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Table 5 Plants and their medicinal uses recorded during the fieldwork

From: Green pharmacy at the tips of your toes: medicinal plants used by Setos and Russians of Pechorsky District, Pskov Oblast (NW Russia)

Family/taxon, voucher specimen, local names/part Medicinal use Mode of use Russians, UI N = 36 Setos, UI N = 26
Past Present Past Present
Acoraceae 1    
Acorus calamus L. RU puchka   1    
Stalk bottom Iodine source Raw 1    
Adoxaceae 8 17 12 7
Viburnum opulus L.* LE 01063405 RU kalina S lodjapuu, kalina (RU) 8 17 12 7
Flowers Cough Infusion 1    
Fruit Antiseptic for cold Raw   1   
Cold Frozen, infusion, jam, juice, raw 2 3 7 3
Cough Frozen, infusion, jam, juice, raw 3 3   
Fever Raw   1   
Good for the heart Infusion     1
High blood pressure Frozen, infusion, jam, juice, raw 1 3 1 2
Heart problems Frozen, jam, raw   1 1 1
Heart support Raw jam or infusion   1   
Immunity Jam    1  
Medicine Dried 1    
Shortness of breath Raw    1  
Spasms in blood vessels Frozen   1   
Strengthens the blood vessels Frozen   1   
Vitamins in spring Raw   1   
Leaves Heart support Infusion   1   
Twigs, bark Cold Infusion    1  
Amaranthaceae 1    
Beta vulgaris L. RU svekla kormovaia   1    
Leaves Wounds Raw, topical application 1    
Amaryllidaceae 2 3 2  
Allium cepa L. RU luk S luk (RU) 2 3 2  
Bulbs Cold Boiled in milk    2  
Cough Baked 1    
Pus extraction, boils Baked, topical application 1 1   
Peels Blood cleansing Infusion   1   
Cough   1   
Apiaceae 3 13 1 1
Anethum graveolens L. LE 01063460 RU ukrop S ukrop (RU) 3    1
Seeds Flatulence or stomachache in babies Decoction or infusion 3    1
Carum carvi L.* dsPCH19-010 RU tmin S tmin (RU)   5 1  
Seeds Good for health Infusion   1   
Heart problems   1   
Intestinal problems or flatulence   1 1  
Liver problems   1   
Stomach problems   1   
Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. RU morkov’    4   
Aerial parts Good for the blood Infusion   1   
Good for health   1   
Salt deposition in joints   1   
Root Pus extraction Raw   1   
Levisticum officinale W.D.J.Koch RU liubistok    2   
Aerial parts Good for health Raw   1   
Heart problems Raw   1   
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss RU petrushka    2   
Aerial parts Kidney problems Infusion   1   
Liver problems   1   
Asphodelaceae 2 5   1
Aloe arborescens Mill. RU aloe, stoletnik S aloe (RU) 2 5   1
Aerial parts Tonic Tincture   1   
Juice Abscessed blister or wound Topical application   2   
Boils   1   
Eye irritation Drops   1   
Running nose 2    1
Asteraceae 48 59 33 12
Achillea millefolium L. LE 01063441, LE 01063544, dsPCH19-004, dsPCH19-006 RU tysiachelistnik, tysiachelistvennik S tysiahelistnik (RU), raudrohi, verehaine 6 6 5  
Aerial parts Bleeding juice, topical application 1    
Diarrhea Infusion 2 1   
Diarrhea in children 1    
Good for health   1 1  
High blood pressure   1   
Low hemoglobin   1   
Stomachache   1   
Upset stomach 1    
Wounds Topical application    1  
Flowers High acidity in the stomach Infusion   1   
Wounds Juice, topical application 1    
Leaves Cuts Topical application    1  
Intestinal problems in children Infusion    1  
Wounds Topical application    1  
Arctium tomentosum Mill. RU lopukh, repeinik S lopukh, dedovnik(i) (RU) 7 12 5 2
Leaves Arthritis Topical application   1   
Foot dryness   1   
Foot pain   1   
Foot tiredness   1   
Gout   1   
Hair growth 1    
Headache 1 1   
Joint problems 3   3 1
Knee edema   1   
Knee pain   4   1
Leg vein problems 1    
Painkiller    1  
Female problems Tincture    1  
Gout Decoction: topical application 1    
Knee pain Tincture   1   
Artemisia absinthium L.
