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Table 1 Catalogue of wild edible plants in mixed area of Hui and Han in Northwest China

From: Ethnobotany of wild edible plants in multiethnic areas of the Gansu–Ningxia–Inner Mongolia junction zone

Families and genera Plant name Local name in Chinese Local name in pinyin Plant type Edible part Food category Edible method Voucher numbers
Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl Mulgedium tataricum (L.) DC. 麻苦菜 Makucai Perennial herb Tender leaf / rhizome Vegetables, medicinal materials Cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-003
Sonchus wightianus DC. 甜苦菜 Tiankucai Perennial herb Tender leaf / rhizome Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-004
Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. 黄黄菜/黄儿菜 Huanghuangcai/Huangercai Perennial herb Tender stem and leaf/Roots Vegetables/snacks/medicinal materials Fresh/cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-014
Cirsium souliei (Franch.) Mattf. ex Rehder & Kobuski 刺甲盖 Cijiagai Perennial herb Root Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-007
Cichorium intybus L. 小苦菜 Xiaokucai Perennial herb Tender leaf / rhizome Vegetables Fresh/cold/pickled GSBY-2018-L-011
Tragopogon pratensis L. 羊奶子 Yangnaizi Perennial herb Bud Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-021
Artemisia annua L. 黄蒿 Huanghao Annual herb Bud Vegetables   GSBY-2018-L-016
Artemisia lavandulaefolia DC. 艾蒿 Aihao Perennial herb Bud Auxiliary food Steam cooked food with mixed flour (moxa bun) GSBY-2018-L-020
Rosaceae Juss Rosa omeiensis Rolfe 油瓶瓶 Youpingping Large shrub Ripe fruit Snack Fresh food after fresh frost GSBY-2018-L-077
Fragaria vesca L. 莓子 Meizi Perennial herb Ripe fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-053
Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Maxim. 野杏子 Yexingzi Arbor Ripe fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-045
Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil Allium schoenoprasum L. 沙葱 Shacong Perennial herb Tender leaf Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /Steamed buns GSBY-2018-L-036
Allium strictum Schrad. 小蒜 Xiaosuan Perennial herb Bulb Snacks/vegetables Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-033
Allium przewalskianum Regel 石蒜 Shisuan Perennial herb Bulb Snacks/vegetables Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-034
Allium mongolicum Regel 扁韭菜 Bianjiucai Perennial herb Tender leaf Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-074
Allium bidentatum Fisch. ex Prokh. & Ikonn.-Gal. 野韭菜 Yejiucai Perennial herb Tender leaf Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-052
Lilium pumilum Redouté 山丹丹 Shandandan Perennial herb Bulb/flower Vegetables Bulb salad/flower soup GSBY-2018-L-102(B)
Asphodelaceae Juss Hemerocallis citrina Baroni 黄花菜 Huanghuacai Perennial herb Bud Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /soup GSBY-2018-L-009
Fabaceae Lindl Medicago sativa L. 苜蓿芽子 Muxuyazi Perennial herb Bud Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce GSBY-2018-L-029
Robinia pseudoacacia L. 槐花 Huaihua Arbor Bud/flower Snack Fresh/cooked food GSBY-2018-L-005
Solanaceae Juss Lycium chinense Mill. 枸杞 Gouqi Large shrub Fruit Snack Fresh/ dried tea/ soup (herbal) GSBY-2018-L-010
Lycium ruthenicum Murray 黑枸杞 Heigouqi Small shrub Fruit Snack Fresh/ dried tea/ soup GSBY-2018-L-066
Solanum septemlobum Bunge 野西红柿 Yexihongshi Annual herb Fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-083
Solanum tuberosum L. 酸楸子 Suanqiuzi Annual herb Fruit Snack Fresh food after frost GSBY-2018-L-018
Brassicaceae Burnett Lepidium apetalum Willd. 辣辣 Lala Annual herb Tender root Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-027
Isatis indigotica Fortune ex Lindl. 大青叶子 Daqingyezi Annual herb Tender leaf Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce GSBY-2018-L-048
