33.33 3.33 56.67 23.33 20.00
Moringa oleifera L 70.00 24.29 5.71 50.00 20.00 30.00
Nymphaea lotus L 57.14 14.29 28.57 57.14 0.00 42.86
Ocimum americanum L 8.70 34.78 56.52 10.87 6.52 82.61
Oncoba spinosa Forssk 50.00 33.33 16.67 50.00 38.89 11.11
Opilia amentacea Roxb 46.67 33.33 20.00 53.33 13.33 33.33
Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A.Rich.) Munro 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Ozoroa obovata (Oliv.) R.Fern. & A.Fern 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth 50.00 50.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br. ex G. Don f 29.33 50.96 19.71 41.35 16.83 41.83
Paullinia pinnata L 28.57 42.86 28.57 28.57 14.29 57.14
Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin 50.00 0.00 50.00 25.00 0.00 75.00
Pennisetum spp 12.00 28.00 60.00 24.00 4.00 72.00
Pericopsis laxiflora (Benth. ex Bak.) van Meeuwen 20.00 73.33 6.67 33.33 6.67 60.00
Philenoptera laxiflora (Guill. & Perr.) Roberty 38.89 61.11 0.00 22.22 0.00 77.78
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst 56.52 17.39 26.09 60.87 17.39 26.09
Piliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redhead 44.12 35.29 20.59 42.65 20.59 36.76
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub 50.00 40.91 9.09 31.82 36.36 31.82
Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms 21.74 56.52 21.74 30.43 17.39 52.17
Psidium guajava L. [cult.] 100.00 0.00 0.00 61.90 14.29 23.81
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir 32.32 56.10 11.59 43.90 21.95 34.15
Pterocarpus santalinoides DC 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Raphionacme splendens Schltr 50.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton 28.33 45.00 26.67 5.00 51.67 43.33
Rytigynia senegalensis Blume 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Saba senegalensis (A. DC.) Pichon 30.22 58.27 11.51 33.09 29.50 36.69
Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A.Bruce 39.47 39.47 21.05 57.89 5.26 36.84
Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst 76.19 23.81 0.00 57.14 14.29 28.57
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen 65.85 26.83 7.32 70.73 7.32 21.95
Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr 16.67 50.00 33.33 16.67 33.33 50.00
Senegalia gourmaensis (A.Chev.) Kyal. & Boatwr 4.76 66.67 28.57 33.33 4.76 61.90
Senegalia macrostachya (Reichenb. ex DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr 30.00 30.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 40.00
Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger 57.14 42.86 0.00 14.29 28.57 57.14
Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Sporobolus pyramidalis P.Beauv 33.33 50.00 16.67 50.00 0.00 50.00
Sterculia setigera Delile 64.86 29.73 5.41 48.65 18.92 32.43
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham 28.57 42.86 28.57 42.86 0.00 57.14
Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth 41.18 41.18 17.65 0.00 72.55 27.45
Strophanthus hispidus DC 57.14 42.86 0.00 57.14 0.00 42.86
Strychnos innocua Delile 75.00 25.00 0.00 75.00 25.00 0.00
Strychnos spinosa Lam 21.54 64.62 13.85 41.54 10.77 47.69
Tamarindus indica L 31.40 54.55 14.05 47.93 14.05 38.02
Tapinanthus spp 68.42 31.58 0.00 31.58 5.26 63.16
Tectona grandis L.f. [cult.] 72.00 28.00 0.00 26.00 28.00 46.00
Tephrosia linearis (Willd.) Pers 33.33 0.00 66.67 0.00 33.33 66.67
Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr 29.03 61.29 9.68 70.97 9.68 19.35
Terminalia engleri Gere & Boatwr. 46.67 33.33 20.00 46.67 20.00 33.33
Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr 58.97 41.03 0.00 41.03 35.90 23.08
Terminalia schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. &
Dalziel
29.63 55.56 14.81 38.27 22.22 39.51
Trichilia emetica Vahl 66.67 25.00 8.33 41.67 0.00 58.33
Triumfetta lepidota K.Schum 30.77 61.54 7.69 46.15 0.00 53.85
Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb 84.21 13.16 2.63 52.63 21.05 26.32
Vachellia seyal (Del.) P.J.H.Hurter 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr 50.00 28.57 21.43 35.71 14.29 50.00
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake 62.50 31.25 6.25 50.00 6.25 43.75
Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn 18.80 46.15 35.04 29.49 20.51 50.00
Vitex chrysocarpa Planch. ex Benth 87.50 12.50 0.00 50.00 25.00 25.00
Vitex doniana Sweet 31.07 57.28 11.65 42.72 10.68 46.60
Ximenia americana L 43.96 52.75 3.30 46.15 14.29 39.56
Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler 45.45 54.55 0.00 45.45 9.09 45.45
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam 41.67 50.00 8.33 75.00 8.33 16.67
Ziziphus mucronata Willd 0.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00