dsPCH19-031
RU polyn’ S polyn’ (RU) 2 2 2  
Aerial parts Good for health Decoction 1    
Sedative Infusion 1    
Stomachache    1  
Stomachache in children    1  
Stomach problems Tincture   1   
Helminths Decoction   1   
Bidens tripartita L. RU chereda S chereda (RU) 8   2  
Aerial parts Allergy Infusion 1    
Bath for babies Decoction, infusion 6   2  
Pimples Infusion 1    
Calendula officinalis L. LE 01063421, dsPCH19-028 RU nogotki, kalendula S kalendula (RU) 2 6   3
Aerial parts Heart problems Infusion     1
Flowers Antiseptic for cold Infusion, tincture   3   
Cold Infusion   1   
Cuts Topical application 1    
Liver cleansing Infusion   1   
Liver problems     2
Sleeplessness   1   
Warts Topical application 1    
Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.   S romashka sadovaia (RU)     1
Aerial parts Heart problems Infusion     1
Cichorium intybus L. RU tsikorii S tsikorii (RU)   2 1  
Root Liver problems, cirrhosis Infusion   2   
Medicine    1  
Comarum palustre L. RU sabel’nik   1 2   
aerial parts Joint problems Tincture: topical application or oral administration   2   
root Joint problems Tincture: topical application 1    
Cota tinctoria (L.) J.Gay LE 01063394 RU zheltaia romashka   3 1   
Aerial parts Good for health Infusion 1    
Heart problems   1   
Jaundice 1    
Liver problems 1    
Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench dsPCH19-002 RU bessmertnik    1   
Aerial parts Liver problems Infusion   1   
Inula helenium L. * RU deviasil    2   
Root Cough Tincture   1   
Stomach problems   1   
Matricaria chamomilla L.* dsPCH19-023
Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Sch.Bip. LE 01063445, LE 01063422, dsPCH19-012
RU romashka (aptechnaia) S romashka (RU), teekummel, karikakar 3 7 4 4
Aerial parts Bath for babies Decoction, infusion: bath 1 1 1  
Cold Infusion    1 1
Cold in children   1   
Colitis   1   
Cough 1    1
Good for health    1  
Heart problems     1
Medicine 1    
Painkiller     1
Stomach problems   4   
Upset stomach    1  
Matricaria discoidea DC. LE 01063395, LE 01063416, LE 01063444, dsPCH19-011, dsPCH19-019 RU romashka, aptechnaia romashka, romashka ulichnaia S romashka (ulichnaia) (RU), teekummel 9 5 8  
Aerial parts Anti-inflammatory Infusion   1   
Bath for babies Decoction, infusion: bath 3 2 2  
Cold Infusion 1 1 3  
Cough 2 1 1  
Eye irritation Decoction, drops    1  
Fever Infusion 1    
Mumps Parboiled, topical application    1  
Sore throat Infusion, rinse 1    
Stomatitis in children 1    
Seriphidium cinum (Berg ex Poljakov) Poljakov RU tsitvarnoe semia   1    
Seeds Helminths Infusion 1    
Tanacetum vulgare L.
LE 01063442, LE 01063402
RU pizhma, riabinka S pizhma (RU), ussiroht 2   1  
Aerial parts Diarrhea Infusion 1    
Helminths 1    
Inflorescences Helminths Infusion    1  
Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber ex F.H.Wigg. LE 01063407 RU oduvanchik S oduvanchik (RU) 1 3   1
Flowers Immunity Jam   1   
Joint problems Tincture: topical application   1   
Root Liver problems Infusion   1   
Pancreas problems Tincture     1
Latex Warts Raw 1    
Tussilago farfara L.
