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Table 2 List of the 33 most salient ethnospecies and ethnogenera of fish for Siribinha, Brazil

From: Cultural consensus and intracultural diversity in ethnotaxonomy: lessons from a fishing community in Northeast Brazil

Ethnospecies Probable academic scientific species Salience p value
Tainha Mugil curema 0.717  < 0.001
Carapeba Eugerres brasilianus 0.584  < 0.001
Robalão Centropomus undecimalis 0.464  < 0.001
Robalo branco Centropomus parallelus 0.386  < 0.001
Pescada branca Cynoscion leiarchus 0.339  < 0.001
Pescada amarela Cynoscion acoupa 0.330  < 0.001
Robalo espalmado Centropomus parallelus 0.303  < 0.001
Curimã Mugil liza 0.299  < 0.001
Vermelho Lutjanus purpureus 0.294  < 0.001
Robalo* Centropomus spp. 0.224  < 0.001
Corvina Micropogonias furnieri 0.220  < 0.001
Bagre fidalgo Bagre bagre 0.215  < 0.001
Bagre amarelo Sciades herzbergii 0.206  < 0.001
Bagre griaçu Sciades proops 0.191  < 0.001
Bagre do mangue Genidens barbus 0.178  < 0.001
Xaréu Caranx hippos 0.171  < 0.001
Cavala Scomberomorus cavalla 0.165  < 0.001
Sardinha Opisthonema oglinum 0.165  < 0.001
Pescada barracuda Sphyraena guachancho 0.142  < 0.001
Bagre uruçu Apistor luniscutis 0.136  < 0.001
Cação martelo Sphyrna spp. 0.132  < 0.001
Sororoca Scomberomorus brasiliensis 0.115 0.001
Capadinho Unidentified 0.109 0.002
Cação* Several species 0.107 0.003
Catana Trichiurus lepturus 0.103 0.005
Bagre cagão Unidentified 0.099 0.008
Badejo Mycteroperca bonaci 0.088 0.025
Pescada* Cynoscion spp. 0.088 0.026
Caçonete* Several species 0.086 0.030
Arraia* Several species 0.086 0.033
Roncador Ballistes vetulla 0.084 0.039
Guaricema Caranx crysos 0.083 0.041
Mirucaia Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus 0.083 0.042
  1. The probable overlapping academic scientific species to the ethnospecies are indicated (identified by José Amorim dos Reis Filho/see main text for explanation). *Ethnogenera that encompasses many species. (See Additional file 1: Table S2 for complete list)