Brassica campestris L. 芸薹 Yuntai Annual herb Tender stem and leaf/Seeds Vegetable/oil Cold and dressed with sauce/fried food/oil from its seeds GSBY-2018-L-112
Amaranthaceae Juss Chenopodium album L. 灰条 Huitiao Annual herb Bud/Seed Vegetables, supplementary foods Steamed buns with tender bud/ Cold and dressed with sauce/making steamed bread with seed powder GSBY-2018-L-009
Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. 芡扫帚 Qiansaozhu Annual herb Bud Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce GSBY-2018-L-017
Corispermum hyssopifolium L. 绵蓬 Mianpeng Annual herb Ripe seed Auxiliary food Making steamed bread with seed powder GSBY-2018-L-055
Halogeton glomeratus (M.Bieb.) Ledeb. 水蓬 Shuipeng Annual herb Whole grass Condiment Burn into ash to make edible alkali GSBY-2018-L-056
Elaeagnaceae Juss Hippophae rhamnoides L. 沙棘子 Shajizi Large shrub Fruit/Leaf Snacks/tea Fresh fruit/leaf tea GSBY-2018-L-062
Elaeagnus angustifolia L. 沙枣 Shazao Arbor Ripe fruit Snack Fresh after removing astringency after frost GSBY-2018-L-010
Berberidaceae Juss Berberis diaphana Maxim. 酸酸/酸溜溜 Suansuan/Suanliuliu Small shrub Ripe fruit/ tender leaf Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-047
Apocynaceae Juss Cynanchum thesioides (Freyn) K.Schum. 蒿果/蒿瓜 Haoguo/Haogua Perennial herb Tender fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-094
Cynanchum chinense R.Br. 羊奶角 Yangnaijjiao Perennial herb Fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-091
Geraniaceae Juss Geranium wilfordii Maxim. 罗棠苗 Luotangmiao Annual herb Tender root Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-093
Iridaceae Juss Iris tenuifolia Pall. 梭瓜 Suogua Perennial herb Tender fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-098
Lamiaceae Martinov Thymus quinquecostatus Celak. 地椒椒/百里香 Dijiaojiao/Bailixiang Perennial herb Aboveground part Condiment After drying and crushing, mix it into the fried flour GSBY-2018-L-057
Stachys sieboldii Miq 地瓜/螺丝菜 Digua/Luosicai Annual herb Root tuber Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /pickle GSBY-2018-L-125
Ulmaceae Mirb Ulmus pumila L. 榆钱 Yuqian Arbor Fruit/skin Snacks/supplements Fresh /steamed food GSBY-2018-L-068
Salicaceae Mirb Populus davidiana Dode 白杨树 Baiyangshu Arbor Tender bud/skin Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce /cooking GSBY-2018-L-069
Orobanchaceae Vent Cistanche deserticola Ma 肉苁蓉 Roucongrong Annual herb Complete stool Health foods Medicated diet GSBY-2018-P-002
Cynomoriaceae Endl. ex Lindl Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. 锁阳 Suoyang Annual herb Complete stool Health foods Medicated diet GSBY-2018-P-003
Meliaceae Juss Toona sinensis (Juss.) M.Roem. 香椿 Xiangchun Arbor Bud Vegetables Cold and dressed with sauce GSBY-2018-L-070
Apiaceae Lindl Daucus carota L. 野胡萝卜 Yehuluobo Annual herb Root Snack Cooked for consumption GSBY-2018-L-013
Rhamnaceae Juss Ziziphus jujuba Mill. 酸枣 Suanzao Large shrub Fruit Snack Fresh/sun-dried food GSBY-2018-L-125
Polygonaceae Juss Rheum nanum Siev. ex Pall. 黄狗卵子 Huanggouluanzi Perennial herb Root Snack Roasted cooked food (similar to potatoes and sweet potatoes) GSBY-2018-P-011
Poaceae Barnhart Avena fatua L. 燕麦 Yanmai Annual herb Seed Auxiliary food To make fried flour /fermented glutinous rice GSBY-2018-L-024
Panicum miliaceum L. 火穗 Huosui Annual herb Ears of tender diseased plants Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-026
Zygophyllaceae R.Br Zygophyllum fabago L. 面蛋蛋 Miandandan Small shrub Fruit Snack Fresh food GSBY-2018-L-088(B)
Nostocaceae Nostoc commune Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault 地软子/地达菜 Diruanzi/Didacai Fungus Complete stool Auxiliary food Steamed stuffed bun GSBY-2018-P-013
Nostoc flagelliforme Born. et Flah. 头发菜 Toufacai Fungus Complete stool Auxiliary food Omelette GSBY-2018-P-014
  1. Nfried noodles is a kind of food (dry food) made in the north by parching and grinding grains such as wheat and oats into flour