LE 01063452
RU mat’-i-machekha S mat’-i-machekha (RU), paiseleht 3 10 5 1
Aerial parts Cold Infusion    1  
Cold in children    1  
Cough 2 8   
Leaves Cough in children Infusion   1   
Fever     1
Good for health    1  
Joint problems topical application    2  
Leg vein problems 1    
Wounds   1   
Betulaceae 3 6 1  
Alnus incana (L.) Moench, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn RU ol’kha S ol’kha (RU) 2 1 1  
Female catkins Diarrhea Infusion 1    
Poisoning 1    
Stomach problems   1   
Young leaves Wounds Topical application    1  
Betula sp. LE 01063453 (incl. Betula pendula Roth, Betula pubescens Ehrh.) RU bereza   1 5   
Buds Diuretic Infusion   1   
Good for health   1   
Oncology   1   
Leaves Good for health Infusion   1   
Sap Cleansing Drink   1   
Twigs Joint problems Steam bath whisk 1    
Brassicaceae 9 11 3 8
Brassica oleracea L. RU kapusta S kapusta (RU) 7 7 2 7
Leaves Arm pain Topical application    1  
Edema     1
Gout   1   
Hangover Brine from lactofermentation   1   
Headache Topical application 4 2   2
Joint problems 3 1 1 1
Knee pain   1   1
Seizures     1
Skin inflammation   1   1
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
LE 01063432, LE 01063427
RU pastush’ia sumka S pastush’ia sumka (RU) 1   1  
Aerial parts Gastritis Infusion 1    
Menorrhagia    1  
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativus (L.) Domin RU red’ka (chernaia) S red’ka (RU) 1 4   1
Root Cold Juice   2   1
Cough 1 1   
Tonsillitis   1   
Cannabaceae    1  
Humulus lupulus L.* LE 01063406   S khmel’ (RU)    1  
Hops Hair growth Decoction    1  
Caprifoliaceae 7 5 7  
Valeriana officinalis L. RU valer’iana, valer’ianka, valer’ianovka S valer’iana (RU), paldõrjan 7 5 7  
Flowers Headache Infusion   1   
Root Asthma Infusion 1    
Coronary heart disease Tincture   1   
Good for the heart Infusion 1    
Heart problems Tincture 1   1  
High blood pressure Infusion, tincture 1 1   
Radiculitis Tincture, topical application    2  
Sedative Infusion, tincture 3 2 2  
Sedative for children Tincture    2  
Caryophyllaceae 2    
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke LE 01063400 RU belye fonariki   1    
Aerial parts Diarrhea Decoction 1    
Stellaria media (L.) Vill. LE 01063424 RU mokritsa   1    
Aerial parts Joint problems Topical application 1    
Commelinaceae   3   
Callisia fragrans (Lindl.) Woodson LE 01063401 RU zolotoi us    3   
Aerial parts Joint problems Tincture   1   
Insect bites   1   
Shoots Bursitis Tincture   1   
Crassulaceae     1
Calanchoe sp.   S kalankhoe (RU)     1
Juice Running nose Drops     1
Cucurbitaceae   1   
Cucumis sativus L. RU ogurtsy    1   
Fruit Hangover Brine from lactofermentation   1   
Cupressaceae 2 2 6 1
Juniperus communis L.
LE 01063408
RU veres, mozhzhevel’nik S veres (RU), veresk (RU), mozhzhevel’nik (RU), kadaja, kadakas, katai 2 2 6 1
Fruit Cold Infusion   1 1  
Good for health    1  
Twigs Aches Steam bath whisk    1  
Back pain 1   1  
Cold Infusion   1   
Joint problems Steam bath whisk 1   2  
Leg vein problems Decoction     1
Dennstaedtiaceae 1 1   
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn RU paporotnik trekhlistnyi   1 1   
Leaves Headache Put under headscarf while in forest 1    
Sleep improvement Put in mattress or pillow   1   
Dioscoreaceae   1   
Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin RU kremlevskaia trava    1   
Aerial parts Thyroid gland problems Tea   1   
Dryopteridaceae   2 1  
Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott RU paporotnik S paporotnik (RU)   2 1  
Aerial parts Back pain Dried, put in mattress   1   
Knee pain Topical application    1  
Sleep improvement Dried, put in mattress   1   
Elaeagnaceae   3   
Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson * RU oblepikha    3   
Faded autumn leaves Finger spasms Infusion   1   
Leaves Good for health Infusion   2   
Equisetaceae 1 5   
Equisetum arvense L. LE 01063431 RU khvoshch, pupyshi   1 5   
Aerial parts Diarrhea Infusion 1    
Diuretic   1   
Kidney problems   1   
Low hemoglobin   1   
Prostatitis   1   
Spring shoots Good for health Raw   1   
Ericaceae 11 44 11 28
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. LE 01063410 RU toloknianka S toloknianka, medvezh’i ushki (RU)   7   3
Aerial parts (incl. fruit), leaves Diuretic Infusion   4   1
Heart problems   1   
Kidney stones     1
Kidney problems   1   1
Leg vein problems   1   
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
LE 01063447, dsPCH19-005
RU elochki S kanarbik   1 1  
Aerial parts Cough Infusion    1  
Heart problems   1   
Ledum palustre L. LE 01063438 RU bagul’nik S bagul’nik (RU)   2   2
Aerial parts Cold Infusion     1
Cough   2   
Shortness of breath Decoction     1
Vaccinium myrtillus L.
LE 01063440, dsPCH19-025
RU chernika S chernika (RU), mustikas, must’kas 4 17 4 8
Aerial parts (with fruit) Diarrhea Infusion     1
Diarrhea in children   1   
Diuretic   1   
Good for health   1   
Good for vision     1
Heart problems   1   
Fruit Diabetes Raw   1   
Diarrhea dried, decoction 2   3 1
Diarrhea in children Dried   1   
Good for vision Dried, jam, kissel, raw, raw jam   9 1 4
Stomach problems Dried 1 2   
Tired eyes Raw     1
Upset stomach Dried 1    
Vaccinium oxycoccos L. LE 01063435 RU kliukva S kliukva (RU), kuremari 4 7 4 9
Fruit Balancing blood pressure Macerated   1   
Blood cleansing Macerated, raw     1
CO poisoning Topical application (ears) 1   1  
Cold Macerated, raw    1 1
Cough     1
Ear pain Topical application 1    
Eye irritation Drops 1    
Fever Decoction, macerated, raw 1 3 2 2
Headache Raw   1   
Heart problems Decoction, raw   1   2
High blood pressure Raw     2
Instead of aspirin Decoction   1   
Vaccinium uliginosum L. LE 01063439   S golubika (RU)     1
Fruit Good for vision Raw     1
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. LE 01063412 RU brusnika (fruit, plant), brusnichnik (aerial parts) S brusnika (RU), palohkas 3 10 2 5
Aerial parts Diuretic Infusion 1 2   1
Kidney problems 2 2   
Fruit Cold Macerated     1
Diuretic Raw   1   
Heart problems Macerated, raw   2   
Kidney problems Macerated     1
Leaves Cold Infusion    1  
Diuretic   1   2
Good for health    1  
Leg vein problems   1   
Urinary tract infections   1   
Fabaceae 1 5   1
Trifolium montanum L. LE 01063393, dsPCH19-009, dsPCH19-021 RU belyi klever    1   
Aerial parts Stomachache Infusion   1   
Trifolium pratense L.
LE 01063455, LE 01063456, dsPCH19-024
RU klever krasnyi S klever krasnyi (RU) 1 4   1
Aerial parts Heart problems Infusion     1
Inflorescences Atherosclerosis Tincture   1   
Heart support Infusion   1   
Medicine Tincture 1    
Sleep improvement Dry, put in mattress   1   
Fagaceae 1 2 3  
Quercus robur L. LE 01063451 RU dub, zheludi (fruits) S dub (RU) 1 2 3  
Bark Diarrhea Infusion   2 1  
Stomachache Decoction    1  
Stomach problems Infusion    1  
Fruit Diarrhea Baked 1    
Geraniaceae   3 1 1
Pelargonium sp. RU geran’ (pakhuchaia) S geran’ (RU)   3 1 1
Leaves Ear pain Topical application   3 1  
Noise in ears     1
Grossulariaceae 2 3 4  
Ribes nigrum L. * RU chernaia smorodina S chernaia smorodina (RU) 2 3 4  
Fruit Cold Jam infusion    1  
Leaves Cold Infusion   1 1  
Congested nose    1  
Cough    1  
Headache 1    
High blood pressure 1    
Twigs Anti-inflammatory Infusion   1   
Vitamins in winter   1   
Hypericaceae 8 14 4 8
Hypericum spp. (including H. perforatum L. LE 01063443, LE 01063428, dsPCH19-007, dsPCH19-018) RU zveroboi S zveroboi (RU), naistepuna 8 14 4 8
Aerial parts Abdominal infections Infusion   1   
Cold 1 2 1  
Diarrhea   1   
Female genital hypothermia (UTI)    1  
Female problems     1
Good for health 1 1 2 3
Good for the intestines 1    
Good for the stomach 1    
Heart problems 1 2   2
Inflammation   1   1
Knee pain Oil extract     1
Liver problems Infusion 1 1   
Panacea, ‘99 diseases’ 1 2   
Sedative   1   
Stomach problems 1 1   
Upset stomach   1   
Lamiaceae 6 28 1 10
Leonurus quinquelobatus Gilib. LE 01079359, LE 01063471 RU pustyrnik S pustyrnik (RU) 1 7   1
Aerial parts Heart pain Tincture   1   
Heart herb   1   
Heart problems Infusion, tincture   2   
High blood pressure   3   
Sedative Infusion 1    1
Mentha aquatica L. RU miata rechnaia    1   
Aerial parts Good for health Infusion   1   
Mentha sp.* dsPCH19-001, dsPCH19-029
Mentha arvensis L. LE 01063473
Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. LE 01063506, LE 01063463, LE 01063465, LE 01063504
Mentha piperita L. LE 01063474
Mentha spicata L. LE 01063461
Mentha x piperita x longifolia LE 01063505
RU miata S miata (RU), mjatad, münt   9 1 4
Aerial parts Cold, flu Infusion   3   
Heart problems     1
Sedative   3   3
Sudorific   2   
Leaves Bad breath Raw, chewing    1  
Liver cleansing Infusion   1   
Nepeta cataria L.* LE 01079358, LE 01063476 RU melissa S melissa (RU)   2   2
Aerial parts Sedative Infusion   1   2
Sleeplessness   1   
Origanum vulgare L. dsPCH19-003, dsPCH19-008, dsPCH19-017 RU dushitsa, bogoroditskaia travka S dushitsa (RU) 3 6   3
Aerial parts Asthma Infusion 1    
Bath for babies Infusion, bath 1    
Cold Tea   2   
Good for health Infusion 1    1
Headache   1   
Heart problems   1   1
Sedative Tea   1   
Sudorific Infusion   1   
Inflorescences Sedative      1
Prunella vulgaris L. RU gorlianka    2   
Aerial parts Antiseptic for cold Infusion, rinse   1   
Throat inflammation Infusion   1   
Thymus serpyllum L. RU chabrets   2 1   
Aerial parts Cough Infusion 1    
Heart problems 1    
Rheumatism   1   
Linaceae 1   1  
Linum usitatissimum L. RU len S len (RU) 1   1  
Stalks Boils Fiber rubbed with soap, topical application 1    
Knee pain Topical application    1  
Lycopodiaceae 1    
Lycopodium clavatum L. RU likopodii, deriaga   1    
Spores Wounds Topical application 1    
Lythraceae 2 1   
Punica granatum L. RU granat   2 1   
Peels Diarrhea (also in children), stomach problems Infusion 2 1   
Malvaceae 6 10 3 7
Tilia cordata Mill.* LE 01063409, dsPCH19-022, dsPCH19-032 RU lipa S lipa, pähn, pähnapuu 6 10 3 7
Flowers Cold Infusion 6 4 3 3
Cold in children   1   1
Cough   1   1
General sickness   1   
Fever   1   
Heart problems     1
Sedative     1
Sudorific Infusion, tincture   2   
Myrtaceae 1    
Acca sellowiana (O.Berg) Burret RU feikhoa   1    
Fruit, peels, leaves Thyroid gland problems Infusion 1    
Oleaceae 3 4 2  
Olea europaea L. RU olivkovoe maslo (olive oil)    1   
Oil Wounds Ointment, topical application   1   
Syringa vulgaris L.* LE 01063458 RU siren’ S siren’ (RU) 3 3 2  
Flowers Diarrhea Infusion    1  
Diarrhea in children    1  
Joint problems Tincture, topical application 1 3   
Knee pain 1    
Leaves Diarrhea in children Infusion 1    
Onagraceae   2   3
Epilobium angustifolium L. dsPCH19-015 RU ivan-chai, kiprei S ivan-chai (RU)   2   3
Aerial parts Good for the heart Infusion     1
Low blood pressure     1
Sedative Fermented, infusion     1
Flowers Heart problems Infusion   1   
Leaves Analgesic   1   
Orchidaceae 1    
Orchis militaris L. RU yatryshnik   1    
Root Male diseases Tincture 1    
Paeoniaceae   2   
Paeonia officinalis L. RU pion    2   
Petals Female problems Infusion   2   
Papaveraceae 6 7 3 1
Chelidonium majus L. RU chistotel S chistotel (RU) 6 7 3 1
Aerial parts Bath for babies Decoction, infusion 1   3  
Organism cleansing Infusion, tincture   2   
Skin irritation Decoction, tincture 1 1   
Wounds Tincture   1   
Latex Warts Topical application 4 3   1
Pinaceae 1 3 1 2
Picea abies (L.) H.Karst   S el’ (RU), kuus’     1
Twigs Leg vein problems Decoction     1
Pinus sylvestris L. RU sosna S sosna (RU), petäi 1 3 1 1
Buds Cough, tuberculosis Infusion   2   
Shoots Cold Decoction, infusion 1   1  
Immunity Infusion   1   
Twigs Leg vein problems Decoction     1
Piperaceae 1 1 1  
Piper nigrum L. RU (chernyi) perets S pipar 1 1 1  
Seeds Diarrhea Raw 1 1   
Stomachache Tincture    1  
Plantaginaceae 12 17 11 3
Plantago major L. LE 01063457 RU podorozhnik S podorozhnik (RU) 12 17 11 3
Flower and stem Sedative Infusion    1  
Upset stomach    1  
Leaves Burns Topical application    1  
Cough Infusion   4   
Cuts Topical application 1 2 2 1
Diarrhea Infusion   1   
Leg vein problems Topical application   1   
Skin inflammation    1  
Stomachache Infusion   1 1  
Stomach problems   1   
Upset stomach   1   
Wounds Topical application 11 6 4 2
Poaceae 1    
Hordeum vulgare L. RU yachmen’, zhichina   1    
Seeds Goopy eyes Infusion 1    
Polygonaceae 5 7 2  
Polygonum aviculare L. LE 01063454, LE 01063423 RU sporysh   3 2   
Aerial parts Female problems Infusion   1   
Kidney problems 1 1   
Menorrhagia 1    
Stomachache 1    
Rheum rhabarbarum L. * RU reven’    2   
Stalks Digestion recovery after oncology treatment Jam, decoction   2   
Rumex acetosa L. * LE 01063414 RU kislitsa S kislitsa (RU) 1   1  
Aerial parts Diarrhea Infusion 1   1  
Rumex confertus Willd RU konskii shchavel’ S konskii shchavel’ (RU) 1 2 1  
Aerial parts Diarrhea Infusion   1 1  
Leaves 1    
Root, seeds   1   
Primulaceae 2   1  
Primula veris L. dsPCH19-027 RU pervotsvet, petushki S petushki (RU) 2   1  
Flowers Cough Infusion    1  
Good for health Snack 1    
Root Cough Tincture 1    
Ranunculaceae 1    
Anemone nemorosa L. RU vetrenitsa   1    
Aerial parts Inflammation Topical application 1    
Rosaceae 39 45 20 14
Agrimonia eupatoria L. RU repeshok    1   
Aerial parts Good for health Tincture   1   
Alchemilla vulgaris auct. (coll.) LE 01063498 RU manzhetka S manzhetka (RU) 2 3   1
Aerial parts Female problems Infusion 1 2   
Good for health   1   
Headache 1    
Thyroid gland problems     1
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott* LE 01063477 RU chernoplodka, riabina chernoplodnaia    3   
Fruit Heart problems Jam, jam infusion   1   
High blood pressure   2   
Comarum palustre L. RU sabel’nik    3   
Aerial parts Joint problems Tincture: oral or topical   2   
Root Joint problems Tincture: topical   1   
Crataegus spp. (including C. submollis Sarg. LE 01063511) RU boiaryshnik   1 2   
Fruit Coronary heart disease Tincture 1    
Heart problems Infusion, tincture   1   
Medicine Infusion   1   
Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim RU tavolga, labaznik    4   
Aerial parts Good for heart Infusion   1   
Flowers Instead of aspirin   1   
Kidney stones   1   
Tonic   1   
Fragaria vesca L. LE 01063496 RU zemlianika S zemlianika (RU), metsmaasikas 1 2 2 5
Flowers Heart problems Infusion     1
Fruit Cough Tincture     1
Cough in children     1
Immunity Frozen, raw snack   2   
Leaves Cold Infusion    1  
Cough    1  
Heart pain, heart problems 1    2
Malus domestica Borkh. RU yabloki    2   
Fruit Headache Apple vinegar, topical application   1   
Tonic Apple vinegar   1   
Potentilla argentea L. dsPCH19-016 RU –    1   
Aerial parts Nerve restoring Infusion   1   
Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch. LE 01063425 RU kalgan, lapchatka, gusinye lapki, uzik S kalgan (RU) 11 4 3  
Root Bile expelling Infusion, tincture 2    
Female problems Tincture   1 1  
Heart problems 1    
Menorrhagia   1   
Medicine    2  
Rheumatism Decoction     
Stomach problems Infusion, tincture 7    
Tonsillitis, gum problems Rinse     
Upset stomach Tincture 1 2   
Prunus padus L. RU cheremukha S cheremukha (RU) 4 2 2  
Flowers Wounds Tincture, topical application   1   
Fruit Diarrhea Dried, snack, or infusion 4 1 1  
Sudorific Snack    1  
Rosa sp. dsPCH19-014, dsPCH19-030 RU shipovnik S shipovnik (RU) 1   1 1
Fruit Good for health Infusion    1  
Medicine 1    
Root Kidney stones Infusion     1
Rubus chamaemorus L. RU moroshka   1    
Sepals Male diseases Infusion 1    
Rubus idaeus L. * RU malina, vabarnat (S), varik (S) S malina (RU), vabarnas, varikkas 18 16 9 5
Aerial parts with leaves and fruit Blood dilution Infusion   1   
Cold   1 2  
High blood pressure   1   
Instead of aspirin   1   
Sudorific   1   
Fruit Blood dilution Jam 2    
Cold Frozen, infusion, (raw) jam, jam infusion 9 6 3 2
Cold prophylactic Infusion     1
Diuretic    1  
Fever Jam   1   
Instead of aspirin 1    
Sudorific 1   1 1
Root Diarrhea in children Infusion 1    
Twigs (in winter) Anti-inflammatory Infusion   1   
Cold 3 2 2 1
Sudorific 1    
Vitamins in winter   1   
Sorbus aucuparia L. LE 01063446 RU riabina S riabina (RU)   4 3 2
Fruit Cholesterol balance Dried and parboiled snack     1
Cold Snack, raw jam, infusion   2   
Good for health Infusion    2  
Headache Raw jam   1   
Laxative Wine, infusion   1   1
Medicine Dried    1  
Rutaceae   2   
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck RU limon    2   
Fruit High blood pressure Raw   1   
Peels Hangover Infusion   1   
Salicaceae 1 2   
Salix acutifolia Willd. LE 01063470 RU verba   1 1   
Flowers Good for health Eaten on Easter 1    
Twigs Leg pain Whip   1   
Salix caprea L. LE 01063469 RU iva    1   
Leaves Wounds Topical application   1   
Sapindaceae     7   2
Acer platanoides L. LE 01063411 RU klion S klion (RU)   1   1
Sap Diuretic Raw   1   
Twigs Leg vein problems Decoction     1
Aesculus hippocastanum L. RU kashtan S kashtan (RU)   6   1
Flowers Joint problems Tincture, topical application   1   
Vein problems Tincture, topical application   1   
Seeds Back pain Put in pocket   1   
Knee pain Tincture, topical application   1   
Leg pain Tincture, topical application   1   
Sinusitis Topical application     1
Vein problems Tincture, topical application   1   
Saxifragaceae   1   
Bergenia sp. RU badan    1   
Aerial parts Bruises Topical application   1   
Solanaceae 4 4 3 1
Capsicum annuum L. RU perets krasnyi S perets (RU) 1   2  
Fruit Cold Tincture 1   1  
Diarrhea    1  
Solanum tuberosum L. RU kartofel’, kartoshka S kartofel’ (RU), kartoshka (RU) 3 4 1 1
Shoots Diabetes Infusion   1   
Eye irritation Infusion or soft tincture, drops   1   
Tubers Abscessed wound Raw, topical application 1    
Burns Raw, topical application 1    
Cold Boiled unpeeled, vapor    1 1
Cough Boiled unpeeled, vapor 1    
Hemorrhoids Raw, suppository   1   
Joint problems Raw, compress   1   
Sphagnaceae   1   
Sphagnum sp. RU mokh    1   
Aerial parts Wounds Topical application   1   
Theaceae   5   
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze RU chai, zelenyi chai    5   
Leaves Diarrhea Infusion   1   
Diarrhea in children Infusion   1   
Diuretic Infusion   1   
Eye irritation Infusion, drops   1   
High blood pressure Infusion   1   
Urticaceae 2   1 2
Urtica dioica L. LE 01063436 RU krapiva S krapiva (RU) 2   1 2
Aerial parts Arm pain Whip 1    
Back pain Dried, within steam bath whisk    1  
Good for health, organism cleansing Infusion     2
Joint problems Parboiled, steam bath whisk, topical application 1    
  1. No mark = wild, * = wild or cultivated, † = cultivated, ‡ = purchased